PLNT
$84.65
Planet Fitness
$2.17
2.63%
Earnings Details
3rd Quarter September 2022
Tuesday, November 8, 2022 6:44:00 AM
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Summary

Planet Fitness Reports In-line

Planet Fitness (PLNT) reported 3rd Quarter September 2022 earnings of $0.42 per share on revenue of $244.4 million. The consensus earnings estimate was $0.39 per share on revenue of $238.2 million. The Earnings Whisper number was $0.42 per share. Revenue grew 58.4% on a year-over-year basis.

The company said it expects 2022 earnings of approximately $1.66 per share on revenue of approximately $924.6 million. The company's previous guidance was earnings of approximately $1.52 per share on revenue of approximately $909.9 million and the current consensus earnings estimate is $1.53 per share on revenue of $910.17 million for the year ending December 31, 2022.

Planet Fitness is one of the largest and fastest-growing franchisors and operators of fitness centers in the United States by number of members and locations.

Results
Reported Earnings
$0.42
Earnings Whisper
$0.42
Consensus Estimate
$0.39
Reported Revenue
$244.4 Mil
Revenue Estimate
$238.2 Mil
Growth
Earnings Growth
Revenue Growth
Power Rating
Grade
Earnings Release

Planet Fitness, Inc. Announces Third Quarter 2022 Results

System-wide same store sales increased 8.2%
Ends third quarter with total membership of more than 16.6 million
Increases revenue, Adjusted EBITDA, and Adjusted net income growth expectations for 2022
Board authorizes new $500 million share repurchase program

HAMPTON, N.H., Nov. 8, 2022 /PRNewswire/ -- Today, Planet Fitness, Inc. (NYSE: PLNT) reported financial results for its third quarter ended September 30, 2022.

"We continue our steady recovery from the pandemic, and ended the quarter with more than 16.6 million members, an all-time record high for Planet Fitness. Members trends remained strong in the quarter with joins back to historical pre-pandemic seasonality. Also, members who are visiting the gym continue to visit more frequently, and cancels are lower compared to 2019, which we believe are signs that members are generally more committed to fitness. We are focused on our efforts to continue to increase our penetration of all generations with a strong emphasis on the Gen Z demographic by converting teen participants from our recent High School Summer Pass Program, and their parents and guardians, to paying members."

Third Quarter Fiscal 2022 results

  • Total revenue increased from the prior year period by 58.4% to $244.4 million.
  • System-wide same store sales increased 8.2%.
  • System-wide sales increased $98 million to $968 million, from $870 million in the prior year period.
  • Net income attributable to Planet Fitness, Inc. was $26.9 million, or $0.32 per diluted share, compared to $17.4 million, or $0.21 per diluted share, in the prior year period.
  • Net income increased $12.0 million to $30.7 million, compared to $18.6 million in the prior year period.
  • Adjusted net income(1) increased $16.6 million to $38.2 million, or $0.42 per diluted share, compared to $21.7 million, or $0.25 per diluted share, in the prior year period.
  • Adjusted EBITDA(1) increased $32.2 million to $93.9 million from $61.7 million in the prior year period.
  • 29 new Planet Fitness stores were opened during the period, bringing system-wide total stores to 2,353 as of September 30, 2022.
  • Repurchased and retired approximately 831,029 shares of Class A common stock using $50 million of cash on hand.
  • Cash of $467.2 million, which includes cash and cash equivalents of $404.5 million and restricted cash of $62.7 million.

(1) Adjusted net income and Adjusted EBITDA are non-GAAP measures. For reconciliations of Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted net income to U.S. GAAP ("GAAP") net income see "Non-GAAP Financial Measures" accompanying this press release.

Operating Results for the Third Quarter Ended September 30, 2022

For the third quarter 2022, total revenue increased $90.1 million or 58.4% to $244.4 million from $154.3 million in the prior year period, which included system-wide same store sales growth of 8.2%. By segment:

  • Franchise segment revenue increased $5.4 million or 7.1% to $80.7 million from $75.4 million in the prior year period. The increase in franchise segment revenue for the third quarter of 2022 was primarily due to a $2.8 million increase in franchise royalty revenue a $1.7 million increase in equipment placement revenue, and a $0.7 million increase in National Advertising Fund ("NAF") revenue. Of the $2.8 million increase in franchise royalty revenue, $3.7 million was attributable to a same store sales increase of 8.1% in franchisee-owned stores and $1.7 million was attributable to new stores opened since July 1, 2021. Partially offsetting the royalty revenue increases was a decrease of approximately $2.6 million primarily as a result of the stores acquired in the acquisition of Sunshine Fitness Growth Holdings, LLC in the first quarter of 2022 (the "Sunshine Acquisition") becoming corporate-owned stores. The $1.7 million increase in placement revenue was primarily driven by higher replacement equipment placements in the three months ended September 30, 2022 compared to the three months ended September 30, 2021;
  • Corporate-owned stores segment revenue increased $57.4 million or 130.8% to $101.3 million from $43.9 million in the prior year period. Of the increase, $50.4 million was attributable to the acquisition of 114 stores in the Sunshine Acquisition, $3.5 million was from the corporate-owned store same store sales increase of 9.7%, $3.4 million was from new stores opened since July 1, 2021; and
  • Equipment segment revenue increased $27.3 million or 78.2% to $62.3 million from $35.0 million in the prior year period, driven by $27.7 million of higher equipment sales to existing franchisee-owned stores in the three months ended September 30, 2022 compared to the three months ended September 30, 2021. In both the three months ended September 30, 2022 and September 30, 2021, we had equipment sales to 28 new franchisee-owned stores.

For the third quarter of 2022, net income attributable to Planet Fitness, Inc. was $26.9 million, or $0.32 per diluted share, compared to $17.4 million, or $0.21 per diluted share, in the prior year period. Net income was $30.7 million in the third quarter of 2022 compared to $18.6 million in the prior year period. Adjusted net income increased $16.6 million to $38.2 million, or $0.42 per diluted share, from $21.7 million, or $0.25 per diluted share, in the prior year period. Adjusted net income has been adjusted to reflect a normalized federal income tax rate of 25.9% and 26.6% for the current and prior year period, respectively, and excludes certain non-cash and other items that we do not consider in the evaluation of ongoing operational performance (see "Non-GAAP Financial Measures").

Adjusted EBITDA, which is defined as net income before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization, adjusted for the impact of certain non-cash and other items that we do not consider in the evaluation of ongoing operational performance (see "Non-GAAP Financial Measures"), increased $32.2 million to $93.9 million from $61.7 million in the prior year period.

Segment EBITDA represents our Total Segment EBITDA broken down by the Company's reportable segments. Total Segment EBITDA is equal to EBITDA, which is defined as net income before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (see "Non-GAAP Financial Measures").

  • Franchise segment EBITDA increased $1.4 million to $53.5 million. The increase in franchise segment EBITDA for the third quarter of 2022 was primarily due to the franchise revenue increases as described above, partially offset by higher NAF expenses of $1.4 million, higher franchise segment selling general and administrative expense of $1.4 million, and higher equipment placement expense of $1.1 million in the three months ended September 30, 2022 than in the prior year period;
  • Corporate-owned stores segment EBITDA increased $26.3 million to $40.4 million. Of the increase, $24.9 million was attributable to the corporate-owned stores acquired in the Sunshine Acquisition, $2.6 million was attributable to the same store sales increase of 9.7%, and $1.3 million was attributable to the gain on sale of corporate-owned stores. Partially offsetting these increases was higher selling general and administrative expense of $2.2 million, primarily as a result of the Sunshine Acquisition; and
  • Equipment segment EBITDA increased by $7.9 million to $15.8 million primarily driven by higher equipment sales to existing franchisee-owned stores in the three months ended September 30, 2022 compared to the three months ended September 30, 2021, as described above.

Share Repurchase Program

On November 4th, the Company's board of directors authorized a new $500 million share repurchase program to replace the existing share repurchase program, which was authorized in 2019 and had approximately $106 million remaining.

2022 Outlook

For the year ending December 31, 2022, the Company is reiterating and updating the following expectations, which includes the impact from the Sunshine Acquisition and assumes there is no significant worsening of the COVID-19 pandemic that seriously impacts performance, including prolonged store closures or other mandated operational restrictions:

  • New equipment placements of approximately 150 to 160 in franchisee-owned locations (previously it expected approximately 170 placements) reflecting a worsening of the HVAC supply chain issue
  • Continue to expect system-wide same store sales growth in the low double-digit percentage range.

The Company is updating the following 2022 growth expectations over the Company's 2021 results:

  • Revenue to increase in the high-50 percent range (previously expected growth in the mid-50 percent range)
  • Adjusted EBITDA to increase approximately 60 percent (previously expected growth in the high-50 percent range)
  • Adjusted net income to increase in the low-100 percent range (previously expected growth in the low-90 percent range)
  • Adjusted earnings per share to increase in the mid-90 percent range, based on Adjusted diluted shares outstanding of approximately 90.5 million, inclusive of the issuance of equity as part of the Sunshine Acquisition and share repurchases through the third quarter. Previously the Company expected growth in the mid-80 percent range.

The Company continues to expect 2022 net interest expense to be approximately $86 million which reflects its first quarter debt refinancing and upsizing.

Presentation of Financial Measures

Planet Fitness, Inc. (the "Company") was formed in March 2015 for the purpose of facilitating the initial public offering (the "IPO") and related recapitalization transactions that occurred in August 2015, and in order to carry on the business of Pla-Fit Holdings, LLC ("Pla-Fit Holdings") and its subsidiaries. As the sole managing member of Pla-Fit Holdings, the Company operates and controls all of the business and affairs of Pla-Fit Holdings, and through Pla-Fit Holdings, conducts its business. As a result, the Company consolidates Pla-Fit Holdings' financial results and reports a non-controlling interest related to the portion of Pla-Fit Holdings not owned by the Company.

The financial information presented in this press release includes non-GAAP financial measures such as EBITDA, Segment EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted net income and Adjusted net income per share, diluted, to provide measures that we believe are useful to investors in evaluating the Company's performance. These non-GAAP financial measures are supplemental measures of the Company's performance that are neither required by, nor presented in accordance with GAAP. These financial measures should not be considered in isolation or as substitutes for GAAP financial measures such as net  income or any other performance measures derived in accordance with GAAP. In addition, in the future, the Company may incur expenses or charges such as those added back to calculate Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted net income and Adjusted net income per share, diluted. The Company's presentation of Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted net income and Adjusted net income per share, diluted, should not be construed as an inference that the Company's future results will be unaffected by similar amounts or other unusual or nonrecurring items. See the tables at the end of this press release for a reconciliation of EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA, Total Segment EBITDA, Adjusted net income, and Adjusted net income per share, diluted, to their most directly comparable GAAP financial measure.

Same store sales refers to year-over-year sales comparisons for the same store sales base of both corporate-owned and franchisee-owned stores, which is calculated for a given period by including only sales from stores that had sales in the comparable months of both years. We define the same store sales base to include those stores that have been open and for which monthly membership dues have been billed for longer than 12 months. We measure same store sales based solely upon monthly dues billed to members of our corporate-owned and franchisee-owned stores.

The non-GAAP financial measures used in our full-year outlook will differ from net income and net income per share, diluted, determined in accordance with GAAP in ways similar to those described in the reconciliations at the end of this press release. We do not provide guidance for net income or net income per share, diluted, determined in accordance with GAAP or a reconciliation of guidance for Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted net income per share, diluted, to the most directly comparable GAAP measure because we are not able to predict with reasonable certainty the amount or nature of all items that will be included in our net income and net income per share, diluted, for the year ending December 31, 2022. Accordingly, a reconciliation of the Company's guidance for Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted net income per share, diluted, to the most directly comparable GAAP measure cannot be made available without unreasonable effort. These items are uncertain, depend on many factors and could have a material impact on our net income and net income per share, diluted, for the year ending December 31, 2022.

Investor Conference Call

The Company will hold a conference call at 8:00 AM (ET) on November 8, 2022 to discuss the news announced in this press release. A live webcast of the conference call will be accessible at www.planetfitness.com via the "Investor Relations" link. The webcast will be archived on the website for one year.

About Planet Fitness

Founded in 1992 in Dover, NH, Planet Fitness is one of the largest and fastest-growing franchisors and operators of fitness centers in the United States by number of members and locations. As of September 30, 2022, Planet Fitness had more than 16.6 million members and 2,353 stores in 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, Canada, Panama, Mexico and Australia. The Company's mission is to enhance people's lives by providing a high-quality fitness experience in a welcoming, non-intimidating environment, which we call the Judgement Free Zone®. More than 90% of Planet Fitness stores are owned and operated by independent business men and women.

Forward-Looking Statements

This press release contains "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of the federal securities laws, which involve risks and uncertainties.  Forward-looking statements include the Company's statements with respect to expected future performance presented under the heading "2022 Outlook," those attributed to the Company's Chief Executive Officer in this press release, including with respect to the Company's growth opportunities globally and long-term targets for U.S. store locations, and other statements, estimates and projections that do not relate solely to historical facts. Forward-looking statements can be identified by words such as "believe," "expect," "goal," plan," "will," "prospects," "future," "strategy" and similar references to future periods, although not all forward-looking statements include these identifying words.  Forward-looking statements are not assurances of future performance. Instead, they are based only on the Company's current beliefs, expectations and assumptions regarding the future of the business, future plans and strategies, projections, anticipated events and trends, the economy and other future conditions. Because forward-looking statements relate to the future, they are subject to inherent uncertainties, risks and changes in circumstances that are difficult to predict and many of which are outside of the Company's control. Actual results and financial condition may differ materially from those indicated in the forward-looking statements. Important factors that could cause our actual results to differ materially include risks and uncertainties associated with the duration and impact of COVID-19, which has resulted and may in the future result in store closures and a decrease in our net membership base and may give rise to or heighten one or more of the other risks and uncertainties described herein, competition in the fitness industry, the Company's and franchisees' ability to attract and retain members, the Company's and franchisees' ability to identify and secure suitable sites for new franchise stores, changes in consumer demand, changes in equipment costs, the Company's ability to expand into new markets domestically and internationally, operating costs for the Company and franchisees generally, availability and cost of capital for franchisees, acquisition activity, developments and changes in laws and regulations, our substantial increased indebtedness as a result of our refinancing and securitization transactions and our ability to incur additional indebtedness or refinance that indebtedness in the future, our future financial performance and our ability to pay principal and interest on our indebtedness, our corporate structure and tax receivable agreements, failures, interruptions or security breaches of the Company's information systems or technology, our ability to successfully integrate and realize the anticipated benefits from the Sunshine Acquisition, general economic conditions and the other factors described in the Company's annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021, and the Company's other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. In light of the significant risks and uncertainties inherent in forward-looking statements, investors should not place undue reliance on forward-looking statements, which reflect the Company's views only as of the date of this press release. Except as required by law, neither the Company nor any of its affiliates or representatives undertake any obligation to provide additional information or to correct or update any information set forth in this release, whether as a result of new information, future developments or otherwise.

Planet Fitness, Inc. and subsidiaries

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations

(Unaudited)

(Amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)




For the three months ended

September 30,


For the nine months ended

September 30,



2022


2021


2022


2021

Revenue:









Franchise


$        65,975


$        61,481


$      199,506


$      173,419

Commission income


193


39


737


381

National advertising fund revenue


14,578


13,863


43,130


38,493

Corporate-owned stores


101,330


43,899


278,940


122,355

Equipment


62,310


34,973


133,191


68,735

Total revenue


244,386


154,255


655,504


403,383

Operating costs and expenses:









Cost of revenue


48,531


27,097


103,436


53,579

Store operations


57,892


27,751


161,789


82,088

Selling, general and administrative


27,148


22,969


86,176


67,248

National advertising fund expense


17,009


15,586


50,445


41,868

Depreciation and amortization


32,572


16,248


90,427


46,758

Other (gains) losses, net


(700)


57


(2,452)


(2,363)

Total operating costs and expenses


182,452


109,708


489,821


289,178

Income from operations


61,934


44,547


165,683


114,205

Other expense, net:









Interest income


1,561


233


2,244


645

Interest expense


(21,917)


(20,350)


(66,527)


(60,719)

Other income


4,762


677


9,000


695

Total other expense, net


(15,594)


(19,440)


(55,283)


(59,379)

Income before income taxes


46,340


25,107


110,400


54,826

Equity losses of unconsolidated entities, net of tax


(2)



(334)


Provision for income taxes


15,661


6,475


35,942


14,988

Net income


30,677


18,632


74,124


39,838

Less net income attributable to non-controlling interests


3,764


1,189


8,405


2,804

Net income attributable to Planet Fitness, Inc.


$        26,913


$        17,443


$        65,719


$        37,034

Net income per share of Class A common stock:









Basic


$             0.32


$             0.21


$             0.78


$             0.45

Diluted


$             0.32


$             0.21


$             0.78


$             0.44

Weighted-average shares of Class A common stock outstanding:









Basic


84,156


83,274


84,377


83,194

Diluted


84,547


83,879


84,798


83,808

 

Planet Fitness, Inc. and subsidiaries

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

(Unaudited)

(Amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)




September 30, 2022


December 31, 2021

Assets





Current assets:





Cash and cash equivalents


$                404,463


$                545,909

Restricted cash


62,714


58,032

Accounts receivable, net of allowance for bad debts of $0 and $0 at September 30, 2022 and
December 31, 2021, respectively


34,475


27,257

Inventory


4,224


1,155

Restricted assets – national advertising fund


1,773


Prepaid expenses


13,922


12,869

Other receivables


14,015


13,519

Income tax receivables


4,885


3,673

Total current assets


540,471


662,414

Property and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation of $204,581 and $152,296 at September 30,
2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively


332,840


173,687

Investments, net of allowance for expected credit losses of $15,890 and $17,462

   as of September 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively


21,389


18,760

Right of use assets, net


348,246


190,330

Intangible assets, net


427,675


200,937

Goodwill


700,207


228,569

Deferred income taxes


471,495


539,264

Other assets, net


3,933


2,022

Total assets


$             2,846,256


$             2,015,983

Liabilities and stockholders' deficit





Current liabilities:





Current maturities of long-term debt


$                  20,750


$                  17,500

Accounts payable


22,218


27,892

Accrued expenses


54,302


51,714

Equipment deposits


32,020


6,036

Deferred revenue, current


56,159


28,351

Payable pursuant to tax benefit arrangements, current


31,482


20,302

Other current liabilities


41,208


24,815

Total current liabilities


258,139


176,610

Long-term debt, net of current maturities


1,982,158


1,665,273

Borrowings under Variable Funding Notes



75,000

Lease liabilities, net of current portion


341,961


197,682

Deferred revenue, net of current portion


32,793


33,428

Deferred tax liabilities


965


Payable pursuant to tax benefit arrangements, net of current portion


474,032


507,805

Other liabilities


4,314


3,030

Total noncurrent liabilities


2,836,223


2,482,218

Stockholders' equity (deficit):





Class A common stock, $0.0001 par value - 300,000 authorized, 83,414 and 83,804 shares issued and
outstanding as of September 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively


8


8

Class B common stock, $0.0001 par value - 100,000 authorized, 6,146 and 3,056 shares issued and
outstanding as of September 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively


1


1

Accumulated other comprehensive income


(626)


12

Additional paid in capital


534,365


63,428

Accumulated deficit


(737,399)


(708,804)

Total stockholders' deficit attributable to Planet Fitness, Inc.


(203,651)


(645,355)

Non-controlling interests


(44,455)


2,510

Total stockholders' deficit


(248,106)


(642,845)

Total liabilities and stockholders' deficit


$             2,846,256


$             2,015,983

 

Planet Fitness, Inc. and subsidiaries

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(Unaudited)

(Amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)




For the nine months ended September 30,



2022


2021

Cash flows from operating activities:





Net income


$                  74,124


$                  39,838

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:





Depreciation and amortization


90,427


46,758

Amortization of deferred financing costs


4,129


4,753

Write-off of deferred financing costs


1,583


Amortization of asset retirement obligations


201


55

Dividends accrued on investment


(1,391)


(949)

Deferred tax expense


35,026


12,774

Equity losses of unconsolidated entities, net of tax


334


Gain on adjustment of allowance for credit losses on held-to-maturity investment


(1,572)


Gain on re-measurement of tax benefit arrangement


(8,381)


(348)

Loss on reacquired franchise rights


1,160


Gain on sale of corporate-owned stores


(1,324)


Equity-based compensation


6,942


6,267

Other


66


(37)

Changes in operating assets and liabilities, excluding effects of acquisitions:





  Accounts receivable


(7,477)


5,321

  Inventory


(3,071)


(3,625)

  Other assets and other current assets


(567)


9,618

  Restricted assets - national advertising fund


(1,773)


(1,162)

  Accounts payable and accrued expenses


(22,521)


9,413

  Other liabilities and other current liabilities


1,728


(3,540)

  Income taxes


(2,111)


452

  Payable pursuant to tax benefit arrangements


(14,211)


  Equipment deposits


26,049


20,099

  Deferred revenue


11,506


3,483

  Leases and deferred rent


1,550


320

Net cash provided by operating activities


190,426


149,490

Cash flows from investing activities:





Additions to property and equipment


(65,138)


(31,791)

Acquisition of franchises, net of cash acquired


(424,940)


Proceeds from sale of property and equipment


60


19

Proceeds from sale of corporate-owned stores


20,820


Investments



(35,000)

Net cash used in investing activities


(469,198)


(66,772)

Cash flows from financing activities:





Principal payments on capital lease obligations


(207)


(146)

Proceeds from issuance of long-term debt


900,000


Proceeds from issuance of variable funding notes


75,000


Repayment of long-term debt and variable funding notes


(719,625)


(13,125)

Payment of deferred financing and other debt-related costs


(15,951)


Proceeds from issuance of Class A common stock


779


916

Repurchase and retirement of Class A common stock


(94,314)


Distributions paid to members of Pla-Fit Holdings


(2,945)


(670)

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities


142,737


(13,025)

Effects of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents


(729)


(19)

Net (decrease) increase in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash


(136,764)


69,674

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning of period


603,941


515,800

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, end of period


$                467,177


$                585,474

Supplemental cash flow information:





Net cash paid for income taxes


$                    3,072


$                    1,683

Cash paid for interest


$                 60,535


$                 56,231

Non-cash investing activities:





Non-cash additions to property and equipment


$                 11,566


$                   5,507

Fair value of common stock issued as consideration for acquisition


$               393,730


$                         —

To supplement its consolidated financial statements, which are prepared and presented in accordance with GAAP, the Company uses the following non-GAAP financial measures: EBITDA, Total Segment EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted net income and Adjusted net income per share, diluted (collectively, the "non-GAAP financial measures"). The Company believes that these non-GAAP financial measures, when used in conjunction with GAAP financial measures, are useful to investors in evaluating our operating performance. These non-GAAP financial measures presented in this release are supplemental measures of the Company's performance that are neither required by, nor presented in accordance with GAAP. These financial measures should not be considered in isolation or as substitutes for GAAP financial measures such as net income or any other performance measures derived in accordance with GAAP. In addition, in the future, the Company may incur expenses or charges such as those added back to calculate Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted net income and Adjusted net income per share, diluted. The Company's presentation of Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted net income, and Adjusted net income per share, diluted, should not be construed as an inference that the Company's future results will be unaffected by unusual or nonrecurring items.

EBITDA, Segment EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA

We refer to EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA as we use these measures to evaluate our operating performance and we believe these measures provide useful information to investors in evaluating our performance. We have also disclosed Segment EBITDA as an important financial metric utilized by the Company to evaluate performance and allocate resources to segments in accordance with ASC 280, Segment Reporting. We define EBITDA as net income before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization. Segment EBITDA sums to Total Segment EBITDA which is equal to the Non-GAAP financial metric EBITDA. We believe that EBITDA, which eliminates the impact of certain expenses that we do not believe reflect our underlying business performance, provides useful information to investors to assess the performance of our segments as well as the business as a whole. Our board of directors also uses EBITDA as a key metric to assess the performance of management. We define Adjusted EBITDA as net income before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization, adjusted for the impact of certain additional non-cash and other items that we do not consider in our evaluation of ongoing performance of the Company's core operations. These items include certain purchase accounting adjustments, stock offering-related costs, acquisition transaction costs, and certain other charges and gains. We believe that Adjusted EBITDA is an appropriate measure of operating performance in addition to EBITDA because it eliminates the impact of other items that we believe reduce the comparability of our underlying core business performance from period to period and is therefore useful to our investors in comparing the core performance of our business from period to period.

Planet Fitness, Inc. and subsidiaries

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

(Unaudited)

(Amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)


A reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to net income, the most directly comparable GAAP measure, is set forth below.




Three months ended September 30,


Nine months ended September 30,



2022


2021


2022


2021

(in thousands)









Net income


$          30,677


$          18,632


$          74,124


$          39,838

Interest income


(1,561)


(233)


(2,244)


(645)

Interest expense(1)


21,917


20,350


66,527


60,719

Provision for income taxes


15,661


6,475


35,942


14,988

Depreciation and amortization


32,572


16,248


90,427


46,758

EBITDA


$          99,266


$          61,472


$        264,776


$        161,658

Purchase accounting adjustments-revenue(2)


84


72


213


269

Purchase accounting adjustments-rent(3)


109


110


328


324

Loss on reacquired franchise rights(4)




1,160


Gain on settlement of preexisting contract with
   acquiree(5)




(2,059)


Transaction fees and acquisition-related costs(6)


396



5,344


Loss (gain) on adjustment of allowance for credit losses
   on held-to-maturity investments
(7)


273



(1,572)


Dividend income on held-to-maturity investments(8)


(477)



(1,391)


Insurance Recovery(9)


(174)



(174)


(2,500)

Legal matters(10)


238



1,189


Tax benefit arrangement remeasurement(11)


(4,510)



(8,381)


(348)

Gain on sale of corporate-owned stores(12)


(1,324)



(1,324)


Other(13)


21


55


1,621


743

Adjusted EBITDA(14)


$          93,902


$          61,709


$        259,730


$        160,146

(1)

Includes a $1,583 loss on extinguishment of debt in the nine months ended September 30, 2022.

(2)

Represents the impact of revenue-related purchase accounting adjustments associated with the acquisition of Pla-Fit Holdings on November 8, 2012 by TSG (the "2012 Acquisition"). At the time of the 2012 Acquisition, the Company maintained a deferred revenue account, which consisted of deferred area development agreement fees, deferred franchise fees, and deferred enrollment fees that the Company billed and collected upfront but recognizes for U.S. GAAP purposes at a later date. In connection with the 2012 Acquisition, it was determined that the carrying amount of deferred revenue was greater than the fair value assessed in accordance with ASC 805—Business Combinations, which resulted in a write-down of the carrying value of the deferred revenue balance upon application of acquisition push-down accounting under ASC 805. These amounts represent the additional revenue that would have been recognized in these periods if the write-down to deferred revenue had not occurred in connection with the application of acquisition pushdown accounting.

(3)

Represents the impact of rent-related purchase accounting adjustments. In accordance with guidance in ASC 805 – Business Combinations, in connection with the 2012 Acquisition, the Company's deferred rent liability was required to be written off as of the acquisition date and rent was recorded on a straight-line basis from the acquisition date through the end of the lease term. This resulted in higher overall recorded rent expense each period than would have otherwise been recorded had the deferred rent liability not been written off as a result of the acquisition push down accounting applied in accordance with ASC 805. Adjustments of $45, $44, $135 and $127 in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively, reflect the difference between the higher rent expense recorded in accordance with U.S. GAAP since the acquisition and the rent expense that would have been recorded had the 2012 Acquisition not occurred. Adjustments of $65, $64, $194, and $197 in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively, are due to the amortization of favorable and unfavorable leases. All of the rent related purchase accounting adjustments are adjustments to rent expense which is included in store operations on our consolidated statements of operations.

(4)

Represents the impact of a non-cash loss recorded in accordance with ASC 805 – Business Combinations related to our acquisition of franchisee-owned stores. The loss recorded under U.S. GAAP represents the difference between the fair value and the contractual terms of the reacquired franchise rights and is included in other (gains) losses, net on our consolidated statement of operations.

(5)

Represents a gain on settlement of deferred revenue from existing contracts with acquired franchisee-stores recorded in accordance with ASC 805 – Business Combinations, and is included in other (gains) losses, net on our consolidated statement of operations.

(6)

Represents transaction fees and acquisition-related costs incurred in connection with our acquisition of franchisee-owned stores.

(7)

Represents a loss (gain) on the adjustment of the allowance for credit losses on the Company's held-to-maturity investments.

(8)

Represents dividend income on held-to-maturity investments.

(9)

Represents insurance recoveries, which in 2021 included a recovery of previously recognized expenses related to the settlement of legal claims.

(10)

In the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022, the amounts represent a reserve against an indemnification receivable related to a legal matter. In the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, the amounts represent an insurance recovery of previously recognized expenses related to the settlement of legal claims.

(11)

Represents gains related to the adjustment of our tax benefit arrangements primarily due to changes in our deferred state tax rate.

(12)

Represents a gain on the sale of corporate-owned stores.

(13)

Represents certain other charges and gains that we do not believe reflect our underlying business performance.

(14)

Effective September 30, 2022, we no longer exclude pre-opening costs from our computation of Adjusted EBITDA. Adjusted EBITDA for all prior periods presented has been restated to the current period computation methodology.

 

A reconciliation of Segment EBITDA to Total Segment EBITDA is set forth below.




Three months ended September 30,

(in thousands)


2022


2021

Segment EBITDA





Franchise


$          53,475


$          52,047

Corporate-owned stores


40,446


14,102

Equipment


15,803


7,917

Corporate and other


(10,458)


(12,594)

Total Segment EBITDA(1)


$          99,266


$          61,472

(1) Total Segment EBITDA is equal to EBITDA.

Adjusted Net Income and Adjusted Net Income per Diluted Share

Our presentation of Adjusted net income assumes that all net income is attributable to Planet Fitness, Inc., which assumes the full exchange of all outstanding Holdings Units for shares of Class A common stock of Planet Fitness, Inc., adjusted for certain non-recurring items that we do not believe directly reflect our core operations. Adjusted net income per share, diluted, is calculated by dividing Adjusted net income by the total shares of Class A common stock outstanding plus any dilutive options and restricted stock units as calculated in accordance with GAAP and assuming the full exchange of all outstanding Holdings Units and corresponding Class B common stock as of the beginning of each period presented. Adjusted net income and Adjusted net income per share, diluted, are supplemental measures of operating performance that do not represent, and should not be considered, alternatives to net income and earnings per share, as calculated in accordance with GAAP. We believe Adjusted net income and Adjusted net income per share, diluted, supplement GAAP measures and enable us to more effectively evaluate our performance period-over-period. A reconciliation of Adjusted net income to net income, the most directly comparable GAAP measure, and the computation of Adjusted net income per share, diluted, are set forth below.

Planet Fitness, Inc. and subsidiaries

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

(Unaudited)

(Amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)




Three months ended September 30,


Nine months ended September 30,

(in thousands, except per share amounts)


2022


2021


2022


2021

Net income


$          30,677


$          18,632


$          74,124


$          39,838

Provision for income taxes, as reported


15,661


6,475


35,942


14,988

Purchase accounting adjustments-revenue(1)


84


72


213


269

Purchase accounting adjustments-rent(2)


109


110


328


324

Loss on reacquired franchise rights(3)




1,160


Gain on settlement of preexisting contract with
   acquiree(4)




(2,059)


Transaction fees and acquisition-related costs(5)


396



5,344


Loss on extinguishment of debt(6)




1,583


Loss (gain) on adjustment of allowance for credit losses
   on held-to-maturity investments
(7)


273



(1,572)


Dividend income on held-to-maturity investments(8)


(477)



(1,391)


Insurance Recovery(9)


(174)



(174)


(2,500)

Legal matters(10)


238



1,189


Tax benefit arrangement remeasurement(11)


(4,510)



(8,381)


(348)

Gain on sale of corporate-owned stores(12)


(1,324)



(1,324)


Other(13)


21


55


1,621


743

Purchase accounting amortization(14)


10,611


4,159


29,644


12,477

Adjusted income before income taxes


$          51,585


$          29,503


$        136,247


$          65,791

Adjusted income tax expense(15)


13,361


7,848


35,288


17,500

Adjusted net income(16)


$          38,224


$          21,655


$        100,959


$          48,291










Adjusted net income per share, diluted


$               0.42


$               0.25


$               1.11


$               0.55










Adjusted weighted-average shares outstanding(17)


90,692


87,204


90,571


87,194

(1)

Represents the impact of revenue-related purchase accounting adjustments associated with the 2012 Acquisition. At the time of the 2012 Acquisition, the Company maintained a deferred revenue account, which consisted of deferred area development agreement fees, deferred franchise fees, and deferred enrollment fees that the Company billed and collected upfront but recognizes for U.S. GAAP purposes at a later date. In connection with the 2012 Acquisition, it was determined that the carrying amount of deferred revenue was greater than the fair value assessed in accordance with ASC 805—Business Combinations, which resulted in a write-down of the carrying value of the deferred revenue balance upon application of acquisition push-down accounting under ASC 805. These amounts represent the additional revenue that would have been recognized in these periods if the write-down to deferred revenue had not occurred in connection with the application of acquisition pushdown accounting.

(2)

Represents the impact of rent-related purchase accounting adjustments. In accordance with guidance in ASC 805 – Business Combinations, in connection with the 2012 Acquisition, the Company's deferred rent liability was required to be written off as of the acquisition date and rent was recorded on a straight-line basis from the acquisition date through the end of the lease term. This resulted in higher overall recorded rent expense each period than would have otherwise been recorded had the deferred rent liability not been written off as a result of the acquisition push down accounting applied in accordance with ASC 805. Adjustments of $45, $44, $135 and $127 in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively, reflect the difference between the higher rent expense recorded in accordance with U.S. GAAP since the acquisition and the rent expense that would have been recorded had the 2012 Acquisition not occurred. Adjustments of $65, $64, $194, and $197 in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively, are due to the amortization of favorable and unfavorable leases. All of the rent related purchase accounting adjustments are adjustments to rent expense which is included in store operations on our consolidated statements of operations.

(3)

Represents the impact of a non-cash loss recorded in accordance with ASC 805 – Business Combinations related to our acquisition of franchisee-owned stores. The loss recorded under U.S. GAAP represents the difference between the fair value and the contractual terms of the reacquired franchise rights and is included in other (gains) losses, net on our consolidated statement of operations.

(4)

Represents a gain on settlement of deferred revenue from existing contracts with acquired franchisee-stores recorded in accordance with ASC 805 – Business Combinations, and is included in other (gains) losses, net on our consolidated statement of operations.

(5)

Represents transaction fees and acquisition-related costs incurred in connection with our acquisition of franchisee-owned stores.

(6)

Represents a loss on extinguishment of debt in the nine months ended September 30, 2022.

(7)

Represents a loss (gain) on the adjustment of the allowance for credit losses on the Company's held-to-maturity investments.

(8)

Represents dividend income on held-to-maturity investments.

(9)

Represents insurance recoveries, which in 2021 included a recovery of previously recognized expenses related to the settlement of legal claims.

(10)

In the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022, the amounts represent a reserve against an indemnification receivable related to a legal matter. In the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, the amounts represent an insurance recovery of previously recognized expenses related to the settlement of legal claims.

(11)

Represents gains related to the adjustment of our tax benefit arrangements primarily due to changes in our deferred state tax rate.

(12)

Represents a gain on the sale of corporate-owned stores.

(13)

Represents certain other charges and gains that we do not believe reflect our underlying business performance.

(14)

Includes $3,096, $3,096, $9,288 and $9,288 of amortization of intangible assets, for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021, recorded in connection with the 2012 Acquisition, and $7,515, $1,063, $20,357 and $3,189 of amortization of intangible assets for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively, recorded in connection with historical acquisitions of franchisee-owned stores. The adjustment represents the amount of actual non-cash amortization expense recorded, in accordance with U.S. GAAP, in each period.

(15)

Represents corporate income taxes at an assumed blended tax rate of 25.9% for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022 and 26.6% for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, applied to adjusted income before income taxes.

(16)

Effective September 30, 2022, we no longer exclude pre-opening costs from our computation of Adjusted EBITDA. Adjusted EBITDA for all prior periods presented has been restated to the current period computation methodology.

(17)

Assumes the full exchange of all outstanding Holdings Units and corresponding shares of Class B common stock for shares of Class A common stock of Planet Fitness, Inc.

 

A reconciliation of net income per share, diluted, to Adjusted net income per share, diluted is set forth below for the three and
nine months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021:




For the three months ended

September 30, 2022


For the three months ended

September 30, 2021

(in thousands, except per share amounts)


Net income


Weighted
Average
Shares


Net income
per share,
diluted


Net income


Weighted
Average
Shares


Net income
per share,
diluted

Net  income attributable to Planet Fitness,
Inc.
(1)


$     26,913


84,547


$         0.32


$     17,443


83,879


$         0.21

Assumed exchange of shares(2)


3,764


6,145




1,189


3,325



Net income


30,677






18,632





Adjustments to arrive at adjusted income

   before income taxes(3)


20,908






10,871





Adjusted income before income taxes


51,585






29,503





Adjusted income tax expense(4)


13,361






7,848





Adjusted net income


$     38,224


90,692


$         0.42


$     21,655


87,204


$         0.25

(1)

Represents net income attributable to Planet Fitness, Inc. and the associated weighted average shares, diluted, of Class A common stock outstanding.

(2)

Assumes the full exchange of all outstanding Holdings Units and corresponding shares of Class B common stock for shares of Class A common stock of Planet Fitness, Inc. Also assumes the addition of net income attributable to non-controlling interests corresponding with the assumed exchange of Holdings Units and Class B common shares for shares of Class A common stock.

(3)

Represents the total impact of all adjustments identified in the adjusted net income table above to arrive at adjusted income before income taxes.

(4)

Represents corporate income taxes at an assumed blended tax rate of 25.9% and 26.6% for the three months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively, applied to adjusted income before income taxes.

 



For the nine months ended

September 30, 2022


For the nine months ended

September 30, 2021

(in thousands, except per share amounts)


Net income


Weighted
Average
Shares


Net income
per share,
diluted


Net income


Weighted
Average
Shares


Net income
per share,
diluted

Net income attributable to Planet Fitness, Inc.(1)


$     65,719


84,798


$         0.78


$     37,034


83,808


$         0.44

Assumed exchange of shares(2)


8,405


5,773




2,804


3,386



Net income


74,124






39,838





Adjustments to arrive at adjusted
   income before income taxes(3)


62,123






25,953





Adjusted income before income taxes


136,247






65,791





Adjusted income tax expense(4)


35,288






17,500





Adjusted net income


$   100,959


90,571


$         1.11


$     48,291


87,194


$         0.55

(1)

Represents net income attributable to Planet Fitness, Inc. and the associated weighted average shares, diluted of Class A common stock outstanding.

(2)

Assumes the full exchange of all outstanding Holdings Units and corresponding shares of Class B common stock for shares of Class A common stock of Planet Fitness, Inc. Also assumes the addition of net income attributable to non-controlling interests corresponding with the assumed exchange of Holdings Units and Class B common shares for shares of Class A common stock.

(3)

Represents the total impact of all adjustments identified in the adjusted net income table above to arrive at adjusted income before income taxes.

(4)

Represents corporate income taxes at an assumed blended tax rate of 25.9% and 26.6% for the nine months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively, applied to adjusted income before income taxes.

 

Planet Fitness logo. (PRNewsFoto/Planet Fitness)

 

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SOURCE Planet Fitness, Inc.