BAX
$76.34
Baxter International
$1.09
1.45%
Earnings Details
4th Quarter December 2018
Thursday, January 31, 2019 7:15:00 AM
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Summary

Baxter International Reports In-line

Baxter International (BAX) reported 4th Quarter December 2018 earnings of $0.78 per share on revenue of $2.8 billion. The consensus earnings estimate was $0.73 per share on revenue of $2.8 billion. The Earnings Whisper number was $0.78 per share. Revenue grew 2.4% on a year-over-year basis.

The company said it expects first quarter earnings of $0.66 to $0.68 per share and 2019 earnings of $3.22 to $3.30 per share. The current consensus earnings estimate is $0.70 per share for the quarter ending March 31, 2019 and $3.24 per share for the year ending December 31, 2019.

Baxter International Inc is a healthcare company. It develops, manufactures and markets products that save and sustain the lives of people with hemophilia, immune disorders, infectious diseases, kidney disease, trauma and other chronic conditions.

Results
Reported Earnings
$0.78
Earnings Whisper
$0.78
Consensus Estimate
$0.73
Reported Revenue
$2.84 Bil
Revenue Estimate
$2.80 Bil
Growth
Earnings Growth
Revenue Growth
Power Rating
Grade
Earnings Release

Baxter Reports 2018 Fourth-Quarter and Full-Year Results

  • Fourth-quarter revenue of $2.8 billion increased 2 percent on a reported basis and 5 percent on an operational basis
  • Fourth-quarter GAAP earnings per share (EPS) of $0.66; adjusted EPS of $0.78 increased 22 percent
  • Full-year revenue of $11.1 billion increased 5 percent on a reported basis and 3 percent on an operational basis
  • Full-year GAAP earnings per share were $2.99; adjusted EPS of $3.05 increased 23 percent

DEERFIELD, Ill.--(BUSINESS WIRE)-- Baxter International Inc. (NYSE:BAX), a leading global medical products company, today reported results for the fourth quarter and full year ended Dec. 31, 2018, and provided its financial guidance for 2019.

“Baxter continued building momentum in 2018, delivering solid top-line and strong bottom-line performance for the year,” said José (Joe) E. Almeida, chairman and chief executive officer. “Our focus on increased innovation, combined with our diverse portfolio, global footprint and unwavering financial discipline, helped us maintain our trajectory in a dynamic marketplace.”

Almeida added, “Our ongoing business transformation will continue throughout 2019 as we prepare to launch new products, pursue high-value capital deployment opportunities and deliver on additional operational excellence initiatives. Our goal remains to drive top quartile performance for all stakeholders in line with our Mission to Save and Sustain Lives.”

Fourth-Quarter Financial Results

Worldwide sales in the fourth quarter totaled approximately $2.8 billion, an increase of 2 percent on a reported basis and 5 percent on both a constant currency basis and operational basis compared to the prior-year period. Operational sales in the fourth quarter adjust for the impact of foreign exchange and generic competition for U.S. cyclophosphamide, as well as the company’s acquisition of two surgical products from Mallinckrodt plc, which closed in March 2018.

Sales in the U.S. totaled $1.2 billion, increasing 4 percent on a reported basis and 2 percent on an operational basis. International sales of $1.7 billion increased 1 percent on a reported basis and 6 percent on both a constant currency and operational basis. Drivers of growth in the quarter included Baxter’s Renal Care, Pharmaceuticals, Advanced Surgery and Acute Therapies businesses. Increased demand for Baxter’s contract manufacturing services also contributed to performance in the quarter.

Please see the attached schedules accompanying this press release for additional details on sales performance in the quarter, including breakouts by Baxter’s three geographic segments and six global business units (GBUs).

Baxter reported income from continuing operations of $354 million, or $0.66 per diluted share, on a GAAP (Generally Accepted Accounting Principles) basis for the fourth quarter. These results include special items totaling $67 million after-tax, primarily related to business optimization and intangible amortization. On an adjusted basis, Baxter’s fourth quarter income from continuing operations totaled $421 million, or $0.78 per diluted share. Adjusted earnings per diluted share advanced 22 percent in the quarter, driven by solid operational performance, an ongoing benefit from the company’s business transformation efforts and lower pension expenses.

Full-year Financial Results

Baxter’s 2018 worldwide sales totaled approximately $11.1 billion, an increase of 5 percent on a reported basis, 4 percent on a constant currency basis and 3 percent on an operational basis compared to 2017. Operational sales for 2018 adjust for the impact of foreign exchange, generic competition for U.S. cyclophosphamide, the company’s March 2018 acquisition of two surgical products from Mallinckrodt plc, and the company’s July 2017 acquisition of Claris Injectables.

Sales in the U.S. totaled $4.7 billion, increasing 5 percent on a reported basis and 3 percent on an operational basis. International sales of $6.4 billion increased 6 percent on a reported basis and 4 percent on both a constant currency and operational basis.

For the year, Baxter’s Pharmaceuticals, Advanced Surgery and Acute Therapies businesses delivered double-digit growth at constant currency rates; and Renal Care achieved mid-single-digit growth on a constant currency basis. This growth helped offset low-single-digit declines in the company’s Medication Delivery and Clinical Nutrition businesses. The accompanying schedules include additional details on sales performance by geographic segment and GBU.

Baxter reported 2018 income from continuing operations of $1.6 billion, or $2.99 per diluted share, on a GAAP basis. These results include special items totaling $36 million after-tax, primarily due to business optimization and intangible amortization, partially offset by a benefit related to the company’s U.S. foreign credit deferred tax assets. On an adjusted basis, Baxter’s 2018 income from continuing operations totaled $1.7 billion, or $3.05 per diluted share, an increase of 23 percent over the prior-year period.

In 2018, Baxter generated $2.1 billion in operating cash flow, driven by improved operational performance and the continuing impact of programs focused on improving the company’s working capital. As a result, the company generated $1.4 billion in free cash flow (operating cash flow less capital expenditures of $681 million) for the year.

“Baxter’s sustained improvement in cash generation gives us the flexibility to evaluate and pursue a growing range of organic and inorganic growth opportunities,” said Jay Saccaro, chief financial officer. “It also augments our ability to return value directly to our shareholders. In 2018, we increased our annual dividend rate by approximately 19 percent, paid out $376 million in dividends and repurchased over $2.4 billion in shares.”

Business Highlights

In 2018 Baxter achieved notable milestones in pursuit of its Mission for patients as well as its emphasis on accelerating profitable growth. Among highlights of the past year, the company:

  • Announced a collaboration with Mayo Clinic to establish a renal care center of excellence that will serve patients across the continuum of care, from chronic kidney disease (CKD) management through transplant, to drive better outcomes. The center will be located at Mayo Clinic’s Jacksonville, Fla., campus
  • Launched Baxter’s Kaguya automated peritoneal dialysis (APD) system in Japan, incorporating several distinct features reflecting local needs and patient demographics, providing a valuable new in-home treatment option in a market that has historically emphasized in-center hemodialysis
  • Received CE Mark for the PrisMax system, Baxter’s next generation technology for continuous renal replacement and organ support therapies
  • Launched two innovative drug infusion pumps meeting the unique needs of markets around the world: the Spectrum IQ Infusion System with Dose IQ Safety Software in the U.S. and Canada, and the Evo IQ Infusion System in other global markets
  • Expanded our generic injectable pharmaceuticals portfolio with multiple new products, including dexmedetomidine hydrochloride in 0.9 percent sodium chloride using Baxter’s proprietary GALAXY container technology, representing the first and only presentation of this premixed formulation in a flexible, shelf-stable, ready-to-use container
  • Launched eight new products expanding the breadth and impact of Baxter’s Advanced Surgery portfolio, most recently including a new Disposable Curved Applicator for the Floseal Hemostatic Matrix product line providing surgeons with greater control during ENT surgeries
  • Acquired two products from Mallinckrodt plc, RECOTHROM Thrombin topical (Recombinant) and PREVELEAK Surgical Sealant, further broadening Baxter’s Advanced Surgery portfolio of hemostats and sealants
  • Introduced OLIMEL 7.6%, an olive-based, standardized parenteral nutrition solution with the highest protein and lowest glucose formulation available today
  • Announced the appointment of two new members to Baxter’s board of directors who bring leadership and expertise that will support the company’s ongoing transformation:
    • Patricia (Patty) B. Morrison, former Cardinal Health executive vice president and chief information officer, whose vast information technologies expertise will help advance Baxter’s digital health strategies
    • Amy A. Wendell, former Covidien senior vice president of strategy and business development, whose experience will be an asset as Baxter continues to evaluate potential inorganic growth opportunities

Baxter’s progress continues into 2019, as reflected in additional highlights to open the year. Most recently the company:

  • Began patient treatments in the U.S. clinical trial for Baxter’s on-demand peritoneal dialysis (PD) solution generation system, an innovative technology designed to improve the patient experience and simplify therapy management by making PD solutions in small batches in the patient’s home
  • Reached a milestone 5 million home dialysis treatments managed globally using Baxter’s Sharesource remote patient management (telehealth) platform, which is embedded in the company’s Amia, Kaguya and HomeChoice Claria APD systems

In addition, Baxter continues to be recognized for its commitment to corporate social responsibility and workplace excellence. The company was recently:

  • Named by Forbes and Just Capital to the 2019 Just 100 list of America’s Best Corporate Citizens
  • Named to Forbes’ list of The Best Employers for Diversity 2019

The company would also like to note that the United States Department of Justice, Washington Criminal Section of the Antitrust Division, has advised Baxter that it has officially closed its grand jury investigation of the saline market, and Baxter is no longer a subject or target of that investigation.

2019 Financial Outlook

For full-year 2019: Baxter expects sales growth of 0 to 1 percent on a reported basis, 2 to 3 percent on a constant currency basis and 3 to 4 percent on an operational basis. The company expects adjusted earnings from continuing operations, before special items, of $3.22 to $3.30 per diluted share.

For first-quarter 2019: The company expects sales to decline approximately 3 percent on a reported basis, to increase approximately 1 percent on a constant currency basis and to grow approximately 1 to 2 percent on an operational basis. The company expects adjusted earnings from continuing operations, before special items, of $0.66 to $0.68 per diluted share.

Full-year and first-quarter operational sales estimates for 2019 have been adjusted for the impact of foreign exchange and generic competition for U.S. cyclophosphamide.

Please see the schedules accompanying this press release for reconciliations of non-GAAP measures to the most closely related GAAP measures.

A webcast of Baxter’s fourth-quarter 2018 conference call for investors can be accessed live from a link on the company’s website at www.baxter.com beginning at 7:30 a.m. CST on Jan. 31, 2019. Please see www.baxter.com for more information regarding this and future investor events and webcasts.

About Baxter

Every day, millions of patients and caregivers rely on Baxter’s leading portfolio of critical care, nutrition, renal, hospital and surgical products. For more than 85 years, we’ve been operating at the critical intersection where innovations that save and sustain lives meet the healthcare providers that make it happen. With products, technologies and therapies available in more than 100 countries, Baxter’s employees worldwide are now building upon the company’s rich heritage of medical breakthroughs to advance the next generation of transformative healthcare innovations. To learn more, visit www.baxter.com and follow us on Twitter, LinkedIn and Facebook.

This release includes forward-looking statements concerning the company’s financial results, business development activities, capital structure, cost savings initiatives, R&D pipeline, including results of clinical trials and planned product launches, and outlook for the first quarter and full year 2019. The statements are based on assumptions about many important factors, including the following, which could cause actual results to differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements: demand for and market acceptance of risks for new and existing products; product development risks; product quality or patient safety concerns; continuity, availability and pricing of acceptable raw materials and component supply; inability to create additional production capacity in a timely manner or the occurrence of other manufacturing or supply difficulties (including as a result of a natural disaster or otherwise); breaches or failures of the company’s information technology systems or products, including by cyberattack, unauthorized access or theft; future actions of regulatory bodies and other governmental authorities, including FDA, the Department of Justice, the New York Attorney General and foreign regulatory agencies; failures with respect to compliance programs; future actions of third parties, including payers; U.S. healthcare reform and other global austerity measures; pricing, reimbursement, taxation and rebate policies of government agencies and private payers; the impact of competitive products and pricing, including generic competition, drug reimportation and disruptive technologies; global, trade and tax policies; accurate identification of and execution on business development and R&D opportunities and realization of anticipated benefits (including the acquisitions of Claris Injectables and two surgical products from Mallinckrodt plc); the ability to enforce owned or in-licensed patents or the patents of third parties preventing or restricting manufacture, sale or use of affected products or technology; the impact of global economic conditions (including potential trade wars); fluctuations in foreign exchange and interest rates; any change in law concerning the taxation of income (including current or future tax reform), including income earned outside the United States and potential taxes associated with the Base Erosion and Anti-Abuse Tax; actions taken by tax authorities in connection with ongoing tax audits; loss of key employees or inability to identify and recruit new employees; the outcome of pending or future litigation; the adequacy of the company’s cash flows from operations to meet its ongoing cash obligations and fund its investment program; and other risks identified in Baxter’s most recent filing on Form 10-K and other Securities and Exchange Commission filings, all of which are available on Baxter’s website. Baxter does not undertake to update its forward-looking statements.

Baxter, Amia, Dose IQ, Evo IQ, Floseal, Galaxy, HomeChoice Claria, Kaguya, Olimel, Preveleak, Prismaflex, PrisMax, Recothrom, Sharesource, and Spectrum IQ are registered trademarks of Baxter International Inc.

             
BAXTER INTERNATIONAL INC.
Consolidated Statements of Income
Three Months Ended December 31, 2018 and 2017
(unaudited)
(in millions, except per share and percentage data)
   
 
Three Months Ended
December 31,
2018 2017 Change
 
NET SALES $2,841 $2,774 2%
 
COST OF SALES 1,649 1,610 2%
               
GROSS MARGIN   1,192   1,164   2%
% of Net Sales 42.0% 42.0% 0.0 pts
 
MARKETING AND ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES 629 692 (9%)
% of Net Sales 22.1% 24.9% (2.8 pts)
 
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT EXPENSES 175 181 (3%)
% of Net Sales 6.2% 6.5% (0.3 pts)
 
OTHER OPERATING INCOME (10) - NM
               
OPERATING INCOME   398   291   37%
% of Net Sales 14.0% 10.5% 3.5 pts
 
NET INTEREST EXPENSE 11 14 (21%)
 
OTHER INCOME, NET (58) (16) NM
               
INCOME FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS BEFORE INCOME TAXES   445   293   52%
 
INCOME TAX EXPENSE   91   354   (74%)
% of Income from Continuing Operations before Income Taxes 20.4% 120.8% (100.4 pts)
 
INCOME (LOSS) FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS 354 (61) NM
 
LOSS FROM DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS, NET OF TAX   (6)   (10)   NM
 
NET INCOME (LOSS)   $348   ($71)   NM
 
INCOME (LOSS) FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS PER COMMON SHARE
Basic   $0.67   ($0.11)   NM
Diluted   $0.66   ($0.11)   NM
 
LOSS FROM DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS PER COMMON SHARE
Basic   ($0.01)   ($0.02)   NM
Diluted   ($0.01)   ($0.02)   NM
 
NET INCOME (LOSS) PER COMMON SHARE
Basic   $0.66   ($0.13)   NM
Diluted   $0.65   ($0.13)   NM
 
WEIGHTED-AVERAGE NUMBER OF COMMON SHARES OUTSTANDING
Basic 528 543
Diluted   538   556    
 
ADJUSTED OPERATING INCOME (excluding special items) $496 A $428 A 16%
ADJUSTED PRE-TAX INCOME FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS (excluding special items) $519 A $430 A 21%
ADJUSTED INCOME FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS (excluding special items) $421 A $354 A 19%
ADJUSTED DILUTED EPS FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS (excluding special items) $0.78 A $0.64 A 22%
A   Refer to page 9 for a description of the adjustments and a reconciliation to GAAP measures.
NM - Not Meaningful
 
 
BAXTER INTERNATIONAL INC.
Note to Consolidated Statements of Income
Three Months Ended December 31, 2018 and 2017
Description of Adjustments and Reconciliation of GAAP to Non-GAAP Measures
(unaudited)
(in millions, except per share and percentage data)
       
The company's GAAP results for the three months ended December 31, 2018 and 2017 included special items which impacted the GAAP measures as follows:
 

Three Months Ended

December 31,

2018 2017 Change
Gross Margin $1,192 $1,164 2%
Intangible asset amortization expense 1 42 42
Business optimization items 2 19 11
Hurricane Maria (benefits) costs³ (9) 11
Acquisition and integration expenses4 11 4
Product-related items 5 (3) -
European medical devices regulation 6 6   -
Adjusted Gross Margin $1,258   $1,232 2%
% of Net Sales 44.3% 44.4% (0.1 pts)
 
Marketing and Administrative Expenses $629 $692 (9%)
Business optimization items 2 (23) (42)
Separation-related costs 7 - (2)
Acquisition and integration expenses 4 (9) (4)
Litigation and contractual disputes8 -   (21)
Adjusted Marketing and Administrative Expenses $597   $623 (4%)
% of Net Sales 21.0% 22.5% (1.5 pts)
 
Research and Development Expenses $175 $181 (3%)
Business optimization items 2 (3) -
Acquisition and integration expenses 4 (7)   -
Adjusted Research and Development Expenses $165   $181 (9%)
% of Net Sales 5.8% 6.5% (0.7 pts)
 
Other Operating Income $(10) $- NM
Hurricane Maria benefits ³ 10   -
Adjusted Other Operating Income

$-

  $-

NM

% of Net Sales 0.0% 0.0% 0 pts
 
Operating Income $398 $291 37%
Impact of special items 98   137
Adjusted Operating Income $496   $428 16%
% of Net Sales 17.5% 15.4% 2.1 pts
 
Other Income, Net $(58) $(16) NM
Acquisition and integration benefits 4 24   -
Adjusted Other Income, Net $(34)   $(16) NM
 
Pre-Tax Income from Continuing Operations $445 $293 52%
Impact of special items 74   137
Adjusted Pre-Tax Income from Continuing Operations $519   $430 21%
 
Income Tax Expense $91 $354 (74%)
Impact of special items ? 7   (278)
Adjusted Income Tax Expense $98   $76 29%
% of Adjusted Pre-Tax Income from Continuing Operations 18.9% 17.7% 1.2 pts
 
Income (loss) from Continuing Operations $354 $(61) NM
Impact of special items 67   415
Adjusted Income from Continuing Operations $421   $354 19%
 
Diluted EPS from Continuing Operations $0.66 ($0.11) NM
Impact of special items 0.12   0.75
Adjusted Diluted EPS from Continuing Operations $0.78   $0.64 22%
 
WEIGHTED-AVERAGE NUMBER OF COMMON SHARES OUTSTANDING
Diluted   538   556    
1   The company's results in 2018 and 2017 included intangible asset amortization expense of $42 million ($33 million, or $0.06 per diluted share, on an after-tax basis) and $42 million ($27 million, or $0.05 per diluted share, on an after-tax basis), respectively.
 
2

The company's results in 2018 included charges of $45 million ($35 million, or $0.07 per diluted share, on an after-tax basis) related to business optimization initiatives. This included a charge of $21 million related to restructuring activities, $20 million of costs to implement business optimization programs which primarily included external consulting and project employee costs, and $4 million of accelerated depreciation associated with facilities to be closed. The $21 million of restructuring charges included $14 million of employee termination costs, $4 million of contract termination and other costs and $3 million of asset impairment costs.

 
The company's results in 2017 included charges of $53 million ($35 million, or $0.06 per diluted share, on an after-tax basis) related to business optimization initiatives. This included charges of $20 million related to restructuring activities, $31 million of costs to implement business optimization programs which primarily included external consulting and project employee costs and $2 million of accelerated depreciation associated with facilities to be closed. The $20 million of restructuring charges were comprised of $19 million of employee termination costs and $1 million of asset impairment charges primarily related to facility closures.
 
3 The company's results in 2018 included a benefit of $19 million ($13 million, or $0.03 per diluted share, on an after-tax basis) related to insurance recoveries as a result of losses incurred due to Hurricane Maria.
 
The company's results in 2017 included charges of $11 million ($11 million, or $0.02 per diluted share, on an after-tax basis) related to the impact of Hurricane Maria on the company's operations in Puerto Rico. The costs primarily included idle facility costs.
 
4 The company's results in 2018 included acquisition and integration costs related to the company's acquisitions of Claris Injectables Limited and the RECOTHROM and PREVELEAK products of $20 million ($16 million, or $0.03 per diluted share, on an after-tax basis), upfront payments related to R&D collaborations and license agreements of $7 million ($6 million, or $0.01 per diluted share, on an after-tax basis) and a gain of $24 million ($24 million, or $0.04 per diluted share, on an after-tax basis) from remeasuring its previously held investment to fair value upon acquisition of a controlling interest in its joint venture in Saudi Arabia.
 
The company's results in 2017 included acquisition and integration costs of $8 million ($6 million, or $0.01 per diluted share, on an after-tax basis) related to the company's acquisition of Claris Injectables Limited.
 
5 The company's results in 2018 included a net benefit of $3 million ($2 million, or $0.00 per diluted share, on an after-tax basis) related to an adjustment to its accrual for SIGMA SPECTRUM infusion pump inspection and remediation activities.
 
6 The company's results in 2018 included costs of $6 million ($4 million, or $0.00 per diluted share, on an after-tax basis) specific to updating its quality systems and product labeling to comply with the new medical device reporting regulations and other requirements of the European Union's regulations for medical devices that will become effective in 2020.
 
7 The company's results in 2017 included costs incurred related to the Baxalta separation totaling $2 million ($1 million, or $0.00 per diluted share, on an after-tax basis).
 
8 The company’s results in 2017 included charges of $21 million ($13 million, or $0.03 per diluted share, on an after-tax basis) related to litigation and contractual disputes for businesses or arrangements in which the company is no longer engaged or a party thereto.
 
9 Reflected in this item for 2018 is the tax impact of the special items identified in this table as well as net tax expense of $12 million, or $0.02 per diluted share, primarily related to an update to the estimated impact of U.S. federal tax reform previously made by the company. The tax effect of each adjustment is based on the jurisdiction in which the adjustment is incurred and the tax laws in effect for each such jurisdiction.
 
Reflected in this item for 2017 is the tax impact of the special items identified in this table as well as a net tax expense of $322 million, or $0.58 per diluted share, related to the estimated impact of U.S. tax reform on the company's tax-related assets and liabilities. The tax effect of each adjustment is based on the jurisdiction in which the adjustment is incurred and the tax laws in effect for each such jurisdiction.
 
For more information on the company's use of non-GAAP financial measures in this presentation, please see the company's Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date of this presentation.
 
NM - Not Meaningful
 
 
BAXTER INTERNATIONAL INC.
Consolidated Statements of Income
Twelve Months Ended December 31, 2018 and 2017
(unaudited)
(in millions, except per share and percentage data)
 
 
Twelve Months Ended
December 31,
2018 2017 Change
 
NET SALES $11,127 $10,561 5%
 
COST OF SALES 6,346 6,091 4%
           
GROSS MARGIN 4,781   4,470   7%
% of Net Sales 43.0% 42.3% 0.7 pts
 
MARKETING AND ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES 2,617 2,566 2%
% of Net Sales 23.5% 24.3% (0.8 pts)
 
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT EXPENSES 655 613 7%
% of Net Sales 5.9% 5.8% 0.1 pts
 
OTHER OPERATING INCOME (90) - NM
           
OPERATING INCOME 1,599   1,291   24%
% of Net Sales 14.4% 12.2% 2.2 pts
 
NET INTEREST EXPENSE 45 55 (18%)
 
OTHER (INCOME) EXPENSE, NET (139) 19 NM
           
INCOME FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS BEFORE INCOME TAXES 1,693   1,217   39%
 
INCOME TAX EXPENSE 63   493   (87%)
% of Income from Continuing Operations before Income Taxes 3.7% 40.5% (36.8 pts)
 
INCOME FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS 1,630 724 125%
 
LOSS FROM DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS, NET OF TAX (6)   (7)   (14%)
 
NET INCOME $1,624   $717   126%
 
INCOME FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS PER COMMON SHARE
Basic $3.05   $1.33   129%
Diluted $2.99   $1.30   130%
 
LOSS FROM DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS PER COMMON SHARE
Basic ($0.01)   ($0.01)   NM
Diluted ($0.02)   ($0.01)   NM
 
NET INCOME PER COMMON SHARE
Basic $3.04   $1.32   130%
Diluted $2.97   $1.29   130%
 
WEIGHTED-AVERAGE NUMBER OF COMMON SHARES OUTSTANDING
Basic 534 543
Diluted 546   555    
 
ADJUSTED OPERATING INCOME (excluding special items) $1,936 A $1,719 A 13%
ADJUSTED PRE-TAX INCOME FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS (excluding special items) $2,006 A $1,678 A 20%
ADJUSTED INCOME FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS (excluding special items) $1,666 A $1,376 A 21%
ADJUSTED DILUTED EPS FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS (excluding special items) $3.05 A $2.48 A 23%
 
A   Refer to page 11 for a description of the adjustments and a reconciliation to GAAP measures.
NM - Not Meaningful
 
 
BAXTER INTERNATIONAL INC.
Note to Consolidated Statements of Income
Twelve Months Ended December 31, 2018 and 2017
Description of Adjustments and Reconciliation of GAAP to Non-GAAP Measures
(unaudited)
(in millions, except per share and percentage data)
       
The company's GAAP results for the twelve months ended December 31, 2018 and 2017 included special items which impacted the GAAP measures as follows:
 

Twelve Months Ended

December 31,

2018 2017 Change
Gross Margin $4,781 $4,470 7%
Intangible asset amortization expense 1 169 154
Business optimization items 2 49 53
Acquisition and integration expenses 3 27 8
Litigation and contractual disputes4 8 -
Product-related items 5 (6) 17
Separation-related costs 6 - 1
Hurricane Maria (benefits) costs 7 (32) 32
European medical devices regulation 8 6   -
Adjusted Gross Margin $5,002   $4,735 6%
% of Net Sales 45.0% 44.8% 0.2 pts
 
Marketing and Administrative Expenses $2,617 $2,566 2%
Business optimization items 2 (145) (116)
Separation-related costs 6 - (18)
Acquisition and integration expenses 3 (23) (20)
Historical rebate and discount adjustments 9 - 12
Litigation and contractual disputes 4 (2)   (21)
Adjusted Marketing and Administrative Expenses $2,447   $2,403 2%
% of Net Sales 22.0% 22.8% (0.8 pts)
 
Research and Development Expenses $655 $613 7%
Business optimization items 2 (26) -
Acquisition and integration expenses 3 (7) -
European medical devices regulation 8 (3)   -
Adjusted Research and Development Expenses $619   $613 1%
% of Net Sales 5.6% 5.8% (0.2 pts)
 
Other Operating Income $(90) $- NM
Claris settlement ¹° 80 -
Hurricane Maria benefits 7 10   -
Adjusted Other Operating Income $-   $-

NM

% of Net Sales 0.0% 0.0% 0.0 pts
 
Operating Income $1,599 $1,291 24%
Impact of special items 337   428
Adjusted Operating Income $1,936   $1,719 13%
% of Net Sales 17.4% 16.3% 1.1 pts
 
Other (Income) Expense, Net $(139) $19 NM
Venezuelan deconsolidation ¹¹ - (33)
Acquisition and integration benefits 3 24   -
Adjusted Other Income, Net $(115)   $(14) NM
 
Pre-Tax Income from Continuing Operations $1,693 $1,217 39%
Impact of special items 313   461
Adjusted Pre-Tax Income from Continuing Operations $2,006   $1,678 20%
 
Income Tax Expense $63 $493 (87%)
Impact of special items 12 277   (191)
Adjusted Income Tax Expense $340   $302 13%
% of Adjusted Pre-Tax Income from Continuing Operations 16.9% 18.0% (1.1 pts)
 
Income from Continuing Operations $1,630 $724 125%
Impact of special items 36   652
Adjusted Income from Continuing Operations $1,666   $1,376 21%
 
Diluted EPS from Continuing Operations $2.99 $1.30 130%
Impact of special items 0.06   1.18
Adjusted Diluted EPS from Continuing Operations $3.05   $2.48 23%
 
WEIGHTED-AVERAGE NUMBER OF COMMON SHARES OUTSTANDING
Diluted   546   555    
 
1   The company's results in 2018 and 2017 included intangible asset amortization expense of $169 million ($133 million, or $0.25 per diluted share, on an after-tax basis) and $154 million ($108 million, or $0.19 per diluted share, on an after-tax basis), respectively.
 
2 The company's results in 2018 included a charge of $220 million ($174 million, or $0.32 per diluted share, on an after-tax basis) related to business optimization initiatives. This included a charge of $117 million related to restructuring activities, $94 million of costs to implement business optimization programs which primarily included external consulting and project employee costs, and $9 million of accelerated depreciation associated with facilities to be closed. The $117 million of restructuring charges included $100 million of employee termination costs, $10 million of contract termination and other costs and $7 million of asset impairment charges primarily related to facility closures.
 
The company's results in 2017 included a charge of $169 million ($119 million, or $0.21 per diluted share, on an after-tax basis) related to business optimization initiatives. This included a charge of $70 million related to restructuring activities, $89 million of costs to implement business optimization programs which primarily included external consulting and project employee costs, and $10 million of accelerated depreciation associated with facilities to be closed. The $70 million of restructuring charges included $59 million of employee termination costs, $5 million of contract termination costs, and $6 million of asset impairment charges primarily related to facility closures.
 
3 The company's results in 2018 included acquisition and integration costs related to the company's acquisitions of Claris Injectables Limited and the RECOTHROM and PREVELEAK products of $50 million ($40 million, or $0.07 per diluted share, on an after-tax basis), upfront payments related to R&D collaborations and license agreements of $7 million ($6 million, or $0.01 per diluted share, on an after-tax basis) and a gain of $24 million ($24 million, or $0.04 per diluted share, on an after-tax basis) from remeasuring its previously held investment to fair value upon acquisition of a controlling interest in its joint venture in Saudi Arabia.
 
The company's results in 2017 included acquisition and integration costs of $28 million ($20 million, or $0.04 per diluted share, on an after-tax basis) related to the company's acquisition of Claris Injectables Limited.
 
4 The company's results in 2018 included a charge of $10 million ($9 million, or $0.01 per diluted share, on an after-tax basis) related to certain product litigation.
 
The company’s results in 2017 included charges of $21 million ($13 million, or $0.03 per diluted share, on an after-tax basis) related to litigation and contractual disputes for businesses or arrangements in which the company is no longer engaged or a party thereto.
 
5 The company's results in 2018 included a net benefit of $6 million ($4 million, or $0.01 per diluted share, on an after-tax basis) related to an adjustment to its accrual for SIGMA SPECTRUM infusion pump inspection and remediation activities.
 
The company's results in 2017 included a net charge of $17 million ($11 million, or $0.02 per diluted share, on an after-tax basis) related to SIGMA SPECTRUM infusion pump inspection and remediation activities, partially offset by a benefit related to an adjustment to historical product reserves.
 
6 The company's results in 2017 included costs incurred related to the Baxalta separation totaling $19 million ($13 million, or $0.02 per diluted share, on an after-tax basis).
 
7 The company's results in 2018 included a benefit of $42 million ($31 million, or $0.06 per diluted share, on an after-tax basis) related to insurance recoveries as a result of losses incurred due to Hurricane Maria.
 
The company's results in 2017 included charges of $32 million ($31 million, or $0.06 per diluted share, on an after-tax basis) related to the impact of Hurricane Maria on the company's operations in Puerto Rico. The costs primarily included inventory and fixed asset impairments as well as idle facility costs.
 
8 The company's results in 2018 included costs of $9 million ($7 million, or $0.01 per diluted share, on an after-tax basis) specific to updating its quality systems and product labeling to comply with the new medical device reporting regulations and other requirements of the European Union's regulations for medical devices that will become effective in 2020.
 
9 The company's results in 2017 included a benefit of $12 million ($9 million, or $0.02 per diluted share, on an after-tax basis) related to an adjustment to the company's historical rebates and discount reserve.
 
10 The company's results in 2018 included a benefit of $80 million ($78 million, or $0.14 per diluted share, on an after-tax basis) for the settlement of certain claims related to the acquired operations of Claris Injectables Limited.
 
11 The company's results in 2017 included a charge of $33 million ($24 million, or $0.04 per diluted share, on an after-tax basis) related to the deconsolidation of its Venezuelan operations.
 
12 Reflected in this item in 2018 is the tax impact of the special items identified in this table as well as a net tax benefit of $196 million, or $0.36 per diluted share, primarily related to an update to the estimated impact of U.S. federal tax reform previously made by the company. The tax effect of each adjustment is based on the jurisdiction in which the adjustment is incurred and the tax laws in effect for each such jurisdiction.
 
Reflected in this item in 2017 is the tax impact of the special items identified in this table as well as a net tax expense of $322 million, or $0.58 per diluted share, related to the estimated impact of tax reform on the company’s tax related assets and liabilities. The tax effect of each adjustment is based on the jurisdiction in which the adjustment is incurred and the tax laws in effect for each such jurisdiction.
 
For more information on the company's use of non-GAAP financial measures in this presentation, please see the company's Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date of this presentation.
 
NM - Not Meaningful
 
BAXTER INTERNATIONAL INC.
Sales by Operating Segment
Periods Ending December 31, 2018 and 2017
(unaudited)
($ in millions)
                                                                 
      Q4       Q4       % Growth @       % Growth @       YTD       YTD       % Growth @       % Growth @
        2018       2017       Actual Rates       Constant Rates       2018       2017       Actual Rates       Constant Rates
Americas $1,495 $1,456 3% 4% $5,959 $5,720 4% 5%
EMEA 772 753 3% 6% 2,961 2,732 8% 4%
APAC     574       565       2%       6%       2,207       2,109       5%       4%
Total Baxter     $2,841       $2,774       2%       5%       $11,127       $10,561       5%       4%
 
BAXTER INTERNATIONAL INC.
Sales by GBU
Periods Ending December 31, 2018 and 2017
(unaudited)
($ in millions)
                                                                 
      Q4       Q4       % Growth @       % Growth @       YTD       YTD       % Growth @       % Growth @
        2018       2017       Actual Rates       Constant Rates       2018       2017       Actual Rates       Constant Rates
Renal Care¹ $953 $941 1% 5% $3,662 $3,480 5% 4%
Medication Delivery² 660 672 (2%)

(0%)

2,669 2,698 (1%) (2%)
Pharmaceuticals³ 540 508 6% 9% 2,092 1,883 11% 10%
Clinical Nutrition4 215 231 (7%) (5%) 877 882 (1%) (3%)
Advanced Surgery5 214 186 15% 17% 800 707 13% 12%
Acute Therapies6 137 126 9% 12% 517 456 13% 11%
Other7     122       110       11%       14%       510       455       12%       10%
Total Baxter     $2,841       $2,774       2%       5%       $11,127       $10,561       5%       4%
 
1   Includes sales of the company’s peritoneal dialysis (PD) and hemodialysis (HD) and additional dialysis therapies and services.
2 Includes sales of the company’s IV therapies, infusion pumps, administration sets and drug reconstitution devices.
3 Includes sales of the company’s premixed and oncology drug platforms, inhaled anesthesia and critical care products and pharmacy compounding services.
4 Includes sales of the company’s parenteral nutrition (PN) therapies.
5 Includes sales of the company’s biological products and medical devices used in surgical procedures for hemostasis, tissue sealing and adhesion prevention.
6 Includes sales of the company’s continuous renal replacement therapies (CRRT) and other organ support therapies focused in the ICU.
7 Includes sales primarily from the company’s pharmaceutical partnering business.
 
BAXTER INTERNATIONAL INC.
GBU Sales by U.S. and International
Periods Ending December 31, 2018 and 2017
(unaudited)
($ in millions)
                                                                           
          Q4 2018       Q4 2017       % Growth
          U.S.       International       Total       U.S.       International       Total       U.S.       International       Total
Renal Care       $207       $746       $953       $193       $748       $941       7%       (0%)       1%
Medication Delivery 410 250 660 408 264 672 0% (5%) (2%)
Pharmaceuticals 251 289 540 240 268 508 5% 8% 6%
Clinical Nutrition 78 137 215 84 147 231 (7%) (7%) (7%)
Advanced Surgery 127 87 214 106 80 186 20% 9% 15%
Acute Therapies 45 92 137 39 87 126 15% 6% 9%
Other       54       68       122       58       52       110       (7%)       31%       11%
Total Baxter       $1,172       $1,669       $2,841       $1,128       $1,646       $2,774       4%       1%       2%
 
BAXTER INTERNATIONAL INC.
GBU Sales by U.S. and International
Periods Ending December 31, 2018 and 2017
(unaudited)
($ in millions)
                                                                           
          YTD 2018       YTD 2017       % Growth
          U.S.       International       Total       U.S.       International       Total       U.S.       International       Total
Renal Care       $816       $2,846       $3,662       $754       $2,726       $3,480       8%       4%       5%
Medication Delivery 1,690 979 2,669 1,698 1,000 2,698 (0%) (2%) (1%)
Pharmaceuticals 996 1,096 2,092 892 991 1,883 12% 11% 11%
Clinical Nutrition 321 556 877 359 523 882 (11%) 6% (1%)
Advanced Surgery 466 334 800 403 304 707 16% 10% 13%
Acute Therapies 174 343 517 147 309 456 18% 11% 13%
Other       260       250       510       257       198       455       1%       26%       12%
Total Baxter       $4,723       $6,404       $11,127       $4,510       $6,051       $10,561       5%       6%       5%
 
BAXTER INTERNATIONAL INC.
Free Cash Flow Reconciliation
(unaudited)
($ in millions)
                   
        Twelve Months Ended
December 31,
        2018       2017
Cash flows from operations - continuing operations $2,096       $1,853
Capital expenditures (681) (634)
Free cash flow - continuing operations       $1,415       $1,219
 
BAXTER INTERNATIONAL INC.
Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Financial Measure
Change in Net Sales As Reported to Operational Sales
From The Three Months Ended December 31, 2017 to The Three Months Ended December 31, 2018
(unaudited)
                               
 
                                 
          Q4 2018 QTD*
Net sales US Operational
          As Reported       Cyclophosphamide       Acquisitions       FX       Sales
Renal Care 1% 0% 0% 4% 5%
Medication Delivery (2%) 0% 0% 2%

(0%)

Pharmaceuticals 6% 2% 0% 3% 11%
Clinical Nutrition (7%) 0% 0% 2% (5%)
Advanced Surgery 15% 0% (11%) 2% 5%
Acute Therapies 9% 0% 0% 3% 12%
Other 11% 0% 0% 3% 14%
 
Total Baxter         2%       0%       (1%)       3%       5%
                                           
U.S. 4% 1% (2%) 0% 2%
International         1%       0%       0%       5%       6%
 
*Totals may not foot due to rounding
 
BAXTER INTERNATIONAL INC.
Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Financial Measure
Change in Net Sales As Reported to Operational Sales
From The Twelve Months Ended December 31, 2017 to The Twelve Months Ended December 31, 2018
(unaudited)
                             
 
                                 
        Q4 2018 YTD*
Net sales US Operational
        As Reported       Cyclophosphamide       Acquisitions       FX       Sales
Renal Care 5% 0% 0% (1%) 4%
Medication Delivery (1%) 0% 0% (1%) (2%)
Pharmaceuticals 11% 2% (4%) (1%) 8%
Clinical Nutrition (1%) 0% 0% (2%) (3%)
Advanced Surgery 13% 0% (7%) (1%) 5%
Acute Therapies 13% 0% 0% (2%) 11%
Other 12% 0% 0% (2%) 10%
 
Total Baxter       5%       0%       (1%)       (1%)       3%
                                         
U.S. 5% 1% (2%) 0% 3%
International       6%       0%       0%       (2%)       4%
 
*Totals may not foot due to rounding
 
BAXTER INTERNATIONAL INC.
Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Financial Measures
Projected 2019 Adjusted Earnings Per Share and Projected GAAP Earnings Per Share, and
Projected 2019 Adjusted Sales Growth and Projected GAAP Sales Growth
(unaudited)
           
 
                 
2019 Earnings Per Share Guidance       Q1 2019       FY 2019
Earnings per Diluted Share – Adjusted       $0.66 - $0.68       $3.22 - $3.30
Estimated intangible asset amortization $0.07 $0.26
Estimated business optimization charges $0.03 - $0.04 $0.12 - $0.15
Estimated Acquisition and integration expenses $0.01 $0.04
Estimated European medical devices regulation       $0.02       $0.08
Earnings per Diluted Share - GAAP       $0.52 - $0.55       $2.69 - $2.80
 
 
                 
2019 Sales Growth Guidance       Q1 2019       FY 2019
Sales Growth – Operational       1% - 2%       3% - 4%
U.S. cyclophosphamide

(1%)

(1%) - 0%

Foreign exchange       (3%) - (4%)      

(2%) - (3%)

Sales Growth - GAAP       (3%)       0% - 1%

Media Contact
Steve Brett, (224) 948-5353
media@baxter.com

Investor Contact
Clare Trachtman, (224) 948-3085

Source: Baxter International Inc.