BABA
$149.00
Alibaba Group
($2.48)
(1.64%)
Earnings Details
2nd Quarter September 2018
Friday, November 2, 2018 7:02:00 AM
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Summary

Alibaba Group Beats but Guides Lower

Alibaba Group (BABA) reported 2nd Quarter September 2018 earnings of $1.28 per share on revenue of $12.4 billion. The consensus earnings estimate was $1.09 per share on revenue of $12.7 billion. The Earnings Whisper number was $1.01 per share. Revenue grew 49.6% on a year-over-year basis.

The company said it expects fiscal 2019 revenue of $54.59 billion to $55.75 billion. The current consensus estimate is revenue of $57.07 billion for the year ending March 31, 2019.

Alibaba Group Holding Ltd is an online & mobile commerce company. Through its subsidiaries, it provides retail and wholesale marketplaces available through both personal computer and mobile interfaces.

Results
Reported Earnings
$1.28
Earnings Whisper
$1.01
Consensus Estimate
$1.09
Reported Revenue
$12.40 Bil
Revenue Estimate
$12.69 Bil
Growth
Earnings Growth
Revenue Growth
Power Rating
Grade
Earnings Release

Alibaba Group Announces September Quarter 2018 Results

HANGZHOU, China--(BUSINESS WIRE)-- Alibaba Group Holding Limited (NYSE: BABA) today announced its financial results for the quarter ended September 30, 2018.

“Alibaba had another strong quarter of rapid growth. In particular, annual active consumers increased by 25 million to reach 601 million in the 12 months ended September 30, 2018,” said Daniel Zhang, Chief Executive Officer of Alibaba Group. “We generated synergies across our businesses, demonstrating the power of the Alibaba digital economy, which will be further showcased during our upcoming 11.11 Global Shopping Festival. Under our New Retail strategy, we are realizing our vision to enable renewed growth for traditional retailers through digitizing their store-based operations, powered by Alibaba’s technology and consumer insights.”

“We outpaced all industry peers by again delivering robust revenue growth of 54% this quarter,” said Maggie Wu, Chief Financial Officer of Alibaba Group. “While the growth of our overall profitability this quarter has been tempered by significant investments in local services, logistics, entertainment and international expansion, our core marketplace business continued to show strong profit and cash flow growth, which enables us to re-invest into strategic areas and our technology.”

BUSINESS HIGHLIGHTS

In the quarter ended September 30, 2018:

  • Revenue was RMB85,148 million (US$12,398 million), an increase of 54% year-over-year.
  • Revenue from core commerce increased 56% year-over-year to RMB72,475 million (US$10,553 million).
  • Revenue from cloud computing increased 90% year-over-year to RMB5,667 million (US$825 million).
  • Revenue from digital media and entertainment increased 24% year-over-year to RMB5,940 million (US$865 million).
  • Revenue from innovation initiatives and others increased 20% year-over-year to RMB1,066 million (US$155 million).
  • Annual active consumers on our China retail marketplaces reached 601 million, an increase of 25 million from the 12-month period ended June 30, 2018.
  • Mobile MAUs on our China retail marketplaces reached 666 million in September 2018, an increase of 32 million over June 2018.
  • Income from operations was RMB13,501 million (US$1,966 million), a decrease of 19% year-over-year, primarily due to the consolidation of Ele.me and Cainiao Network, investments in digital media and entertainment and other strategic initiatives, as well as an increase in share-based compensation and depreciation expenses. Adjusted EBITDA increased 7% year-over-year to RMB26,710 million (US$3,889 million).
  • Adjusted EBITA for core commerce was RMB29,807 million (US$4,340 million), an increase of 13% year-over-year. Our marketplace-based core commerce adjusted EBITA, a non-GAAP measurement, increased 27% year-over-year to RMB35,642 million (US$5,190 million).
  • Net income attributable to ordinary shareholders was RMB20,033 million (US$2,917 million), and net income was RMB18,241 million (US$2,656 million), representing a year-on-year increase of 13% and 5%, respectively.
  • Non-GAAP net income was RMB23,453 million (US$3,415 million). Diluted EPS was RMB7.62 (US$1.11) and non-GAAP diluted EPS was RMB9.60 (US$1.40).
  • Net cash provided by operating activities was RMB31,407 million (US$4,573 million) and non-GAAP free cash flow was RMB16,033 million (US$2,334 million).

BUSINESS AND STRATEGIC UPDATES

Core Commerce

Taobao – New user interface enhancing user experience and adding value for merchants. During the quarter, we rolled out a new user interface on the Taobao App, with the aim to further customize the shopping experience by segmenting users based on their shopping behavior, and including more recommendation feeds to enhance product and content discovery. In turn, the new interface enhances the ability of merchants to target, engage and retain consumers. This improvement in user experience and merchant value proposition would not have been possible without our deep consumer insights and our proprietary technology backed by AI algorithms.

In September 2018, the Taobao app continued to experience strong user growth, with a quarterly net increase of 32 million MAUs on our China retail marketplaces to a total of 666 million MAUs. Annual active consumers increased 25 million to 601 million for the 12 months ended September 30, 2018.

Tmall – extending B2C market leadership. Tmall continued to expand its B2C market leadership and gain consumer wallet share. Excluding unpaid orders, physical goods GMV grew 30% year-over-year in the quarter ended September 30, 2018. The strong growth was driven by continuous improvement in conversion rates and increases in traffic, reflecting strength in the fast-moving consumer goods (FMCG), home furnishings and apparel categories.

Tmall demonstrated its strong value proposition to brands and merchants as the leading brand-engagement and distribution platform in China. During the quarter, brands such as Qeelin (a member of Kering Group), Stella McCartney, Theory and Sergio Rossi launched flagship stores on Tmall and joined the Tmall Luxury Pavilion, our customized premium shopping experience for consumers.

In October, we announced a partnership with Swiss luxury group Richemont, the parent company of luxury brands including Cartier, to launch a China joint venture with Richemont-owned Yoox Net-a-Porter (YNAP), the world’s leading online retailer for luxury goods. This partnership will bring Chinese consumers unprecedented access to the world’s leading luxury brands. China is the largest luxury market in the world, and through this partnership, Alibaba will be even better positioned to capture this market opportunity. Under the partnership, YNAP and Alibaba will establish a joint venture to launch two mobile apps for YNAP’s NET-A-PORTER and MR PORTER multi-brand online stores for consumers in China. In addition, the JV will launch NET-A-PORTER and MR PORTER online stores on the Tmall Luxury Pavilion. The JV will focus on serving consumers in China and will also serve Chinese consumers travelling abroad.

On November 11, 2018, we will celebrate the 10th anniversary of the 11.11 Global Shopping Festival, which will offer high-quality products, entertainment and fast, reliable services to hundreds of millions of consumers in China and around the world. As in past years, we will demonstrate the power of our commerce infrastructure and the Alibaba digital economy at scale. This year’s festival will feature 180,000 participating brands. In addition, we will unleash the synergies of online/offline integration as we deploy the New Retail business model and technologies in 200,000 smart stores in China across multiple retail categories.

New Retail – redefining consumption patterns for the future. Our New Retail strategy is transforming the traditional retail industry by digitizing store-based operations, with a focus on in-store technology, on-demand delivery, inventory tracking, supply chain management, consumer insights and mobile payments.

Our self-operated Hema grocery/restaurant stores continued to expand and introduce new initiatives that enhance consumer experience. As of September 30, 2018, there were 77 Hema stores in China, primarily located in tier 1 and tier 2 cities. Consumers are fully embracing Hema’s 30 minute on-demand delivery service that delivers fresh foods and groceries for their busy urban lifestyle. Mature Hema stores (i.e., those in operation for at least 1.5 years) continued to show high sales productivity, with online sales accounting for over 60% of total sales in the quarter.

We are making good progress in digitizing partner retailers and enabling their New Retail model. For example, our partner Sun Art, the largest hyper-mart chain in China, has adopted our technology and is working closely with us in on-demand delivery, joint procurement and supply chain management. As of the end of the quarter, we have enabled over 350 of approximately 470 Sun Art stores to fulfill online orders by connecting these stores and their warehouse systems to Taobao’s fresh food and general merchandise delivery channel (Taoxianda). Consumers living within a three-kilometer radius of a connected Sun Art store can purchase groceries for on-demand delivery from their Taobao App.

Local Services – integration of Ele.me and Koubei. In October 2018, we combined the operation of food delivery service Ele.me and online restaurant guide business Koubei under a single management team. Ele.me served over 167 million annual active consumers in 676 cities in China for the 12 months ended June 30, 2018. Together, Ele.me and Koubei served 3.5 million registered merchants as of June 30, 2018. The combination of Ele.me and Koubei will accelerate the integration of consumer insights and restaurant management with enhanced operating efficiency, as well as improve cooperation with other Alibaba businesses.

Cainiao Network – digitizing the logistics industry. Cainiao facilitates the digitization of the entire fulfilment and delivery process, improving consumer experience and lowering costs. Together with our partners, we provide comprehensive logistics solutions to our customers to meet the different demands across different product categories and various consumer use cases. These include point-to-point delivery used by merchants in online marketplaces, hub-and-spoke warehouse network for merchants and retailers, on-demand delivery for groceries and FMCG products, and cross-border delivery for international brands and consumers. We have also made substantial investments in alternative forms of last-mile delivery through a network of Cainiao Post collection stations and self-pick-up lockers.

International – further investments for long-term growth. Our cross-border and international retail businesses continued to show promising growth. Revenue from our international commerce retail business reached RMB4,464 million (US$650 million) in the quarter ended September 30, 2018, representing 55% year-on-year growth.

In September, Alibaba partnered with Russian Direct Investment Fund (RDIF), the sovereign wealth fund of the Russian Federation, MegaFon, a pan-Russian operator of digital opportunities, and Mail.Ru Group, the leading Internet and IT company in Russia with growing international exposure, to form a new strategic partnership to integrate Russia’s key consumer Internet and e-commerce platforms and launch a leading social commerce joint venture that will serve Russia and the rest of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). The joint venture will leverage the existing business of AliExpress Russia and will offer unmatched value proposition for merchants, consumers and Internet users across Russia and the CIS.

Cloud Computing

Cloud computing revenue grew 90% year-over-year to RMB5,667 million (US$825 million), driven by improving revenue mix of higher value added services and robust paying customer growth. During the quarter, Alibaba Cloud launched over 600 products and features, including those related to big data analytics and AI application innovation, security, and IoT service enhancements.

In September, Alibaba Cloud launched Apsara 2.0, a comprehensive upgrade of our cloud computing operating system based on our proprietary distributed computing architecture. The system enables enterprises with enhanced computation performance, flexible hybrid cloud implementation and more efficient network connection. With the upgrade, developers can leverage Alibaba Cloud IoT solutions to bring edge computing capability to connected devices at scale and seamlessly integrate with cloud networks.

Digital Media and Entertainment

Our strategy is to integrate entertainment into our overall offerings to consumers beyond commerce. The synergy between our commerce and entertainment businesses delivers a superior user experience while increasing customer loyalty and subscription revenue, as well as return on investment for advertisers.

Growth of Youku's daily average subscribers continues to be robust, increasing over 100% year-over-year during the quarter. We will continue to invest in original content production capability in order to attain better control over content quality, format and scheduling. We are seeing positive results from our investment in original content with five self-produced shows ranking among the top 10 original scripted series during the period from January 2017 to July 2018, according to Douban, a top commentary community in China. During this quarter, our original reality show “Slam-dunk of China” became a new hit among young audiences in China. Fox Networks Group has purchased the rights to the show for countries and regions outside of China.

Innovation Initiatives & Technology Development

Amap (formerly AutoNavi) is the largest map app and location-based technology platform in China. The Amap app offers users a comprehensive set of mobility and destination information services. Amap integrates data such as weather, traffic, tourism destinations and curated point-of-interest information to offer users the best experience during each phase of their journey. On October 1, 2018, the first day of the week-long National Day holiday in China, Amap set a record high by reaching over 100 million daily active users.

Cash Flow from Operating Activities and Free Cash Flow

Net cash provided by operating activities in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 was RMB31,407 million (US$4,573 million), an increase of 4% compared to RMB30,121 million in the same quarter of 2017. Free cash flow, a non-GAAP measurement of liquidity, in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 decreased by 28% to RMB16,033 million (US$2,334 million), from RMB22,119 million in the same quarter of 2017, primarily due to an increase in capital expenditures (excluding acquisition of land use rights and construction in progress relating to office campus) by RMB6,310 million and an increase in acquisition of licensed copyrights and intangible assets by RMB1,062 million. A reconciliation of net cash provided by operating activities to free cash flow is included at the end of this results announcement.

Share Repurchase

In September 2018, we announced an ADS repurchase plan to implement the previously announced US$6 billion share repurchase program. As of November 1, 2018, we have repurchased approximately 9.12 million of our shares for a total purchase price of approximately US$1.33 billion.

Revenue Guidance

Looking ahead, we are revising our fiscal year 2019 revenue guidance to a range of RMB375 billion to RMB383 billion. The new guidance range reflects a 4% to 6% adjustment to the original revenue guidance. In light of current fluid macro-economic conditions, we have recently decided not to monetize, in the near term, incremental inventory generated from growing users and engagement on our China retail marketplaces. We expect this decision to benefit SMEs on our marketplace platforms.

KEY OPERATIONAL METRICS*

 
 

September 30,
2017

 

June 30,
2018

 

September 30,
2018

  Net adds
YoY   QoQ
 
China Commerce Retail:
Annual active consumers(1) (in millions) 488 576

601

113

25

Mobile monthly active users (MAUs)(2) (in millions) 549 634

666

117

32

__________________

*     For definitions of terms used but not defined in this results announcement, please refer to our annual report on Form 20-F for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2018.
(1) For the twelve months ended on the respective dates.
(2) For the month ended on the respective dates.
 
 

SEPTEMBER QUARTER SUMMARY FINANCIAL RESULTS

 
  Three months ended September 30,  
2017   2018
  YoY %
RMB RMB

US$(1)

Change
(in millions, except percentages and per share amounts)
 
Revenue 55,122 85,148 12,398 54 %
 
Income from operations 16,584 13,501 1,966 (19

)% (3)

Operating margin 30 % 16 %
Adjusted EBITDA(2) 25,031 26,710 3,889 7 %
Adjusted EBITDA margin(2) 45 % 31 %
Adjusted EBITA(2) 23,018 23,155 3,371 1 %
Adjusted EBITA margin(2) 42 % 27 %
 
Net income 17,408 18,241 2,656 5 %
Net income attributable to ordinary shareholders 17,668 20,033 2,917 13 %
Non-GAAP net income(2) 22,089 23,453 3,415 6 %
 
Diluted earnings per share/ADS (EPS) 6.78 7.62 1.11 12 %
Non-GAAP diluted EPS(2) 8.57 9.60 1.40 12 %

__________________

(1)     This results announcement contains translations of certain Renminbi (“RMB”) amounts into U.S. dollars (“US$”) for the convenience of the reader. Unless otherwise stated, all translations of RMB into US$ were made at RMB6.8680 to US$1.00, the exchange rate on September 28, 2018 as set forth in the H.10 statistical release of the Federal Reserve Board. The percentages stated in this announcement are calculated based on the RMB amounts.
(2) See the sections entitled “Information about Segments,” “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” and “Reconciliations of Non-GAAP Measures to the Nearest Comparable GAAP Measures” for more information about the non-GAAP measures referred to within this results announcement.
(3)

The year-over-year decrease was primarily due to the consolidation of Ele.me and Cainiao Network, investments in digital media and entertainment and other strategic initiatives, as well as an increase in share-based compensation and depreciation expenses.

 

SEPTEMBER QUARTER INFORMATION BY SEGMENTS

The table below sets forth selected financial information of our operating segments for the periods indicated:

  Three months ended September 30, 2018
    Digital media   Innovation    
Core Cloud and initiatives
commerce computing entertainment and others

Unallocated(1)

Consolidated
RMB RMB RMB RMB RMB RMB   US$
(in millions, except percentages)
Revenue 72,475 5,667 5,940 1,066 85,148 12,398
 
Income (loss) from operations 24,290 (1,165) (4,805) (2,201) (2,618) 13,501 1,966
Add: Share-based compensation expense 3,292 928 710 952 1,161 7,043 1,025
Add: Amortization of intangible assets 2,225 5 293 8 80 2,611 380
 
Adjusted EBITA 29,807 (232) (3,802) (1,241) (1,377) 23,155 3,371
Adjusted EBITA margin 41% (2) (4)% (64)% (116)%

 

27%
 
Three months ended September 30, 2017
Digital media Innovation
Core Cloud and initiatives
commerce computing entertainment and others

Unallocated(1)

Consolidated
RMB RMB RMB RMB RMB RMB
(in millions, except percentages)
Revenue 46,462 2,975 4,798 887 55,122
 
Income (loss) from operations 23,836 (697) (3,383) (1,456) (1,716) 16,584
Add: Share-based compensation expense 1,987

 

531

 

594

930

 

644

4,686
Add: Amortization of intangible assets 591 4 1,040 30 83 1,748
 
Adjusted EBITA 26,414 (162) (1,749) (496) (989) 23,018
Adjusted EBITA margin 57% (5)% (36)% (56)% 42%

__________________

(1)     Unallocated expenses are primarily related to corporate administrative costs and other miscellaneous items that are not allocated to individual segments.
(2)

Adjusted EBITA margin is lower than the prior year period mainly due to the consolidation of Ele.me and Cainiao Network, strategic investments in New Retail and Lazada. Excluding the effect of the above-mentioned long-term investments, marketplace-based core commerce adjusted EBITA increased 27% year-over-year to RMB35,642 million (US$5,190 million).

 

SEPTEMBER QUARTER OPERATIONAL AND FINANCIAL RESULTS

Revenue

Revenue for the quarter ended September 30, 2018 was RMB85,148 million (US$12,398 million), an increase of 54% compared to RMB55,122 million in the same quarter of 2017. The increase was mainly driven by the robust revenue growth of our China commerce retail business, the consolidation of Ele.me and Cainiao Network, as well as strong revenue growth of Alibaba Cloud.

The following table sets forth a breakdown of our revenue by segment for the periods indicated:

  Three months ended September 30,  
2017   2018
  % of     % of YoY %
RMB Revenue RMB US$ Revenue Change
(in millions, except percentages)
Core commerce:
China commerce retail
- Customer management 26,272 48% 32,920 4,793 39% 25%
- Commission 10,059 18% 13,136 1,913 15% 31%
- Others 3,226 6% 8,095 1,179 10% 151%
39,557 72% 54,151 7,885 64% 37%
China commerce wholesale 1,714 3% 2,497 364 3% 46%
International commerce retail 2,878 5% 4,464 650 5% 55%
International commerce wholesale 1,651 3% 2,022 294 2% 22%
Cainiao logistics services 3,206 467 4% N/A
Consumer services 5,021 731 6% N/A
Others 662 1% 1,114 162 1% 68%
Total core commerce 46,462 84% 72,475 10,553 85% 56%
 
Cloud computing 2,975 5% 5,667 825 7% 90%
Digital media and entertainment 4,798 9% 5,940 865 7% 24%
Innovation initiatives and others 887 2% 1,066 155 1% 20%
Total 55,122 100% 85,148 12,398 100% 54%
 

Core commerce

  • China commerce retail business

    Revenue Revenue from our China commerce retail business in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 was RMB54,151 million (US$7,885 million), an increase of 37% compared to RMB39,557 million in the same quarter of 2017. This robust revenue growth reflected 151% year-over-year growth of others revenue, which consists primarily of our New Retail initiatives, mainly Hema fresh food grocery business, Tmall Import and Intime Department Stores.

    In addition, revenue from our China retail marketplaces continued to see strong growth. Combined customer management and commission revenues grew 27% year-over-year, which represented an increase of 25% in customer management revenue and an increase of 31% in commission revenue. The growth of customer management revenue was driven primarily by increases in the volume of paid clicks and to a lesser extent average unit price per click, reflecting continuous mobile user growth and our ability to deliver highly relevant search results to consumers through personalization technology. The growth of commission revenue was primarily due to strong year-over-year growth of 30% in physical goods GMV (excluding unpaid orders) on Tmall. Others revenue was RMB8,095 million (US$1,179 million), a significant increase compared to RMB3,226 million in the same quarter of 2017, primarily driven by contributions from Hema and Tmall Import.

    Annual active consumers Our China retail marketplaces had 601 million annual active consumers in the 12 months ended September 30, 2018, compared to 576 million in the 12 months ended June 30, 2018, representing a net addition of 25 million from the prior quarter, and a 23% increase from 488 million in the 12 months ended September 30, 2017. The increase in annual active consumers is primarily due to better new customer acquisition in less developed areas. The longer consumers have been with our platform, the more they spend and the more orders they place across more product categories.

    Mobile MAUs – Mobile MAUs on our China retail marketplaces grew to 666 million in September 2018, compared to 634 million in June 2018, representing a net addition of 32 million MAUs in the quarter, a 21% increase from 549 million in September 2017.
  • China commerce wholesale business

    Revenue from our China commerce wholesale business in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 was RMB2,497 million (US$364 million), an increase of 46% compared to RMB1,714 million in the same quarter of 2017. The increase was primarily due to an increase in the average revenue from paying members on our 1688.com platform.
  • International commerce retail business

    Revenue from our international commerce retail business in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 was RMB4,464 million (US$650 million), an increase of 55% compared to RMB2,878 million in the same quarter of 2017. The increase was primarily due to the growth in revenue generated from Lazada and AliExpress.
  • International commerce wholesale business

    Revenue from our international commerce wholesale business in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 was RMB2,022 million (US$294 million), an increase of 22% compared to RMB1,651 million in the same quarter of 2017. The increase was primarily due to increases in the number of paying members and average revenue from paying members on our alibaba.com platform.
  • Cainiao logistics services

    Revenue from Cainiao logistics services, which represents revenue from the domestic and international one-stop-shop logistics services and supply chain management solutions provided by Cainiao Network, after elimination of inter-company transactions, was RMB3,206 million (US$467 million). We started to consolidate Cainiao Network in mid-October 2017.
  • Consumer services

    Revenue from consumer services, which represents revenues from platform commission, provision of food delivery services and other services provided by Ele.me, was RMB5,021 million (US$731 million). We started to consolidate Ele.me in May 2018.

Cloud computing

Revenue from our cloud computing business in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 was RMB5,667 million (US$825 million), an increase of 90% compared to RMB2,975 million in the same quarter of 2017, primarily driven by revenue mix shift towards higher value-added products and services and robust growth in paying customers.

Digital media and entertainment

Revenue from our digital media and entertainment business in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 was RMB5,940 million (US$865 million), an increase of 24% compared to RMB4,798 million in the same quarter of 2017. The increase was primarily due to an increase in subscription revenue from Youku and an increase in revenue from mobile value-added services provided by UCWeb, such as mobile search and game publishing.

Innovation initiatives and others

Revenue from innovation initiatives and others in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 was RMB1,066 million (US$155 million), an increase of 20% compared to RMB887 million in the same quarter of 2017. The increase was mainly due to an increase in revenue from Tmall Genie and Amap.

Costs and Expenses

The following tables set forth a breakdown of our costs and expenses, share-based compensation expense and costs and expenses excluding share-based compensation expense by function for the periods indicated.

 
  Three months ended September 30,  

% of
Revenue
YoY
change

2017   2018
RMB  

% of
Revenue

RMB   US$  

% of
Revenue

(in millions, except percentages)
Costs and expenses:
Cost of revenue 22,002 40% 46,786 6,812 55% 15%
Product development expenses 5,083 9% 8,365 1,218 10% 1%
Sales and marketing expenses 6,266 11% 9,106 1,326 10% (1)%
General and administrative expenses 3,439 6% 4,779 696 6% 0%
Amortization of intangible assets 1,748 4% 2,611 380 3% (1)%
Total costs and expenses 38,538 70% 71,647 10,432 84% 14%
 
Share-based compensation expense by function:
Cost of revenue 1,369 2% 1,566 228 2% 0%
Product development expenses 1,686 3% 3,078 448 4% 1%
Sales and marketing expenses 501 1% 746 109 0% (1)%
General and administrative expenses 1,130 2% 1,653 240 2% 0%
Total share-based compensation expense 4,686 8% 7,043 1,025 8% 0%
 
Costs and expenses excluding share-based compensation expense:
Cost of revenue 20,633 38% 45,220 6,584 53% 15%
Product development expenses 3,397 6% 5,287 770 6% 0%
Sales and marketing expenses 5,765 10% 8,360 1,217 10% 0%
General and administrative expenses 2,309 4% 3,126 456 4% 0%
Amortization of intangible assets 1,748 4% 2,611 380 3% (1)%
Total costs and expenses excluding share-based compensation expense 33,852 62% 64,604 9,407 76% 14%
 

Cost of revenue – Cost of revenue in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 was RMB46,786 million (US$6,812 million), or 55% of revenue, compared to RMB22,002 million, or 40% of revenue, in the same quarter of 2017. Without the effect of share-based compensation expense, cost of revenue as a percentage of revenue would have increased from 38% in the quarter ended September 30, 2017 to 53% in the quarter ended September 30, 2018. The increase was primarily due to (i) our consolidation of Ele.me and Cainiao Network, (ii) inclusion of the cost of inventory and logistics from our New Retail businesses and Lazada, as well as (iii) an increase in content spending by Youku on original content.

Product development expenses – Product development expenses in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 were RMB8,365 million (US$1,218 million), or 10% of revenue, compared to RMB5,083 million, or 9% of revenue, in the same quarter of 2017. Without the effect of share-based compensation expense, product development expenses as a percentage of revenue would have remained stable at 6% in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 and the same quarter last year.

Sales and marketing expenses – Sales and marketing expenses in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 were RMB9,106 million (US$1,326 million), or 10% of revenue, compared to RMB6,266 million, or 11% of revenue, in the same quarter of 2017. Without the effect of share-based compensation expense, sales and marketing expenses as a percentage of revenue would have remained stable at 10% in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 and the same quarter last year.

General and administrative expenses – General and administrative expenses in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 were RMB4,779 million (US$696 million), or 6% of revenue, compared to RMB3,439 million, or 6% of revenue, in the same quarter of 2017. Without the effect of share-based compensation expense, general and administrative expenses as a percentage of revenue would have remained stable at 4% in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 and the same quarter last year.

Share-based compensation expense – Total share-based compensation expense included in the cost and expense items above in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 was RMB7,043 million (US$1,025 million), an increase of 50% compared to RMB4,686 million in the same quarter of 2017. Share-based compensation expense as a percentage of revenue remained stable at 8% in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 and the same quarter last year. The following table sets forth our analysis of share-based compensation expense for the quarters indicated by type of share-based awards:

 
  Three months ended    
September 30, 2017   June 30, 2018   September 30, 2018 % Change
  % of   % of     % of
RMB Revenue RMB Revenue RMB US$ Revenue YoY QoQ
(in millions, except percentages)
By type of awards:
Alibaba Group share-based awards granted to:

- Our employees

3,697 7% 4,416 6% 6,060 882 7% 64% 37%

- Ant Financial employees and other consultants(1)

469

1%

168

0%

105

15

0%

(78)%

(38)%

Ant Financial share-based awards granted to our employees(1)

266

0%

11,477

14%

438

64

0%

65%

(96)%

Others 254 0% 317 0% 440 64 1% 73% 39%
Total share-based compensation expense 4,686 8% 16,378 20% 7,043 1,025 8%

 

50%

 

(57)%

__________________

(1)     Awards subject to mark-to-market accounting treatment.
 

Share-based compensation expense related to Alibaba Group share-based awards granted to our employees increased in this quarter compared to the previous quarter. The increase reflected the full quarter effect of the expense arising from the annual performance-based awards granted in the middle of the previous quarter and the effect of the expense arising from promotion awards granted in this quarter. We expect that our share-based compensation expense will continue to be affected by changes in the fair value of our shares, our subsidiaries’ share-based awards and the quantity of awards we grant to our employees and consultants in the future.

Share-based compensation expense related to Ant Financial share-based awards granted to our employees decreased significantly in this quarter compared to the previous quarter, mainly due to the revaluation of the fair value of such awards in the previous quarter. Furthermore, we expect that our share-based compensation expense related to these awards will continue to be affected by future changes in the valuation of Ant Financial, although any such changes will be non-cash and will not result in any economic cost or equity dilution to our shareholders.

Amortization of intangible assets – Amortization of intangible assets in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 was RMB2,611 million (US$380 million), an increase of 49% from RMB1,748 million in the same quarter of 2017, primarily due to an increase in amortization of intangible assets acquired from business combinations.

Income from operations and operating margin

Income from operations in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 was RMB13,501 million (US$1,966 million), or 16% of revenue, a decrease of 19% compared to RMB16,584 million, or 30% of revenue, in the same quarter of 2017, primarily due to the consolidation of Ele.me and Cainiao Network, investments in digital media and entertainment and other strategic initiatives, as well as an increase in share-based compensation and depreciation expenses.

Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITA

Adjusted EBITDA increased 7% year-over-year to RMB26,710 million (US$3,889 million) in the quarter ended September 30, 2018, compared to RMB25,031 million in the same quarter of 2017, despite adjusted EBITDA margin decreasing from 45% in the quarter ended September 30, 2017 to 31% in the quarter ended September 30, 2018. Adjusted EBITA increased 1% year-over-year to RMB23,155 million (US$3,371 million) in the quarter ended September 30, 2018, compared to RMB23,018 million in the same quarter of 2017, despite adjusted EBITA margin decreasing from 42% in the quarter ended September 30, 2017 to 27% in the quarter ended September 30, 2018. Adjusted EBITDA and EBITA margins are lower mainly because of the consolidation of Ele.me and Cainiao Network, strategic investments in digital media and entertainment and other strategic initiatives. Reconciliations of net income to adjusted EBITDA and adjusted EBITA are included at the end of this results announcement.

As many of our newly developed and acquired businesses have different cost structures, we expect that our margin will continue to be negatively impacted by these businesses and the accounting treatment of revenue recorded on a gross basis.

Adjusted EBITA and adjusted EBITA margin by segments

Adjusted EBITA and adjusted EBITA margin by segments are set forth in the table below. See the section entitled “Information about Segments” above for a reconciliation of income from operations to adjusted EBITA.

 
  Three months ended September 30,
2017   2018
  % of     % of
RMB Revenue RMB US$ Revenue
(in millions, except percentages)
 
Core commerce 26,414 57% 29,807 4,340 41%
Cloud computing (162) (5)% (232) (34) (4)%
Digital media and entertainment (1,749) (36)% (3,802) (554) (64)%

Innovation initiatives and others

(496)

(56)%

(1,241) (181) (116)%
 

Core commerce segment – Adjusted EBITA increased by 13% to RMB29,807 million (US$4,340 million) in the quarter ended September 30, 2018, compared to RMB26,414 million in the same quarter of 2017, despite adjusted EBITA margin decreasing from 57% in the quarter ended September 30, 2017 to 41% in the quarter ended September 30, 2018. Excluding the effect of the below-mentioned long-term investments, marketplace-based core commerce adjusted EBITA increased 27% year-over-year to RMB35,642 million (US$5,190 million). The strategic investments include: (i) aggressive investment in local services, such as Ele.me, (ii) international expansion in regions such as Southeast Asia, (iii) gradual revenue mix shift towards self-operated New Retail businesses where revenue is recorded on a gross basis including the cost of inventory, and (iv) inclusion of the logistics technology business of Cainiao Network in our consolidated financial statements. A reconciliation of adjusted EBITA for core commerce to marketplace-based core commerce adjusted EBITA is included at the end of this results announcement.

Cloud computing segment – Adjusted EBITA in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 was a loss of RMB232 million (US$34 million), compared to a loss of RMB162 million in the same quarter of 2017. Adjusted EBITA margin improved to negative 4% in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 from negative 5% in the quarter ended September 30, 2017.

Digital media and entertainment segment – Adjusted EBITA in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 was a loss of RMB3,802 million (US$554 million), compared to a loss of RMB1,749 million in the same quarter of 2017. Adjusted EBITA margin decreased to negative 64% in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 from negative 36% in the quarter ended September 30, 2017, primarily due to our investments in the production of original content and licensing rights, including the rights for live streaming the World Cup games in China.

Innovation initiatives and others segment – Adjusted EBITA in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 was a loss of RMB1,241 million (US$181 million), compared to a loss of RMB496 million in the same quarter of 2017. Adjusted EBITA margin decreased to negative 116% in the quarter ended September 30, 2018, compared to negative 56% in the quarter ended September 30, 2017, primarily due to investments in new business initiatives, including Tmall Genie.

Interest and investment income, net

Interest and investment income, net in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 was RMB6,635 million (US$966 million), which mainly included net gains from disposal of certain investments of RMB4,539 million (US$661 million), as well as net gains arisen from the increase in fair value of certain equity investments.

Other income (loss), net

Other loss, net in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 was RMB1,532 million (US$223 million), compared to other income, net of RMB1,737 million in the same quarter of 2017. The loss was primarily due to net loss sustained by Ant Financial during the quarter as a result of its investments in user acquisition, product innovation and international expansion. In the September 2018 quarter, Ant Financial strategically stepped up its investment to acquire more users and capture growth opportunities of the offline payment market by leveraging its technology for financial service industries. During the quarter, domestic annual active users exceeded 700 million, almost 70% of which used three or more categories of Ant Financial’s services. Ant Financial’s net loss in the quarter led to our reversal of income recognized in respect of royalty fees and software technology service fees under our profit sharing arrangement. The reversal of income amounted to a charge of RMB910 million (US$132 million) in the quarter ended September 30, 2018, compared to an income of RMB1,995 million in the same quarter last year. Other loss, net also included an exchange loss of RMB907 million (US$132 million) in the quarter ended September 30, 2018.

Income tax expenses

Income tax expenses in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 were RMB277 million (US$40 million), compared to RMB2,719 million in the same quarter of 2017.

Our effective tax rate was 2% in the quarter ended September 30, 2018, compared to 13% in the same quarter of 2017. The decrease in effective tax rate was primarily due to the recognition of tax credits of approximately RMB4.7 billion (US$684 million) during the quarter ended September 30, 2018, compared to RMB2.3 billion in the same quarter last year, as certain key subsidiaries were notified of the renewal of their Key Software Enterprise status for calendar year 2017 by the relevant tax authorities. Excluding share-based compensation expense, investment gain/loss, impairment of investments, as well as the above-mentioned tax credits from the renewal of the Key Software Enterprise status, our effective tax rate would have been 23% in the quarter ended September 30, 2018.

Share of results of equity investees

Share of results of equity investees in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 was a profit of RMB1,254 million (US$182 million), compared to a loss of RMB882 million in the same quarter of 2017. We record our share of results of equity investees one quarter in arrears. Share of results of equity investees in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 and the comparative periods consisted of the following:

 
  Three months ended
September 30, 2017   June 30, 2018   September 30, 2018
RMB RMB RMB   US$
(in millions)
Share of (loss) profit of equity investees:

- Koubei(1)

(369)

- Cainiao Network(2)

(273)

- Other equity investees

190 (66) 1,735 252
Dilution loss (14) (108) (41) (6)
Others(3) (416) (481) (440) (64)
Total (882) (655) 1,254 182

__________________

(1)     We have ceased to recognize our share of losses of Koubei as our cumulative share of losses exceeded our investment in Koubei.
(2) We started to consolidate Cainiao Network in mid-October 2017 after obtaining control over Cainiao Network.
(3) Others mainly include amortization of intangible assets of equity investees and share-based compensation expense.
 

The share of profit of other equity investees in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 mainly include our share of profit in Suning.

Net income and Non-GAAP net income

Our net income in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 was RMB18,241 million (US$2,656 million), an increase of 5% compared to RMB17,408 million in the same quarter of 2017.

Excluding share-based compensation expense, non-recurring disposal gains and certain other items, non-GAAP net income in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 was RMB23,453 million (US$3,415 million), an increase of 6% compared to RMB22,089 million in the same quarter of 2017. A reconciliation of net income to non-GAAP net income is included at the end of this results announcement.

Net income attributable to ordinary shareholders

Net income attributable to ordinary shareholders in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 was RMB20,033 million (US$2,917 million), an increase of 13% compared to RMB17,668 million in the same quarter of 2017.

Diluted EPS and non-GAAP diluted EPS

Diluted EPS in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 was RMB7.62 (US$1.11) on a weighted average of 2,628 million diluted shares outstanding during the quarter, an increase of 12% compared to RMB6.78 on a weighted average of 2,607 million diluted shares outstanding during the same quarter of 2017. Excluding share-based compensation expense, non-recurring disposal gains and certain other items, non-GAAP diluted EPS in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 was RMB9.60 (US$1.40), an increase of 12% compared to RMB8.57 in the same quarter of 2017. A reconciliation of diluted EPS to non-GAAP diluted EPS is included at the end of this results announcement.

Cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments

As of September 30, 2018, cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments were RMB171,875 million (US$25,025 million), compared to RMB177,283 million as of June 30, 2018. The decrease in cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments during the quarter ended September 30, 2018 was primarily due to cash used in investing activities, including acquisition of Trendyol and investments in Focus Media, partly offset by free cash flow generated from operations of RMB16,033 million (US$2,334 million).

Cash flow from operating activities and free cash flow

Net cash provided by operating activities in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 was RMB31,407 million (US$4,573 million), an increase of 4% compared to RMB30,121 million in the same quarter of 2017. Free cash flow, a non-GAAP measurement of liquidity, in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 was RMB16,033 million (US$2,334 million), compared to RMB22,119 million in the same quarter of 2017. A reconciliation of net cash provided by operating activities to free cash flow is included at the end of this results announcement.

Net cash used in investing activities

During the quarter ended September 30, 2018, net cash used in investing activities of RMB31,584 million (US$4,599 million) primarily reflected (i) cash outflow of RMB23,352 million (US$3,400 million) for investment and acquisition activities, including acquisition of Trendyol and investments in Focus Media, (ii) capital expenditures of RMB12,394 million (US$1,805 million), which included cash outflow for acquisition of land use rights and construction in progress relating to office campus of RMB762 million (US$111 million), as well as (iii) acquisition of licensed copyrights and intangible assets of RMB3,742 million (US$545 million).

Employees

As of September 30, 2018, we had a total of 93,397 employees, compared to 86,833 as of June 30, 2018. The number of employees as of September 30, 2018 increased by 6,564 from June 30, 2018, primarily due to the consolidation of newly acquired businesses and our expansion in consumer services and cloud computing businesses.

WEBCAST AND CONFERENCE CALL INFORMATION

Alibaba Group’s management will hold a conference call to discuss the financial result at 7:30 a.m. U.S. Eastern Time (7:30 p.m. Hong Kong Time) on November 2, 2018.

Details of the conference call are as follows:

International: +65 6713 5090
U.S.: +1 845 675 0437
U.K.: +44 203 621 4779
Hong Kong: +852 3018 6771
Conference ID: 5099548

A live webcast of the earnings conference call can be accessed at http://www.alibabagroup.com/en/ir/earnings. An archived webcast will be available through the same link following the call. A replay of the conference call will be available for one week (dial-in number: +61 2 8199 0299; conference ID: 5099548).

Our results announcement and accompanying slides are available at Alibaba Group’s Investor Relations website at http://www.alibabagroup.com/en/ir/home on November 2, 2018.

ABOUT ALIBABA GROUP

Alibaba Group’s mission is to make it easy to do business anywhere and the company aims to achieve sustainable growth for 102 years. For fiscal year ended March 2018, the company reported revenue of US$39.9 billion.

SAFE HARBOR STATEMENTS

This announcement contains forward-looking statements. These statements are made under the “safe harbor” provisions of the U.S. Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These forward-looking statements can be identified by terminology such as “will,” “expects,” “anticipates,” “future,” “intends,” “plans,” “believes,” “estimates,” “potential,” “continue,” “ongoing,” “targets,” “guidance” and similar statements. In addition, statements that are not historical facts, including statements about Alibaba’s strategies and business plans, Alibaba’s beliefs, expectations and guidance regarding the growth of its business and its revenue, the business outlook and quotations from management in this announcement, as well as Alibaba’s strategic and operational plans, are or contain forward-looking statements. Alibaba may also make forward-looking statements in its periodic reports to the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”), in press releases and other written materials and in oral statements made by its officers, directors or employees to third parties. Forward-looking statements involve inherent risks and uncertainties. A number of factors could cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statement, including but not limited to the following: Alibaba’s expected revenue growth; Alibaba’s goals and strategies; Alibaba’s future business development; Alibaba’s ability to maintain the trusted status of its ecosystem, reputation and brand; risks associated with increased investments in Alibaba’s business and new business initiatives; risks associated with strategic acquisitions and investments; Alibaba’s ability to retain or increase engagement of consumers, merchants and other participants in its ecosystem and enable new offerings; Alibaba’s ability to maintain or grow its revenue or business; risks associated with limitation or restriction of services provided by Alipay; changes in laws, regulations and regulatory environment that affect Alibaba’s business operations; privacy and regulatory concerns; competition; security breaches; the continued growth of the e-commerce market in China and globally; risks associated with the performance of our business partners, including but not limited to Ant Financial; and fluctuations in general economic and business conditions in China and globally and assumptions underlying or related to any of the foregoing. Further information regarding these and other risks is included in Alibaba’s filings with the SEC. All information provided in this results announcement is as of the date of this results announcement and are based on assumptions that we believe to be reasonable as of this date, and Alibaba does not undertake any obligation to update any forward-looking statement, except as required under applicable law.

NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES

To supplement our consolidated financial statements, which are prepared and presented in accordance with GAAP, we use the following non-GAAP financial measures: for our consolidated results, adjusted EBITDA (including adjusted EBITDA margin), adjusted EBITA (including adjusted EBITA margin), marketplace-based core commerce adjusted EBITA, non-GAAP net income, non-GAAP diluted EPS and free cash flow. For more information on these non-GAAP financial measures, please refer to the section entitled “Information about Segments” and the table captioned “Reconciliations of Non-GAAP Measures to the Nearest Comparable GAAP Measures” in this results announcement.

We believe that adjusted EBITDA, adjusted EBITA, non-GAAP net income and non-GAAP diluted EPS help investors identify and understand underlying trends in our business without the effect of certain income or expenses that are reflected in income from operations, net income and diluted EPS. We believe that marketplace-based core commerce adjusted EBITA is a measure that can help investors better understand the performance of our marketplace commerce business, which is the contributor of the large majority of our revenue. We believe that adjusted EBITDA, adjusted EBITA, non-GAAP net income, non-GAAP diluted EPS and marketplace-based core commerce adjusted EBITA provide useful information about our core operating results, enhance the overall understanding of our past performance and future prospects and allow for greater visibility with respect to key metrics used by our management in our financial and operational decision-making. We consider free cash flow to be a liquidity measure that provides useful information to management and investors about the amount of cash generated by our business that can be used for strategic corporate transactions, including investing in our new business initiatives, making strategic investments and acquisitions and strengthening our balance sheet. These non-GAAP measures should not be considered in isolation or construed as an alternative to income from operations, net income, diluted EPS, cash flows or any other measure of performance or as an indicator of our operating performance. These non-GAAP financial measures presented here may not be comparable to similarly titled measures presented by other companies. Other companies may calculate similarly titled measures differently, limiting their usefulness as comparative measures to our data.

Adjusted EBITDA represents net income before (i) interest and investment income, net, interest expense, other income (loss), net, income tax expenses and share of results of equity investees, and (ii) certain non-cash expenses, consisting of share-based compensation expense, amortization and depreciation, which we do not believe are reflective of our core operating performance during the periods presented.

Adjusted EBITA represents net income before (i) interest and investment income, net, interest expense, other income (loss), net, income tax expenses and share of results of equity investees, and (ii) certain non-cash expenses, consisting of share-based compensation expense and amortization, which we do not believe are reflective of our core operating performance during the periods presented.

Marketplace-based core commerce adjusted EBITA represents adjusted EBITA for core commerce excluding the effects of (i) Ele.me and Cainiao Network consolidation as well as (ii) strategic investments in New Retail and Lazada.

Non-GAAP net income represents net income before share-based compensation expense, amortization, impairment of investments, gain or loss on deemed disposals/disposals/revaluation of investments, amortization of excess value receivable arising from the restructuring of commercial arrangements with Ant Financial, immediate recognition of unamortized professional fees and upfront fees upon termination of bank borrowings and others, as adjusted for the tax effects on non-GAAP adjustments.

Non-GAAP diluted EPS represents non-GAAP net income attributable to ordinary shareholders divided by the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the periods on a diluted basis, including accounting for the effects of the assumed conversion of convertible preference shares.

Free cash flow represents net cash provided by operating activities as presented in our consolidated cash flow statement less purchases of property and equipment, licensed copyrights and intangible assets (excluding acquisition of land use rights and construction in progress relating to office campus).

The section entitled “Information about Segments” and the table captioned “Reconciliations of Non-GAAP Measures to the Nearest Comparable GAAP Measures” in this results announcement have more details on the non-GAAP financial measures that are most directly comparable to GAAP financial measures and the related reconciliations between these financial measures.

 
ALIBABA GROUP HOLDING LIMITED
UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED INCOME STATEMENTS
 
  Three months ended September 30,   Six months ended September 30,
2017   2018 2017   2018
RMB RMB   US$ RMB RMB   US$
(in millions, except per share data) (in millions, except per share data)
Revenue 55,122 85,148 12,398 105,306 166,068 24,180
Cost of revenue (22,002) (46,786) (6,812) (39,462) (90,506) (13,178)
Product development expenses (5,083) (8,365) (1,218) (9,779) (19,875) (2,894)
Sales and marketing expenses (6,266) (9,106) (1,326) (11,116) (18,027) (2,625)
General and administrative expenses (3,439) (4,779) (696) (7,118) (11,424) (1,663)
Amortization of intangible assets (1,748) (2,611) (380) (3,734) (4,715) (686)
 
Income from operations 16,584 13,501 1,966 34,097 21,521 3,134
Interest and investment income, net 3,435 6,635 966 4,907 13,881 2,021
Interest expense (747) (1,340) (195) (1,547) (2,553) (372)
Other income (loss), net 1,737 (1,532) (223) 3,624 (1,615) (235)
 
Income before income tax and share of results of equity investees 21,009 17,264 2,514 41,081 31,234 4,548
Income tax expenses (2,719) (277) (40) (7,372) (5,942) (865)
Share of results of equity investees (882) 1,254 182 (2,270) 599 87
 
Net income 17,408 18,241 2,656 31,439 25,891 3,770
Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests 260 1,892 275 912 2,962 431
 
Net income attributable to Alibaba Group Holding Limited 17,668 20,133 2,931 32,351 28,853 4,201
 
Accretion of mezzanine equity (100) (14) (135) (20)
Net income attributable to ordinary shareholders 17,668 20,033 2,917 32,351 28,718 4,181
 
Earnings per share attributable to ordinary shareholders
Basic 6.92 7.75 1.13 12.70 11.12 1.62
Diluted 6.78 7.62 1.11 12.43 10.93 1.59
 
Weighted average number of share used in calculating net income per ordinary share
Basic 2,552 2,584 2,547 2,582
Diluted 2,607 2,628 2,603 2,627
 

ALIBABA GROUP HOLDING LIMITED
REVENUE

The following table sets forth our revenue by segments for the periods indicated:

  Three months ended September 30,   Six months ended September 30,
2017   2018 2017   2018
RMB RMB   US$ RMB RMB   US$
(in millions) (in millions)
Core commerce(1) 46,462 72,475 10,553 89,489 141,663 20,627
Cloud computing(2) 2,975 5,667 825 5,406 10,365 1,509
Digital media and entertainment(3) 4,798 5,940 865 8,879 11,915 1,735
Innovation initiatives and others(4) 887 1,066 155 1,532 2,125 309
 
Total 55,122 85,148 12,398 105,306 166,068 24,180

__________________

(1)     Revenue from core commerce is primarily generated from our China retail marketplaces, 1688.com, AliExpress, Alibaba.com, Lazada.com, Cainiao logistics services and consumer services.
(2) Revenue from cloud computing is primarily generated from the provision of services, such as elastic computing, database, storage, network virtualization services, large scale computing, security, management and application services, big data analytics, a machine learning platform and IoT services.
(3) Revenue from digital media and entertainment is primarily generated from Youku and UCWeb.
(4) Revenue from innovation initiatives and others is primarily generated from businesses such as Amap, Tmall Genie and other innovation initiatives. Other revenue also includes SME annual fee received from Ant Financial and its affiliates.
 

ALIBABA GROUP HOLDING LIMITED
INFORMATION ABOUT SEGMENTS

The following table sets forth our income (loss) from operations by segments for the periods indicated:

  Three months ended September 30,   Six months ended September 30,
2017   2018 2017   2018
RMB RMB   US$ RMB RMB   US$
(in millions) (in millions)
Core commerce 23,836 24,290 3,537 48,644 47,312 6,889
Cloud computing (697) (1,165) (170) (1,229) (3,239) (472)
Digital media and entertainment (3,383) (4,805) (700) (6,771) (9,095) (1,324)
Innovation initiatives and others (1,456) (2,201) (320) (3,068) (5,976) (870)
Unallocated (1,716) (2,618) (381) (3,479) (7,481) (1,089)
 
Total 16,584 13,501 1,966 34,097 21,521 3,134
 

The following table sets forth our adjusted EBITA by segments for the periods indicated:

  Three months ended September 30,   Six months ended September 30,
2017   2018 2017   2018
RMB RMB   US$ RMB RMB   US$
(in millions) (in millions)
Core commerce 26,414 29,807 4,340 53,384 62,604 9,115
Cloud computing (162) (232) (34) (265) (720) (105)
Digital media and entertainment (1,749) (3,802) (554) (3,497) (6,934) (1,009)
Innovation initiatives and others (496) (1,241) (181) (1,130) (2,443) (356)
Unallocated (989) (1,377) (200) (1,956) (2,850) (415)
 
Total 23,018 23,155 3,371 46,536 49,657 7,230
 

The table below sets forth selected financial information of our operating segments for six months ended September 30, 2018:

  Six months ended September 30, 2018
    Digital media   Innovation    
Core Cloud and initiatives
commerce computing entertainment and others

Unallocated(1)

Consolidated
RMB RMB RMB RMB RMB RMB   US$
(in millions, except percentages)
Revenue 141,663 10,365 11,915 2,125 166,068 24,180
 
Income (loss) from operations 47,312 (3,239 ) (9,095 ) (5,976 ) (7,481 ) 21,521 3,134

Add: Share-based compensation expense

11,387 2,509 1,528 3,516 4,481 23,421 3,410
Add: Amortization of intangible assets 3,905   10   633   17   150   4,715   686  
 
Adjusted EBITA 62,604   (720 ) (6,934 ) (2,443 ) (2,850 ) 49,657   7,230  
Adjusted EBITA margin 44 % (2) (7 )% (58 )% (115 )%

 

30 %
 
 
Six months ended September 30, 2017
Digital media Innovation
Core Cloud and initiatives
commerce computing entertainment and others

Unallocated(1)

Consolidated
RMB RMB RMB RMB RMB RMB
(in millions, except percentages)
Revenue 89,489 5,406 8,879 1,532 105,306
 
Income (loss) from operations 48,644 (1,229 ) (6,771 ) (3,068 ) (3,479 ) 34,097

Add: Share-based compensation expense

3,547

 

959

 

1,096

1,746

 

1,357

8,705
Add: Amortization of intangible assets 1,193   5   2,178   192   166   3,734  
 
Adjusted EBITA 53,384   (265 ) (3,497 ) (1,130 ) (1,956 ) 46,536  
Adjusted EBITA margin 60 % (5 )% (39 )% (74 )% 44 %

__________________

(1)     Unallocated expenses are primarily related to corporate administrative costs and other miscellaneous items that are not allocated to individual segments.
(2) Adjusted EBITA margin is lower than prior year period mainly due to the consolidation of Ele.me and Cainiao Network, strategic investments in New Retail and Lazada. Excluding the effects of the above-mentioned long-term investments, our marketplace-based core commerce adjusted EBITA increased 29% year-over-year to RMB72,598 million (US$10,570 million).
 
 
ALIBABA GROUP HOLDING LIMITED
UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
 
 

As of March 31,

 

As of September 30,

2018

2018

RMB

RMB

 

US$

 
(in millions)
Assets
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents 199,309 164,375 23,933
Short-term investments 6,086 7,500 1,092
Restricted cash and escrow receivables 3,417 7,878 1,147
Investment securities 4,815 9,662 1,407
Prepayments, receivables and other assets 43,228 48,468 7,057
Total current assets 256,855 237,883 34,636
 
Investment securities (1) 38,192 132,467 19,287
Prepayments, receivables and other assets 26,274 26,156 3,808
Investment in equity investees (1) 139,700 86,823 12,642
Property and equipment, net 66,489 87,025 12,671
Intangible assets, net 27,465 50,684 7,380
Goodwill 162,149 203,729 29,664
Total assets 717,124 824,767 120,088
 
Liabilities, Mezzanine Equity and Shareholders’ Equity
Current liabilities:
Current bank borrowings 6,028 9,022 1,313
Income tax payable 13,689 12,361 1,800
Escrow money payable 3,053 6,202 903
Accrued expenses, accounts payable and other liabilities 81,165 104,785 15,257
Merchant deposits 9,578 9,101 1,325
Deferred revenue and customer advances 22,297 26,625 3,877
Total current liabilities 135,810 168,096 24,475
 
 
ALIBABA GROUP HOLDING LIMITED
UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (CONTINUED)
 
 

As of March 31,

 

As of September 30,

2018

2018

RMB

RMB   US$
(in millions)
 
Deferred revenue 993 1,205 175
Deferred tax liabilities 19,312 19,628 2,858
Non-current bank borrowings 34,153 35,477 5,166
Non-current unsecured senior notes 85,372 93,717 13,645
Other liabilities 2,045 5,296 771
Total liabilities 277,685 323,419 47,090
 
Commitments and contingencies

Mezzanine equity

3,001 6,001 874

Shareholders’ equity:

Ordinary shares 1 1
Additional paid-in capital 186,764 212,682 30,967
Treasury shares at cost (2,233) (1,412) (206)
Restructuring reserve (361) (229) (33)
Subscription receivables (163) (179) (26)
Statutory reserves 4,378 4,535 660
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) (1) 5,083 (1,685) (245)
Retained earnings (1) 172,353 207,847 30,263
 
Total shareholders’ equity 365,822 421,560 61,380
Noncontrolling interests 70,616 73,787 10,744
 
Total equity 436,438 495,347 72,124
 
Total liabilities, mezzanine equity and equity 717,124 824,767 120,088

__________________

(1)     We adopted ASU 2016-01, “Financial Instruments — Overall (Subtopic 825-10): Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities” beginning in the first quarter of fiscal year 2019. After the adoption of this new accounting update, equity investments other than those accounted for under the equity method or those that result in the consolidation of the investee are required to be measured at fair value, with subsequent changes in fair value recognized in the income statement. We have adopted this new accounting update using the modified retrospective method. For available-for-sale securities, RMB8,196 million in unrealized gains, net of tax recorded in accumulated other comprehensive income as of March 31, 2018 was reclassified into retained earnings upon the initial adoption as of April 1, 2018. Investments measured under the cost method of RMB59,942 million as of March 31, 2018 was reclassified into investment securities as of April 1, 2018. The consolidated balance sheets as of March 31, 2018 was not retrospectively adjusted.
 
 
ALIBABA GROUP HOLDING LIMITED
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
 
  Three months ended September 30,   Six months ended September 30,
2017   2018 2017   2018
RMB RMB   US$ RMB RMB   US$
(in millions) (in millions)
 
Net cash provided by operating activities(1) 30,121 31,407 4,573 55,994 67,524 9,832
Net cash used in investing activities(1) (25,561) (31,584) (4,599) (39,484) (103,254) (15,034)
Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities (416) (3,477) (506) (9,310) 804 117
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash and escrow receivables (1) (812) 1,670 244 (1,904) 4,453 649
 
Increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash and escrow receivables 3,332 (1,984) (288) 5,296 (30,473) (4,436)
Cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash and escrow receivables at beginning of period 148,355 174,237 25,369 146,391 202,726 29,517
 
Cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash and escrow receivables at end of period 151,687 172,253 25,081 151,687 172,253 25,081

__________________

(1)     We adopted ASU 2016-18, “Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Restricted Cash,” beginning in the first quarter of fiscal year 2019. As a result of adopting this new accounting update, the consolidated statements of cash flows were retrospectively adjusted to include restricted cash and escrow receivables in cash and cash equivalents when reconciling the beginning-of-period and end-of-period total amounts shown on the consolidated statements of cash flows. The impact of the retrospective reclassification on cash flows from operating activities, investing activities and effect of exchange rate changes for the six months ended September 30, 2017 was an increase of RMB176 million, an increase of RMB111 million and a decrease of RMB1 million, respectively.
 

ALIBABA GROUP HOLDING LIMITED
RECONCILIATIONS OF NON-GAAP MEASURES TO THE NEAREST COMPARABLE GAAP MEASURES

The table below sets forth a reconciliation of our net income to adjusted EBITA and adjusted EBITDA for the periods indicated:

  Three months ended September 30,   Six months ended September 30,
2017   2018 2017   2018
RMB RMB   US$ RMB RMB   US$
(in millions) (in millions)
Net income 17,408 18,241 2,656 31,439 25,891 3,770
Less: Interest and investment income, net (3,435) (6,635) (966) (4,907) (13,881) (2,021)
Add: Interest expense 747 1,340 195 1,547 2,553 372
Less: Other income (loss), net (1,737) 1,532 223 (3,624) 1,615 235
Add: Income tax expenses 2,719 277 40 7,372 5,942 865
Add: Share of results of equity investees 882 (1,254) (182) 2,270 (599) (87)
Income from operations 16,584 13,501 1,966 34,097 21,521 3,134
Add: Share-based compensation expense 4,686 7,043 1,025 8,705 23,421 3,410
Add: Amortization of intangible assets 1,748 2,611 380 3,734 4,715 686
Adjusted EBITA 23,018 23,155 3,371 46,536 49,657 7,230

Add: Depreciation and amortization of property and equipment and land use rights

2,013

3,555

518

3,619

6,412

934

Adjusted EBITDA 25,031 26,710 3,889 50,155 56,069 8,164
 

ALIBABA GROUP HOLDING LIMITED
RECONCILIATIONS OF NON-GAAP MEASURES TO THE NEAREST COMPARABLE GAAP MEASURES (CONTINUED)

The table below sets forth a reconciliation of adjusted EBITA for core commerce to marketplace-based core commerce adjusted EBITA for the periods indicated:

  Three months ended September 30,   Six months ended September 30,
2017   2018 2017   2018
RMB RMB   US$ RMB RMB   US$
(in millions) (in millions)

Adjusted EBITA for core commerce

26,414 29,807 4,340 53,384 62,604 9,115
Less: Effect of Ele.me and Cainiao Network consolidation and strategic investments in New Retail and Lazada

1,550

5,835 850 2,964 9,994 1,455

Marketplace-based core commerce adjusted EBITA

27,964

35,642 5,190 56,348 72,598 10,570

ALIBABA GROUP HOLDING LIMITED
RECONCILIATIONS OF NON-GAAP MEASURES TO THE NEAREST COMPARABLE GAAP MEASURES (CONTINUED)

The table below sets forth a reconciliation of our net income to non-GAAP net income for the periods indicated:

  Three months ended September 30,   Six months ended September 30,
2017   2018 2017   2018
RMB RMB   US$ RMB RMB   US$
(in millions) (in millions)
 
Net income 17,408 18,241 2,656 31,439 25,891 3,770
Add: Share-based compensation expense 4,686 7,043 1,025 8,705 23,421 3,410
Add: Amortization of intangible assets 1,748 2,611 380 3,734 4,715 686
Add: Impairment of investments 389 358 52 1,341 358 52
Less: Gain on deemed disposals/disposals/revaluation of investments and others (2,297) (5,297) (771) (3,386) (10,705) (1,558)
Add: Amortization of excess value receivable arising from the restructuring of commercial arrangements with Ant Financial 66 66 10 133 132 19
Add: Immediate recognition of unamortized professional fees and upfront fees upon termination of bank borrowings 92
Adjusted for tax effects on non-GAAP adjustments(1)

89

431

63

50

(258)

(37)

 
Non-GAAP net income 22,089 23,453 3,415 42,108 43,554 6,342

__________________

(1)     Tax effects on non-GAAP adjustments comprise of tax provisions on the amortization of intangible assets and certain investment gains, as well as tax benefits from share-based awards.
 

ALIBABA GROUP HOLDING LIMITED
RECONCILIATIONS OF NON-GAAP MEASURES TO THE NEAREST COMPARABLE GAAP MEASURES (CONTINUED)

The table below sets forth a reconciliation of our diluted EPS to non-GAAP diluted EPS for the periods indicated:

  Three months ended September 30,   Six months ended September 30,
2017   2018 2017   2018
RMB RMB   US$ RMB RMB   US$
(in millions, except per share data) (in millions, except per share data)
 
Net income attributable to ordinary shareholders – basic 17,668 20,033 2,917 32,351 28,718 4,181
Dilution effect on earnings arising from option plans operated by an equity investee (3) (12) (2) (6) (15) (2)
Net income attributable to ordinary shareholders – diluted 17,665 20,021 2,915 32,345 28,703 4,179
Add: Non-GAAP adjustments to net income(1)

4,681

5,212

759

10,669

17,663

2,572

 
Non-GAAP net income attributable to ordinary shareholders for computing non-GAAP diluted EPS 22,346 25,233 3,674 43,014 46,366 6,751
 
Weighted average number of shares on a diluted basis 2,607 2,628 2,603 2,627
Diluted EPS(2) 6.78 7.62 1.11 12.43 10.93 1.59
Add: Non-GAAP adjustments to net income per share(3) 1.79 1.98 0.29 4.09 6.72 0.98
 
Non-GAAP diluted EPS(4) 8.57 9.60 1.40 16.52 17.65 2.57

 

__________________

(1)     See the table above for the reconciliation of net income to non-GAAP net income for more information of these non-GAAP adjustments.
(2) Diluted EPS is derived from net income attributable to ordinary shareholders for computing diluted EPS divided by weighted average number of shares on a diluted basis.
(3) Non-GAAP adjustments to net income per share is derived from non-GAAP adjustments to net income divided by weighted average number of shares on a diluted basis.
(4) Non-GAAP diluted EPS is derived from non-GAAP net income attributable to ordinary shareholders for computing non-GAAP diluted EPS divided by weighted average number of shares on a diluted basis.
 

ALIBABA GROUP HOLDING LIMITED
RECONCILIATIONS OF NON-GAAP MEASURES TO THE NEAREST COMPARABLE GAAP MEASURES (CONTINUED)

The table below sets forth a reconciliation of net cash provided by operating activities to free cash flow for the periods indicated:

  Three months ended September 30,   Six months ended September 30,
2017   2018 2017   2018
RMB RMB   US$ RMB RMB   US$
(in millions) (in millions)
Net cash provided by operating activities(1) 30,121 31,407 4,573 55,994 67,524 9,832
Less: Purchase of property and equipment (excluding land use rights and construction in progress relating to office campus) (5,322) (11,632) (1,694) (6,535) (16,637) (2,423)
Less: Acquisition of licensed copyrights and intangible assets

 

(2,680)

 

(3,742)

 

(545)

 

(4,629)

 

(8,496)

 

(1,237)

 
Free cash flow 22,119 16,033 2,334 44,830 42,391 6,172

__________________

(1)     We adopted ASU 2016-18, “Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Restricted Cash,” beginning in the first quarter of fiscal year 2019. As a result of adopting this new accounting update, the consolidated statements of cash flows were retrospectively adjusted to include restricted cash and escrow receivables in cash and cash equivalents when reconciling the beginning-of-period and end-of-period total amounts shown on the consolidated statements of cash flows. The impact of the retrospective reclassification on cash flows from operating activities for the six months ended September 30, 2017 was an increase of RMB176 million.
 

ALIBABA GROUP HOLDING LIMITED
SELECTED OPERATING DATA

Annual active consumers

The table below sets forth the number of active consumers on our China retail marketplaces for the periods indicated:

  Twelve months ended
Dec 31,   Mar 31,   Jun 30,   Sep 30,   Dec 31,   Mar 31,   Jun 30,   Sept 30,
2016 2017 2017 2017 2017 2018 2018 2018
(in millions)
Annual active consumers 443 454 466 488 515 552 576

601

 

Mobile

The table below sets forth the mobile MAUs on our China retail marketplaces for the periods indicated:

  The month ended
Dec 31,   Mar 31,   Jun 30,   Sep 30,   Dec 31,   Mar 31,   Jun 30,   Sept 30,
2016 2017 2017 2017 2017 2018 2018 2018
(in millions)
Mobile MAUs 493 507 529 549 580 617 634

666

 

Alibaba Group Holding Limited
Investor Relations Contact
Rob Lin
investor@alibabagroup.com
or
Media Contacts
Brion Tingler
brion.tingler@alibaba-inc.com
or
Katie Lee
k.lee@alibaba-inc.com

Source: Alibaba Group Holding Limited