T
$28.18
AT&T
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Earnings Details
2nd Quarter June 2021
Thursday, July 22, 2021 6:31:00 AM
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Summary

AT&T Beats

AT&T (T) reported 2nd Quarter June 2021 earnings of $0.89 per share on revenue of $44.0 billion. The consensus earnings estimate was $0.78 per share on revenue of $42.6 billion. The Earnings Whisper number was $0.81 per share. Revenue grew 7.6% on a year-over-year basis.

The company said it expects 2021 earnings growth in the low to mid-single digits, or earnings of approximately $3.21 to $3.37 per share on revenue of $175.20 billion to $176.91 billion. The company's previous guidance was earnings of approximately $3.18 per share on revenue of approximately $173.5 billion and the current consensus earnings estimate is $3.17 per share on revenue of $174.38 billion for the year ending December 31, 2021.

AT&T Inc, through its subsidiaries and affiliates, provides wireless and wireline telecommunications services in the United States and internationally. The Company has three reportable segments: Wireless, Wireline, and Other.

Results
Reported Earnings
$0.89
Earnings Whisper
$0.81
Consensus Estimate
$0.78
Reported Revenue
$44.05 Bil
Revenue Estimate
$42.63 Bil
Growth
Earnings Growth
Revenue Growth
Guidance
Power Rating
Grade
Earnings Release

AT&T Reports Second-Quarter Results

Updates full-year guidance for consolidated revenue, wireless service revenue, adjusted EPS and free cash flow

Continued wireless, fiber and HBO Max subscriber gains and strong cash flows

Second-Quarter Consolidated Results

  • Consolidated revenues of $44.0 billion, up 7.6%
  • Diluted EPS of $0.21 compared to $0.17 in the year-ago quarter, up 23.5%
  • Adjusted EPS of $0.89 compared to $0.83 in the year-ago quarter, up 7.2%
  • Cash from operations of $10.9 billion
  • Capital expenditures of $4.0 billion; gross capital investment1 of $5.3 billion and cash content spend of $5.3 billion
  • Free cash flow2 of $7.0 billion; total dividend payout ratio of 55%3

Note: AT&T’s second-quarter earnings conference call will be webcast at 8:30 a.m. ET on Thursday, July 22, 2021. The webcast and related materials will be available on AT&T’s Investor Relations website at https://investors.att.com.

DALLAS--(BUSINESS WIRE)--AT&T Inc. (NYSE:T) reported second-quarter results that showed continuing customer growth in wireless, fiber and HBO Max. The company also reported strong cash flows.

“We’re pleased with our performance and our momentum is strong,” said John Stankey, AT&T CEO. “For the fourth consecutive quarter, we saw good subscriber growth across wireless, fiber and HBO Max. Mobility delivered strong service revenue, EBITDA and postpaid phone growth. Our fiber business, which leads on customer satisfaction, grew subscribers and penetration. HBO Max had another strong quarter and is ahead of plan to be a leading direct-to-consumer streaming platform, with both subscriber- and ad-supported choices. As a result, we’re raising our global HBO Max year-end forecast to 70 million to 73 million subscribers. Also, we’re updating full-year guidance for consolidated revenue, wireless service revenue, adjusted EPS and free cash flow.”

Second-Quarter Highlights

Communications

  • Mobility:
    • 789,000 postpaid phone net adds
    • 1,156,000 postpaid net adds
    • 174,000 prepaid phone net adds
    • Postpaid phone churn of 0.69%, equaling lowest churn ever
    • Revenues up 10.4%; service revenues up 5.0%; equipment revenues up 31.9%
    • Operating income of $6.0 billion, up 3.4% year over year; EBITDA4 up 2.7%
    • Operating income margin of 31.7%; EBITDA service margin5 55.9%
  • Consumer Wireline:
    • 246,000 AT&T Fiber net adds; penetration more than 36%
    • Revenues up 2.9%; broadband revenues up 8.3% with ARPU growth of 6.1%

WarnerMedia

  • 2.8 million total domestic HBO Max and HBO subscriber6 net adds; total domestic subscribers of 47.0 million, up 10.7 million in past year; and 67.5 million7 globally, up
    12.0 million in past year
  • Launched ad-supported HBO Max and international offerings
  • Domestic HBO Max and HBO subscriber ARPU8 of $11.90
  • Total revenues up 30.7% to $8.8 billion
  • Direct-to-Consumer subscription revenues up nearly 40%
  • Now expect 70-73 million global HBO Max/HBO subscribers by end of year

Consolidated Financial Results

(Video results are included in Corporate & Other. Additional information about the Video business is provided as part of the earnings material on the company’s Investor Relations website.)

Consolidated revenues for the second quarter totaled $44.0 billion versus $41.0 billion in the year-ago quarter, up 7.6% reflecting partial recovery from the prior-year impacts of COVID-19. Higher WarnerMedia, Mobility, Mexico, and Consumer Wireline revenues more than offset declines in domestic video and Business Wireline. Additionally, consolidated revenues were impacted by divestitures of previously held-for-sale businesses, including the fourth-quarter 2020 sale of our wireless and wireline operations in Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands.

Operating expenses were $40.8 billion versus $37.4 billion in the year-ago quarter. Expenses increased due to $4.6 billion in impairments at Vrio compared to $2.2 billion in the prior year, higher domestic wireless equipment costs, higher sports-related programming costs, and higher direct-to-consumer programming and marketing costs. These increases were partially offset by severance charges in the prior year quarter and lower video costs in the current year. Additionally, depreciation and amortization expense was $1.5 billion lower year over year, largely due to the impairments of long-lived assets taken in the fourth quarter of 2020 and ceasing depreciation and amortization on the held-for-sale video assets.

Operating income was $3.3 billion versus $3.5 billion in the year-ago quarter due to higher impairments at Vrio and higher programming costs from the return of sports, partially offset by the impacts of higher revenues, lower depreciation and amortization expense, and prior-year severance charges. When adjusting for the non-cash Vrio impairments, merger-amortization costs and other items, operating income was $8.9 billion versus $9.0 billion in the year-ago quarter.

Second-quarter net income attributable to common stock was $1.5 billion, or $0.21 per diluted common share, versus $1.2 billion, or $0.17 per diluted common share in the year-ago quarter. Adjusting for $0.68, which includes the non-cash Vrio impairments, merger-amortization costs, an actuarial loss on benefit plans and other items, earnings per diluted common share was $0.89. This compares to an adjusted earnings per diluted common share of $0.83 in the year-ago quarter. Items affecting year over year comparability include about $200 million of pretax gains, principally from mark-to-market gains on benefit-plan investments.

Cash from operating activities was $10.9 billion, down $1.1 billion year over year, with capital expenditures of $4.0 billion and content spend of $5.3 billion. Gross capital investment totaled $5.3 billion, which includes $1.3 billion of cash payments for vendor financing. Free cash flow was $7.0 billion for the quarter. Net debt decreased by $0.9 billion sequentially, and net debt-to-adjusted EBITDA at the end of the second quarter was 3.15x.9

Communications Operational Highlights

Second-quarter revenues were $28.1 billion, up 6.1% year over year due to increases in Mobility and Consumer Wireline more than offsetting a decline in Business Wireline. Operating contribution was $7.3 billion, down 2.0% year over year, with operating income margin of 26.1%, compared to 28.3% in the year-ago quarter.

Mobility

  • Revenues were up 10.4% year over year to $18.9 billion due to higher equipment and service revenues. Service revenues were $14.3 billion, up 5.0% year over year due to subscriber gains and the lapping of COVID-19 impacts on international roaming revenues and waived fees. Equipment revenues were $4.6 billion, up 31.9% year over year, driven by smartphone sales and a mix of higher priced postpaid smartphones and higher sales of postpaid data devices. Prior year equipment revenues included the impact of COVID-19 related store closures.
  • Operating expenses were $12.9 billion, up 14.0% year over year due to higher equipment costs, higher network costs, higher content costs associated with bundling HBO Max and higher commission expense, partially offset by lower sales and support costs.
  • Operating income was $6.0 billion, up 3.4% year over year. Operating income margin was 31.7%, compared to 33.9% in the year-ago quarter.
  • EBITDA was $8.0 billion, up 2.7% year over year with EBITDA margin of 42.4%, down from 45.6% from a year ago. EBITDA service margin was 55.9%, compared to 57.2% in the year-ago quarter.
  • Total net adds were 5.5 million including:
    • 1,156,000 postpaid net adds, with
      • 789,000 postpaid phone net adds
      • 22,000 postpaid tablet and other branded computing device net losses
      • 389,000 other net adds
    • 174,000 prepaid phone net adds
  • Postpaid churn was 0.87% versus 1.05% in the year-ago quarter and postpaid phone churn was 0.69% versus 0.84% in the year-ago quarter, equaling our lowest quarter ever. Prepaid churn was a record low of less than 3%.
  • Postpaid phone-only ARPU was $54.24, down 0.4% versus the year-ago quarter, mostly due to the impacts of promotional discount amortization, but were up sequentially.

Business Wireline

  • Revenues were $6.1 billion, down 4.0% year over year from lower service revenues, primarily due to lower demand for legacy voice and data services in the current year and higher demand for pandemic-related connectivity in the prior-year.
  • Operating expenses were $5.0 billion, essentially flat year over year due to ongoing operational cost efficiencies.
  • Operating income was $1.1 billion, down 18.6% with operating income margin of 17.3%, compared to 20.5% in the year-ago quarter. EBITDA was $2.3 billion, down 9.6% year over year with EBITDA margin of 38.7%, compared to 41.1% in the year-ago quarter.
  • More than 650,000 U.S. business buildings are lit with fiber from AT&T, enabling high-speed fiber connections to more than 2.5 million U.S. business customer locations. Nationwide, more than 9.0 million business customer locations are on or within 1,000 feet of our fiber.10

Consumer Wireline

  • Revenues were $3.1 billion, up 2.9% year over year due to gains in broadband more than offsetting declines in legacy voice and data services and other services. Broadband revenues increased 8.3%, which reflects fiber subscriber growth and higher ARPU resulting from increases in fiber customers and pricing.
  • Operating expenses were $2.9 billion, up 7.3% year over year largely driven by higher HBO Max bundling costs, customer support costs and depreciation. These increases were partially offset by lower amortization of deferred customer acquisition costs.
  • Operating income was $288 million, down 26.7% year over year due to higher operating expenses. Operating income margin was 9.2%, compared to 12.9% in the year-ago quarter.
  • EBITDA was $1.1 billion, down 5.9% year over year due to declines in higher-margin legacy voice and data services with EBITDA margin of 33.7%, compared to 36.8% in the year-ago quarter.
  • Total broadband and DSL subscriber net adds were 28,000, reflecting growth in fiber subscribers offsetting losses in slower-speed services. AT&T Fiber net adds were 246,000. AT&T Fiber is marketed to nearly 15 million customer locations.

WarnerMedia Operational Highlights

Revenues for the second quarter were $8.8 billion, up 30.7% versus the year-ago quarter, reflecting the partial recovery from prior-year impacts of the pandemic and driven by higher content and other, subscription, and advertising revenues. Subscription revenues were $4.0 billion, up 21.3%, primarily reflecting 38.5% growth of Direct-to-Consumer HBO Max and HBO subscription revenues following the launch of HBO Max in the year-ago quarter. Advertising revenues were $1.7 billion, up 48.5% when compared to the prior year due to the return of the NBA and strength in news. Content and Other revenues were $3.1 billion, up 34.9%, driven by higher third-party TV production and theatrical.

  • Operating expenses totaled $7.1 billion, up 47.3% when compared to the second quarter of 2020, driven by higher film and programming costs, including sports costs, and marketing.
  • Operating contribution was $1.7 billion, down 9.0%. Operating income was $1.7 billion, down 11.3% year over year, as higher revenues were more than offset by continued HBO Max investment and higher sports costs. Operating income margin was 19.2%, compared to 28.4% in the year-ago quarter.
  • At the end of the quarter, there were 47.0 million domestic HBO Max and HBO subscribers, up from 44.2 million at the end of the first quarter of 2021. Domestic HBO Max and HBO subscribers increased 10.7 million year over year, driven by HBO Max retail subscriber growth. Domestic subscriber ARPU8 was $11.90.

Latin America Operational Highlights

Revenues were $1.4 billion, up 16.6% year over year due to growth in Mexico. Operating contribution was ($152) million compared to ($201) million in the year-ago quarter, with operating income margin of (10.7)%, compared to (17.0)% in the prior year.

Vrio

  • Revenues were $749 million, essentially stable year over year reflecting pandemic pressures. Operating loss was ($25) million compared to ($36) million in the year-ago quarter, with operating income margin of (3.3)%, compared to (4.8)% in the prior year.
  • Vrio subscriber net losses of 239,000 were driven primarily by economic pressures and pandemic restrictions in Brazil, and pandemic impacts in other parts of the region and were partly offset by growth in over-the-top subscribers.

Mexico

  • Revenues were $688 million, up 43.3% year over year due to increased growth in equipment and service revenues. Service revenues were $447 million, up 29.6% year over year, driven by favorable foreign exchange impact, growing subscriber base and growth in other services. Equipment revenues were $241 million, up 78.5% year over year, driven by higher equipment sales and foreign exchange benefits. Operating loss was ($129) million versus ($173) million in the year-ago quarter.
  • Total wireless net adds were 65,000 including 54,000 prepaid net adds and 20,000 postpaid net adds, partly offset by 9,000 reseller net losses.

2021 Outlook

The company has updated its 2021 guidance. On a comparative basis (excluding the impact of the DIRECTV/TPG transaction), the company now expects:

  • Consolidated revenue growth in the 2% to 3% range
  • Adjusted EPS11 to grow in the low- to mid-single digits
  • Gross capital investment in the $22 billion range, with capital expenditures in the $17 billion range
  • Free cash flow12 in the $27 billion range, with a full-year total dividend payout ratio3 in the high 50’s% range

The company expects the DIRECTV/TPG transaction to close in the next few weeks, which will impact certain aspects of guidance. Assuming that time frame, the expected impact of the deal on the remainder of 2021 is:

  • Revenues to be lower by $9 billion
  • EBITDA to be lower by $1 billion
  • Free cash flow12 to be lower by about $1 billion, equating to $26 billion for the year

No change is expected to updated adjusted EPS and capital investment guidance. The company also expects adjusted equity income13 from $1.0 to $1.2 billion for the last 5 months of 2021 as a result of its 70% ownership of the new DIRECTV entity and reimbursements from transition services agreements.

The company expects proceeds of about $7.8 billion at close of the transaction, and annual cash distributions of more than $1 billion.

Post-close, the cash generated by DIRECTV will be used, among other things, for DIRECTV’s capital expenditures and working capital needs, debt financing obligations, cash coupon on TPG senior preferred, and tax distributions to AT&T and TPG. Excess cash will be used for debt repayment and dividend distributions.

The post-close dividend distribution waterfall is as follows:

  1. TPG senior preferred equity ($1.8 billion)
  2. AT&T junior preferred equity ($4.25 billion + accrued payment-in-kind)
  3. AT&T common catch-up equity ($4.2 billion)
  4. Remaining dividends split 70/30 to AT&T/TPG
  5. Proceeds from any future exit flow through the capital structure, including debt and dividend distribution waterfall

1Gross capital investment includes capital expenditures and cash payments for vendor financing and excludes FirstNet reimbursements. In 2Q21, gross capital investment included $1.3 billion in vendor financing payments. In 2021, vendor financing payments are expected to be in the $4 billion range and FirstNet reimbursements are expected to be about $1 billion.

2 Free cash flow is a non-GAAP financial measure that is frequently used by investors and credit rating agencies to provide relevant and useful information. Free cash flow is cash from operating activities minus capital expenditures.

3 Free cash flow total dividend payout ratio is total dividends paid divided by free cash flow. In 2Q21, total dividends paid were $3.83 billion.

4EBITDA is operating income before depreciation and amortization. EBITDA margin is operating income before depreciation and amortization, divided by total revenues.

5EBITDA service margin is operating income before depreciation and amortization, divided by total service revenues.

6Domestic HBO Max and HBO subscribers consist of U.S. accounts with access to HBO Max (including wholesale subscribers that may not have signed in) and HBO accounts, and exclude free trials and Cinemax subscribers.

7Global HBO Max and HBO subscribers consist of domestic and international HBO Max and HBO subscribers, and exclude free trials, basic and Cinemax subscribers.

8Domestic subscriber ARPU is defined as U.S. HBO Max and HBO subscriber revenues during the period divided by average domestic HBO Max and HBO subscribers during the period, excluding HBO commercial revenues and subscribers.

9 Net Debt to adjusted EBITDA ratios are non-GAAP financial measures that are frequently used by investors and credit rating agencies to provide relevant and useful information. Our Net Debt to Adjusted EBITDA ratio is calculated by dividing the Net Debt of $167.9 billion (Total Debt of $179.8 billion at June 30, 2021 less Cash and Cash Equivalents of $11.9 billion) by the sum of the most recent four quarters of Adjusted EBITDA of $53.4 billion ($13.3 billion for September 30, 2020; $12.9 billion for December 31, 2020; $13.6 billion for March 31, 2021; and $13.6 billion for June 30, 2021).

10 The more than 2.5 million U.S. business customer locations are included within the 9.0+ million U.S. business customer locations on or within 1,000 feet of our fiber.

11 The company expects adjustments to 2021 reported diluted EPS to include merger-related amortization in the range of $4.3 billion and other adjustments, a non-cash mark-to-market benefit plan gain/loss, and other items. The company expects the mark-to-market adjustment, which is driven by interest rates and investment returns that are not reasonably estimable at this time, to be a significant item. Our 2021 EPS depends on future levels of revenues and expenses which are not reasonably estimable at this time. Accordingly, we cannot provide a reconciliation between these projected non-GAAP metrics and the reported GAAP metrics without unreasonable effort.

12Free cash flow is cash from operating activities minus capital expenditures. Due to high variability and difficulty in predicting items that impact cash from operating activities and capital expenditures, the company is not able to provide a reconciliation between projected free cash flow and the most comparable GAAP metric without unreasonable effort.

13Adjusted equity income is calculated by excluding from equity in net income (loss) of affiliates, AT&T’s proportionate share of the noncash depreciation and amortization of fair value accretion expected to result from DIRECTV’s revaluation of assets and purchase price allocation.

*About AT&T

AT&T Inc. (NYSE:T) is a diversified, global leader in telecommunications, media and entertainment, and technology. Consumers and businesses have more than 225 million monthly subscriptions to our services. AT&T Communications provides more than 100 million U.S. consumers with entertainment and communications experiences across mobile and broadband. Plus, it serves high-speed, highly secure connectivity and smart solutions to nearly 3 million business customers. WarnerMedia is a leading media and entertainment company that creates and distributes premium and popular content to global audiences through its consumer brands, including: HBO, HBO Max, Warner Bros., TNT, TBS, truTV, CNN, DC Entertainment, New Line, Cartoon Network, Adult Swim and Turner Classic Movies. Xandr, now part of WarnerMedia, provides marketers with innovative and relevant advertising solutions for consumers around premium video content and digital advertising through its platform. AT&T Latin America provides pay-TV services across 10 countries and territories in Latin America and the Caribbean and wireless services to consumers and businesses in Mexico.

AT&T products and services are provided or offered by subsidiaries and affiliates of AT&T Inc. under the AT&T brand and not by AT&T Inc. Additional information is available at about.att.com. © 2021 AT&T Intellectual Property. All rights reserved. AT&T, the Globe logo and other marks are trademarks and service marks of AT&T Intellectual Property and/or AT&T affiliated companies. All other marks contained herein are the property of their respective owners.

Cautionary Language Concerning Forward-Looking Statements

Information set forth in this news release contains financial estimates and other forward-looking statements that are subject to risks and uncertainties, and actual results might differ materially. A discussion of factors that may affect future results is contained in AT&T’s filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. AT&T disclaims any obligation to update and revise statements contained in this news release based on new information or otherwise.

This news release may contain certain non-GAAP financial measures. Reconciliations between the non-GAAP financial measures and the GAAP financial measures are available on the company’s website at https://investors.att.com.

Discussion and Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Measures

We believe the following measures are relevant and useful information to investors as they are part of AT&T's internal management reporting and planning processes and are important metrics that management uses to evaluate the operating performance of AT&T and its segments. Management also uses these measures as a method of comparing performance with that of many of our competitors. These measures should be considered in addition to, but not as a substitute for, other measures of financial performance reported in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP).

Free Cash Flow

Free cash flow is defined as cash from operations minus capital expenditures. Free cash flow after dividends is defined as cash from operations minus capital expenditures and dividends on common and preferred shares. Free cash flow dividend payout ratio is defined as the percentage of dividends paid on common and preferred shares to free cash flow. We believe these metrics provide useful information to our investors because management views free cash flow as an important indicator of how much cash is generated by routine business operations, including capital expenditures, and makes decisions based on it. Management also views free cash flow as a measure of cash available to pay debt and return cash to shareowners.

Free Cash Flow and Free Cash Flow Dividend Payout Ratio

Dollars in millions

 

 

 

 

 

Second Quarter

 

Six-Month Period

 

2021

 

2020

 

 

2021

 

2020

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

$

10,910

 

 

$

12,059

 

 

 

$

20,837

 

 

$

20,925

 

 

Less: Capital expenditures

(3,959

)

 

(4,466

)

 

 

(7,992

)

 

(9,432

)

 

Free Cash Flow

6,951

 

 

7,593

 

 

 

12,845

 

 

11,493

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Less: Dividends paid

(3,830

)

 

(3,737

)

 

 

(7,571

)

 

(7,474

)

 

Free Cash Flow after Dividends

$

3,121

 

 

$

3,856

 

 

 

$

5,274

 

 

$

4,019

 

 

Free Cash Flow Dividend Payout Ratio

55.1

%

49.2

%

 

58.9

%

65.0

%

Cash Paid for Capital Investment

In connection with capital improvements, we negotiate with some of our vendors to obtain favorable payment terms of 120 days or more, referred to as vendor financing, which are excluded from capital expenditures and reported in accordance with GAAP as financing activities. We present an additional view of cash paid for capital investment to provide investors with a comprehensive view of cash used to invest in our networks, product developments and support systems.

Cash Paid for Capital Investment

Dollars in millions

 

 

 

 

 

Second Quarter

 

Six-Month Period

 

2021

 

2020

 

 

2021

 

2020

 

Capital Expenditures

$

(3,959

)

 

$

(4,466

)

 

 

$

(7,992

)

 

$

(9,432

)

 

Cash paid for vendor financing

(1,304

)

 

(563

)

 

 

(2,994

)

 

(1,354

)

 

Cash paid for Capital Investment

$

(5,263

)

 

$

(5,029

)

 

 

$

(10,986

)

 

$

(10,786

)

 

FirstNet reimbursement

 

 

(72

)

 

 

 

 

(79

)

 

Gross Capital Investment

$

(5,263

)

 

$

(5,101

)

 

 

$

(10,986

)

 

$

(10,865

)

 

EBITDA

Our calculation of EBITDA, as presented, may differ from similarly titled measures reported by other companies. For AT&T, EBITDA excludes other income (expense) – net, and equity in net income (loss) of affiliates, as these do not reflect the operating results of our subscriber base or operations that are not under our control. Equity in net income (loss) of affiliates represents the proportionate share of the net income (loss) of affiliates in which we exercise significant influence, but do not control. Because we do not control these entities, management excludes these results when evaluating the performance of our primary operations. EBITDA also excludes interest expense and the provision for income taxes. Excluding these items eliminates the expenses associated with our capital and tax structures. Finally, EBITDA excludes depreciation and amortization in order to eliminate the impact of capital investments. EBITDA does not give effect to cash used for debt service requirements and thus does not reflect available funds for distributions, reinvestment or other discretionary uses. EBITDA is not presented as an alternative measure of operating results or cash flows from operations, as determined in accordance with GAAP.

EBITDA service margin is calculated as EBITDA divided by service revenues.

When discussing our segment, business unit and supplemental results, EBITDA excludes equity in net income (loss) of affiliates, and depreciation and amortization from operating contribution.

These measures are used by management as a gauge of our success in acquiring, retaining and servicing subscribers because we believe these measures reflect AT&T's ability to generate and grow subscriber revenues while providing a high level of customer service in a cost-effective manner. Management also uses these measures as a method of comparing operating performance with that of many of its competitors. The financial and operating metrics which affect EBITDA include the key revenue and expense drivers for which management is responsible and upon which we evaluate performance.

We believe EBITDA Service Margin (EBITDA as a percentage of service revenues) to be a more relevant measure than EBITDA Margin (EBITDA as a percentage of total revenue) for our Mobility business unit operating margin. We also use wireless service revenues to calculate margin to facilitate comparison, both internally and externally with our wireless competitors, as they calculate their margins using wireless service revenues as well.

There are material limitations to using these non-GAAP financial measures. EBITDA, EBITDA margin and EBITDA service margin, as we have defined them, may not be comparable to similarly titled measures reported by other companies. Furthermore, these performance measures do not take into account certain significant items, including depreciation and amortization, interest expense, tax expense and equity in net income (loss) of affiliates. For market comparability, management analyzes performance measures that are similar in nature to EBITDA as we present it, and considering the economic effect of the excluded expense items independently as well as in connection with its analysis of net income as calculated in accordance with GAAP. EBITDA, EBITDA margin and EBITDA service margin should be considered in addition to, but not as a substitute for, other measures of financial performance reported in accordance with GAAP.

EBITDA, EBITDA Margin and EBITDA Service Margin

Dollars in millions

 

 

 

 

 

Second Quarter

 

Six-Month Period

 

2021

 

2020

 

 

2021

 

2020

 

Net Income

$

1,874

 

 

$

1,563

 

 

 

$

9,816

 

 

$

6,526

 

 

Additions:

 

 

 

 

 

Income Tax Expense

751

 

 

935

 

 

 

2,873

 

 

2,237

 

 

Interest Expense

1,684

 

 

2,041

 

 

 

3,554

 

 

4,059

 

 

Equity in Net (Income) Loss of Affiliates

(41

)

 

10

 

 

 

(93

)

 

16

 

 

Other (Income) Expense - Net

(999

)

 

(1,017

)

 

 

(5,220

)

 

(1,820

)

 

Depreciation and amortization

5,761

 

 

7,285

 

 

 

11,570

 

 

14,507

 

 

EBITDA

9,030

 

 

10,817

 

 

 

22,500

 

 

25,525

 

 

Merger costs

 

 

211

 

 

 

37

 

 

393

 

 

Employee separation costs and benefit-related (gain) loss

 

 

765

 

 

 

57

 

 

884

 

 

Impairments

4,555

 

 

2,319

 

 

 

4,555

 

 

2,442

 

 

Gain on spectrum transaction

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(900

)

 

Adjusted EBITDA 1

$

13,585

 

 

$

14,112

 

 

 

$

27,149

 

 

$

28,344

 

 

1 See page 5 for additional discussion and reconciliation of adjusted items.

Segment and Business Unit EBITDA, EBITDA Margin and EBITDA Service Margin

Dollars in millions

 

 

 

 

 

Second Quarter

 

Six-Month Period

 

2021

2020

 

2021

2020

Communications Segment

Operating Contribution

$

7,340

 

$

7,488

 

 

$

14,705

 

$

14,889

 

Additions:

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

4,085

 

4,043

 

 

8,139

 

8,086

 

EBITDA

11,425

 

11,531

 

 

22,844

 

22,975

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Operating Revenues

28,128

 

26,505

 

 

56,306

 

53,284

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating Income Margin

26.1

%

28.3

%

 

26.1

%

27.9

%

EBITDA Margin

40.6

%

43.5

%

 

40.6

%

43.1

%

Mobility

Operating Contribution

$

6,002

 

$

5,805

 

 

$

12,004

 

$

11,593

 

Additions:

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

2,023

 

2,012

 

 

4,037

 

4,057

 

EBITDA

8,025

 

7,817

 

 

16,041

 

15,650

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Operating Revenues

18,936

 

17,149

 

 

37,970

 

34,551

 

Service Revenues

14,346

 

13,669

 

 

28,394

 

27,637

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating Income Margin

31.7

%

33.9

%

 

31.6

%

33.6

%

EBITDA Margin

42.4

%

45.6

%

 

42.2

%

45.3

%

EBITDA Service Margin

55.9

%

57.2

%

 

56.5

%

56.6

%

Business Wireline

Operating Contribution

$

1,050

 

$

1,290

 

 

$

2,108

 

$

2,383

 

Additions:

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

1,293

 

1,301

 

 

2,571

 

2,587

 

EBITDA

2,343

 

2,591

 

 

4,679

 

4,970

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Operating Revenues

6,052

 

6,305

 

 

12,098

 

12,571

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating Income Margin

17.3

%

20.5

%

 

17.4

%

19.0

%

EBITDA Margin

38.7

%

41.1

%

 

38.7

%

39.5

%

Consumer Wireline

Operating Contribution

$

288

 

$

393

 

 

$

593

 

$

913

 

Additions:

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

769

 

730

 

 

1,531

 

1,442

 

EBITDA

1,057

 

1,123

 

 

2,124

 

2,355

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Operating Revenues

3,140

 

3,051

 

 

6,238

 

6,162

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating Income Margin

9.2

%

12.9

%

 

9.5

%

14.8

%

EBITDA Margin

33.7

%

36.8

%

 

34.0

%

38.2

%

Segment and Business Unit EBITDA, EBITDA Margin and EBITDA Service Margin

Dollars in millions

 

 

 

 

 

Second Quarter

 

Six-Month Period

 

2021

2020

 

2021

2020

WarnerMedia Segment

Operating Contribution

$

1,739

 

$

1,912

 

 

$

3,769

 

$

3,926

 

Additions:

 

 

 

 

 

Equity in Net (Income) of Affiliates

(47)

 

(4)

 

 

(117)

 

(19)

 

Depreciation and amortization

165

 

164

 

 

328

 

325

 

EBITDA

1,857

 

2,072

 

 

3,980

 

4,232

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Operating Revenues

8,791

 

6,728

 

 

17,317

 

14,493

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating Income Margin

19.2

%

28.4

%

 

21.1

%

27.0

%

EBITDA Margin

21.1

%

30.8

%

 

23.0

%

29.2

%

Segment and Business Unit EBITDA, EBITDA Margin and EBITDA Service Margin

Dollars in millions

 

 

 

 

 

Second Quarter

 

Six-Month Period

 

2021

2020

 

2021

2020

Latin America Segment

Operating Contribution

$

(152)

 

$

(201)

 

 

$

(325)

 

$

(385)

 

Additions:

 

 

 

 

 

Equity in Net (Income) of Affiliates

(2)

 

(8)

 

 

2

 

(12)

 

Depreciation and amortization

264

 

242

 

 

526

 

523

 

EBITDA

110

 

33

 

 

203

 

126

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Operating Revenues

1,437

 

1,232

 

 

2,811

 

2,822

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating Income Margin

-10.7

%

-17.0

%

 

-11.5

%

-14.1

%

EBITDA Margin

7.7

%

2.7

%

 

7.2

%

4.5

%

Vrio

 

 

 

 

 

Operating Contribution

$

(23)

 

$

(28)

 

 

$

(62)

 

$

(67)

 

Additions:

 

 

 

 

 

Equity in Net (Income) of Affiliates

(2)

 

(8)

 

 

2

 

(12)

 

Depreciation and amortization

114

 

127

 

 

231

 

274

 

EBITDA

89

 

91

 

 

171

 

195

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Operating Revenues

749

 

752

 

 

1,492

 

1,639

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating Income Margin

-3.3

%

-4.8

%

 

-4.0

%

-4.8

%

EBITDA Margin

11.9

%

12.1

%

 

11.5

%

11.9

%

Mexico

 

 

 

 

 

Operating Contribution

$

(129)

 

$

(173)

 

 

$

(263)

 

$

(318)

 

Additions:

 

 

 

 

 

Equity in Net (Income) Loss of Affiliates

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

150

 

115

 

 

295

 

249

 

EBITDA

21

 

(58)

 

 

32

 

(69)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Operating Revenues

688

 

480

 

 

1,319

 

1,183

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating Income Margin

-18.8

%

-36.0

%

 

-19.9

%

-26.9

%

EBITDA Margin

3.1

%

-12.1

%

 

2.4

%

-5.8

%

Supplemental EBITDA and EBITDA Margin

Dollars in millions

 

 

 

 

 

Second Quarter

 

Six-Month Period

 

2021

2020

 

2021

2020

Video

Operating Contribution

$

1,216

 

$

619

 

 

$

2,117

 

$

1,415

 

Additions:

 

 

 

 

 

Equity in Net (Income) of Affiliates

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

148

 

593

 

 

312

 

1,184

 

EBITDA

1,364

 

1,212

 

 

2,429

 

2,599

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Operating Revenues

6,639

 

7,021

 

 

13,364

 

14,428

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating Income Margin

18.3

%

8.8

%

 

15.8

%

9.8

%

EBITDA Margin

20.5

%

17.3

%

 

18.2

%

18.0

%

Adjusting Items

Adjusting items include revenues and costs we consider non-operational in nature, such as items arising from asset acquisitions or dispositions. We also adjust for net actuarial gains or losses associated with our pension and postemployment benefit plans due to the often-significant impact on our results (we immediately recognize this gain or loss in the income statement, pursuant to our accounting policy for the recognition of actuarial gains and losses). Consequently, our adjusted results reflect an expected return on plan assets rather than the actual return on plan assets, as included in the GAAP measure of income.

The tax impact of adjusting items is calculated using the effective tax rate during the quarter except for adjustments that, given their magnitude, can drive a change in the effective tax rate, in these cases we use the actual tax expense or combined marginal rate of approximately 25%.

Adjusting Items

Dollars in millions

 

 

 

 

 

Second Quarter

 

Six-Month Period

 

2021

2020

 

 

2021

 

2020

 

Operating Expenses

 

 

 

 

 

Merger costs

$

 

$

211

 

 

 

$

37

 

 

$

393

 

 

Employee separation costs and benefit-related (gain) loss1

 

765

 

 

 

57

 

 

884

 

 

Assets impairments and abandonment

4,555

 

2,319

 

 

 

4,555

 

 

2,442

 

 

Gain on spectrum transaction

 

 

 

 

 

 

(900

)

 

Adjustments to Operations and Support Expenses

4,555

 

3,295

 

 

 

4,649

 

 

2,819

 

 

Amortization of intangible assets

1,069

 

2,145

 

 

 

2,200

 

 

4,201

 

 

Adjustments to Operating Expenses

5,624

 

5,440

 

 

 

6,849

 

 

7,020

 

 

Other

 

 

 

 

 

Debt redemption, (gain) loss on sale of assets, impairments

and other

140

 

293

 

 

 

81

 

 

407

 

 

Actuarial (gain) loss

197

 

 

 

 

(2,647

)

 

 

 

Employee benefit-related (gain) loss1

 

(161

)

 

 

 

 

42

 

 

Adjustments to Income Before Income Taxes

5,961

 

5,572

 

 

 

4,283

 

 

7,469

 

 

Tax impact of adjustments

1,018

 

749

 

 

 

548

 

 

1,143

 

 

Tax-related items

 

 

 

 

118

 

 

 

 

Impairment attributable to noncontrolling interest

81

 

105

 

 

 

81

 

 

105

 

 

Adjustments to Net Income

$

4,862

 

$

4,718

 

 

 

$

3,536

 

 

$

6,221

 

 

1 Mark-to-market gains and losses on benefit-related investments were adjusted in 2020 reflecting more significant market volatility and uncertainty experienced as a result of the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic. Benefit-related investment gains were $170 and $259 in the second quarter and for the first six months of 2021 and $286 and $2 in the second quarter and for the first six months of 2020.

Adjusted Operating Income, Adjusted Operating Income Margin, Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA margin, Adjusted EBITDA service margin and Adjusted diluted EPS are non-GAAP financial measures calculated by excluding from operating revenues, operating expenses and income tax expense, certain significant items that are non-operational or non-recurring in nature, including dispositions and merger integration and transaction costs, actuarial gains and losses, significant abandonments and impairment, severance and other material gains and losses. Management believes that these measures provide relevant and useful information to investors and other users of our financial data in evaluating the effectiveness of our operations and underlying business trends.

Adjusted Operating Revenues, Adjusted Operating Income, Adjusted Operating Income Margin, Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA margin, Adjusted EBITDA service margin and Adjusted diluted EPS should be considered in addition to, but not as a substitute for, other measures of financial performance reported in accordance with GAAP. AT&T's calculation of Adjusted items, as presented, may differ from similarly titled measures reported by other companies.

Adjusted Operating Income, Adjusted Operating Income Margin,

Adjusted EBITDA, and Adjusted EBITDA Margin

Dollars in millions

 

 

 

 

Second Quarter

Six-Month Period

 

2021

2020

2021

2020

Operating Income

$

3,269

 

$

3,532

 

$

10,930

 

$

11,018

 

Adjustments to Operating Expenses

5,624

 

5,440

 

6,849

 

7,020

 

Adjusted Operating Income

8,893

 

8,972

 

17,779

 

18,038

 

 

 

 

 

 

EBITDA

9,030

 

10,817

 

22,500

 

25,525

 

Adjustments to Operations and Support Expenses

4,555

 

3,295

 

4,649

 

2,819

 

Adjusted EBITDA

13,585

 

14,112

 

27,149

 

28,344

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Operating Revenues

44,045

 

40,950

 

87,984

 

83,729

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating Income Margin

7.4

%

8.6

%

12.4

%

13.2

%

Adjusted Operating Income Margin

20.2

%

21.9

%

20.2

%

21.5

%

Adjusted EBITDA Margin

30.8

%

34.5

%

30.9

%

33.9

%

Adjusted Diluted EPS

 

Second Quarter

 

Six-Month Period

 

2021

2020

 

2021

 

2020

Diluted Earnings Per Share (EPS)

$

0.21

 

$

0.17

 

 

$

1.25

 

 

$

0.81

 

Amortization of intangible assets

0.12

 

0.24

 

 

0.24

 

 

0.46

 

Merger integration items

 

0.02

 

 

 

 

0.04

 

Employee separation, (gain) loss on sale of assets and other

0.02

 

0.08

 

 

0.04

 

 

0.02

 

Actuarial (gain) loss 1

0.02

 

 

 

(0.28

)

 

 

Impairments

0.52

 

0.32

 

 

0.52

 

 

0.34

 

Tax-related items

 

 

 

(0.02

)

 

 

Adjusted EPS

$

0.89

 

$

0.83

 

 

$

1.75

 

 

$

1.67

 

Year-over-year growth - Adjusted

7.2

%

 

 

4.8

%

 

Weighted Average Common Shares Outstanding with Dilution (000,000)

7,200

 

7,170

 

 

7,194

 

 

7,192

 

1 Includes adjustments for actuarial gains or losses associated with our pension benefit plan, which we immediately recognize in the income statement, pursuant to our accounting policy for the recognition of actuarial gains/losses. We recorded total net actuarial loss of $0.2 billion in the second quarter of 2021. As a result, adjusted EPS reflects an expected return on plan assets of $0.9 billion (based on an average expected return on plan assets of 6.75% for our pension trust), rather than the actual return on plan assets of $2.1 billion (actual pension return of 4.3%), included in the GAAP measure of income.

Net Debt to Adjusted EBITDA

Net Debt to EBITDA ratios are non-GAAP financial measures frequently used by investors and credit rating agencies and management believes these measures provide relevant and useful information to investors and other users of our financial data. Our Net Debt to Adjusted EBITDA ratio is calculated by dividing the Net Debt by the sum of the most recent four quarters Adjusted EBITDA. Net Debt is calculated by subtracting cash and cash equivalents and certificates of deposit and time deposits that are greater than 90 days, from the sum of debt maturing within one year and long-term debt.

Net Debt to Adjusted EBITDA - 2021

Dollars in millions

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

 

 

Sept. 30,

 

Dec. 31,

 

March. 31

 

June 30,

 

Four Quarters

 

 

2020 1

 

2020 1

 

2021 1

 

2021

 

Adjusted EBITDA

 

$

13,313

 

 

$

12,889

 

 

$

13,564

 

 

$

13,585

 

 

$

53,351

 

End-of-period current debt

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

24,016

 

End-of-period long-term debt

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

155,767

 

Total End-of-Period Debt

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

179,783

 

Less: Cash and Cash Equivalents

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

11,869

 

Net Debt Balance

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

167,914

 

Annualized Net Debt to Adjusted EBITDA Ratio

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.15

 

1 As reported in AT&T's Form 8-K filed October 22, 2020, January 27, 2021 and April 22, 2021.

 

Net Debt to Adjusted EBITDA - 2020

Dollars in millions

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

 

 

Sept. 30,

 

Dec. 31,

 

March. 31

 

June 30,

 

Four Quarters

 

 

2019 1

 

2019 1

 

2020 1

 

2020 1

 

Adjusted EBITDA

 

$

15,079

 

 

$

14,365

 

 

$

14,232

 

 

$

14,112

 

 

$

57,788

 

End-of-period current debt

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

15,576

 

End-of-period long-term debt

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

153,388

 

Total End-of-Period Debt

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

168,964

 

Less: Cash and Cash Equivalents

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

16,941

 

Net Debt Balance

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

152,023

 

Annualized Net Debt to Adjusted EBITDA Ratio

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.63

 

1 As reported in AT&T's Form 8-K filed October 28, 2019, January 29, 2020, April 22, 2020, and July 23, 2020.

 

Supplemental Operational Measures

We provide a supplemental discussion of our business solutions operations that is calculated by combining our Mobility and Business Wireline operating units, and then adjusting to remove non-business operations. The following table presents a reconciliation of our supplemental Business Solutions results.

Supplemental Operational Measure

 

Second Quarter

 

June 30, 2021

 

June 30, 2020

 

Mobility

Business

Wireline

Adjustments1

Business

Solutions

 

Mobility

Business

Wireline

Adjustments1

Business

Solutions

Operating Revenues

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wireless service

$

14,346

 

$

 

$

(12,321)

 

$

2,025

 

 

$

13,669

 

$

 

$

(11,784)

 

$

1,885

 

Wireline service

 

5,860

 

 

5,860

 

 

 

6,101

 

 

6,101

 

Wireless equipment

4,590

 

 

(3,809)

 

781

 

 

3,480

 

 

(2,895)

 

585

 

Wireline equipment

 

192

 

 

192

 

 

 

204

 

 

204

 

Total Operating Revenues

18,936

 

6,052

 

(16,130)

 

8,858

 

 

17,149

 

6,305

 

(14,679)

 

8,775

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating Expenses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operations and support

10,911

 

3,709

 

(8,957)

 

5,663

 

 

9,332

 

3,714

 

(7,686)

 

5,360

 

EBITDA

8,025

 

2,343

 

(7,173)

 

3,195

 

 

7,817

 

2,591

 

(6,993)

 

3,415

 

Depreciation and amortization

2,023

 

1,293

 

(1,678)

 

1,638

 

 

2,012

 

1,301

 

(1,692)

 

1,621

 

Total Operating Expenses

12,934

 

5,002

 

(10,635)

 

7,301

 

 

11,344

 

5,015

 

(9,378)

 

6,981

 

Operating Income

6,002

 

1,050

 

(5,495)

 

1,557

 

 

5,805

 

1,290

 

(5,301)

 

1,794

 

Equity in Net Income (Loss) of Affiliates

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating Contribution

$

6,002

 

$

1,050

 

$

(5,495)

 

$

1,557

 

 

$

5,805

 

$

1,290

 

$

(5,301)

 

$

1,794

 

1 Non-business wireless reported in the Communication segment under the Mobility business unit.

Results have been recast to conform to the current period's classification.

 

 

 

 

 

Supplemental Operational Measure

 

Six-Month Period

 

June 30, 2021

 

June 30, 2020

 

Mobility

Business

Wireline

Adjustments1

Business

Solutions

 

Mobility

Business

Wireline

Adjustments1

Business

Solutions

Operating Revenues

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wireless service

$

28,394

 

$

 

$

(24,400

)

 

$

3,994

 

 

$

27,637

 

$

 

$

(23,803

)

 

$

3,834

 

Wireline service

 

11,732

 

 

 

11,732

 

 

 

12,192

 

 

 

12,192

 

Wireless equipment

9,576

 

 

(8,005

)

 

1,571

 

 

6,914

 

 

(5,619

)

 

1,295

 

Wireline equipment

 

366

 

 

 

366

 

 

 

379

 

 

 

379

 

Total Operating Revenues

37,970

 

12,098

 

(32,405

)

 

17,663

 

 

34,551

 

12,571

 

(29,422

)

 

17,700

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating Expenses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operations and support

21,929

 

7,419

 

(18,136

)

 

11,212

 

 

18,901

 

7,601

 

(15,496

)

 

11,006

 

EBITDA

16,041

 

4,679

 

(14,269

)

 

6,451

 

 

15,650

 

4,970

 

(13,926

)

 

6,694

 

Depreciation and amortization

4,037

 

2,571

 

(3,356

)

 

3,252

 

 

4,057

 

2,587

 

(3,414

)

 

3,230

 

Total Operating Expenses

25,966

 

9,990

 

(21,492

)

 

14,464

 

 

22,958

 

10,188

 

(18,910

)

 

14,236

 

Operating Income

12,004

 

2,108

 

(10,913

)

 

3,199

 

 

11,593

 

2,383

 

(10,512

)

 

3,464

 

Equity in Net Income (Loss) of Affiliates

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating Contribution

$

12,004

 

$

2,108

 

$

(10,913

)

 

$

3,199

 

 

$

11,593

 

$

2,383

 

$

(10,512

)

 

$

3,464

 

1 Non-business wireless reported in the Communication segment under the Mobility business unit.

Results have been recast to conform to the current period's classification.

 

 

 

 

 

`

Fletcher Cook
AT&T Inc.
Phone: (214) 912-8541
Email: fletcher.cook@att.com

Daphne Avila
AT&T Inc.
Phone: (972) 266-3866
Email: daphne.avila@att.com

Source: AT&T