XPO
$117.13
Xpo Logistics
($2.92)
(2.43%)
Earnings Details
3rd Quarter September 2020
Thursday, November 05, 2020 1:30:00 PM
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Summary

Xpo Logistics (XPO) Recent Earnings

Xpo Logistics (XPO) reported 3rd Quarter September 2020 earnings of $0.84 per share on revenue of $4.2 billion. The consensus earnings estimate was $0.38 per share on revenue of $3.8 billion. Revenue grew 1.6% on a year-over-year basis.

XPO Logistics Inc is an asset-light provider of third-party logistics services. It facilitates supply chain solutions to the shippers and carriers those who outsource their transportation logistics.

Results
Reported Earnings
$0.84
Earnings Whisper
-
Consensus Estimate
$0.38
Reported Revenue
$4.22 Bil
Revenue Estimate
$3.84 Bil
Growth
Earnings Growth
Revenue Growth
Power Rating
Grade
Earnings Release

XPO Logistics Announces Third Quarter 2020 Results

Reports dramatic rebound across service offerings and geographies

Provides 2020 guidance for fourth quarter and full year adjusted EBITDA and free cash flow

GREENWICH, Conn., Nov. 05, 2020 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) --  XPO Logistics, Inc. (NYSE: XPO) today announced its financial results for the third quarter 2020. Revenue increased to $4.22 billion, compared with $4.15 billion for the third quarter 2019. Net income attributable to common shareholders was $84 million, compared with $117 million for the third quarter 2019. Operating income was $223 million, compared with $229 million for the third quarter 2019. Diluted earnings per share was $0.83, compared with $1.14 for the third quarter 2019.

Adjusted net income attributable to common shareholders, a non-GAAP financial measure, was $86 million for the third quarter 2020, compared with $121 million for the same period in 2019. Adjusted diluted earnings per share, a non-GAAP financial measure, was $0.84 for the third quarter 2020, compared with $1.18 for the same period in 2019. GAAP and adjusted diluted EPS for the third quarter 2020 were impacted by approximately $0.25 related to a higher income tax rate and $0.07 related to higher interest expense, compared with the same period last year.

Adjusted earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (“adjusted EBITDA”), a non-GAAP financial measure, was $439 million for the third quarter 2020, compared with $438 million for the same period in 2019.

For the third quarter 2020, the company generated $298 million of cash flow from operations and $247 million of free cash flow, a non-GAAP financial measure. Reconciliations of non-GAAP financial measures used in this release are provided in the attached financial tables.

2020 Guidance

The company expects to generate:

  • Adjusted EBITDA of $400 million to $410 million for the fourth quarter 2020, and adjusted EBITDA of approximately $1.35 billion for the full year 2020; and
  • Free cash flow of $25 million to $50 million for the fourth quarter 2020, and free cash flow of approximately $500 million for the full year 2020.

CEO Comments

Brad Jacobs, chairman and chief executive officer of XPO Logistics, said, “Our business rebounded dramatically in the third quarter. Revenue, adjusted EBITDA, adjusted EPS and free cash flow were all decisively higher than expected. Our growth was broad-based, spanning our service offerings and geographies.

“Supply chain outsourcing is accelerating, and e-commerce continues to be a huge tailwind for us, particularly in contract logistics and last mile. We grew our last mile revenue by 11% in the quarter, year-over-year, by leveraging our North American hubs and XPO Direct network. In truck brokerage, we realized revenue growth of 27%, with a 13% increase in net revenue per load. Our XPO Connect technology is a major driver of these results — all of our non-asset transportation services now use this powerful platform to manage their freight movements.”

Jacobs continued, “Importantly, in North American less-than-truckload, our focus on yield, service and efficiency improved our third quarter operating ratio to 81.7%, the best operating ratio of any quarter in the history of our LTL operation. Our adjusted OR was also a record at 79.7%.”

Liquidity

As of September 30, 2020, the company had access to approximately $3.1 billion of total liquidity, including $2.0 billion of cash and cash equivalents and $1.1 billion of available borrowing capacity.

Third Quarter 2020 Results by Segment

  • Transportation: The company’s transportation segment generated revenue of $2.68 billion for the third quarter 2020, unchanged from the same period a year ago.

    Operating income for the transportation segment was $202 million for the third quarter 2020, compared with $208 million for the same period in 2019. Adjusted EBITDA for the segment was $329 million for the quarter, compared with $333 million for the same period in 2019. Segment operating income and adjusted EBITDA for the third quarter 2020 include a $6 million impact from COVID-related costs, including $4 million in less-than-truckload.

    In North American less-than-truckload (LTL), yield excluding fuel increased by 1.7% year-over-year for the third quarter 2020. The third quarter operating ratio for LTL was a quarterly record at 81.7%. Adjusted operating ratio, a non-GAAP financial measure, was also a record at 79.7%, an improvement of 110 basis points year-over-year. Excluding gains from sales of real estate in both periods, adjusted operating ratio improved by 100 basis points.
  • Logistics: The company’s logistics segment generated revenue of $1.58 billion for the third quarter 2020, compared with $1.51 billion for the same period in 2019. Segment revenue growth was led by strong demand from e-commerce and other consumer-related verticals, partially offset by COVID impacts in other areas and the company’s exit from certain low-margin business.

    Logistics segment operating income was $77 million for the third quarter 2020, compared with $61 million for the same period in 2019. Adjusted EBITDA was $162 million for the quarter, compared with $142 million for the same period in 2019. The increases in operating income and adjusted EBITDA are primarily related to the increase in segment revenue, partially offset by higher labor and facility costs. Segment operating income and adjusted EBITDA for the third quarter 2020 include a $3 million impact from COVID-related costs.

  • Corporate: Corporate expense was $56 million for the third quarter 2020, compared with $40 million for the same period in 2019. The year-over-year increase in corporate expense was primarily due to higher expenses for incentive compensation, insurance and purchased services.

Conference Call  

The company will hold a conference call on Friday, November 6, 2020, at 8:30 a.m. Eastern Time. Participants can call toll-free (from US/Canada) 1-877-269-7756; international callers dial +1-201-689-7817. A live webcast of the conference will be available on the investor relations area of the company’s website, xpo.com/investors. The conference will be archived until December 6, 2020. To access the replay by phone, call toll-free (from US/Canada) 1-877-660-6853; international callers dial +1-201-612-7415. Use participant passcode 13711605.

About XPO Logistics

XPO Logistics, Inc. (NYSE: XPO) is a top ten global logistics provider of cutting-edge supply chain solutions to the most successful companies in the world. The company operates as a highly integrated network of people, technology and physical assets in 30 countries, with 1,499 locations and approximately 97,000 employees. XPO uses its network to help more than 50,000 customers manage their goods most efficiently throughout their supply chains. XPO’s corporate headquarters are in Greenwich, Conn., USA, and its European headquarters are in Lyon, France. xpo.com

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

As required by the rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC"), we provide reconciliations of the non-GAAP financial measures contained in this press release to the most directly comparable measure under GAAP, which are set forth in the financial tables attached to this release.

XPO’s non-GAAP financial measures for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019 used in this release include: earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization ("EBITDA"), adjusted EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA margin on a consolidated basis and for our transportation and logistics segments; free cash flow; adjusted net income attributable to common shareholders and adjusted earnings per share (basic and diluted) ("adjusted EPS"); net revenue for our transportation and logistics segments, including net revenue and net revenue per load for our North American truck brokerage business, and for our intersegment eliminations; and adjusted operating income and adjusted operating ratio for our North American less-than-truckload business.

We believe that the above adjusted financial measures facilitate analysis of our ongoing business operations because they exclude items that may not be reflective of, or are unrelated to, XPO and its business segments' core operating performance, and may assist investors with comparisons to prior periods and assessing trends in our underlying businesses. Other companies may calculate these non-GAAP financial measures differently, and therefore our measures may not be comparable to similarly titled measures of other companies. These non-GAAP financial measures should only be used as supplemental measures of our operating performance.

Adjusted EBITDA, adjusted net income attributable to common shareholders and adjusted EPS include adjustments for transaction and integration costs, as well as restructuring costs and other adjustments as set forth in the attached tables. Transaction and integration adjustments are generally incremental costs that result from an actual or planned acquisition or divestiture and may include transaction costs, consulting fees, retention awards, and, in the case of acquisitions, internal salaries and wages (to the extent the individuals are assigned full-time to integration and transformation activities) and certain costs related to integrating and converging IT systems. Restructuring costs primarily relate to severance costs associated with business optimization initiatives. Management uses these non-GAAP financial measures in making financial, operating and planning decisions and evaluating XPO's and each business segment's ongoing performance.

We believe that free cash flow is an important measure of our ability to repay maturing debt or fund other uses of capital that we believe will enhance stockholder value. We calculate free cash flow as adjusted net cash provided by operating activities, less payment for purchases of property and equipment plus proceeds from sale of property and equipment, with adjusted net cash provided by operating activities defined as net cash provided by operating activities plus cash collected on deferred purchase price receivables. We believe that EBITDA, adjusted EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA margin improve comparability from period to period by removing the impact of our capital structure (interest and financing expenses), asset base (depreciation and amortization), tax impacts and other adjustments as set out in the attached tables that management has determined are not reflective of core operating activities and thereby assist investors with assessing trends in our underlying businesses. We believe that adjusted net income attributable to common shareholders and adjusted EPS improve the comparability of our operating results from period to period by removing the impact of certain costs and gains that management has determined are not reflective of our core operating activities. We believe that net revenue and net revenue margin improve the comparability of our operating results from period to period by removing the cost of transportation and services, in particular the cost of fuel, incurred in the reporting period as set out in the attached tables. We believe that adjusted operating income and adjusted operating ratio for our North American less-than-truckload business improve the comparability of our operating results from period to period by (i) removing the impact of certain transaction and integration and restructuring costs, as well as amortization expenses and (ii) including the impact of pension income incurred in the reporting period as set out in the attached tables.

With respect to our fourth quarter and full year 2020 financial targets for adjusted EBITDA and free cash flow, a reconciliation of these non-GAAP measures to the corresponding GAAP measures is not available without unreasonable effort due to the variability and complexity of the reconciling items described above that we exclude from these non-GAAP target measures. The variability of these items may have a significant impact on our future GAAP financial results and, as a result, we are unable to prepare the forward-looking statement of income and statement of cash flows prepared in accordance with GAAP that would be required to produce such a reconciliation.

Forward-looking Statements

This release includes forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, including the company’s fourth quarter and full year 2020 financial targets for adjusted EBITDA and free cash flow. All statements other than statements of historical fact are, or may be deemed to be, forward-looking statements. In some cases, forward-looking statements can be identified by the use of forward-looking terms such as "anticipate," "estimate," "believe," "continue," "could," "intend," "may," "plan," "potential," "predict," "should," "will," "expect," "objective," "projection," "forecast," "goal," "guidance," "outlook," "effort," "target," "trajectory" or the negative of these terms or other comparable terms. However, the absence of these words does not mean that the statements are not forward-looking. These forward-looking statements are based on certain assumptions and analyses made by us in light of our experience and our perception of historical trends, current conditions and expected future developments, as well as other factors we believe are appropriate in the circumstances.

These forward-looking statements are subject to known and unknown risks, uncertainties and assumptions that may cause actual results, levels of activity, performance or achievements to be materially different from any future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. Factors that might cause or contribute to a material difference include the risks discussed in our filings with the SEC and the following: the severity, magnitude, duration and aftereffects of the COVID-19 pandemic and government responses to the COVID-19 pandemic; public health crises (including COVID-19); economic conditions generally; competition and pricing pressures; our ability to align our investments in capital assets, including equipment, service centers and warehouses, to our customers' demands; our ability to successfully integrate and realize anticipated synergies, cost savings and profit improvement opportunities with respect to acquired companies; our ability to develop and implement suitable information technology systems and prevent failures in or breaches of such systems; our substantial indebtedness; our ability to raise debt and equity capital; our ability to implement our cost and revenue initiatives; our ability to maintain positive relationships with our network of third-party transportation providers; our ability to attract and retain qualified drivers; litigation, including litigation related to alleged misclassification of independent contractors and securities class actions; labor matters, including our ability to manage our subcontractors, and risks associated with labor disputes at our customers and efforts by labor organizations to organize our employees; risks associated with our self-insured claims; risks associated with defined benefit plans for our current and former employees; fluctuations in currency exchange rates; fluctuations in fixed and floating interest rates; fuel price and fuel surcharge changes; issues related to our intellectual property rights; governmental regulation, including trade compliance laws, as well as changes in international trade policies and tax regimes; governmental or political actions, including the United Kingdom's exit from the European Union; and natural disasters, terrorist attacks or similar incidents. All forward-looking statements set forth in this release are qualified by these cautionary statements and there can be no assurance that the actual results or developments anticipated by us will be realized or, even if substantially realized, that they will have the expected consequences to or effects on us or our business or operations. Forward-looking statements set forth in this release speak only as of the date hereof, and we do not undertake any obligation to update forward-looking statements to reflect subsequent events or circumstances, changes in expectations or the occurrence of unanticipated events, except to the extent required by law.

Investor Contact
XPO Logistics, Inc.
Tavio Headley
+1-203-413-4006
tavio.headley@xpo.com

Media Contact
XPO Logistics, Inc.
Joe Checkler
+1-203-423-2098
joe.checkler@xpo.com




XPO Logistics, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income (Loss)
(Unaudited)
(In millions, except per share data)
            
 Three Months Ended Nine Months Ended
 September 30, September 30,
  2020  2019  2020  2019
            
Revenue$               4,221 $               4,154 $             11,587 $             12,512
Operating expenses           
Cost of transportation and services                2,038                 2,068                 5,577                 6,272
Direct operating expense                1,461                 1,401                 4,191                 4,224
Sales, general and administrative expense                   499                    456                 1,656                 1,397
Total operating expenses                3,998                 3,925               11,424               11,893
Operating income (1)                   223                    229                    163                    619
Other income                    (20)                     (11)                     (59)                     (41)
Foreign currency (gain) loss                      -                         (5)                       (5)                        5
Debt extinguishment loss                      -                         -                         -                          5
Interest expense                     86                      75                    240                    218
Income (loss) before income tax provision (benefit)                   157                    170                     (13)                    432
Income tax provision (benefit)                     59                      34                       (2)                      99
Net income (loss)                     98                    136                     (11)                    333
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests                      (5)                       (6)                       (4)                     (21)
Net income (loss) attributable to XPO$                    93 $                  130 $                   (15) $                  312
            
Net income (loss) attributable to common shareholders (2) (3)$                    84 $                  117 $                   (17) $                  282
            
Basic earnings (loss) per share (3)$                 0.93 $                 1.27 $                (0.18) $                 2.91
Diluted earnings (loss) per share (3)$                 0.83 $                 1.14 $                (0.18) $                 2.63
            
Weighted-average common shares outstanding           
Basic weighted-average common shares outstanding                     91                      92                      91                      97
Diluted weighted-average common shares outstanding                   102                    102                      91                    107
            
(1) Operating income for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 reflects the net impact of direct and incremental COVID-19-related costs of $9 million and $60 million, respectively.
            
(2) Net income (loss) attributable to common shareholders reflects the following items:          
Non-cash allocation of undistributed earnings$                      9 $                    12 $                     -   $                    28
Preferred dividends                      -                          1                        2                        2
            
(3) The sum of quarterly net income (loss) attributable to common shareholders and earnings (loss) per share may not equal year-to-date amounts due to differences in the weighted-average number of shares outstanding during the respective periods and the impact of the two-class method of calculating earnings (loss) per share.


XPO Logistics, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Unaudited)
(In millions, except per share data)
      
 September 30, December 31,
 2020 2019
ASSETS     
Current assets     
Cash and cash equivalents$                     2,025 $                        377
Accounts receivable, net of allowances of $79 and $58, respectively                      2,624                       2,500
Other current assets                         435                          465
Total current assets                      5,084                       3,342
Long-term assets     
Property and equipment, net of $2,435 and $2,054 in accumulated depreciation, respectively                      2,573                       2,704
Operating lease assets                      2,221                       2,245
Goodwill                      4,506                       4,450
Identifiable intangible assets, net of $914 and $850 in accumulated amortization, respectively                          994                       1,092
Other long-term assets                         367                          295
Total long-term assets                    10,661                     10,786
Total assets$                   15,745 $                   14,128
      
      
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY     
Current liabilities     
Accounts payable$                     1,025 $                     1,157
Accrued expenses                      1,855                       1,414
Short-term borrowings and current maturities of long-term debt                         130                            84
Short-term operating lease liabilities                         461                          468
Other current liabilities                         177                          135
Total current liabilities                      3,648                       3,258
Long-term liabilities     
Long-term debt                      6,545                       5,182
Deferred tax liability                         494                          495
Employee benefit obligations                         157                          157
Long-term operating lease liabilities                      1,763                       1,776
Other long-term liabilities                         353                          364
Total long-term liabilities                      9,312                       7,974
      
Stockholders’ equity     
Convertible perpetual preferred stock, $0.001 par value; 10 shares authorized; 0.07 of Series A      
shares issued and outstanding as of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively                           41                            41
Common stock, $0.001 par value; 300 shares authorized; 91 and 92 shares issued and      
outstanding as of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively                            -                               -  
Additional paid-in capital                      1,971                       2,061
Retained earnings                         766                          786
Accumulated other comprehensive loss                        (129)                         (145)
Total stockholders’ equity before noncontrolling interests                      2,649                       2,743
Noncontrolling interests                         136                          153
Total equity                      2,785                       2,896
Total liabilities and equity$                   15,745 $                   14,128


XPO Logistics, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Unaudited)
(In millions)
       
  Nine Months Ended
  September 30,
   2020    2019
Operating activities     
Net income (loss)$                   (11) $                  333
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash from operating activities     
 Depreciation, amortization and net lease activity                   572                    546
 Stock compensation expense                     50                      48
 Accretion of debt                     14                      16
 Deferred tax expense                       4                      26
 Debt extinguishment loss                      -                          5
 Unrealized (gain) loss on foreign currency option and forward contracts                      (1)                        5
 Gains on sales of property and equipment                    (68)                     (73)
 Other                     46                      17
Changes in assets and liabilities     
 Accounts receivable                  (152)                   (190)
 Other assets                    (52)                     (12)
 Accounts payable                  (105)                   (153)
 Accrued expenses and other liabilities                   395                   (126)
Net cash provided by operating activities                   692                    442
Investing activities     
 Payment for purchases of property and equipment                  (377)                   (413)
 Proceeds from sale of property and equipment                   148                    192
 Cash collected on deferred purchase price receivable                      -                      186
 Other                       5                       -  
Net cash used in investing activities                  (224)                     (35)
Financing activities     
 Proceeds from issuance of debt                1,155                 1,751
 Proceeds from borrowings related to securitization program                     48                       -  
 Proceeds from borrowings on ABL facility                   820                 1,690
 Repayment of borrowings on ABL facility                  (620)                (1,690)
 Repayment of debt and finance leases                    (65)                   (850)
 Payment for debt issuance costs                    (21)                     (28)
 Purchase of noncontrolling interests                    (21)                       -  
 Repurchase of common stock                  (114)                (1,347)
 Change in bank overdrafts                     20                        2
 Payment for tax withholdings for restricted shares                    (21)                     (11)
 Other                       1                        4
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities                1,182                   (479)
Effect of exchange rates on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash                      (2)                       (7)
Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash                1,648                     (79)
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning of period                   387                    514
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, end of period$               2,035 $                  435


Transportation
Summary Financial Table
(Unaudited)
(In millions)
                
 Three Months Ended September 30, Nine Months Ended September 30,
 2020   2019      Change % 2020   2019      Change %
                
Revenue$         2,675 $         2,684 -0.3% $         7,261 $         8,090 -10.2%
Cost of transportation and services          1,860           1,889 -1.5%           5,061           5,714 -11.4%
Net revenue (1)             815              795 2.5%           2,200           2,376 -7.4%
Direct operating expense             326              310 5.2%              955              947 0.8%
Sales, general and administrative expense               
Salaries and benefits             155              156 -0.6%              501              489 2.5%
Other sales, general and administrative expense               48                43 11.6%              194              127 52.8%
Purchased services               31                32 -3.1%                90                92 -2.2%
Depreciation and amortization               53                46 15.2%              153              142 7.7%
Total sales, general and administrative expense             287              277 3.6%              938              850 10.4%
Operating income (2)$            202 $            208 -2.9% $            307 $            579 -47.0%
Other income (3)               13                  8 62.5%                40                24 66.7%
Total depreciation and amortization             114              110 3.6%              337              334 0.9%
EBITDA (1)$            329 $            326 0.9% $            684 $            937 -27.0%
Transaction and integration costs                -                   -   NM                20                  1 NM
Restructuring costs                -                    7 -100.0%                24                21 14.3%
Adjusted EBITDA (1) (4)$            329 $            333 -1.2% $            728 $            959 -24.1%
Adjusted EBITDA margin (1) (5) 12.3%  12.4%    10.0%  11.9%  
                
NM - Not meaningful.
                
(1) See the “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” section of the press release.
(2) Operating income for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 reflects the net impact of direct and incremental COVID-19-related costs of $6 million and $34 million, respectively.
(3) Other income consists of pension income and is included in Other income in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income (Loss).
(4) For purposes of the summary financial table, Adjusted EBITDA is reconciled to Operating income.
(5) Adjusted EBITDA margin is calculated as Adjusted EBITDA divided by Revenue.


Transportation
Key Data by Service Offering
(Unaudited)
(In millions)
            
 Three Months Ended September 30, Nine Months Ended September 30,
 2020 2019 2020 2019
Revenue           
North America           
Freight Brokerage$                    695 $                    633 $                 1,769 $                 1,876
Less-Than-Truckload                     941                      987                   2,652                   2,925
Last Mile                     243                      219                      662                      655
Managed Transport                       96                      134                      253                      400
Total North America                  1,975                   1,973                   5,336                   5,856
Europe           
Freight Brokerage and Truckload                     434                      450                   1,201                   1,393
Less-Than-Truckload                     234                      240                      637                      742
Total Europe                     668                      690                   1,838                   2,135
Global Forwarding                       75                        74                      212                      229
Eliminations                      (43)                       (53)                     (125)                     (130)
Total Revenue$                 2,675 $                 2,684 $                 7,261 $                 8,090
            
Net Revenue           
North America           
Freight Brokerage$                    123 $                    114 $                    326 $                    368
Less-Than-Truckload                     416                      412                   1,118                   1,183
Last Mile                       85                        74                      236                      214
Managed Transport                       21                        23                        65                        78
Total North America                     645                      623                   1,745                   1,843
Europe                     154                      154                      415                      486
Global Forwarding                       16                        18                        40                        47
Total Net Revenue (1)$                    815 $                    795 $                 2,200 $                 2,376
            
Net Revenue %           
North America           
Freight Brokerage 17.7%  18.1%  18.4%  19.6%
Less-Than-Truckload 44.2%  41.8%  42.2%  40.4%
Last Mile 35.1%  33.5%  35.7%  32.6%
Managed Transport 21.7%  17.0%  25.5%  19.4%
Total North America 32.7%  31.6%  32.7%  31.5%
Europe 23.1%  22.4%  22.6%  22.8%
Global Forwarding 21.1%  24.9%  19.2%  20.9%
Overall Net Revenue % 30.5%  29.6%  30.3%  29.4%
            
Direct Operating Expense           
North America           
Freight Brokerage$                      25 $                      23  $                       71 $                      69
Less-Than-Truckload                     156                      151                      464                      463
Last Mile                       27                        24                        82                        67
Managed Transport                       14                        12                        44                        46
Total North America                     222                      210                      661                      645
Europe                     101                        97                      287                      293
Global Forwarding                         3                          3                          7                          9
Total Direct Operating Expense$                    326 $                    310  $                     955 $                    947
            
(1) See the “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” section of the press release.
Less-Than-Truckload revenue is before intercompany eliminations and includes revenue from the Company’s trailer manufacturing business.


XPO Logistics North American Less-Than-Truckload
Summary Data Table
(Unaudited)
                
 Three Months Ended September 30, Nine Months Ended September 30,
 2020 2019 Change % 2020 2019 Change %
                
Pounds per day (thousands)  69,952  73,055 -4.2%  66,730  74,150 -10.0%
                
Shipments per day  50,953  53,075 -4.0%  48,393  52,517 -7.9%
                
Average weight per shipment (in pounds)                1,373                1,376 -0.3%                1,379                1,412 -2.3%
                
Gross revenue per shipment $292.45  $ 295.79 -1.1% $290.92  $ 297.27 -2.1%
                
Gross revenue per hundred weight (including fuel surcharges)$21.30  $ 21.49 -0.9% $21.10  $ 21.05 0.2%
                
Gross revenue per hundred weight (excluding fuel surcharges)$18.90  $ 18.58 1.7% $18.57  $ 18.19 2.1%
                
Average length of haul (in miles) 837.2  817.5    822.7  809.9  
                
Total average load factor (1)             24,205              23,700 2.1%              24,191              23,330 3.7%
                
Average age of tractor fleet (years) 5.36  5.06          
                
Number of working days  64.0  63.5    191.5  190.0  
                
(1) Total average load factor equals freight pound miles divided by total linehaul miles.


XPO Logistics North American Less-Than-Truckload
Adjusted Operating Ratio
(Unaudited)
(In millions)
                
 Three Months Ended September 30, Nine Months Ended September 30,
 2020 2019      Change % 2020 2019      Change %
                
Revenue (excluding fuel surcharge revenue)$            825 $            839 -1.7% $         2,300 $         2,482 -7.3%
Fuel surcharge revenue             108              135 -20.0%              323              404 -20.0%
Revenue             933              974 -4.2%           2,623           2,886 -9.1%
Salaries, wages and employee benefits             443              454 -2.4%           1,296           1,350 -4.0%
Purchased transportation               89                97 -8.2%              246              305 -19.3%
Fuel and fuel-related taxes               46                65 -29.2%              138              205 -32.7%
Other operating expenses               87                90 -3.3%              307              285 7.7%
Depreciation and amortization               55                57 -3.5%              169              169 0.0%
Maintenance               24                26 -7.7%                67                80 -16.3%
Rents and leases               17                12 41.7%                47                36 30.6%
Purchased labor                 2                  1 100.0%                  4                  5 -20.0%
Operating income (1)             170              172 -1.2%              349              451 -22.6%
Operating ratio (2) 81.7%  82.3%    86.7%  84.4%  
Transaction and integration costs                -                   -   NM                  5                 -   NM
Restructuring costs                -                    1 -100.0%                  5                  3 66.7%
Amortization expense                 8                  8 0.0%                25                25 0.0%
Other income (3)               12                  6 100.0%                33                17 94.1%
Adjusted operating income (4)$            190 $            187 1.6% $            417 $            496 -15.9%
Adjusted operating ratio (4) (5) (6) 79.7%  80.8%    84.1%  82.8%  
                
NM - Not meaningful.
                
(1) Operating income for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 reflects the net impact of direct and incremental COVID-19-related costs of $4 million and $25 million, respectively.
(2) Operating ratio is calculated as (1 - (Operating income divided by Revenue)).
(3) Other income primarily consists of pension income and is included in Other income on the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Income (Loss).
(4) See the “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” section of the press release.
(5) Adjusted operating ratio is calculated as (1 - (Adjusted operating income divided by Revenue)).
(6) Excluding the impact of gains on real estate transactions from both periods, the Adjusted operating ratio decreased by 100 basis points from 83.5% in the third quarter of 2019 to 82.5% in the third quarter of 2020 and increased by 170 basis points from 84.8% in the first nine months of 2019 to 86.5% in the first nine months of 2020.


Logistics
Summary Financial Table
(Unaudited)
(In millions)
                
 Three Months Ended September 30, Nine Months Ended September 30,
 2020   2019      Change % 2020   2019      Change %
                
Revenue$         1,580 $         1,510 4.6% $         4,421 $         4,530 -2.4%
Cost of transportation and services             212              217 -2.3%              608              658 -7.6%
Net revenue (1)          1,368           1,293 5.8%           3,813           3,872 -1.5%
Direct operating expense          1,135           1,091 4.0%           3,237           3,278 -1.3%
Sales, general and administrative expense               
Salaries and benefits               88                80 10.0%              290              249 16.5%
Other sales, general and administrative expense               26                18 44.4%                90                50 80.0%
Purchased services               20                20 0.0%                58                60 -3.3%
Depreciation and amortization               22                23 -4.3%                66                67 -1.5%
Total sales, general and administrative expense             156              141 10.6%              504              426 18.3%
Operating income (2)$              77 $              61 26.2% $              72 $            168 -57.1%
Other income (3)                 6                  5 20.0%                20                17 17.6%
Total depreciation and amortization               76                73 4.1%              225              201 11.9%
EBITDA (1)$            159 $            139 14.4% $            317 $            386 -17.9%
Transaction and integration costs                 3                 -   NM                28                 -   NM
Restructuring costs                -                    3 -100.0%                21                  5 320.0%
Adjusted EBITDA (1) (4)$            162 $            142 14.1% $            366 $            391 -6.4%
Adjusted EBITDA margin (1) (5) 10.3%  9.4%    8.3%  8.6%  
                
NM - Not meaningful.
                
(1) See the “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” section of the press release.
(2) Operating income for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 reflects the net impact of direct and incremental COVID-19-related costs of $3 million and $24 million, respectively.
(3) Other income consists of pension income and is included in Other income in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income (Loss).
(4) For purposes of the summary financial table, Adjusted EBITDA is reconciled to Operating income.
(5) Adjusted EBITDA margin is calculated as Adjusted EBITDA divided by Revenue.


Logistics
Key Data by Geography
(Unaudited)
(In millions)
            
 Three Months Ended September 30, Nine Months Ended September 30,
 2020 2019 2020 2019
Revenue           
North America$                    583 $                    622 $                 1,696 $                 1,828
Europe                     997                      888                   2,725                   2,702
Total revenue$                 1,580 $                 1,510 $                 4,421 $                 4,530
            
Net revenue           
North America$                    562 $                    594 $                 1,624 $                 1,751
Europe                     806                      699                   2,189                   2,121
Total net revenue (1)$                 1,368 $                 1,293 $                 3,813 $                 3,872
            
Direct operating expense           
North America$                    507 $                    534 $                 1,509 $                 1,580
Europe                     628                      557                   1,728                   1,698
Total direct operating expense$                 1,135 $                 1,091 $                 3,237 $                 3,278
            
Gross margin           
North America$                      55 $                      60 $                    115 $                    171
Europe                     178                      142                      461                      423
Total gross margin$                    233 $                    202 $                    576 $                    594
            
Gross margin %           
North America 9.4%  9.7%  6.7%  9.4%
Europe 17.9%  16.0%  16.9%  15.6%
Total gross margin % 14.7%  13.4%  13.0%  13.1%
            
(1) See the “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” section of the press release.


XPO Corporate
Summary of Sales, General and Administrative Expense
(Unaudited)
(In millions)
                
 Three Months Ended September 30, Nine Months Ended September 30,
 2020 2019      Change % 2020 2019      Change %
Sales, general and administrative expense                           
Salaries and benefits$              26 $              23 13.0% $              108 $              75 44.0%
Other sales, general and administrative expense               13                  3 333.3%                  30                  9 233.3%
Purchased services               14                11 27.3%                  68                33 106.1%
Depreciation and amortization                 3                  3 0.0%                  10                11 -9.1%
Total sales, general and administrative expense (1)$              56 $              40 40.0% $              216 $            128 68.8%
                
(1) Sales, general and administrative expense for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 reflects the net impact of direct and incremental COVID-19-related costs of $— million and $2 million, respectively.


Intersegment Eliminations
Summary Financial Table
(Unaudited)
(In millions)
            
 Three Months Ended September 30, Nine Months Ended September 30,
 2020   2019 2020   2019
            
Revenue$                   (34) $                   (40) $                   (95) $                 (108)
Cost of transportation and services                    (34)                     (38)                     (92)                   (100)
Net revenue (1)                      -                         (2)                       (3)                       (8)
Direct operating expense                      -                         -                         (1)                       (1)
Sales, general and administrative expense           
Salaries and benefits                      (1)                       (1)                       -                         (4)
Other sales, general and administrative expense                       1                       (1)                       (1)                       (2)
Purchased services                      -                         -                         (1)                       (1)
Depreciation and amortization                      -                         -                         -                         -  
Total sales, general and administrative expense                      -                         (2)                       (2)                       (7)
Operating income$                     -   $                     -   $                     -   $                     -  
            
Note: Intersegment Eliminations represent intercompany activity between the Company’s reportable segments that is eliminated upon consolidation. The difference between operating income component line items in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income (Loss) and the sum of the respective line items from the Transportation and Logistics Summary Financial Tables and Corporate Summary of Sales, General and Administrative Expense above represents intercompany eliminations between our reportable segments. The table above summarizes the intersegment eliminations by line item.
(1) See the “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” section of the press release.


Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Measures
XPO Logistics, Inc.
Consolidated Reconciliation of Net Income (Loss) to Adjusted EBITDA
(Unaudited)
(In millions)
                
 Three Months Ended September 30, Nine Months Ended September 30,
 2020 2019 Change % 2020 2019 Change %
                
Net income (loss) attributable to common shareholders (1)$               84   $             117 -28.2% $              (17)   $             282 -106.0%
Distributed and undistributed net income (1) (2)                  9                 13 -30.8%                   2                 30 -93.3%
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests                  5                   6 -16.7%                   4                 21 -81.0%
Net income (loss)                98               136 -27.9%                (11)               333 -103.3%
Debt extinguishment loss                 -                    -   NM                  -                     5 -100.0%
Interest expense                86                 75 14.7%               240               218 10.1%
Income tax provision (benefit)                59                 34 73.5%                  (2)                 99 -102.0%
Depreciation and amortization expense              193               186 3.8%               572               546 4.8%
Unrealized (gain) loss on foreign currency option and forward contracts                 -                    (4) -100.0%                  (1)                   5 -120.0%
EBITDA (3)$             436 $             427 2.1% $             798 $          1,206 -33.8%
Transaction and integration costs                  3                  -   NM                 93                   2 NM
Restructuring costs                 -                   11 -100.0%                 53                 28 89.3%
Adjusted EBITDA (3)$             439 $             438 0.2% $             944 $          1,236 -23.6%
Revenue$          4,221 $          4,154 1.6% $        11,587 $        12,512 -7.4%
Adjusted EBITDA margin (3) (4) 10.4%  10.5%    8.1%  9.9%  
                
NM - Not meaningful.
                
(1) The sum of quarterly net income (loss) attributable to common shareholders and distributed and undistributed net income (loss) may not equal year-to-date amounts due to the impact of the two-class method of calculating earnings (loss) per share.
(2) Relates to the Series A Preferred Stock and is comprised of actual preferred stock dividends and the non-cash allocation of undistributed earnings.
(3) See the “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” section of the press release. Adjusted EBITDA was prepared assuming 100% ownership of XPO Logistics Europe.
(4) Adjusted EBITDA margin is calculated as Adjusted EBITDA divided by Revenue.


Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Measures
XPO Logistics, Inc.
Consolidated Reconciliation of GAAP Net Income (Loss) and Net Income (Loss) Per Share to
 Adjusted Net Income and Adjusted Net Income Per Share
(Unaudited)
(In millions, except per share data)
             
  Three Months Ended Nine Months Ended
  September 30, September 30,
  2020 2019 2020 2019
             
GAAP net income (loss) attributable to common shareholders$              84      $             117  $              (17)      $             282
 Debt extinguishment loss                -                   -                   -                    5
 Unrealized (gain) loss on foreign currency option and forward contracts                -                   (4)                 (1)                  5
 Impairment of customer relationship intangibles                -                   -                   -                    6
 Transaction and integration costs                 3                 -                  93                  2
 Restructuring costs                -                  11                53                28
 Income tax associated with the adjustments above (1)                (1)                 (2)               (36)               (12)
 Impact of noncontrolling interests on above adjustments                -                   -                   (1)                 (1)
 Allocation of undistributed earnings                -                   (1)                 (7)                 (3)
Adjusted net income attributable to common shareholders (2)$              86  $             121  $               84  $             312
             
Adjusted basic earnings per share (2)$           0.94 $           1.31 $           0.91 $           3.21
Adjusted diluted earnings per share (2)$           0.84 $           1.18 $           0.82 $           2.91
             
Weighted-average common shares outstanding           
 Basic weighted-average common shares outstanding               91                92                91                97
 Diluted weighted-average common shares outstanding             102              102              102              107
             
(1) This line item reflects the aggregate tax benefit (provision) of all non-tax related adjustments reflected in the table above. The detail by line item is as follows:
 Debt extinguishment loss$               -   $               -   $               -   $                1
 Unrealized (gain) loss on foreign currency option and forward contracts                -                   (1)                 -                    1
 Impairment of customer relationship intangibles                -                   -                   -                    2
 Transaction and integration costs                 1                 -                  23                 -  
 Restructuring costs                -                    3                13                  8
  $                1 $                2 $              36 $              12
             
The income tax rate applied to reconciling items is based on the GAAP annual effective tax rate, excluding discrete items and contribution- and margin-based taxes.
             
(2) See the “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” section of the press release.


Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Measures
XPO Logistics, Inc.
Reconciliation of Cash Flows from Operating Activities to Free Cash Flow
(Unaudited)
(In millions)
 
 Three Months Ended Nine Months Ended
 September 30, September 30,
 2020 2019 2020   2019
            
Net cash provided by operating activities$                      298 $                      278 $                      692 $                      442
Cash collected on deferred purchase price receivable                          -                            49                           -                          186
Adjusted net cash provided by operating activities                       298                        327                        692                        628
Payment for purchases of property and equipment                      (122)                       (177)                       (377)                       (413)
Proceeds from sale of property and equipment                         71                        107                        148                        192
Free Cash Flow (1)$                      247 $                      257 $                      463 $                      407
            
(1) See the “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” section of the press release.
            


Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Measures
XPO Logistics, Inc.
Reconciliation of GAAP Revenue to Net Revenue for North American Truck Brokerage
(Unaudited)
(In millions, except for load data)
    
 Three Months Ended September 30,
 2020 2019 Change %
        
Revenue$                      426 $                      336 26.9%
Cost of transportation and services                       366                        284  
Net revenue (1)                         60                          52 17.1%
        
Number of loads (thousands)                       217                        209  
Net revenue per load (1)$                 277.51 $                 246.27 12.7%
        
(1) See the “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” section of the press release.

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Source: XPO Logistics, Inc.