Worthington Industries
Earnings Details
1st Quarter August 2022
Thursday, September 29, 2022 7:31:00 AM
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Worthington Industries Misses

Worthington Industries (WOR) reported 1st Quarter August 2022 earnings of $1.61 per share on revenue of $1.4 billion. The consensus earnings estimate was $1.74 per share on revenue of $1.2 billion. The Earnings Whisper number was $1.70 per share. Revenue grew 26.8% on a year-over-year basis.

Worthington Industries Inc is a metal manufacturing company. It is engaged in steel processing including design & manufacturing steel custom platforms, racks & pallets; manufacturing pressure cylinders including CNG & LPG; & manufacturing engineered cabs.

Reported Earnings
Earnings Whisper
Consensus Estimate
Reported Revenue
$1.41 Bil
Revenue Estimate
$1.23 Bil
Earnings Growth
Revenue Growth
Power Rating
Earnings Release

Worthington Reports First Quarter Fiscal 2023 Results

COLUMBUS, Ohio, Sept. 29, 2022 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Worthington Industries, Inc. (NYSE: WOR) today reported net sales of $1.4 billion and net earnings of $64.1 million, or $1.30 per diluted share, for its fiscal 2023 first quarter ended August 31, 2022. In the first quarter of fiscal 2022, the Company reported net sales of $1.1 billion and net earnings of $132.5 million, or $2.55 per diluted share. Results in both the current and prior year quarter were impacted by certain unique items, as summarized in the table below.

(U.S. dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

  1Q 2023  1Q 2022 
  After-Tax  Per Share  After-Tax  Per Share 
Net earnings $64.1  $1.30  $132.5  $2.55 
Incremental expense related to Level5 earnout  0.4   0.01   -   - 
Impairment and restructuring charges (gains)  (0.7)  (0.02)  (4.8)  (0.09)
Pension settlement charge  3.6   0.07   -   - 
Loss on sale of investment in ArtiFlex  12.0   0.25   -   - 
Adjusted net earnings $79.4  $1.61  $127.7  $2.46 

Financial highlights for the current and comparative periods are as follows:

(U.S. dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

 1Q 2023 1Q 2022
Net sales$1,408.7 $1,110.8
Operating income 66.7  135.8
Equity income 31.7  52.9
Net earnings 64.1  132.5
Earnings per diluted share$1.30 $2.55

“We are off to a good start in our new fiscal year with volumes in most of our key-end markets remaining healthy during the quarter,” said Andy Rose, President and CEO. “Our teams continue to do a nice job navigating supply chain challenges and inflationary pressures to deliver value-added products and solutions for our customers.”

Consolidated Quarterly Results

Net sales for the first quarter of fiscal 2023 were $1.4 billion compared to $1.1 billion, an increase of $297.9 million, or 27%, over the comparable quarter in the prior year. The increase was primarily driven by contributions from the acquisition of Tempel Steel Company (“Tempel”) in fiscal 2022 and higher average selling prices across all segments.

Gross margin decreased $50.0 million from the prior year quarter to $169.4 million, as improvements in both the Consumer Products and Building Products segments were more than offset by lower margin contributions from Steel Processing. Margins in Steel Processing were negatively impacted by an estimated $48.6 million unfavorable swing related to inventory holding losses in the current quarter compared to inventory holding gains in the prior year quarter.

Operating income for the current quarter was $66.7 million, down $69.1 million from the prior year quarter. Excluding restructuring items in both quarters, operating income was down $57.1 million from the prior year quarter on lower gross margin and higher SG&A expense, up $7.5 million over the prior year quarter primarily due to the impact of acquisitions.

Miscellaneous expense increased $5.7 million from the prior year quarter primarily due to a pension lift-out transaction to transfer a portion of the total projected benefit obligation of the inactive Gerstenslager pension plan to a third-party insurance company, which resulted in a $4.8 million pre-tax non-cash charge.

Interest expense was $8.6 million in the current quarter, up $0.9 million over the prior year quarter due to the impact of higher average debt levels associated with short-term borrowings.

Equity income from unconsolidated joint ventures decreased $21.2 million from the prior year quarter due to a $15.8 million loss related to the sale of our equity investment in ArtiFlex and lower contributions from Serviacero, which were down $7.6 million as lower average steel prices reduced spreads.

Income tax expense was $19.5 million in the current quarter compared to $40.2 million in the prior year quarter. The decrease was driven by lower pre-tax earnings. Tax expense in the current quarter reflects an annual effective rate of 23.9% compared to 23.3% for the prior year.

Balance Sheet

At quarter-end, total debt of $705.8 million, was down $38.8 million from May 31, 2022, on lower short-term borrowings. The Company had $35.8 million of cash at quarter end, an increase of $1.3 million from May 31, 2022.

Quarterly Segment Results

Steel Processing’s net sales totaled $1.0 billion, up $216.1 million, over the comparable prior year quarter. The increase in net sales was driven by contributions from Tempel and, to a lesser extent, higher average selling prices. Adjusted EBIT was down $72.8 million from the prior year quarter to $34.9 million, on lower direct spreads, which were negatively impacted by the unfavorable swing in inventory holding gains/losses. Adjusted EBIT was also negatively impacted by lower equity earnings at Serviacero, down $7.6 million from the prior year quarter due to unfavorable spreads. The mix of direct versus toll tons processed was 58% to 42% in the current quarter, compared to 49% to 51% in the prior year quarter.

Consumer Products’ net sales totaled $188.7 million, up 28%, or $40.9 million, over the prior year quarter due to higher average selling prices and contributions from the acquisition of Level5 in the current quarter. Adjusted EBIT was up slightly in the current quarter to $20.9 million, as the favorable impact of higher selling prices was mostly offset by higher wages and input costs as well as $2.9 million of expense related to transaction costs and the write-up of acquired Level5 inventory to fair value.

Building Products’ net sales totaled $150.3 million, up 31%, or $35.6 million, over the prior year quarter on higher average selling prices. Adjusted EBIT increased $3.9 million over the prior year quarter to $52.7 million, driven primarily by higher average selling prices, partially offset by higher production costs. Equity income was up slightly to $43.9 million, as improvements at ClarkDietrich were offset by lower contributions from WAVE.

Sustainable Energy Solutions’ net sales totaled $30.8 million, up 21%, or $5.3 million, from the comparable prior year quarter due to higher volume. Adjusted EBIT was a loss of $1.4 million, favorable by $1.2 million compared to the prior year quarter’s loss, on higher volume, partially offset by higher production costs.

Recent Developments

  • On June 2, 2022, the Company acquired Level5® Tools, LLC, a leading provider of drywall tools and related accessories. The net cash purchase price was approximately $56.1 million, with a potential earnout of up to $25.0 million based on performance through 2024.
  • On August 3, 2022, the Company sold its 50% interest in ArtiFlex to the unaffiliated joint venture member for approximately $42.1 million, after closing adjustments. The sale included real estate in Wooster, Ohio, owned by Worthington and leased to ArtiFlex. As a result of the transaction, we recorded a pre-tax loss of approximately $15.8 million in equity income during the quarter.
  • On September 28, 2022, Worthington's Board of Directors declared a quarterly dividend of $0.31 per share payable on December 29, 2022 to shareholders of record on December 15, 2022.

Planned Separation of Steel Processing

In a separate press release issued today, Worthington announced that its Board of Directors approved a plan to pursue a separation of the Company’s Steel Processing business. The planned separation, which is expected to be leverage neutral and tax-free to Worthington shareholders, will result in two independent, publicly traded companies with enhanced capabilities to serve their respective customers and accelerate value creation.

  • The post-separation New Worthington is positioned with premier brands in fast-growing, attractive end markets in Consumer Products, Building Products and Sustainable Energy Solutions.

  • The post-separation Steel Processing business will be a best-in-class, value-added steel processor with a unique capability set, sophisticated supply chain and pricing solutions and expanded product offerings in electrical steel laminations and laser welding solutions.


“Most of our businesses are holding up well despite increased market volatility and a murky economic outlook. Our teams are ready to respond to market demands, up or down, as changes occur,” Rose said. “In addition, we are very excited to announce our plan to separate our Steel Processing business to create two market leading companies with a proud shared history and values. The separation represents a major milestone for our company, and I am confident that this move will position both businesses to capitalize on focused growth strategies to better serve their customers and unlock significant shareholder value.”

Conference Call

Worthington will review fiscal 2023 first quarter results and its planned separation of the Company’s Steel Processing business during a conference call today, September 29, 2022, at 8:30 am., Eastern Time. Details regarding the conference call can be found on the Company website at www.WorthingtonIndustries.com.

About Worthington Industries

Worthington Industries (NYSE:WOR) is a leading industrial manufacturing company pursuing its vision to be the transformative partner to its customers, a positive force for its communities and earn exceptional returns for its shareholders. For over six decades, the Company has been delivering innovative solutions to customers spanning industries such as automotive, energy, retail and construction. Worthington is North America’s premier value-added steel processor and producer of laser welded solutions and electrical steel laminations that provide lightweighting, safety critical and emission reducing components to the mobility market. Through on-board fueling systems and gas containment solutions, Worthington serves the growing global hydrogen ecosystem. The Company’s focus on innovation and manufacturing expertise extends to market-leading consumer products in tools, outdoor living and celebrations categories, sold under brand names, Coleman®, Bernzomatic®, Balloon Time®, Mag Torch®, Well-X-Trol®, General®, Garden-Weasel®, Pactool International®, Hawkeye™ and Level5® ; as well as market leading building products, including water systems, heating & cooling solutions, architectural and acoustical grid ceilings and metal framing and accessories.

Headquartered in Columbus, Ohio, Worthington operates 52 facilities in 15 states and 9 countries, sells into over 90 countries and employs approximately 9,500 people. Founded in 1955, the Company follows a people-first philosophy with earning money for its shareholders as its first corporate goal. Relentlessly finding new ways to drive progress and transform, Worthington is committed to providing better solutions for customers and bettering the communities where it operates by reducing waste, supporting community-based non-profits and developing the next generations of makers.

Safe Harbor Statement

The Company wishes to take advantage of the Safe Harbor provisions included in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 (the “PSLRA”). Statements by the Company relating to the ever-changing effects of the novel coronavirus (“COVID-19”) pandemic and the various responses of governmental and nongovernmental authorities thereto (such as fiscal stimulus packages, quarantines, shut downs and other restrictions on travel and commercial, social or other activities) on economies (local, national and international) and markets, and on our customers, counterparties, employees and third-party service providers; future or expected cash positions, liquidity and ability to access financial markets and capital; outlook, strategy or business plans; the intended separation of Worthington’s Steel Processing business; the timing and method of the separation; the anticipated benefits of the separation; the expected financial and operating performance of, and future opportunities for, each company following the separation; the tax treatment of the transaction; the leadership of each company following the separation; future or expected growth, growth potential, forward momentum, performance, competitive position, sales, volumes, cash flows, earnings, margins, balance sheet strengths, debt, financial condition or other financial measures; pricing trends for raw materials and finished goods and the impact of pricing changes; the ability to improve or maintain margins; expected demand or demand trends for the Company or its markets; additions to product lines and opportunities to participate in new markets; expected benefits from transformation and innovation efforts; the ability to improve performance and competitive position at the Company’s operations; anticipated working capital needs, capital expenditures and asset sales; anticipated improvements and efficiencies in costs, operations, sales, inventory management, sourcing and the supply chain and the results thereof; projected profitability potential; the ability to make acquisitions and the projected timing, results, benefits, costs, charges and expenditures related to acquisitions, joint ventures, headcount reductions and facility dispositions, shutdowns and consolidations; projected capacity and the alignment of operations with demand; the ability to operate profitably and generate cash in down markets; the ability to capture and maintain market share and to develop or take advantage of future opportunities, customer initiatives, new businesses, new products and new markets; expectations for Company and customer inventories, jobs and orders; expectations for the economy and markets or improvements therein; expectations for generating improving and sustainable earnings, earnings potential, margins or shareholder value; effects of judicial rulings; and other non-historical matters constitute “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the PSLRA. Because they are based on beliefs, estimates and assumptions, forward-looking statements are inherently subject to risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those projected. Any number of factors could affect actual results, including, without limitation, final approval of the separation by our board of directors; the uncertainty of obtaining regulatory approvals in connection with the separation, including rulings from the Internal Revenue Service; the ability to satisfy the necessary closing conditions to complete the separation on a timely basis, or at all; our ability to successfully separate the two companies and realize the anticipated benefits of the separation; the risks, uncertainties and impacts related to the COVID-19 pandemic – the duration, extent and severity of which is impossible to predict, including the possibility of future resurgence in the spread of COVID-19 or variants thereof – and the availability, effectiveness and acceptance of vaccines, and other actual or potential public health emergencies and actions taken by governmental authorities or others in connection therewith; the effect of national, regional and global economic conditions generally and within major product markets, including significant economic disruptions from COVID-19, the actions taken in connection therewith and the implementation of related fiscal stimulus packages; the effect of conditions in national and worldwide financial markets, including inflation, increases in interest rates and economic recession, and with respect to the ability of financial institutions to provide capital; the impact of tariffs, the adoption of trade restrictions affecting the Company’s products or suppliers, a United States withdrawal from or significant renegotiation of trade agreements, the occurrence of trade wars, the closing of border crossings, and other changes in trade regulations or relationships; changing oil prices and/or supply; product demand and pricing; changes in product mix, product substitution and market acceptance of the Company’s products; volatility or fluctuations in the pricing, quality or availability of raw materials (particularly steel), supplies, transportation, utilities, labor and other items required by operations (especially in light of the COVID-19 pandemic and Russia’s invasion of Ukraine); effects of sourcing and supply chain constraints; the outcome of adverse claims experience with respect to workers’ compensation, product recalls or product liability, casualty events or other matters; effects of facility closures and the consolidation of operations; the effect of financial difficulties, consolidation and other changes within the steel, automotive (especially in light of the semi-conductor shortages), construction and other industries in which the Company participates; failure to maintain appropriate levels of inventories; financial difficulties (including bankruptcy filings) of original equipment manufacturers, end-users and customers, suppliers, joint venture partners and others with whom the Company does business; the ability to realize targeted expense reductions from headcount reductions, facility closures and other cost reduction efforts; the ability to realize cost savings and operational, sales and sourcing improvements and efficiencies, and other expected benefits from transformation initiatives, on a timely basis; the overall success of, and the ability to integrate, newly-acquired businesses and joint ventures, maintain and develop their customers, and achieve synergies and other expected benefits and cost savings therefrom; capacity levels and efficiencies, within facilities, within major product markets and within the industries in which the Company participates as a whole; the effect of disruption in the business of suppliers, customers, facilities and shipping operations due to adverse weather, casualty events, equipment breakdowns, labor shortages (especially in light of the COVID-19 pandemic), interruption in utility services, civil unrest, international conflicts (especially in light of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine), terrorist activities or other causes; changes in customer demand, inventories, spending patterns, product choices, and supplier choices; risks associated with doing business internationally, including economic, political and social instability (especially in light of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine), foreign currency exchange rate exposure and the acceptance of the Company’s products in global markets; the ability to improve and maintain processes and business practices to keep pace with the economic, competitive and technological environment; the effect of inflation, interest rate increases and economic recession, which may negatively impact the Company’s operations and financial results; deviation of actual results from estimates and/or assumptions used by the Company in the application of its significant accounting policies; the level of imports and import prices in the Company’s markets; the impact of environmental laws and regulations or the actions of the United States Environmental Protection Agency or similar regulators which increase costs or limit the Company’s ability to use or sell certain products; the impact of increasing environmental, greenhouse gas emission and sustainability considerations or regulations or considerations or; the impact of judicial rulings and governmental regulations, both in the United States and abroad, including those adopted by the United States Securities and Exchange Commission and other governmental agencies as contemplated by the Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security (CARES) Act, the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2021, the American Rescue Act of 2021, and the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and the Consumer Protection Act of 2010; the effect of healthcare laws in the United States and potential changes for such laws, especially in light of the COVID-19 pandemic which may increase the Company’s healthcare and other costs and negatively impact the Company’s operations and financial results; the effects of tax laws in the United States and potential changes for such laws, which may increase the Company’s costs and negatively impact the Company’s operations and financial results; cyber security risks; the effects of privacy and information security laws and standards; and other risks described from time to time in the filings of Worthington Industries, Inc. with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission, including those described in “Part I – Item 1A. – Risk Factors” of the Annual Report on Form 10-K of Worthington Industries, Inc. for the fiscal year ended May 31, 2022.

614.438.7391 | sonya.higginbotham@worthingtonindustries.com

614.840.4663 | marcus.rogier@worthingtonindustries.com

200 Old Wilson Bridge Rd. | Columbus, Ohio 43085

(In thousands, except per share amounts)
 Three Months Ended 
 August 31, 
 2022  2021 
Net sales$1,408,665  $1,110,818 
Cost of goods sold 1,239,291   891,444 
Gross margin 169,374   219,374 
Selling, general and administrative expense 103,448   95,851 
Impairment of long-lived assets 312   - 
Restructuring and other income, net (1,100)  (12,274)
Operating income 66,714   135,797 
Other income (expense):     
Miscellaneous income (expense), net (5,086)  630 
Interest expense (8,598)  (7,718)
Equity in net income of unconsolidated affiliates 31,712   52,916 
Earnings before income taxes 84,742   181,625 
Income tax expense 19,498   40,150 
Net earnings 65,244   141,475 
Net earnings attributable to noncontrolling interests 1,162   8,984 
Net earnings attributable to controlling interest$64,082  $132,491 
Weighted average common shares outstanding 48,478   50,852 
Earnings per share attributable to controlling interest$1.32  $2.61 
Weighted average common shares outstanding 49,238   51,865 
Earnings per share attributable to controlling interest$1.30  $2.55 
Common shares outstanding at end of period 48,526   50,438 
Cash dividends declared per share$0.31  $0.28 

(In thousands)
 August 31,  May 31, 
 2022  2022 
Current assets:     
Cash and cash equivalents$35,768  $34,485 
Receivables, less allowances of $1,615 and $1,292 at August 31     
and May 31, 2022, respectively 818,332   857,493 
Raw materials 357,926   323,609 
Work in process 178,472   255,019 
Finished products 190,737   180,512 
    Total inventories 727,135   759,140 
Income taxes receivable 2,331   20,556 
Assets held for sale 21,491   20,318 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets 100,246   93,661 
Total current assets 1,705,303   1,785,653 
Investments in unconsolidated affiliates 252,609   327,381 
Operating lease assets 103,587   98,769 
Goodwill 411,902   401,469 
Other intangible assets, net of accumulated amortization of $97,648 and     
$93,973 at August 31 and May 31, 2022, respectively 326,634   299,017 
Other assets 26,604   34,394 
Property, plant and equipment:     
Land 49,771   51,483 
Buildings and improvements 299,586   303,269 
Machinery and equipment 1,199,664   1,196,806 
Construction in progress 63,672   59,363 
Total property, plant and equipment 1,612,693   1,610,921 
Less: accumulated depreciation 929,190   914,581 
Total property, plant and equipment, net 683,503   696,340 
Total assets$3,510,142  $3,643,023 
Liabilities and equity     
Current liabilities:     
Accounts payable$580,509  $668,438 
Short-term borrowings 15,554   47,997 
Accrued compensation, contributions to employee benefit plans and related taxes 83,662   117,530 
Dividends payable 17,453   15,988 
Other accrued items 67,094   70,125 
Current operating lease liabilities 12,141   11,618 
Income taxes payable 7,629   300 
Current maturities of long-term debt 248   265 
Total current liabilities 784,290   932,261 
Other liabilities 109,428   115,991 
Distributions in excess of investment in unconsolidated affiliate 84,994   81,149 
Long-term debt 690,011   696,345 
Noncurrent operating lease liabilities 92,760   88,183 
Deferred income taxes, net 101,687   115,132 
Total liabilities 1,863,170   2,029,061 
Shareholders' equity - controlling interest 1,512,600   1,480,752 
Noncontrolling interests 134,372   133,210 
Total equity 1,646,972   1,613,962 
Total liabilities and equity$3,510,142  $3,643,023 

(In thousands)
 Three Months Ended 
 August 31, 
 2022  2021 
Operating activities:     
Net earnings$65,244  $141,475 
Adjustments to reconcile net earnings to net cash provided (used) by operating activities:     
Depreciation and amortization 28,001   22,064 
Impairment of long-lived assets 312   - 
Provision for (benefit from) deferred income taxes (11,056)  1,366 
Bad debt expense 342   179 
Equity in net income of unconsolidated affiliates, net of
 42,845   (33,218)
Net gain on sale of assets (769)  (12,706)
Stock-based compensation 4,236   3,303 
Changes in assets and liabilities, net of impact of acquisitions:     
Receivables 37,419   (31,868)
Inventories 41,167   (163,682)
Accounts payable (101,581)  46,668 
Accrued compensation and employee benefits (33,868)  (46,177)
Income taxes payable 7,329   35,857 
Other operating items, net 1,417   (13,073)
Net cash provided (used) by operating activities 81,038   (49,812)
Investing activities:     
Investment in property, plant and equipment (21,477)  (23,925)
Investment in non-marketable equity securities (110)  - 
Acquisitions, net of cash acquired (56,088)  (104,750)
Proceeds from the sale of investment in ArtiFlex 36,095   - 
Proceeds from sale of assets, net of selling costs 11,755   26,685 
Net cash used by investing activities (29,825)  (101,990)
Financing activities:     
Net repayments of short-term borrowings (32,443)  - 
Principal payments on long-term obligations (137)  (392)
Proceeds from issuance of common shares, net of tax withholdings (3,466)  (4,091)
Payments to noncontrolling interests -   (9,197)
Repurchase of common shares -   (60,885)
Dividends paid (13,884)  (14,698)
Net cash used by financing activities (49,930)  (89,263)
Increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents 1,283   (241,065)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period 34,485   640,311 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period$35,768  $399,246 

(In thousands, except volume and per share amounts)

The Company reports its financial results in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (GAAP). The Company also presents certain non-GAAP financial measures including adjusted operating income, adjusted net earnings attributable to controlling interest and adjusted net earnings per diluted share attributable to controlling interest, and for purposes of evaluating segment performance, adjusted earnings (loss) before interest and taxes attributable to controlling interest (“adjusted EBIT”) and adjusted earnings (loss) before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization attributable to controlling interest (“adjusted EBITDA”). These non-GAAP financial measures typically exclude impairment and restructuring charges (gains), but may also exclude other items that management believes are not reflective of, and thus should not be included when evaluating the performance of the Company’s ongoing operations. Management uses these non-GAAP financial measures to evaluate the Company’s performance, engage in financial and operational planning, and determine incentive compensation and believes these non-GAAP financial measures provide useful information to investors because they provide additional perspective and, in some circumstances are more closely correlated to, the performance of the Company’s ongoing operations. Additionally, management believes these non-GAAP financial measures provide useful information to investors because they allow for meaningful comparisons and analysis of trends in the Company’s businesses and enables investors to evaluate operations and future prospects in the same manner as management. ??

The following provides a reconciliation to adjusted operating income, adjusted net earnings attributable to controlling interest and adjusted earnings per diluted share attributable to controlling interest from the most comparable GAAP measures for the three months ended August 31, 2022 and 2021.

  Three Months Ended August 31, 2022 
  Earnings Before
Income Taxes
  Income Tax
Expense (Benefit)
  Net Earnings
Attributable to
Controlling Interest(1)
  Earnings per
Diluted Share
GAAP $66,714  $84,742  $19,498  $64,082  $1.30 
Incremental expense related to Level5 earnout  525   525   (126)  399   0.01 
Impairment of long-lived assets  312   312   (47)  149   0.00 
Restructuring and other income, net  (1,100)  (1,100)  265   (835)  (0.02)
Pension settlement charge  -   4,774   (1,150)  3,624   0.07 
Loss on sale of investment in ArtiFlex  -   15,759   (3,795)  11,964   0.25 
Non-GAAP $66,451  $105,012  $24,351  $79,383  $1.61 

  Three Months Ended August 31, 2021 
  Earnings Before
Income Taxes
  Income Tax
  Net Earnings
Attributable to
Controlling Interest(1)
  Earnings per
Diluted Share
GAAP $135,797  $181,625  $40,150  $132,491  $2.55 
Restructuring and other income, net  (12,274)  (12,274)  1,481   (4,848)  (0.09)
Non-GAAP $123,523  $169,351  $38,669  $127,643  $2.46 
Change $(57,072) $(64,339) $(14,318) $(48,260) $(0.85)
(1)Excludes the impact of the noncontrolling interest. 

To further assist in the analysis of segment results for the periods presented, the following volume and sales information for the three months ended August 31, 2022 and 2021 has been provided along with a reconciliation of adjusted EBIT and adjusted EBITDA to the most comparable GAAP measure, which is operating income for purposes of measuring segment profit:

 Three Months Ended August 31, 2022 
  Sustainable Energy
  Other  Consolidated 
Volume (tons/units) 974,649   22,383,341   2,922,163   133,133  n/a  n/a 
Sales$1,038,880  $188,703  $150,323  $30,759  n/a  $1,408,665 
Operating income (loss)$33,846  $20,444  $8,646  $(1,307) $5,085  $66,714 
Incremental expenses related to Level5 earnout -   525   -   -   -   525 
Impairment of long-lived assets 312   -   -   -   -   312 
Restructuring and other expense (income), net 78   -   -   -   (1,178)  (1,100)
Adjusted operating income (loss) 34,236   20,969   8,646   (1,307)  3,907   66,451 
Miscellaneous income (expense), net(1) 184   (35)  222   (86)  (597)  (312)
Equity in net income of unconsolidated affiliates(2) 1,770   -   43,866   -   1,835   47,471 
Less: Net earnings attributable to noncontrolling interests(3) 1,277   -   -   -   -   1,277 
Adjusted EBIT 34,913   20,934   52,734   (1,393)  5,145   112,333 
Depreciation and amortization 16,845   3,702   4,256   1,470   1,728   28,001 
Adjusted EBITDA$51,758  $24,636  $56,990  $77  $6,873  $140,334 
(1)Excludes within Other a non-cash settlement charge of $4,774 to accelerate a portion of deferred pension cost resulting from a pension lift-out transaction to transfer a portion of the total projected benefit obligation of The Gerstenslager Company Bargaining Unit Employees' Pension Plan to a third-party insurance company. 
(2) Excludes within Other a loss of $15,759 within Other related to the sale of the Company's 50% noncontrolling equity investment in ArtiFlex Manufacturing, LLC effective August 3, 2022. 
(3) Excludes the noncontrolling interest portion of impairment of long-lived assets of $(115) within Steel Processing. 

 Three Months Ended August 31, 2021 
  Sustainable Energy
  Other  Consolidated 
Volume (tons/units) 1,062,288   21,388,140   2,885,711   130,676  n/a  n/a 
Sales$822,810  $147,783  $114,743  $25,482  n/a  $1,110,818 
Operating income (loss)$113,482  $20,506  $5,834  $(2,352) $(1,673) $135,797 
Restructuring and other income, net (12,131)  -   -   (143)  -   (12,274)
Adjusted operating income (loss) 101,351   20,506   5,834   (2,495)  (1,673)  123,523 
Miscellaneous income (expense), net 30   49   (73)  (59)  683   630 
Equity in net income of unconsolidated affiliates 9,349   -   42,993   -   574   52,916 
Less: Net earnings attributable to noncontrolling interests(4) 3,038   -   -   -   -   3,038 
Adjusted EBIT 107,692   20,555   48,754   (2,554)  (416)  174,031 
Depreciation and amortization 11,550   3,293   3,769   1,572   1,880   22,064 
Adjusted EBITDA$119,242  $23,848  $52,523  $(982) $1,464  $196,095 
(4) Excludes the noncontrolling interest portion of the restructuring gains within Steel Processing of $5,946. 

The following tables outlines our equity income (loss) by unconsolidated affiliate for the periods presented:

 Three Months Ended 
 August 31, 
 2022  2021 
WAVE$23,793  $25,671 
ClarkDietrich 20,073   17,322 
Serviacero Worthington 1,770   9,349 
ArtiFlex (13,400)  1,208 
Workhorse (524)  (634)
Total equity income$31,712  $52,916 

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Source: Worthington Industries, Inc.