CHTR
$480.24
Charter Communicatio
$6.17
1.30%
Earnings Details
3rd Quarter September 2019
Friday, October 25, 2019 7:00:00 AM
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Summary

Charter Communicatio Beats

Charter Communicatio (CHTR) reported 3rd Quarter September 2019 earnings of $1.74 per share on revenue of $11.5 billion. The consensus earnings estimate was $1.66 per share on revenue of $11.5 billion. The Earnings Whisper number was $1.67 per share. Revenue grew 5.1% on a year-over-year basis.

Charter Communications Inc is a cable operator providing services in the United States. It offers cable video programming, Internet services, and voice services, as well as video services such as video on demand, HD television and DVR service.

Results
Reported Earnings
$1.74
Earnings Whisper
$1.67
Consensus Estimate
$1.66
Reported Revenue
$11.45 Bil
Revenue Estimate
$11.45 Bil
Growth
Earnings Growth
Revenue Growth
Power Rating
Grade
Earnings Release

Charter Announces Third Quarter 2019 Results

STAMFORD, Conn., Oct. 25, 2019 /PRNewswire/ -- Charter Communications, Inc. (along with its subsidiaries, the "Company" or "Charter") today reported financial and operating results for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019.

Charter Communications Logo. (PRNewsfoto/Charter Communications, Inc.)

Key highlights:

  • Third quarter total residential and SMB customer relationships increased 310,000, compared to 234,000 during the third quarter of 2018. As of September 30, 2019, Charter had 29.0 million total customer relationships, and added over 1.1 million net new customer relationships over the last twelve months.
  • During the third quarter, Charter generated residential and SMB Internet net additions of 380,000, video net losses of 75,000 and wireline voice net losses of 190,000.
  • Charter added 276,000 mobile lines in the third quarter, compared to 208,000 mobile line net additions in the second quarter of 2019. As of September 30, 2019, Charter served a total of 794,000 mobile lines.
  • Third quarter revenue of $11.5 billion grew 5.1%, as compared to the prior year period, driven by residential revenue growth of 4.4%, mobile revenue growth of $175 million and commercial revenue growth of 4.1%.
  • Third quarter Adjusted EBITDA1 of $4.1 billion grew 3.4% year-over-year, while third quarter cable Adjusted EBITDA1 of $4.2 billion grew 5.0% year-over-year.
  • Net income attributable to Charter shareholders totaled $387 million in the third quarter, compared to $493 million during the same period last year. The year-over-year decrease in net income attributable to Charter shareholders was primarily driven by a pension remeasurement gain in the third quarter of 2018, partly offset by higher Adjusted EBITDA.
  • Third quarter capital expenditures totaled $1.7 billion compared to $2.1 billion during the third quarter of 2018. Third quarter capital expenditures included $100 million of mobile-related capital expenditures.
  • Consolidated free cash flow1 for the third quarter of 2019 totaled $1.3 billion, compared to $532 million during the same period last year. Cable free cash flow1 for the third quarter totaled $1.5 billion, compared to $681 million during the same period last year.
  • During the third quarter, Charter purchased approximately 7.8 million shares of Charter Class A common stock and Charter Communications Holdings, LLC ("Charter Holdings") common units for approximately $3.1 billion.

"Our strategy of offering high-quality products with good service at attractive prices is working and continues to produce strong customer relationship growth," said Tom Rutledge, Chairman and CEO of Charter Communications. "In the third quarter, customer relationship growth continued to accelerate and our operating strategy keeps us well-positioned to take advantage of the growth opportunity in front of Charter."

1.

Adjusted EBITDA, cable Adjusted EBITDA, free cash flow and cable free cash flow are non-GAAP measures defined in the "Use of Adjusted EBITDA and Free Cash Flow Information" section and are reconciled to net income attributable to Charter shareholders and net cash flows from operating activities, respectively, in the addendum of this news release.

Key Operating Results


Approximate as of



September 30,
2019 (a)


September 30,
2018 (a)


Y/Y Change

Footprint (b)








Estimated Video Passings

51,579



50,616



1.9

%

Estimated Internet Passings

51,416



50,421



2.0

%

Estimated Voice Passings

50,867



49,833



2.1

%









Penetration Statistics (c)








Video Penetration of Estimated Video Passings

31.5

%


32.9

%


(1.4)

ppts

Internet Penetration of Estimated Internet Passings

51.2

%


49.4

%


1.8

ppts

Voice Penetration of Estimated Voice Passings

21.1

%


22.6

%


(1.5)

ppts









Customer Relationships (d)








Residential

27,037



26,063



3.7

%

Small and Medium Business

1,930



1,792



7.7

%

Total Customer Relationships

28,967



27,855



4.0

%









Quarterly Net Additions/(Losses)








Residential

282



192



46.7

%

Small and Medium Business

28



42



(32.9)

%

Total Customer Relationships

310



234



32.4

%









Residential








Primary Service Units ("PSUs")








Video

15,725



16,140



(2.6)

%

Internet

24,595



23,336



5.4

%

Voice

9,595



10,218



(6.1)

%









Quarterly Net Additions/(Losses)








Video

(77)



(66)



(17.1)

%

Internet

351



266



32.2

%

Voice

(213)



(107)



(98.9)

%









Single Play (e)

11,557



10,858



6.4

%

Double Play (e)

8,088



6,789



19.1

%

Triple Play (e)

7,392



8,416



(12.2)

%









Single Play Penetration (f)

42.7

%


41.7

%


1.0

 

ppts

Double Play Penetration (f)

29.9

%


26.1

%


3.8

ppts

Triple Play Penetration (f)

27.3

%


32.3

%


(5.0)

ppts









% Residential Non-Video Customer Relationships

41.8

%


38.1

%


3.7

ppts









Monthly Residential Revenue per Residential Customer (g)

$112.00



$111.13



0.8

%









Small and Medium Business








PSUs








Video

520



488



6.6

%

Internet

1,730



1,594



8.5

%

Voice

1,120



1,024



9.4

%









Quarterly Net Additions/(Losses)








Video

2



12



(77.4)

%

Internet

29



42



(31.0)

%

Voice

23



30



(24.8)

%









Monthly Small and Medium Business Revenue per Customer (h)

$169.44



$173.52



(2.4)

%









Enterprise PSUs (i)








Enterprise PSUs

264



243



8.8

%









Footnotes

In thousands, except per customer and penetration data. See footnotes to unaudited summary of operating statistics on page 5 of the addendum of this news release. The footnotes contain important disclosures regarding the definitions used for these operating statistics.


All percentages are calculated using whole numbers. Minor differences may exist due to rounding.

During the third quarter of 2019, Charter's residential customer relationships grew by 282,000, while third quarter 2018 residential customer relationships grew by 192,000. As of September 30, 2019, Charter had 27.0 million residential customer relationships, with year-over-year growth of 3.7%.

Charter added 351,000 residential Internet customers in the third quarter of 2019, versus third quarter 2018 residential Internet customer net additions of 266,000. As of September 30, 2019, Charter had 24.6 million residential Internet customers, with 85% subscribing to tiers that provided 100 Mbps or more of speed. Charter recently doubled its minimum Internet speeds to 200 Mbps in a number of additional markets at no additional cost to new and existing Spectrum Internet residential and SMB customers. Currently, 200 Mbps is the slowest speed offered to new Internet customers in approximately 60% of Charter's footprint, with 100 Mbps offered as the slowest speed in the remaining 40% of its footprint.

Residential video customers decreased by 77,000 in the third quarter of 2019, while third quarter 2018 video customers decreased by 66,000. As of September 30, 2019, Charter had 15.7 million residential video customers.

During the third quarter of 2019, residential wireline voice customers declined by 213,000, while third quarter 2018 voice customers declined by 107,000. As of September 30, 2019, Charter had 9.6 million residential wireline voice customers.

Third quarter 2019 residential revenue per residential customer (excluding mobile) totaled $112.00, and grew by 0.8% compared to the prior year period, as promotional rate step-ups and rate adjustments were partly offset by a higher percentage of non-video customers, a higher mix of Choice and Stream customers within our video customer base and lower pay-per-view and video on demand revenue.

In September of 2018, Charter completed the full market launch of its Spectrum MobileTM service across its footprint. Spectrum Mobile is available to all new and existing Spectrum Internet customers and runs on America's most awarded LTE network combined with Spectrum WiFi. Spectrum Mobile customers can choose one of two simple ways to pay for data, "Unlimited" for $45 a month (per line), or "By the Gig" at $14/GB, in both cases including applicable fees and taxes. Late in the second quarter of 2019, Charter expanded its Bring Your Own Device (BYOD) program to all of its sales channels. During the third quarter of 2019, Charter added 276,000 mobile lines, and as of September 30, 2019, Charter served a total of 794,000 mobile lines.

SMB customer relationships grew by 28,000 during the third quarter of 2019, compared to growth of 42,000 during the third quarter of 2018. As of September 30, 2019, Charter had 1.9 million SMB customer relationships, with year-over-year growth of 7.7%. Enterprise PSUs grew by 6,000 during the third quarter of 2019 compared to growth of 8,000 during the third quarter of 2018. As of September 30, 2019, Charter had 264,000 enterprise PSUs, with growth of 8.8% year-over-year.

Third Quarter Financial Results

CHARTER COMMUNICATIONS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES 
UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND OPERATING DATA
(dollars in millions, except per share data)



Three Months Ended September 30,


2019


2018


% Change

REVENUES:






Video

$

4,359



$

4,332



0.6

%

Internet

4,195



3,809



10.1

%

Voice

477



512



(6.8)

%

Residential revenue

9,031



8,653



4.4

%

Small and medium business

974



922



5.7

%

Enterprise

644



632



1.8

%

Commercial revenue

1,618



1,554



4.1

%

Advertising sales

394



440



(10.6)

%

Mobile

192



17



NM

Other

215



228



(5.6)

%

Total Revenue

11,450



10,892



5.1

%

COSTS AND EXPENSES:






Cable operating costs and expenses

7,027



6,847



2.6

%

Mobile operating costs and expenses

337



94



NM

Total operating costs and expenses

7,364



6,941



6.1

%

Adjusted EBITDA

$

4,086



$

3,951



3.4

%

Adjusted EBITDA margin

35.7

%


36.3

%



Cable Adjusted EBITDA

$

4,231



$

4,028



5.0

%

Cable Adjusted EBITDA margin

37.6

%


37.0

%



Capital Expenditures

$

1,651



$

2,118




% Total Revenue

14.4

%


19.5

%



Cable Capital Expenditures

$

1,551



$

2,052




% Total Cable Revenue

13.8

%


18.9

%



Net income attributable to Charter shareholders

$

387



$

493




Earnings per common share attributable to Charter shareholders:






Basic

$

1.77



$

2.14




Diluted

$

1.74



$

2.11




Net cash flows from operating activities

$

2,943



$

2,804




Free cash flow

$

1,271



$

532




Cable free cash flow

$

1,527



$

681




Revenues

Third quarter revenue rose 5.1% year-over-year to $11.5 billion, driven by growth in Internet, mobile, commercial and video revenue. Excluding mobile revenue and advertising revenue, which benefited from political spend in the third quarter of 2018, revenue grew 4.1% year-over-year.

Video revenue totaled $4.4 billion in the third quarter, an increase of 0.6% compared to the prior year period. Video revenue growth was driven by rate adjustments and promotional rolloff, partly offset by a decline in video customers during the last year, a higher mix of Choice and Stream customers within our video base and lower pay-per-view and video on demand revenue.

Internet revenue grew 10.1%, compared to the year-ago quarter, to $4.2 billion, driven by growth in Internet customers during the last year, promotional rolloff and rate adjustments.

Voice revenue totaled $477 million in the third quarter, a decrease of 6.8% compared to the third quarter of 2018, driven by a decline in wireline voice customers over the last twelve months and value-based pricing.

Commercial revenue rose to $1.6 billion, an increase of 4.1% over the prior year period, driven by SMB revenue growth of 5.7% and enterprise revenue growth of 1.8%. Third quarter commercial revenue was impacted by Charter's sale of Navisite, its managed cloud services business within Spectrum Enterprise, on September 6. Excluding Navisite revenue from both the third quarter of 2019 and 2018, commercial and enterprise revenue grew 5.2% and 4.4% over the prior year period, respectively.

Third quarter advertising sales revenue of $394 million declined 10.6% compared to the year-ago quarter, driven by lower political revenue. Excluding political revenue in both periods, advertising sales revenue grew by 5.8% year-over-year.

Third quarter mobile revenue totaled $192 million, an increase of $175 million year-over-year.

Other revenue totaled $215 million in the third quarter, a decrease of 5.6% year-over-year, driven by lower home shopping revenue and processing fees, partly offset by video customer premise equipment ("CPE") sold to customers.

Operating Costs and Expenses

Third quarter total operating costs and expenses increased by $423 million, or 6.1% year-over-year, and 2.6% when excluding third quarter mobile costs.

Third quarter programming expense increased by $12 million, or 0.4% as compared to the third quarter of 2018, reflecting contractual programming increases and renewals, partly offset by lower video customers, a higher mix of Choice and Stream customers within our video base and lower pay-per-view expenses.

Regulatory, connectivity and produced content expenses increased by $66 million, or 12.3% year-over-year, primarily driven by higher regulatory and franchise pass-through fees, original programming costs and costs of video CPE sold to customers.

Costs to service customers increased by $40 million, or 2.2% year-over-year, despite year-over-year residential and SMB customer growth of 4.0%. Cost to service customers excluding bad debt declined by 0.1% year-over-year.

Marketing expenses increased by $3 million, or 0.4% year-over-year.

Other expenses increased by $59 million, or 6.7% as compared to the third quarter of 2018 primarily driven by software costs, enterprise labor costs and insurance costs.

Third quarter mobile costs totaled $337 million, an increase of $243 million year-over-year, and were comprised of device costs, service and operating costs.

Adjusted EBITDA

Third quarter Adjusted EBITDA of $4.1 billion grew by 3.4% year-over-year, reflecting revenue growth and operating expense growth of 5.1% and 6.1%, respectively. Third quarter cable Adjusted EBITDA grew by 5.0% year-over-year reflecting cable revenue growth and cable operating expense growth of 3.5% and 2.6%, respectively.

Net Income Attributable to Charter Shareholders

Net income attributable to Charter shareholders totaled $387 million in the third quarter of 2019, compared to $493 million in the third quarter of 2018. The year-over-year decrease in net income attributable to Charter shareholders was primarily driven by a pension remeasurement gain which benefited the third quarter of 2018 and higher interest expense, partly offset by higher Adjusted EBITDA and lower depreciation and amortization costs.

Net income per basic common share attributable to Charter shareholders totaled $1.77 in the third quarter of 2019 compared to $2.14 during the same period last year. The decrease was primarily the result of the factors described above in addition to a 5.2% decrease in weighted average common shares outstanding versus the prior year period.

Capital Expenditures

Property, plant and equipment expenditures totaled $1.7 billion in the third quarter of 2019, compared to $2.1 billion during the third quarter of 2018, primarily driven by declines in CPE, scalable infrastructure and support spending. The decrease in CPE spending was primarily driven by a decline in the pace of migration of Legacy TWC and Legacy Bright House customers to Spectrum pricing and packaging, the completion of Charter's all-digital initiative in 2018, increasing customer self-installations and a higher mix of boxless video outlets. The year-over-year decrease in scalable infrastructure spending was primarily driven by the completion of the rollout of DOCSIS 3.1 technology in 2018 and the associated bandwidth benefit in 2019. The decrease in support capital was due to lower insourcing and integration-related spend, partly offset by higher mobile capital spending. Third quarter capital expenditures included $100 million of mobile costs, of which $78 million were included in support capital.

Charter currently expects capital expenditures, excluding capital expenditures related to mobile, to be slightly below $7 billion in 2019, versus $8.9 billion in 2018.

Cash Flow and Free Cash Flow

During the third quarter of 2019, net cash flows from operating activities totaled $2.9 billion, compared to $2.8 billion in the prior year quarter. The year-over-year increase in net cash flows from operating activities was primarily due to higher Adjusted EBITDA.

Consolidated free cash flow for the third quarter of 2019 totaled $1.3 billion, compared to $532 million during the same period last year. Cable free cash flow for the third quarter of 2019 totaled $1.5 billion, compared to $681 million during the same period last year. The year-over-year increases in consolidated free cash flow and cable free cash flow were driven by a decline in capital expenditures and an increase in net cash flows from operating activities.

Liquidity & Financing

As of September 30, 2019, total principal amount of debt was $74.2 billion. Charter's credit facilities provided approximately $4.3 billion of additional liquidity in excess of Charter's $508 million cash position.

In July 2019, CCO Holdings, LLC ("CCO Holdings") and CCO Holdings Capital Corp. issued $750 million of 5.375% senior unsecured notes due 2029. Charter used the net proceeds for general corporate purposes, including funding buybacks of Charter Class A common stock and/or Charter Holdings common units and for repaying certain indebtedness.

In July 2019, Charter Communications Operating, LLC ("Charter Operating") and Charter Communications Operating Capital Corp. issued $1.25 billion of 5.125% senior secured notes due 2049. The net proceeds will be used to repay certain indebtedness, which may include the 5.000% senior notes due 2020 issued by Time Warner Cable, LLC, with any remaining proceeds used for general corporate purposes, including to fund potential buybacks of Charter Class A common stock and/or Charter Holdings common units.

In October 2019, CCO Holdings and CCO Holdings Capital Corp. issued $1.35 billion of 4.750% senior unsecured notes due 2030. The net proceeds were used to finance a tender offer and subsequent call of $500 million aggregate principal amount of CCO Holdings' outstanding 5.250% senior notes due 2021 and $850 million aggregate principal amount of CCO Holdings' outstanding 5.750% senior notes due 2024. Later in October, an additional $500 million of the same 4.750% senior unsecured notes due 2030 were issued. The proceeds will be used for general corporate purposes, including to fund potential buybacks of Charter Class A common stock and/or Charter Holdings common units and to repay certain indebtedness.

In October 2019, Charter Operating and Charter Communications Operating Capital Corp. issued $1.5 billion of 4.800% senior secured notes due 2050. The proceeds will be used for general corporate purposes, including to fund potential buybacks of Charter Class A common stock and/or Charter Holdings common units and to repay certain indebtedness.

In October 2019, Charter Operating repriced $4.5 billion of revolver and $4.0 billion of term loan A to LIBOR plus 125 basis points and its existing term loan B to LIBOR plus 175 basis points. In addition, $4.5 billion of the revolver and $4.0 billion of term loan A maturities were extended to 2025 and $3.8 billion of term loan B maturities were extended to 2027.

Share Repurchases

During the three months ended September 30, 2019, Charter purchased approximately 7.8 million shares of Charter Class A common stock and Charter Holdings common units for approximately $3.1 billion.

Conference Call

Charter will host a conference call on Friday, October 25, 2019 at 8:30 a.m. Eastern Time (ET) related to the contents of this release.

The conference call will be webcast live via the Company's investor relations website at ir.charter.com. The call will be archived under the "Financial Information" section two hours after completion of the call. Participants should go to the webcast link no later than 10 minutes prior to the start time to register.

Those participating via telephone should dial 866-919-0894 no later than 10 minutes prior to the call. International participants should dial 706-679-9379. The conference ID code for the call is 2697386.

A replay of the call will be available at 855-859-2056 or 404-537-3406 beginning two hours after the completion of the call through the end of business on November 8, 2019. The conference ID code for the replay is 2697386.

Additional Information Available on Website

The information in this press release should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and footnotes contained in the Company's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, which will be posted on the "Financial Information" section of our investor relations website at ir.charter.com, when it is filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the "SEC"). A slide presentation to accompany the conference call and a trending schedule containing historical customer and financial data will also be available in the "Financial Information" section.

Use of Adjusted EBITDA and Free Cash Flow Information

The company uses certain measures that are not defined by U.S. generally accepted accounting principles ("GAAP") to evaluate various aspects of its business. Adjusted EBITDA and free cash flow are non-GAAP financial measures and should be considered in addition to, not as a substitute for, consolidated net income and net cash flows from operating activities reported in accordance with GAAP. These terms, as defined by Charter, may not be comparable to similarly titled measures used by other companies. Adjusted EBITDA and free cash flow are reconciled to net income attributable to Charter shareholders and net cash flows from operating activities, respectively, in the Addendum to this release.

Adjusted EBITDA is defined as net income attributable to Charter shareholders plus net income attributable to noncontrolling interest, net interest expense, income taxes, depreciation and amortization, stock compensation expense, (gain) loss on financial instruments, other (income) expense, net and other operating (income) expenses, such as special charges and (gain) loss on sale or retirement of assets. As such, it eliminates the significant non-cash depreciation and amortization expense that results from the capital-intensive nature of the Company's businesses as well as other non-cash or special items, and is unaffected by the Company's capital structure or investment activities. However, this measure is limited in that it does not reflect the periodic costs of certain capitalized tangible and intangible assets used in generating revenues and the cash cost of financing. These costs are evaluated through other financial measures.

Free cash flow is defined as net cash flows from operating activities, less capital expenditures and changes in accrued expenses related to capital expenditures.

Management and Charter's board of directors use Adjusted EBITDA and free cash flow to assess Charter's performance and its ability to service its debt, fund operations and make additional investments with internally generated funds. In addition, Adjusted EBITDA generally correlates to the leverage ratio calculation under the Company's credit facilities or outstanding notes to determine compliance with the covenants contained in the facilities and notes (all such documents have been previously filed with the the SEC). For the purpose of calculating compliance with leverage covenants, the Company uses Adjusted EBITDA, as presented, excluding certain expenses paid by its operating subsidiaries to other Charter entities. The Company's debt covenants refer to these expenses as management fees, which were $317 million and $916 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, respectively, and $278 million and $816 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, respectively.

Cable Adjusted EBITDA is defined as Adjusted EBITDA less mobile revenues plus mobile operating costs and expenses. Cable free cash flow is defined as free cash flow plus mobile net cash outflows from operating activities and mobile capital expenditures. Management and Charter's board of directors use cable Adjusted EBITDA and cable free cash flow to provide management and investors a more meaningful year-over-year perspective on the financial and operational performance and trends of our core cable business without the impact of the revenue, costs and capital expenditures in the initial funding period to grow a new product line as well as the negative working capital impacts from the timing of device-related cash flows when we provide the handset or tablet to customers pursuant to equipment installment plans.

About Charter

Charter Communications, Inc. (NASDAQ:CHTR) is a leading broadband communications company and the second largest cable operator in the United States. Charter provides a full range of advanced residential broadband services, including Spectrum TV® programming, Spectrum Internet®, Spectrum Voice®, and Spectrum Mobile™. Under the Spectrum Business® brand, Charter provides scalable, and cost-effective broadband communications solutions to small and medium-sized business organizations, including Internet access, business telephone, and TV services. Through the Spectrum Enterprise brand, Charter is a national provider of scalable, fiber-based technology solutions serving many of America's largest businesses and communications service providers. Charter's advertising sales and production services are sold under the Spectrum Reach® brand. Charter's news and sports networks are operated under the Spectrum Networks brand. More information about Charter can be found at newsroom.charter.com.

CAUTIONARY STATEMENT REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This communication includes forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, regarding, among other things, our plans, strategies and prospects, both business and financial.  Although we believe that our plans, intentions and expectations as reflected in or suggested by these forward-looking statements are reasonable, we cannot assure you that we will achieve or realize these plans, intentions or expectations.  Forward-looking statements are inherently subject to risks, uncertainties and assumptions including, without limitation, the factors described under "Risk Factors" from time to time in our filings with the SEC.  Many of the forward-looking statements contained in this communication may be identified by the use of forward-looking words such as "believe," "expect," "anticipate," "should," "planned," "will," "may," "intend," "estimated," "aim," "on track," "target," "opportunity," "tentative," "positioning," "designed," "create," "predict," "project," "initiatives," "seek," "would," "could," "continue," "ongoing," "upside," "increases" and "potential," among others.  Important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from the forward-looking statements we make in this communication are set forth in our annual report on Form 10-K, and in other reports or documents that we file from time to time with the SEC, and include, but are not limited to:

  • our ability to sustain and grow revenues and cash flow from operations by offering video, Internet, voice, mobile, advertising and other services to residential and commercial customers, to adequately meet the customer experience demands in our service areas and to maintain and grow our customer base, particularly in the face of increasingly aggressive competition, the need for innovation and the related capital expenditures;
  • the impact of competition from other market participants, including but not limited to incumbent telephone companies, direct broadcast satellite ("DBS") operators, wireless broadband and telephone providers, digital subscriber line ("DSL") providers, fiber to the home providers, video provided over the Internet by (i) market participants that have not historically competed in the multichannel video business, (ii) traditional multichannel video distributors, and (iii) content providers that have historically licensed cable networks to multichannel video distributors, and providers of advertising over the Internet;
  • our ability to efficiently and effectively integrate acquired operations;
  • the effects of governmental regulation on our business including costs, disruptions and possible limitations on operating flexibility related to, and our ability to comply with, regulatory conditions applicable to us as a result of the Time Warner Cable Inc. and Bright House Networks, LLC Transactions;
  • general business conditions, economic uncertainty or downturn, unemployment levels and the level of activity in the housing sector;
  • our ability to obtain programming at reasonable prices or to raise prices to offset, in whole or in part, the effects of higher programming costs (including retransmission consents);
  • our ability to develop and deploy new products and technologies including mobile products and any other consumer services and service platforms;
  • any events that disrupt our networks, information systems or properties and impair our operating activities or our reputation;
  • the ability to retain and hire key personnel;
  • the availability and access, in general, of funds to meet our debt obligations prior to or when they become due and to fund our operations and necessary capital expenditures, either through (i) cash on hand, (ii) free cash flow, or (iii) access to the capital or credit markets; and
  • our ability to comply with all covenants in our indentures and credit facilities, any violation of which, if not cured in a timely manner, could trigger a default of our other obligations under cross-default provisions.

All forward-looking statements attributable to us or any person acting on our behalf are expressly qualified in their entirety by this cautionary statement.  We are under no duty or obligation to update any of the forward-looking statements after the date of this communication.

CHARTER COMMUNICATIONS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES 

UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND OPERATING DATA 

(dollars in millions, except per share data)      



Three Months Ended September 30,


Nine Months Ended September 30,


2019


2018


% Change


2019


2018


% Change

REVENUES:












Video

$

4,359



$

4,332



0.6

%


$

13,134



$

12,987



1.1

%

Internet

4,195



3,809



10.1

%


12,322



11,286



9.2

%

Voice

477



512



(6.8)

%


1,470



1,599



(8.0)

%

Residential revenue

9,031



8,653



4.4

%


26,926



25,872



4.1

%

Small and medium business

974



922



5.7

%


2,882



2,737



5.3

%

Enterprise

644



632



1.8

%


1,939



1,881



3.0

%

Commercial revenue

1,618



1,554



4.1

%


4,821



4,618



4.4

%

Advertising sales

394



440



(10.6)

%


1,134



1,223



(7.3)

%

Mobile

192



17



NM


490



17



NM

Other

215



228



(5.6)

%


632



673



(6.0)

%

Total Revenue

11,450



10,892



5.1

%


34,003



32,403



4.9

%

COSTS AND EXPENSES:












Programming

2,790



2,778



0.4

%


8,482



8,333



1.8

%

Regulatory, connectivity and produced content

612



546



12.3

%


1,770



1,639



8.0

%

Costs to service customers

1,894



1,854



2.2

%


5,483



5,492



(0.2)

%

Marketing

793



790



0.4

%


2,296



2,310



(0.6)

%

Mobile

337



94



NM


874



135



NM

Other expense

938



879



6.7

%


2,772



2,599



6.6

%

Total operating costs and expenses (exclusive of items shown separately below)

7,364



6,941



6.1

%


21,677



20,508



5.7

%

Adjusted EBITDA

4,086



3,951



3.4

%


12,326



11,895



3.6

%

Adjusted EBITDA margin

35.7

%


36.3

%




36.2

%


36.7

%



Depreciation and amortization

2,415



2,482





7,465



7,784




Stock compensation expense

71



71





238



213




Other operating expenses, net

14



18





71



116




Income from operations

1,586



1,380





4,552



3,782




OTHER INCOME (EXPENSES):












Interest expense, net

(963)



(901)





(2,833)



(2,630)




Gain (loss) on financial instruments, net

(34)



12





(116)






Other pension benefits, net

9



207





27



247




Other expense, net

(5)



(5)





(131)



(75)





(993)



(687)





(3,053)



(2,458)




Income before income taxes

593



693





1,499



1,324




Income tax expense

(126)



(109)





(329)



(178)




Consolidated net income

467



584





1,170



1,146




Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests

(80)



(91)





(216)



(212)




Net income attributable to Charter shareholders

$

387



$

493





$

954



$

934




EARNINGS PER COMMON SHARE












ATTRIBUTABLE TO CHARTER SHAREHOLDERS:











Basic

$

1.77



$

2.14





$

4.30



$

3.99




Diluted

$

1.74



$

2.11





$

4.23



$

3.93




Weighted average common shares outstanding, basic

218,499,213



230,554,633





221,818,079



234,159,830




Weighted average common shares outstanding, diluted

222,355,867



233,607,414





225,337,984



237,343,924





Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP term.  See page 6 of this addendum for the reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to net income attributable to Charter shareholders as defined by GAAP.


All percentages are calculated using whole numbers. Minor differences may exist due to rounding.


NM - Not meaningful

 

CHARTER COMMUNICATIONS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES 

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS 

(dollars in millions)  



September 30,


December 31,


2019


2018


(unaudited)



ASSETS




CURRENT ASSETS:




Cash and cash equivalents

$

508



$

551


Accounts receivable, net

2,284



1,733


Prepaid expenses and other current assets

596



446


Total current assets

3,388



2,730






RESTRICTED CASH

89



214






INVESTMENT IN CABLE PROPERTIES:




Property, plant and equipment, net

34,218



35,126


Customer relationships, net

7,956



9,565


Franchises

67,322



67,319


Goodwill

29,554



29,554


Total investment in cable properties, net

139,050



141,564






OPERATING LEASE RIGHT-OF-USE ASSETS

1,103




OTHER NONCURRENT ASSETS

1,637



1,622






Total assets

$

145,267



$

146,130






LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY




CURRENT LIABILITIES:




Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

$

8,263



$

8,805


Operating lease liabilities

210




Current portion of long-term debt

3,509



3,290


Total current liabilities

11,982



12,095






LONG-TERM DEBT

71,390



69,537


DEFERRED INCOME TAXES

17,609



17,389


LONG-TERM OPERATING LEASE LIABILITIES

991




OTHER LONG-TERM LIABILITIES

2,773



2,837






SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY:




Controlling interest

32,974



36,285


Noncontrolling interests

7,548



7,987


Total shareholders' equity

40,522



44,272






Total liabilities and shareholders' equity

$

145,267



$

146,130


 

CHARTER COMMUNICATIONS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES 

UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS 

(dollars in millions)



Three Months Ended
September 30,


Nine Months Ended
September 30,


2019


2018


2019


2018

CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:








Consolidated net income

$

467



$

584



$

1,170



$

1,146


Adjustments to reconcile consolidated net income to net cash flows from operating activities:








Depreciation and amortization

2,415



2,482



7,465



7,784


Stock compensation expense

71



71



238



213


Accelerated vesting of equity awards







5


Noncash interest income, net

(17)



(65)



(89)



(242)


Other pension benefits, net

(9)



(207)



(27)



(247)


(Gain) loss on financial instruments, net

34



(12)



116




Deferred income taxes

96



80



233



137


Other, net

(3)



5



148



81


Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of effects from acquisitions and dispositions:








Accounts receivable

(227)



(117)



(564)



(101)


Prepaid expenses and other assets

(49)



(6)



(225)



(97)


Accounts payable, accrued liabilities and other

165



(11)



(75)



(80)


Net cash flows from operating activities

2,943



2,804



8,390



8,599










CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:








Purchases of property, plant and equipment

(1,651)



(2,118)



(4,913)



(6,692)


Change in accrued expenses related to capital expenditures

(21)



(154)



(449)



(620)


Real estate investments through variable interest entities

(61)



(15)



(125)



(15)


Other, net

2



(36)



10



(103)


Net cash flows from investing activities

(1,731)



(2,323)



(5,477)



(7,430)










CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:








Borrowings of long-term debt

2,443



5,924



13,157



11,552


Repayments of long-term debt

(763)



(5,464)



(10,886)



(8,964)


Payments for debt issuance costs

(16)



(12)



(48)



(29)


Purchase of treasury stock

(2,767)



(933)



(4,568)



(3,214)


Proceeds from exercise of stock options

25



13



106



56


Purchase of noncontrolling interest

(339)



(145)



(593)



(473)


Distributions to noncontrolling interest

(38)



(38)



(116)



(114)


Borrowings for real estate investments through variable interest entities



170





170


Distributions to variable interest entities noncontrolling interest



(107)





(107)


Other, net

(6)



(2)



(133)



(7)


Net cash flows from financing activities

(1,461)



(594)



(3,081)



(1,130)










NET INCREASE (DECREASE) IN CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS AND RESTRICTED CASH

(249)



(113)



(168)



39


CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS AND RESTRICTED CASH, beginning of period

846



773



765



621


CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS AND RESTRICTED CASH, end of period

$

597



$

660



$

597



$

660










CASH PAID FOR INTEREST

$

1,048



$

1,031



$

3,065



$

2,920


CASH PAID FOR TAXES

$

12



$

5



$

55



$

27


 

CHARTER COMMUNICATIONS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

UNAUDITED SUMMARY OF OPERATING STATISTICS

(in thousands, except per customer and penetration data)



Approximate as of


September 30,
2019 (a)


June 30,
2019 (a)


December 31,
2018 (a)


September 30,
2018 (a)

Footprint (b)








Estimated Video Passings

51,579



51,258



50,824



50,616


Estimated Internet Passings

51,416



51,093



50,652



50,421


Estimated Voice Passings

50,867



50,538



50,086



49,833










Penetration Statistics (c)








Video Penetration of Estimated Video Passings

31.5

%


31.8

%


32.7

%


32.9

%

Internet Penetration of Estimated Internet Passings

51.2

%


50.8

%


49.9

%


49.4

%

Voice Penetration of Estimated Voice Passings

21.1

%


21.6

%


22.3

%


22.6

%









Customer Relationships (d)








Residential

27,037



26,755



26,270



26,063


Small and Medium Business

1,930



1,902



1,833



1,792


Total Customer Relationships

28,967



28,657



28,103



27,855










Quarterly Net Additions/(Losses)








Residential

282



164



207



192


Small and Medium Business

28



39



41



42


Total Customer Relationships

310



203



248



234










Residential








Primary Service Units ("PSUs")








Video

15,725



15,802



16,104



16,140


Internet

24,595



24,244



23,625



23,336


Voice

9,595



9,808



10,135



10,218










Quarterly Net Additions/(Losses)








Video

(77)



(150)



(36)



(66)


Internet

351



221



289



266


Voice

(213)



(207)



(83)



(107)










Single Play (e)

11,557



11,354



10,928



10,858


Double Play (e)

8,088



7,709



7,097



6,789


Triple Play (e)

7,392



7,692



8,245



8,416










Single Play Penetration (f)

42.7

%


42.4

%


41.6

%


41.7

%

Double Play Penetration (f)

29.9

%


28.8

%


27.0

%


26.1

%

Triple Play Penetration (f)

27.3

%


28.8

%


31.4

%


32.3

%









% Residential Non-Video Customer Relationships

41.8

%


40.9

%


38.7

%


38.1

%









Monthly Residential Revenue per Residential Customer (g)

$

112.00



$

112.20



$

111.78



$

111.13










Small and Medium Business








PSUs








Video

520



518



502



488


Internet

1,730



1,701



1,634



1,594


Voice

1,120



1,097



1,051



1,024










Quarterly Net Additions/(Losses)








Video

2



9



14



12


Internet

29



37



40



42


Voice

23



25



27



30










Monthly Small and Medium Business Revenue per Customer (h)

$

169.44



$

170.42



$

170.62



$

173.52










Enterprise PSUs (i)








Enterprise PSUs

264



258



248



243




(a)

Customer statistics do not include mobile.  We calculate the aging of customer accounts based on the monthly billing cycle for each account.  On that basis, at September 30, 2019, June 30, 2019, December 31, 2018 and September 30, 2018, actual customers include approximately 148,000, 152,900, 217,600 and 231,400 customers, respectively, whose accounts were over 60 days past due, approximately 16,400, 13,800, 24,000 and 23,100 customers, respectively, whose accounts were over 90 days past due and approximately 14,100, 15,800, 19,200 and 18,500 customers, respectively, whose accounts were over 120 days past due.



(b)

Passings represent our estimate of the number of units, such as single family homes, apartment and condominium units and small and medium business and enterprise sites passed by our cable distribution network in the areas where we offer the service indicated.  These estimates are based upon the information available at this time and are updated for all periods presented when new information becomes available.



(c)

Penetration represents residential and small and medium business customers as a percentage of estimated passings for the service indicated.



(d)

Customer relationships include the number of customers that receive one or more levels of service, encompassing video, Internet and voice services, without regard to which service(s) such customers receive.  Customers who reside in residential multiple dwelling units ("MDUs") and that are billed under bulk contracts are counted based on the number of billed units within each bulk MDU.  Total customer relationships exclude enterprise customer relationships.



(e)

Single play, double play and triple play customers represent customers that subscribe to one, two or three of Charter service offerings, respectively.



(f)

Single play, double play and triple play penetration represents the number of residential single play, double play and triple play customers, respectively, as a percentage of residential customer relationships.



(g)

Monthly residential revenue per residential customer is calculated as total residential video, Internet and voice quarterly revenue divided by three divided by average residential customer relationships during the respective quarter.



(h)

Monthly small and medium business revenue per customer is calculated as total small and medium business quarterly revenue divided by three divided by average small and medium business customer relationships during the respective quarter.



(i)

Enterprise PSUs represents the aggregate number of fiber service offerings counting each separate service offering at each customer location as an individual PSU.

 

CHARTER COMMUNICATIONS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

UNAUDITED RECONCILIATION OF NON-GAAP MEASURES TO GAAP MEASURES

(dollars in millions)






Three Months Ended
September 30,


Nine Months Ended
September 30,


2019


2018


2019


2018

Net income attributable to Charter shareholders

$

387



$

493



$

954



$

934


Plus:  Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest

80



91



216



212


Interest expense, net

963



901



2,833



2,630


Income tax expense

126



109



329



178


Depreciation and amortization

2,415



2,482



7,465



7,784


Stock compensation expense

71



71



238



213


(Gain) loss on financial instruments, net

34



(12)



116




Other pension benefits, net

(9)



(207)



(27)



(247)


Other, net

19



23



202



191


Adjusted EBITDA (a)

4,086



3,951



12,326



11,895


Less:  Mobile revenue

(192)



(17)



(490)



(17)


Plus:  Mobile costs and Expenses

337



94



874



135


Cable Adjusted EBITDA

$

4,231



$

4,028



$

12,710



$

12,013










Net cash flows from operating activities

$

2,943



$

2,804



$

8,390



$

8,599


Less:  Purchases of property, plant and equipment

(1,651)



(2,118)



(4,913)



(6,692)


Change in accrued expenses related to capital expenditures

(21)



(154)



(449)



(620)


Free cash flow

1,271



532



3,028



1,287


Plus:  Mobile net cash outflows from operating activities

156



83



563



154


          Purchases of mobile property, plant and equipment

100



66



281



136


Cable free cash flow

$

1,527



$

681



$

3,872



$

1,577




(a)

See page 1 of this addendum for detail of the components included within Adjusted EBITDA. 



The above schedule is presented in order to reconcile Adjusted EBITDA, cable Adjusted EBITDA, free cash flow and cable free cash flow, non-GAAP measures, to the most directly comparable GAAP measures in accordance with Section 401(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act.

 

CHARTER COMMUNICATIONS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES 

 UNAUDITED CAPITAL EXPENDITURES

(dollars in millions)



Three Months Ended
September 30,


Nine Months Ended
September 30,


2019


2018


2019


2018

Customer premise equipment (a)

$

470



$

675



$

1,527



$

2,437


Scalable infrastructure (b)

320



505



840



1,578


Line extensions (c)

370



348



1,054



992


Upgrade/rebuild (d)

165



190



451



522


Support capital (e)

326



400



1,041



1,163


   Total capital expenditures

1,651



2,118



4,913



6,692


Less:  Mobile capital expenditures

(100)



(66)



(281)



(136)


Cable capital expenditures

$

1,551



$

2,052



$

4,632



$

6,556










Capital expenditures included in total related to:








Commercial services

$

327



$

342



$

956



$

934


All-digital transition

$



$

42



$



$

316




(a)

Customer premise equipment includes costs incurred at the customer residence to secure new customers and revenue generating units, including customer installation costs and customer premise equipment (e.g., set-top boxes and cable modems).

(b)

Scalable infrastructure includes costs, not related to customer premise equipment, to secure growth of new customers and revenue generating units, or provide service enhancements (e.g., headend equipment).

(c)

Line extensions include network costs associated with entering new service areas (e.g., fiber/coaxial cable, amplifiers, electronic equipment, make-ready and design engineering).

(d)

Upgrade/rebuild includes costs to modify or replace existing fiber/coaxial cable networks, including betterments.

(e)

Support capital includes costs associated with the replacement or enhancement of non-network assets due to technological and physical obsolescence (e.g., non-network equipment, land, buildings and vehicles).

 

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SOURCE Charter Communications, Inc.