CNA
$42.77
Cna Financial
($.56)
(1.29%)
Earnings Details
4th Quarter December 2018
Monday, February 11, 2019 6:00:00 AM
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Summary

Cna Financial Misses

Cna Financial (CNA) reported a 4th Quarter December 2018 loss of $0.08 per share on revenue of $2.4 billion. The consensus earnings estimate was $0.81 per share on revenue of $2.6 billion. The Earnings Whisper number was $0.81 per share. Revenue fell 1.8% compared to the same quarter a year ago.

CNA Financial Corp is an insurance holding company. The Company offers commercial, property and casualty coverage, risk management, information services, warranty and claims administration.

Results
Reported Earnings
($0.08)
Earnings Whisper
$0.81
Consensus Estimate
$0.81
Reported Revenue
$2.40 Bil
Revenue Estimate
$2.59 Bil
Growth
Earnings Growth
Revenue Growth
Power Rating
Grade
Earnings Release

CNA Financial Announces Fourth Quarter 2018 Results

CHICAGO, Feb. 11, 2019 /PRNewswire/ -- CNA Financial Corporation (NYSE: CNA) today announced a fourth quarter 2018 net loss of $84 million, or $(0.31) per share, and a core loss of $23 million, or $(0.08) per share, with catastrophe losses and investment returns from limited partnership and common equities accounting for $(0.82) per diluted share.  Property & Casualty Operations combined ratio for the fourth quarter was 105.4% and the underlying combined ratio was 98.0%. Property & Casualty Operations net written premium increased 4% compared with the prior year quarter.

Fourth quarter 2018 core results decreased $309 million from the prior year period.  Contributing to this variance was lower investment returns on our limited partnership and common equity portfolios of $143 million, higher net catastrophe losses of $91 million and higher non-catastrophe current accident year losses driven by increased property losses as well as increased professional liability losses in our London operation.

Core income (loss) for our Life & Group and Corporate & Other segments was $7 million and $(46) million, respectively.

CNA Financial declared a quarterly dividend of $0.35 per share and a special dividend of $2.00 per share, payable March 14, 2019 to stockholders of record on February 25, 2019.


Results for the Three Months
Ended December 31


Results for the Year Ended
December 31

($ millions, except per share data)

2018


2017


2018


2017

Net (loss) income(a)

$

(84)



$

223



$

813



$

899


Core (loss) income(a)(b)

(23)



286



845



919










Net (loss) income per diluted share

$

(0.31)



$

0.82



$

2.98



$

3.30


Core (loss) income per diluted share

(0.08)



1.05



3.10



3.38











December 31, 2018


December 31, 2017

Book value per share

$

41.32



$

45.15


Book value per share excluding AOCI


44.55




45.02




(a)   

Results in 2018 were impacted by the reduction of the U.S. Federal tax rate from 35% to 21%.

(b)   

Management utilizes the core income (loss) financial measure to monitor the Company's operations. Please refer herein to the Reconciliation of GAAP Measures to Non-GAAP Measures section of this press release for further discussion of this non-GAAP measure.

"While the combination of limited partnership investment returns and catastrophe losses drove a loss in the fourth quarter, we made significant progress in 2018," said Dino E. Robusto, Chairman & Chief Executive Officer of CNA Financial Corporation.  "Both our all-in combined ratio and underlying combined ratio improved for the year, we achieved meaningful premium growth, and we are continuing to get needed rate increases."

Property & Casualty Operations



Results for the Three
Months Ended December 31


Results for the Year Ended
December 31

($ millions)

2018


2017


2018


2017

Net written premiums

$

1,659




$

1,601




$

6,822




$

6,534



NWP change (% year over year)

4


%


5


%


4


%


1


%

Net investment income

$

127




$

305




$

996




$

1,232



Core income

16




263




967




959















Loss ratio excluding catastrophes and development

64.4


%


60.7


%


61.8


%


61.0


%

Effect of catastrophe impacts

8.6




2.3




3.7




6.0



Effect of development-related items

(1.2)




(4.1)




(2.4)




(4.4)



Loss ratio

71.8


%


58.9


%


63.1


%


62.6


%













Expense ratio

33.2


%


34.6


%


33.2


%


34.2


%













Combined ratio

105.4


%


94.0


%


96.7


%


97.1


%

Combined ratio excluding catastrophes and development

98.0


%


95.8


%


95.4


%


95.5


%

 

  • The fourth quarter combined ratio excluding catastrophes and development increased 2.2 points compared with the prior year quarter driven by a 3.7 point increase in the underlying loss ratio primarily due to elevated property losses and professional liability in our London operation.  This was partially offset by a 1.4 point improvement in the expense ratio driven by lower employee costs and higher net earned premiums.

    For the full year, the combined ratio excluding catastrophes and development improved 0.1 point compared with the prior year driven by a 1.0 point improvement in the expense ratio primarily due to  higher net earned premiums and lower employee costs partially offset by a 0.8 point increase in the underlying loss ratio.

  • The fourth quarter combined ratio increased 11.4 points compared with the prior year quarter.  Net catastrophe losses were $146 million, or 8.6 points of the loss ratio in the quarter compared with $38 million, or 2.3 points of the loss ratio, for the prior year quarter.  Favorable net prior period development improved the loss ratio by 1.2 points in the quarter compared with a 4.1 point improvement in the prior year quarter.

    For the full year, the combined ratio improved 0.4 points compared with the prior year.  Net catastrophe losses were $252 million, or 3.7 points of the loss ratio for the full year compared with $380 million, or 6.0 points of the loss ratio, for the prior year.  Favorable net prior period development improved the loss ratio by 2.4 points in the current year compared with a 4.4 point improvement in the prior year.

  • Net written premiums grew 4% in the quarter and for the full year.

 

Business Operating Highlights

Specialty



Results for the Three
Months Ended December 31


Results for the Year Ended
December 31

($ millions)

2018


2017


2018


2017

Net written premiums

$

682




$

665




$

2,744




$

2,731



NWP change (% year over year)

3


%



%



%



%

Core income

$

98




$

141




$

629




$

582















Loss ratio excluding catastrophes and development

61.1


%


61.4


%


60.4


%


61.6


%

Effect of catastrophe impacts

0.6




(0.1)




1.0




1.6



Effect of development-related items

(3.7)




(5.8)




(5.5)




(6.7)



Loss ratio

58.0


%


55.5


%


55.9


%


56.5


%













Expense ratio

33.0


%


32.9


%


32.1


%


32.0


%













Combined ratio

91.2


%


88.6


%


88.2


%


88.7


%

Combined ratio excluding catastrophes and development

94.3


%


94.5


%


92.7


%


93.8


%

 

  • The fourth quarter combined ratio excluding catastrophes and development improved 0.2 points compared with the prior year quarter driven by a 0.3 point improvement in the underlying loss ratio.  For the full year, the combined ratio excluding catastrophes and development improved 1.1 points.

  • The combined ratio for the fourth quarter of 2018 increased 2.6 points compared with the prior year quarter.  Net catastrophe losses were $4 million, or 0.6 points of the loss ratio, for the fourth quarter of 2018 and nil for the prior year quarter.  Favorable net prior period development improved the loss ratio by 3.7 points in the quarter compared with a 5.8 point improvement in the prior year quarter.  For the full year, the combined ratio improved 0.5 points.

  • Net written premiums for Specialty increased 3% for the fourth quarter of 2018 driven by higher new business and positive renewal premium change partially offset by lower retention.  For the full year, net written premiums were consistent with the prior year.

 

Commercial



Results for the Three
Months Ended December 31


Results for the Year Ended
December 31

($ millions)

2018


2017


2018


2017

Net written premiums

$

721




$

719




$

3,060




$

2,922



NWP change (% year over year)


%


6


%


5


%


1


%

Core (loss) income

$

(46)




$

106




$

357




$

369















Loss ratio excluding catastrophes and development

63.9


%


59.9


%


61.2


%


60.2


%

Effect of catastrophe impacts

15.7




4.7




6.4




9.5



Effect of development-related items

0.7




(2.0)




(0.3)




(2.7)



Loss ratio

80.3


%


62.6


%


67.3


%


67.0


%













Expense ratio

32.3


%


34.7


%


33.1


%


35.1


%













Combined ratio

113.3


%


98.2


%


101.1


%


102.7


%

Combined ratio excluding catastrophes and development

96.9


%


95.5


%


95.0


%


95.9


%

 

  • The fourth quarter combined ratio excluding catastrophes and development increased 1.4 points compared with the prior year quarter driven by a 4.0 point increase in the underlying loss ratio driven by higher frequency of large property losses.  This was partially offset by a 2.4 point improvement in the expense ratio primarily due to lower employee costs.  For the full year, the combined ratio excluding catastrophes and development improved 0.9 points, or 0.4 points after adjusting for the Small Business premium rate adjustments.

  • The combined ratio for the fourth quarter of 2018 increased 15.1 points compared with the prior year quarter.  Net catastrophe losses were $120 million, or 15.7 points of the loss ratio in the fourth quarter of 2018 compared with $34 million, or 4.7 points of the loss ratio, for the prior year quarter.  Unfavorable net prior period development increased the loss ratio by 0.7 points in the quarter compared with 2.0 points of favorable development in the prior year quarter.  For the full year, the combined ratio improved 1.6 points.

  • Net written premiums for Commercial in the fourth quarter of 2018 were consistent with the prior year quarter as growth in gross written premium was offset by a higher level of ceded reinsurance.  For the full year, net written premiums grew 5%, or 3% after adjusting for the Small Business premium rate adjustments.

 

International



Results for the Three
Months Ended December 31


Results for the Year Ended
December 31

($ millions)

2018


2017


2018


2017

Net written premiums

$

256




$

217




$

1,018




$

881



NWP change (% year over year)

18


%


18


%


16


%


7


%

Core (loss) income

$

(36)




$

16




$

(19)




$

8















Loss ratio excluding catastrophes and development

74.9


%


61.2


%


66.9


%


61.8


%

Effect of catastrophe impacts

8.2




1.5




3.3




7.9



Effect of development-related items

0.2




(5.5)




(0.4)




(2.7)



Loss ratio

83.3


%


57.2


%


69.8


%


67.0


%













Expense ratio

36.2


%


39.5


%


36.7


%


37.8


%













Combined ratio

119.5


%


96.7


%


106.5


%


104.8


%

Combined ratio excluding catastrophes and development

111.1


%


100.7


%


103.6


%


99.6


%

 

  • The fourth quarter combined ratio excluding catastrophes and development increased 10.4 points compared with the prior year quarter driven by a 13.7 point increase in the underlying loss ratio driven by elevated property losses and professional liability in our London operation.  This was partially offset by a 3.3 point improvement in the expense ratio driven by lower employee costs and higher net earned premiums.  For the full year, the combined ratio excluding catastrophes and development increased 4.0 points.

  • The combined ratio for the fourth quarter of 2018 increased 22.8 points compared with the prior year quarter.  Net catastrophe losses were $22 million, or 8.2 points of the loss ratio, for the fourth quarter of 2018, compared with $4 million, or 1.5 points for the prior year quarter.  Unfavorable net prior year development increased the loss ratio by 0.2 points in the quarter compared with 5.5 points of favorable development in the prior year quarter.  For the full year, the combined ratio increased 1.7 points.

  • Net written premiums for International grew 21% excluding currency fluctuations for the fourth quarter of 2018 driven by positive renewal premium change and a favorable change in estimate of ultimate premium partially offset by lower retention and new business.  For the full year, net written premiums grew 13% excluding currency fluctuations.  As previously announced, underwriting actions are being taken to address profitability within our London-based operation that will drive reduced premiums in the International segment beginning in the first quarter of 2019.

 

Life & Group



Results for the Three
Months Ended December 31


Results for the Year Ended
December 31

($ millions)

2018


2017


2018


2017

Net investment income

$

203




$

195




$

801




$

782



Total operating revenues

337




331




1,333




1,323



Core income

7




31




43




50



Core income decreased $24 million for the fourth quarter of 2018 compared with the prior year quarter.  The prior period included a $27 million after-tax reduction of long term care claim reserves resulting from the annual claims experience study.  For 2018, the claims experience study was completed in the third quarter.  Persistency continues to benefit from a high proportion of policyholders choosing to reduce benefits in lieu of premium rate increases.  Morbidity continues to trend in line with expectations.  For the full year, Life & Group core income was $43 million.

Corporate & Other



Results for the Three
Months Ended December 31


Results for the Year Ended
December 31

($ millions)

2018


2017


2018


2017

Net investment income

$

4




$

5




$

20




$

20



Interest expense

34




36




135




152



Core loss

(46)




(8)




(165)




(90)



Core loss increased $38 million for the fourth quarter of 2018 compared with the prior year quarter.  The result of retroactive reinsurance accounting driven by additional cessions to the A&EP Loss Portfolio Transfer in the fourth quarter of 2018 resulted in a $28 million after-tax non-economic charge.

Net Investment Income



Results for the Three
Months Ended December 31


Results for the Year Ended
December 31


2018


2017


2018


2017

Pretax net investment income

$

334




$

505




$

1,817




$

2,034



Net investment income, after tax

279




366




1,500




1,462



Pretax net investment income decreased $171 million for the fourth quarter of 2018 compared with the prior year quarter.  The decrease was driven by limited partnership and common stock investments, which returned (5.7)%, or a loss of $138 million for the fourth quarter of 2018 compared with 2.1%, or $50 million in the prior year quarter.

About the Company

CNA is one of the largest U.S. commercial property and casualty insurance companies.  CNA provides a broad range of standard and specialized property and casualty insurance products and services for businesses and professionals in the U.S., Canada and Europe backed by 120 years of experience and approximately $45 billion of assets.  For more information, please visit CNA at www.cna.com.

Conference Call and Webcast/Presentation Information

A conference call for investors and the professional investment community will be held at 9:00 a.m. (CT) today.  On the conference call will be Dino E. Robusto, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of CNA Financial Corporation, and other members of senior management.  Participants can access the call by dialing (800) 289-0571, or for international callers, (720) 543-0206.  The call will also be broadcast live on the internet and may be accessed from the Investor Relations page of the CNA website (www.cna.com).  A presentation will be posted and available on the CNA website and will provide additional insight into the results.

The call is available to the media, but questions will be restricted to investors and the professional investment community. An online replay will be available on CNA's website following the call.  Financial supplement information related to the results is available on the investor relations pages of the CNA website or by contacting investor.relations@cna.com.

Definition of Reported Segments

  • Specialty provides management and professional liability and other coverages through property and casualty products and services using a network of brokers, independent agencies and managing general underwriters.

  • Commercial works with a network of brokers and independent agents to market a broad range of property and casualty insurance products and services to small, middle-market and large businesses.

  • International underwrites property and casualty coverages on a global basis through its U.K.-based insurance company, a branch operation in Canada as well as through its presence at Lloyd's of London (Hardy).

  • Life & Group primarily includes the results of the individual and group long term care businesses that are in run off.

  • Corporate & Other primarily includes certain corporate expenses, including interest on corporate debt, and the results of certain property and casualty business in run-off, including CNA Re and asbestos and environmental pollution.

Financial Measures

Management utilizes the following metrics in their evaluation of the Property & Casualty Operations.  These ratios are calculated using financial results prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (GAAP).

  • Loss ratio is the percentage of net incurred claim and claim adjustment expenses to net earned premiums.

  • Underlying loss ratio represents the loss ratio excluding catastrophes and development.

  • Expense ratio is the percentage of insurance underwriting and acquisition expenses, including the amortization of deferred acquisition costs, to net earned premiums.

  • Dividend ratio is the ratio of policyholders' dividends incurred to net earned premiums.

  • Combined ratio is the sum of the loss, expense and dividend ratios.

  • Underlying combined ratio is the sum of the underlying loss, expense and dividend ratios.

  • Renewal premium change represents the estimated change in average premium on policies that renew, including rate and exposure changes.

  • Rate represents the average change in price on policies that renew excluding exposure change.

  • Retention represents the percentage of premium dollars renewed in comparison to the expiring premium dollars from policies available to renew.

  • New business represents premiums from policies written with new customers and additional policies written with existing customers.

The Company's investment portfolio is monitored by management through analysis of various factors including unrealized gains and losses on securities, portfolio duration and exposure to market and credit risk.

Reconciliation of GAAP Measures to Non-GAAP Measures

This press release also contains financial measures that are not in accordance with GAAP.  Management utilizes these financial measures to monitor the Company's insurance operations and investment portfolio.  The Company believes the presentation of these measures provides investors with a better understanding of the significant factors that comprise the Company's operating performance.  Reconciliations of these measures to the most comparable GAAP measures follow below.

Reconciliation of Net Income (Loss) to Core Income (Loss)

Core income (loss) is calculated by excluding from net income (loss) the after-tax effects of i) net realized investment gains or losses, ii) income or loss from discontinued operations, iii) any cumulative effects of changes in accounting guidance and iv) deferred tax asset and liability remeasurement as a result of an enacted U.S. Federal tax rate change.  The calculation of core income (loss) excludes net realized investment gains or losses because net realized investment gains or losses are generally driven by economic factors that are not necessarily consistent with key drivers of underwriting performance, and are therefore not considered an indication of trends in insurance operations.  Management monitors core income (loss) for each business segment to assess segment performance.  Presentation of consolidated core income (loss) is deemed to be a non-GAAP financial measure.


Results for the Three Months
Ended December 31


Results for the Year Ended
December 31

($ millions)

2018


2017


2018


2017

Net (loss) income

$

(84)



$

223



$

813



$

899


Less: Net realized investment (losses) gains

(61)



20



(38)



63


Less: Net deferred tax asset remeasurement



(83)



6



(83)


Core (loss) income

$

(23)



$

286



$

845



$

919


Reconciliation of Net Income (Loss) per Diluted Share to Core Income (Loss) per Diluted Share

Core income (loss) per diluted share provides management and investors with a valuable measure of the Company's operating performance for the same reasons applicable to its underlying measure, core income (loss).  Core income (loss) per diluted share is core income (loss) on a per diluted share basis.


Results for the Three Months
Ended December 31


Results for the Year Ended
December 31


2018


2017


2018


2017

Net (loss) income per diluted share

$

(0.31)



$

0.82



$

2.98



$

3.30


Less: Net realized investment (losses) gains

(0.23)



0.08



(0.14)



0.23


Less: Net deferred tax asset remeasurement



(0.31)



0.02



(0.31)


Core (loss) income per diluted share

$

(0.08)



$

1.05



$

3.10



$

3.38


Reconciliation of Book Value per Share to Book Value per Share Excluding AOCI

Book value per share excluding AOCI allows management and investors to analyze the amount of the Company's net worth primarily attributable to the Company's business operations.  The Company believes this measurement is useful as it reduces the effect of items that can fluctuate significantly from period to period, primarily based on changes in interest rates.


December 31,
2018


December 31,
2017

Book value per share

$

41.32



$

45.15


Less: Per share impact of AOCI

(3.23)



0.13


Book value per share excluding AOCI

$

44.55



$

45.02


Calculation of Return on Equity and Core Return on Equity

Core return on equity provides management and investors with a measure of how effectively the Company is investing the portion of the Company's net worth that is primarily attributable to its business operations.


Results for the Three Months
Ended December 31


Results for the Year Ended
December 31


($ millions)

2018


2017


2018


2017


Annualized net (loss) income

$

(336)



$

893



$

813



$

899



Average stockholders' equity including AOCI (a)

11,363



12,207



11,730



12,106



Return on equity

(3.0)


%

7.3


%

6.9


%

7.4


%










Annualized core (loss) income

$

(91)



$

1,143



$

845



$

919



Average stockholders' equity excluding AOCI (a)

12,180



12,136



12,152



12,176



Core return on equity

(0.7)


%

9.4


%

7.0


%

7.5


%



(a)   

Average stockholders' equity is calculated using a simple average of the beginning and ending balances for the period.

For additional information, please refer herein and/or to CNA's most recent 10-K on file with the Securities and Exchange Commission, as well as the financial supplement, available at www.cna.com.

Forward-Looking Statement

This press release includes statements that relate to anticipated future events (forward-looking statements) rather than actual present conditions or historical events. These statements are made pursuant to the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and generally include words such as "believes," "expects," "intends," "anticipates," "estimates" and similar expressions. Forward-looking statements, by their nature, are subject to a variety of inherent risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from the results projected. Many of these risks and uncertainties cannot be controlled by CNA. For a detailed description of these risks and uncertainties please refer to CNA's filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, available at www.cna.com.

Any forward-looking statements made in this press release are made by CNA as of the date of this press release. Further, CNA does not have any obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statement contained in this press release, even if CNA's expectations or any related events, conditions or circumstances change.

Any descriptions of coverage under CNA policies or programs in this press release are provided for convenience only and are not to be relied upon with respect to questions of coverage, exclusions or limitations. With regard to all such matters, the terms and provisions of relevant insurance policies are primary and controlling. In addition, please note that all coverages may not be available in all states.

"CNA" is a registered trademark of CNA Financial Corporation. Certain CNA Financial Corporation subsidiaries use the "CNA" trademark in connection with insurance underwriting and claims activities. Copyright © 2019 CNA. All rights reserved.

CONTACT:






MEDIA:


ANALYSTS:

Brandon Davis, 312-822-5885


James Anderson, 312-822-7757

 

CNA logo. (PRNewsFoto/CNA Financial Corporation) (PRNewsfoto/CNA)

 

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SOURCE CNA Financial Corporation