CRM
$135.95
Salesforce.com
($6.11)
(4.30%)
Earnings Details
3rd Quarter October 2018
Tuesday, November 27, 2018 4:05:00 PM
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Summary

Salesforce.com Beats

Salesforce.com (CRM) reported 3rd Quarter October 2018 earnings of $0.61 per share on revenue of $3.4 billion. The consensus earnings estimate was $0.50 per share on revenue of $3.4 billion. The Earnings Whisper number was $0.55 per share. Revenue grew 26.6% on a year-over-year basis.

The company said it expects fourth quarter earnings of $0.54 to $0.55 per share on revenue of $3.551 billion to $3.561 billion. The current consensus earnings estimate is $0.57 per share on revenue of $3.52 billion for the quarter ending January 31, 2019. The company also said it expects fiscal 2020 revenue of $15.90 billion to $16.00 billion. The current consensus estimate is revenue of $15.81 billion for the year ending January 31, 2020.

Salesforce.com Inc provides enterprise cloud computing solutions, offering social and mobile cloud apps and platform services, as well as professional services to facilitate the adoption of its solutions.

Results
Reported Earnings
$0.61
Earnings Whisper
$0.55
Consensus Estimate
$0.50
Reported Revenue
$3.39 Bil
Revenue Estimate
$3.37 Bil
Growth
Earnings Growth
Revenue Growth
Power Rating
Grade
Earnings Release

Salesforce Announces Record Third Quarter Fiscal 2019 Results

SAN FRANCISCO, Nov. 27, 2018 /PRNewswire/ -- Salesforce (NYSE: CRM), the global leader in CRM, today announced results for its fiscal third quarter ended October 31, 2018.

Salesforce (PRNewsFoto/salesforce.com) (PRNewsfoto/Salesforce)

"Given the strength of this quarter's results and the incredible customer demand we are seeing, we are again raising our FY19 revenue guidance and initiating our full year fiscal 2020 revenue guidance at $16 billion at the high end of the range," said Keith Block, co-CEO, Salesforce. "Companies across every industry, in every geography have a mandate to digitally transform their businesses and are turning to Salesforce as a strategic partner."

"I'm thrilled that Salesforce will be the fastest enterprise software company in history to reach $16 billion in revenue," said Marc Benioff, chairman and co-CEO, Salesforce. "I would like to thank all of our Ohana who make everything we do possible."

Salesforce delivered the following results for its fiscal third quarter:

Revenue: Total third quarter revenue was $3.39 billion, an increase of 26% year-over-year, and 26% in constant currency. Subscription and support revenues were $3.17 billion, an increase of 26% year-over-year. Professional services and other revenues were $224 million, an increase of 15% year-over-year.

Earnings per Share: Third quarter GAAP diluted earnings per share was $0.13, and non-GAAP diluted earnings per share was $0.61. Mark-to-market accounting of the company's strategic investments, required by ASU 2016-01, benefited GAAP diluted earnings per share by $0.07 and non-GAAP diluted earnings per share by $0.06.

Cash: Cash generated from operations for the third quarter was $143 million, an increase of 14% year-over-year. Total cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities ended the third quarter at $3.45 billion.

Unearned Revenue: Unearned revenue on the balance sheet as of October 31, 2018 was $5.38 billion, an increase of 25% year-over-year, and 26% in constant currency.

Remaining Performance Obligation: Remaining performance obligation, representing future revenues that are under contract but have not yet been recognized, ended the third quarter at approximately $21.2 billion, an increase of 34% year-over-year. This includes approximately $300 million related to the remaining performance obligation from MuleSoft. Current remaining performance obligation, which represents the future revenues under contract expected to be recognized over the next 12 months, ended the third quarter at approximately $10.0 billion, an increase of 27% year-over-year.

As of November 27, 2018, the company is initiating revenue, earnings per share, and unearned revenue guidance for its fourth quarter of fiscal year 2019. The company is also raising its revenue guidance and earnings per share guidance, and maintaining its operating cash flow growth guidance for its full fiscal year 2019, previously provided on August 29, 2018. In addition, the company is initiating revenue guidance for its full fiscal year 2020. The guidance below does not reflect any potential future gains or losses on our strategic investment portfolio resulting from the impact of ASU 2016-01. While historically our investment portfolio has had a positive impact on our financial results, that may not be true for future periods, particularly in periods of significant market fluctuations that affect the publicly traded companies within our strategic investment portfolio. The guidance below is based on estimated GAAP tax rates that reflect the company's currently available information, including the anticipated impact of the new Tax Act and interpretations thereof, as well as other factors and assumptions. The GAAP tax rates may fluctuate due to recent acquisitions.


Q4 FY19 Guidance

Full Year FY19
Guidance

Full Year FY20
Guidance

Revenue

$3.551 - $3.561 billion

$13.23 - $13.24 billion

$15.90 - $16.00 billion

Y/Y Growth

25%

26%

20% - 21%

GAAP EPS

$0.08 - $0.09

$1.06 - $1.07

N/A

Non-GAAP EPS

$0.54 - $0.55

$2.60 - $2.61

N/A

Unearned Revenue
Growth (Y/Y)

~17%

N/A

N/A

Operating Cash
Flow Growth (Y/Y)

N/A

15% - 16%

N/A

The following is a per share reconciliation of GAAP diluted earnings per share to non-GAAP diluted earnings per share guidance for the next quarter and the full year:


Fiscal 2019


Q4


FY2019





GAAP EPS range* 

 $0.08 - $0.09 


 $1.06 - $1.07 

Plus




Amortization of purchased intangibles

$           0.17


$           0.58

Stock-based expense

$           0.42


$           1.66

Amortization of debt discount, net

$           0.00


$           0.01

Less




Income tax effects and adjustments**

$          (0.13)


$          (0.71)

Non-GAAP diluted EPS***

 $0.54 - $0.55 


 $2.60 - $2.61 





Shares used in computing basic net income per share (millions)

767


751

Shares used in computing diluted net income per share (millions)

792


776




* The company's GAAP tax provision is expected to be approximately 13.0% for the three months ended January 31, 2019 and approximately 1.2% for the year ended January 31, 2019. The GAAP tax rates may fluctuate due to recent acquisitions or other transactions. The company's projected GAAP basic and diluted EPS excludes potential future impacts of ASU 2016-01.


** The company's Non-GAAP tax provision uses a long-term projected tax rate of 21.5%, which reflects currently available information and could be subject to change.


*** The company's projected Non-GAAP basic and diluted EPS excludes potential future impacts of ASU 2016-01.

For additional information regarding non-GAAP financial measures see the reconciliation of results and related explanations below.

Quarterly Conference Call
Salesforce will host a conference call at 2:00 p.m. (PT) / 5:00 p.m. (ET) today to discuss its financial results with the investment community.  A live web broadcast of the event will be available on the Salesforce Investor Relations website at www.salesforce.com/investor.  A live dial-in is available domestically at 866-901-SFDC or 866-901-7332 and internationally at 706-902-1764, passcode 7068467.  A replay will be available at (800) 585-8367 or (855) 859-2056 until midnight (ET) December 26, 2018.

About Salesforce
Salesforce, the global leader in CRM, empowers companies to connect with their customers in a whole new way. Salesforce has headquarters in San Francisco, with offices in Europe and Asia, and trades on the New York Stock Exchange under the ticker symbol "CRM." For more information about Salesforce, visit: www.salesforce.com.

"Safe harbor" statement under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995:  This press release contains forward-looking statements about our financial results, which may include expected GAAP and non-GAAP financial and other operating and non-operating results, including revenue, net income, diluted earnings per share, operating cash flow growth, operating margin improvement, unearned revenue growth, expected revenue growth, expected tax rates, stock-based compensation expenses, amortization of purchased intangibles, amortization of debt discount and shares outstanding.  The achievement or success of the matters covered by such forward-looking statements involves risks, uncertainties and assumptions.  If any such risks or uncertainties materialize or if any of the assumptions prove incorrect, the company's results could differ materially from the results expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements we make.

The risks and uncertainties referred to above include -- but are not limited to -- risks associated with the effect of general economic and market conditions; the impact of foreign currency exchange rate and interest rate fluctuations on our results; our business strategy and our plan to build our business, including our strategy to be the leading provider of enterprise cloud computing applications and platforms; the pace of change and innovation in enterprise cloud computing services; the competitive nature of the market in which we participate; our international expansion strategy; our service performance and security, including the resources and costs required to prevent, detect and remediate potential security breaches; the expenses associated with new data centers and third-party infrastructure providers; additional data center capacity; real estate and office facilities space; our operating results and cash flows; new services and product features; our strategy of acquiring or making investments in complementary businesses, joint ventures, services, technologies and intellectual property rights; the performance and fair value of our investments in complementary businesses through our strategic investment portfolio; our ability to realize the benefits from strategic partnerships and investments; our ability to successfully integrate acquired businesses and technologies, including the operations of MuleSoft, Inc.; our ability to continue to grow and maintain unearned revenue and remaining performance obligation; our ability to protect our intellectual property rights; our ability to develop our brands; our reliance on third-party hardware, software and platform providers; our dependency on the development and maintenance of the infrastructure of the Internet; the effect of evolving domestic and foreign government regulations, including those related to the provision of services on the Internet, those related to accessing the Internet, and those addressing data privacy and import and export controls; the valuation of our deferred tax assets; the potential availability of additional tax assets in the future; the impact of new accounting pronouncements and tax laws, including the U.S. Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, and interpretations thereof; uncertainties affecting our ability to estimate our non-GAAP tax rate; the impact of future gains or losses from our strategic investment portfolio, including gains or losses from overall market conditions which may affect the publicly traded companies within our strategic investment portfolio; the impact of expensing stock options and other equity awards; the sufficiency of our capital resources; factors related to our outstanding debt, revolving credit facility, term loans and loan associated with 50 Fremont; compliance with our debt covenants and capital lease obligations; current and potential litigation involving us; and the impact of climate change.

Further information on these and other factors that could affect the company's financial results is included in the reports on Forms 10-K, 10-Q and 8-K and in other filings we make with the Securities and Exchange Commission from time to time.  These documents are available on the SEC Filings section of the Investor Information section of the company's website at www.salesforce.com/investor.

Salesforce.com, inc. assumes no obligation and does not intend to update these forward-looking statements, except as required by law.

© 2018 salesforce.com, inc.  All rights reserved.  Salesforce and other marks are trademarks of salesforce.com, inc.  Other brands featured herein may be trademarks of their respective owners.

 

salesforce.com, inc.

Consolidated Statements of Operations

(in millions, except per share data)

(Unaudited)



Three Months Ended October 31,


Nine Months Ended October 31,


2018


2017

(as adjusted)*


2018


2017

(as adjusted)*

Revenues:








Subscription and support

$

3,168



$

2,506



$

9,038



$

7,098


Professional services and other

224



195



641



577


Total revenues

3,392



2,701



9,679



7,675


Cost of revenues (1)(2):








Subscription and support

676



528



1,887



1,485


Professional services and other

213



186



618



550


Total cost of revenues

889



714



2,505



2,035


Gross profit

2,503



1,987



7,174



5,640


Operating expenses (1)(2):








Research and development

481



394



1,368



1,157


Marketing and sales

1,588



1,167



4,421



3,426


General and administrative

342



271



987



814


Total operating expenses

2,411



1,832



6,776



5,397


Income from operations

92



155



398



243


Investment income

13



10



41



24


Interest expense

(40)



(21)



(113)



(65)


Gains (losses) on strategic investments, net

63



1



417



(4)


Other income

0



1



1



1


Income before benefit from (provision for) income taxes

128



146



744



199


Benefit from (provision for) income taxes

(23)



(39)



4



(45)


Net income

$

105



$

107



$

748



$

154


Basic net income per share

$

0.14



$

0.15



$

1.00



$

0.22


Diluted net income per share

$

0.13



$

0.14



$

0.97



$

0.21


Shares used in computing basic net income per share

760



717



746



712


Shares used in computing diluted net income per share

785



738



772



730



(1)  Amounts include amortization of intangible assets acquired through business combinations, as follows:



Three Months Ended October 31,


Nine Months Ended October 31,


2018


2017


2018


2017

Cost of revenues

$

62



$

40



$

153



$

127


Marketing and sales

67



30



164



91



(2)  Amounts include stock-based expense, as follows:



Three Months Ended October 31,


Nine Months Ended October 31,


2018


2017


2018


2017

Cost of revenues

$

42



$

33



$

119



$

97


Research and development

81



66



228



197


Marketing and sales

180



118



474



357


General and administrative

48



34



133



108



* Prior period information has been adjusted for the adoption of Accounting Standards Update No. 2014-09, "Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606)", which the Company adopted on February 1, 2018.

 

salesforce.com, inc.

Consolidated Statements of Operations

(As a percentage of total revenues)

(Unaudited)



Three Months Ended October 31,


Nine Months Ended October 31,


2018


2017

(as adjusted)*


2018


2017

(as adjusted)*

Revenues:








Subscription and support

93

%


93

%


93

%


92

%

Professional services and other

7



7



7



8


Total revenues

100



100



100



100


Cost of revenues (1)(2):








Subscription and support

20



19



20



20


Professional services and other

6



7



6



7


Total cost of revenues

26



26



26



27


Gross profit

74



74



74



73


Operating expenses (1)(2):








Research and development

14



15



14



15


Marketing and sales

47



43



46



45


General and administrative

10



10



10



10


Total operating expenses

71



68



70



70


Income from operations

3



6



4



3


Investment income

0



0



1



1


Interest expense

(1)



(1)



(1)



(1)


Gains (losses) on strategic investments, net

2



0



4



0


Other income

0



0



0



0


Income before benefit from (provision for) income taxes

4



5



8



3


Benefit from (provision for) income taxes

(1)



(1)



0



(1)


Net income

3

%


4

%


8

%


2

%


(1)  Amounts include amortization of intangible assets acquired through business combinations as a percentage of total revenues, as follows:



Three Months Ended October 31,


Nine Months Ended October 31,


2018


2017


2018


2017

Cost of revenues

2

%


1

%


2

%


2

%

Marketing and sales

2



1



2



1



(2)  Stock-based expense as a percentage of total revenues, as follows:



Three Months Ended October 31,


Nine Months Ended October 31,


2018


2017


2018


2017

Cost of revenues

1

%


1

%


1

%


1

%

Research and development

2



2



2



3


Marketing and sales

5



4



5



5


General and administrative

1



1



1



1



* Prior period information has been adjusted for the adoption of Topic 606.

 

salesforce.com, inc.

Consolidated Balance Sheets

(in millions)

(Unaudited)



October 31,
 2018


January 31, 2018
(as adjusted)*

Assets




Current assets:




Cash and cash equivalents

$

2,105



$

2,543


Marketable securities

1,345



1,978


Accounts receivable, net

2,037



3,921


Costs capitalized to obtain revenue contracts, net

683



671


Prepaid expenses and other current assets

700



471


Total current assets

6,870



9,584


Property and equipment, net

1,998



1,947


Costs capitalized to obtain revenue contracts, noncurrent, net

983



1,105


Capitalized software, net

149



146


Strategic investments

1,251



677


Goodwill

12,848



7,314


Intangible assets acquired through business combinations, net

2,053



827


Other assets, net

436



384


Total assets

$

26,588



$

21,984


Liabilities and stockholders' equity




Current liabilities:




Accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities

$

2,143



$

2,047


Unearned revenue

5,376



6,995


Current portion of debt

503



1,025


Total current liabilities

8,022



10,067


Noncurrent debt

3,173



695


Other noncurrent liabilities

700



846


Total liabilities

11,895



11,608


Stockholders' equity:




Common stock

1



1


Additional paid-in capital

13,393



9,752


Accumulated other comprehensive loss

(74)



(12)


Retained earnings

1,373



635


Total stockholders' equity

14,693



10,376


Total liabilities and stockholders' equity

$

26,588



$

21,984



* Prior period information has been adjusted for the adoption of Topic 606.

 

salesforce.com, inc.

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(in millions)

(Unaudited)



Three Months Ended October 31,


Nine Months Ended October 31,


2018


2017

(as adjusted)*


2018


2017

(as adjusted)*

Operating activities:








Net income

$

105



$

107



$

748



$

154


Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:








Depreciation and amortization

256



188



689



565


Amortization of debt discount and issuance costs

1



8



18



23


Amortization of costs capitalized to obtain revenue contracts, net

190



162



561



451


Expenses related to employee stock plans

351



251



954



759


(Gains) losses on strategic investments, net

(63)



(1)



(417)



4


Changes in assets and liabilities, net of business combinations:








Accounts receivable, net

(48)



51



1,965



1,680


Costs capitalized to obtain revenue contracts, net

(186)



(238)



(450)



(556)


Prepaid expenses and other current assets and other assets

82



(33)



(4)



(212)


Accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities

(34)



67



(311)



(27)


Unearned revenue

(511)



(437)



(1,686)



(1,155)


Net cash provided by operating activities

143



125



2,067



1,686


Investing activities:








Business combinations, net of cash acquired

(130)



0



(5,115)



(20)


Purchases of strategic investments

(108)



(55)



(292)



(113)


Sales of strategic investments

83



41



89



56


Purchases of marketable securities

(343)



(234)



(634)



(1,434)


Sales of marketable securities

79



194



1,352



437


Maturities of marketable securities

10



30



98



43


Capital expenditures

(136)



(111)



(428)



(396)


Net cash used in investing activities

(545)



(135)



(4,930)



(1,427)


Financing activities:








Proceeds from issuance of debt, net

0



0



2,966



0


Proceeds from employee stock plans

185



142



568



485


Principal payments on capital lease obligations

(2)



(8)



(110)



(83)


Repayments of debt

(1)



0



(1,028)



(200)


Net cash provided by financing activities

182



134



2,396



202


Effect of exchange rate changes

6



(1)



29



4


Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

(214)



123



(438)



465


Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period

2,319



1,949



2,543



1,607


Cash and cash equivalents, end of period

$

2,105



$

2,072



$

2,105



$

2,072



* Prior period information has been adjusted for the adoption of Topic 606. Total net cash provided by operating activities for the three and nine months ended October 31, 2017 as adjusted did not change.

 

salesforce.com, inc.

Additional Metrics

(Unaudited)



Oct 31,

2018


Jul 31,
2018


Apr 30,
2018


Jan 31,

2018


Oct 31,
2017


Jul 31,
2017

Full Time Equivalent Headcount (1)

34,391



32,717



30,149



29,401



28,527



27,155


Financial data (in millions):












Cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities (2)

$

3,450



$

3,427



$

7,159



$

4,521



$

3,629



$

3,501


Strategic investments (3)

$

1,251



$

1,202



$

1,024



$

677



$

670



$

658


Unearned revenue (4)

$

5,376



$

5,883



$

6,201



$

6,995



$

4,312



$

4,749


Principal due on the Company's outstanding debt obligations (2)

$

3,699



$

3,700



$

3,200



$

1,727



$

1,850



$

1,850



(1) Full time equivalent headcount includes 1,267 from the May 2018 acquisition of MuleSoft, Inc.


(2) The Company raised approximately $2.5 billion in a public offering of unsecured debt in April 2018 in connection with the acquisition of MuleSoft, Inc. which closed in May 2018.  Total cash paid in May 2018 in connection with the acquisition was approximately $4.9 billion. The Company's 0.25% Convertible Senior Notes matured in April 2018 and the Company paid the principal amount due at that time.


(3) The strategic investments balance as of October 31, 2018, July 31, 2018 and April 30, 2018 includes the fair value adjustments of the Company's publicly traded and privately held equity investments as the Company adopted Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-01, "Financial Instruments-Overall (Subtopic 825-10)" on February 1, 2018. See discussion below for further details on the fair value adjustments.


(4) Prior period information has been adjusted for the adoption of Topic 606, which the Company adopted on February 1, 2018. Topic 606 introduced unearned revenue, which is substantially similar to deferred revenue under previous accounting guidance, except for the removal of the limitation on contingent revenue.


Supplemental Revenue Analysis

Remaining Performance Obligation (Formerly "Remaining Transaction Price")

Topic 606 introduced remaining transaction price, which is different than unbilled deferred revenue under previous accounting guidance. Transaction price allocated to the remaining performance obligations represents contracted revenue that has not yet been recognized, which includes unearned revenue and unbilled amounts that will be recognized as revenue in future periods. Transaction price allocated to the remaining performance obligation is influenced by several factors, including seasonality, the timing of renewals, average contract terms and foreign currency exchange rates. Unbilled portions of the remaining transaction price denominated in foreign currencies are revalued each period based on the period end exchange rates.

As with unbilled deferred revenue under previous accounting guidance, the portion of the remaining performance obligation that is unbilled is not recorded on the balance sheet. Remaining performance obligation consisted of the following (in billions):


Current


Noncurrent


Total

As of October 31, 2018

$

10.0



$

11.2



$

21.2


As of July 31, 2018

$

9.8



$

11.2



$

21.0


As of April 30, 2018

$

9.6



$

10.8



$

20.4


As of October 31, 2017

$

7.9



$

7.9



$

15.8


 

Disaggregation of Revenue


Subscription and support revenue by cloud service offering (in millions):

Three Months Ended October 31,


Nine Months Ended October 31,


2018


2017

(as adjusted)*


2018


2017
(as adjusted)*

Sales Cloud

$

1,020



$

921



$

2,989



$

2,642


Service Cloud

917



738



2,657



2,094


Salesforce Platform and Other

742



491



2,029



1,378


Marketing and Commerce Cloud

489



356



1,363



984



$

3,168



$

2,506



$

9,038



$

7,098










Total revenues by geography (in millions):

Three Months Ended October 31,


Nine Months Ended October 31,


2018


2017

(as adjusted)*


2018


2017

(as adjusted)*

Americas

$

2,425



$

1,942



$

6,864



$

5,575


Europe

641



499



1,876



1,374


Asia Pacific

326



260



939



726



$

3,392



$

2,701



$

9,679



$

7,675










Total revenues by geography as a percentage of total revenues:

Three Months Ended October 31,


Nine Months Ended October 31,


2018


2017

(as adjusted)*


2018


2017

(as adjusted)*

Americas

71

%


72

%


71

%


73

%

Europe

19



18



19



18


Asia Pacific

10



10



10



9



100

%


100

%


100

%


100

%


* Prior period information has been adjusted for the adoption of Topic 606.

Constant Currency Growth Rates

The Company presents constant currency information to provide a framework for assessing how the Company's underlying business performed excluding the effect of foreign currency rate fluctuations. To present this information, current and comparative prior period results for entities reporting in currencies other than United States dollars are converted into United States dollars at the weighted average exchange rate for the quarter being compared to for growth rate calculations presented, rather than the actual exchange rates in effect during that period.

Revenue constant currency growth rates (as compared to the comparable prior periods as adjusted for Topic 606) were as follows:


Three Months Ended
October 31, 2018 compared
to Three Months Ended
October 31, 2017


Three Months Ended

July 31, 2018 compared

to Three Months Ended

July 31, 2017


Three Months Ended
October 31, 2017 compared

to Three Months Ended
October 31, 2016

Americas

25%


25%


20%

Europe

31%


32%


34%

Asia Pacific

26%


28%


28%

Total growth

26%


27%


23%

The Company presents constant currency information for unearned revenue to provide a framework for assessing how the Company's underlying business performed excluding the effects of foreign currency rate fluctuations. To present the information, the Company converted the unearned revenue balances in local currencies in previous comparable periods using the United States dollar currency exchange rate as of the most recent balance sheet date.

Unearned revenue constant currency growth rates (as compared to the comparable prior periods as adjusted for Topic 606) were as follows:


October 31, 2018
compared to
October 31, 2017


July 31, 2018
compared to
July 31, 2017


October 31, 2017
compared to
October 31, 2016

Total growth

26%


24%


23%


 

Supplemental Cash Flow Information

Free cash flow analysis, a non-GAAP measure

(in millions)



Three Months Ended October 31,


Nine Months Ended October 31,


2018


2017


2018


2017

Operating cash flow








GAAP net cash provided by operating activities

$

143



$

125



$

2,067



$

1,686


Less:








Capital expenditures

(136)



(111)



(428)



(396)


Free cash flow

$

7



$

14



$

1,639



$

1,290



 

Supplemental Strategic Investment Information

Gains (losses) on strategic investments, net

(in millions)


Upon adoption of ASU 2016-01 in the first fiscal quarter of 2019, the Company is now required to record all fair value adjustments of the Company's publicly traded and privately held equity investments through the statement of operations.  As such the Company anticipates additional volatility to the Company's statements of operations in future periods, due to changes in market prices of the Company's investments in publicly held equity investments and the valuation and timing of observable price changes and impairments of the Company's investments in privately held securities. These changes could be material based on market conditions and events. The results for the current fiscal period are not indicative of the results to be expected for any subsequent quarter or the fiscal year ending January 31, 2019.


Gains and losses recognized on strategic investments were as follows (in millions):



Three Months Ended October 31,


Nine Months Ended October 31,


2018


2017


2018


2017

Net gains recognized on publicly traded securities

$

1



$

0



$

277



$

0


Net gains (losses) recognized on privately held securities

62



1



140



(4)


Gains (losses) on strategic investments, net

$

63



$

1



$

417



$

(4)



 

Supplemental Debt Information

(in millions)


The carrying values of the Company's borrowings were as follows:


Instrument


Date of issuance


Maturity date


October 31, 2018


January 31, 2018

2021 Term Loan


May 2018


May 2021


$

499



$

0


2023 Senior Notes


April 2018


April 2023


992



0


2028 Senior Notes


April 2018


April 2028


1,488



0


2019 Term Loan


July 2016


July 2019


499



498


Loan assumed on 50 Fremont


February 2015


June 2023


198



199


0.25% Convertible Senior Notes


March 2013


April 2018


0



1,023


Total carrying value of debt






3,676



1,720


Less current portion of debt






(503)



(1,025)


Total noncurrent debt






$

3,173



$

695



 

Selected Balance Sheet Accounts (in millions):



October 31,
 2018


July 31,

2018


January 31, 2018
(as adjusted)*

Prepaid Expenses and Other Current Assets






Prepaid income taxes

$

12



$

15



$

33


Other taxes receivable

33



39



33


Prepaid expenses and other current assets

655



672



405



$

700



$

726



$

471


Property and Equipment, net






Land

$

184



$

184



$

184


Buildings and building improvements

630



629



626


Computers, equipment and software

1,723



1,700



1,629


Furniture and fixtures

171



156



139


Leasehold improvements

1,016



952



825


Property and equipment, gross

3,724



3,621



3,403


Less accumulated depreciation and amortization

(1,726)



(1,635)



(1,456)



$

1,998



$

1,986



$

1,947


Intangible Assets Acquired Through Business Combinations, net






Acquired developed technology

$

601



$

500



$

350


Customer relationships

1,442



1,465



472


Other

10



11



5



$

2,053



$

1,976



$

827


Other Assets, net






Deferred income taxes, noncurrent, net

$

46



$

43



$

36


Long-term deposits

25



25



24


Domain names and patents, net

28



33



23


Customer contract assets resulting from business combinations

144



170



159


Other

193



188



142



$

436



$

459



$

384


Accounts Payable, Accrued Expenses and Other Liabilities






Accounts payable

$

160



$

201



$

76


Accrued compensation

787



674



1,001


Accrued income and other taxes payable

263



303



306


Capital lease obligation, current

203



205



103


Other current liabilities

730



700



561



$

2,143



$

2,083



$

2,047


Other Noncurrent Liabilities






Deferred income taxes and income taxes payable

$

188



$

136



$

121


Financing obligation - leased facility

196



197



198


Long-term lease liabilities and other

316



320



527



$

700



$

653



$

846



* Prior period information has been adjusted for the adoption of Topic 606.

 

Comprehensive Income

(in millions)

(Unaudited)



Three Months Ended October 31,


Nine Months Ended October 31,


2018


2017 (as adjusted)


2018


2017 (as adjusted)

Net income

$

105



$

107

*


$

748



$

154

*

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of reclassification adjustments:








Foreign currency translation and other gains (losses)

(10)



7

*


(37)



37

*

Unrealized gains (losses) on marketable securities and strategic investments

(14)



(12)



(18)



51


Other comprehensive income (loss), net

(24)



(5)



(55)



88


Comprehensive income

$

81



$

102



$

693



$

242



* Prior period information has been adjusted for the adoption of Topic 606.

 

Supplemental Diluted Share Count Information

(share data in millions)



Three Months Ended October 31,


Nine Months Ended October 31,


2018


2017


2018


2017

Weighted-average shares outstanding for basic earnings per share

760



717



746



712


Effect of dilutive securities:








Convertible senior notes

0



5



1



5


Employee stock awards

25



15



22



13


Warrants

0



1



3



0


Adjusted weighted-average shares outstanding and assumed conversions for diluted earnings per share

785



738



772



730


 

salesforce.com, inc.

GAAP Results Reconciled to non-GAAP Results

The following table reflects selected GAAP results reconciled to non-GAAP results.

(in millions, except per share data)

(Unaudited) 



Three Months Ended October 31,


Nine Months Ended October 31,


2018


2017

(as adjusted)*


2018


2017

(as adjusted)*

Non-GAAP gross profit








GAAP gross profit

$

2,503



$

1,987



$

7,174



$

5,640


Plus:








Amortization of purchased intangibles (a)

62



40



153



127


Stock-based expense (b)

42



33



119



97


Non-GAAP gross profit

$

2,607



$

2,060



$

7,446



$

5,864


Non-GAAP operating expenses








GAAP operating expenses

$

2,411



$

1,832



$

6,776



$

5,397


Less:








Amortization of purchased intangibles (a)

67



30



164



91


Stock-based expense (b)

309



218



835



662


Non-GAAP operating expenses

$

2,035



$

1,584



$

5,777



$

4,644


Non-GAAP income from operations








GAAP income from operations

$

92



$

155



$

398



$

243


Plus:








Amortization of purchased intangibles (a)

129



70



317



218


Stock-based expense (b)

351



251



954



759


Non-GAAP income from operations

$

572



$

476



$

1,669



$

1,220


Non-GAAP non-operating income (loss) (c)








GAAP non-operating income (loss)

$

36



$

(9)



$

346



$

(44)


Plus:








Amortization of debt discount, net

0



6



4



19


Non-GAAP non-operating income (loss)

$

36



$

(3)



$

350



$

(25)


Non-GAAP net income








GAAP net income

$

105



$

107



$

748



$

154


Plus:








Amortization of purchased intangibles (a)

129



70



317



218


Stock-based expense (b)

351



251



954



759


Amortization of debt discount, net

0



6



4



19


Less:








Income tax effects and adjustments

(108)



(124)



(438)



(367)


Non-GAAP net income

$

477



$

310



$

1,585



$

783



* Prior period information has been adjusted for the adoption of Topic 606.



Three Months Ended October 31,


Nine Months Ended October 31,


2018


2017

(as adjusted)*


2018


2017

(as adjusted)*

Non-GAAP diluted earnings per share








GAAP diluted net income per share

$

0.13



$

0.14



$

0.97



$

0.21


Plus:








Amortization of purchased intangibles

0.17



0.10



0.41



0.30


Stock-based expense

0.45



0.34



1.23



1.04


Amortization of debt discount, net

0.00



0.01



0.01



0.02


Less:








Income tax effects and adjustments

(0.14)



(0.17)



(0.57)



(0.50)


Non-GAAP diluted earnings per share

$

0.61



$

0.42



$

2.05



$

1.07


Shares used in computing Non-GAAP diluted net income per share

785



738



772



730



* Prior period information has been adjusted for the adoption of Topic 606.


a)  Amortization of purchased intangibles were as follows:



Three Months Ended October 31,


Nine Months Ended October 31,


2018


2017


2018


2017

Cost of revenues

$

62



$

40



$

153



$

127


Marketing and sales

67



30



164



91



$

129



$

70



$

317



$

218



b)  Stock-based expense was as follows:



Three Months Ended October 31,


Nine Months Ended October 31,


2018


2017


2018


2017

Cost of revenues

$

42



$

33



$

119



$

97


Research and development

81



66



228



197


Marketing and sales

180



118



474



357


General and administrative

48



34



133



108



$

351



$

251



$

954



$

759



c)  GAAP non-operating income (loss) consists of investment income, interest expense, gains on strategic investments, net and other income.

 

salesforce.com, inc.

Computation of Basic and Diluted GAAP and non-GAAP Net Income Per Share

(in millions, except per share data)

(Unaudited)



Three Months Ended October 31,


Nine Months Ended October 31,


2018


2017

(as adjusted)*


2018


2017

(as adjusted)*

GAAP Basic Net Income Per Share








Net income

$

105



$

107



$

748



$

154


Basic net income per share

$

0.14



$

0.15



$

1.00



$

0.22


Shares used in computing basic net income per share

760



717



746



712











Three Months Ended October 31,


Nine Months Ended October 31,


2018


2017
(as adjusted)*


2018


2017

(as adjusted)*

Non-GAAP Basic Net Income Per Share








Non-GAAP net income

$

477



$

310



$

1,585



$

783


Basic Non-GAAP net income per share

$

0.63



$

0.43



$

2.12



$

1.10


Shares used in computing basic Non-GAAP net income per share

760



717



746



712











Three Months Ended October 31,


Nine Months Ended October 31,


2018


2017

(as adjusted)*


2018


2017

(as adjusted)*

GAAP Diluted Net Income Per Share








Net income

$

105



$

107



$

748



$

154


Diluted net income per share

$

0.13



$

0.14



$

0.97



$

0.21


Shares used in computing diluted net income per share

785



738



772



730











Three Months Ended October 31,


Nine Months Ended October 31,


2018


2017

(as adjusted)*


2018


2017

(as adjusted)*

Non-GAAP Diluted Net Income Per Share








Non-GAAP net income

$

477



$

310



$

1,585



$

783


Diluted Non-GAAP net income per share

$

0.61



$

0.42



$

2.05



$

1.07


Shares used in computing diluted Non-GAAP net income per share

785



738



772



730



* Prior period information has been adjusted for the adoption of Topic 606.


Non-GAAP Financial Measures:  This press release includes information about non-GAAP diluted earnings per share, non-GAAP tax rates, non-GAAP free cash flow, and constant currency revenue and constant currency unearned revenue growth rates (collectively the "non-GAAP financial measures"). These non-GAAP financial measures are measurements of financial performance that are not prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles and computational methods may differ from those used by other companies. Non-GAAP financial measures are not meant to be considered in isolation or as a substitute for comparable GAAP measures and should be read only in conjunction with the company's consolidated financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP. Management uses both GAAP and non-GAAP measures when planning, monitoring, and evaluating the company's performance.

The primary purpose of using non-GAAP measures is to provide supplemental information that may prove useful to investors and to enable investors to evaluate the company's results in the same way management does. Management believes that supplementing GAAP disclosure with non-GAAP disclosure provides investors with a more complete view of the company's operational performance and allows for meaningful period-to-period comparisons and analysis of trends in the company's business. Further, to the extent that other companies use similar methods in calculating non-GAAP measures, the provision of supplemental non-GAAP information can allow for a comparison of the company's relative performance against other companies that also report non-GAAP operating results.

Non-GAAP diluted earnings per share excludes, to the extent applicable, the impact of the following items:  stock-based compensation, amortization of acquisition-related intangibles, and previously the net amortization of debt discount on the company's convertible senior notes, as well as income tax adjustments.  These items are excluded because the decisions that give rise to them are not made to increase revenue in a particular period, but instead for the company's long-term benefit over multiple periods. 

Specifically, management is excluding the following items from its non-GAAP earnings per share, as applicable, for the periods presented in the Q3 FY19 financial statements and for its non-GAAP estimates for Q4 and FY19:

  • Stock-Based Expenses: The company's compensation strategy includes the use of stock-based compensation to attract and retain employees and executives. It is principally aimed at aligning their interests with those of our stockholders and at long-term employee retention, rather than to motivate or reward operational performance for any particular period. Thus, stock-based compensation expense varies for reasons that are generally unrelated to operational decisions and performance in any particular period.
  • Amortization of Purchased Intangibles: The company views amortization of acquisition-related intangible assets, such as the amortization of the cost associated with an acquired company's research and development efforts, trade names, customer lists and customer relationships, and in some cases, acquired lease intangibles, as items arising from pre-acquisition activities determined at the time of an acquisition. While these intangible assets are continually evaluated for impairment, amortization of the cost of purchased intangibles is a static expense, one that is not typically affected by operations during any particular period.
  • Gains on Strategic Investments, net: Upon the adoption of Accounting Standards Update 2016-01 on February 1, 2018, the company is required to record all fair value adjustments to its equity securities held within the strategic investment portfolio through the statement of operations. As a result of potential and unknown market volatility, the company excludes any potential future gains or losses on its strategic investment portfolio from both its GAAP and non-GAAP estimates for future periods.
  • Income Tax Effects and Adjustments: The company utilizes a fixed long-term projected non-GAAP tax rate in order to provide better consistency across the interim reporting periods by eliminating the effects of items such as changes in the tax valuation allowance and tax effects of acquisitions-related costs, since each of these can vary in size and frequency. When projecting this long-term rate, the company evaluated a three-year financial projection that excludes the direct impact of the following non-cash items: stock-based expenses, amortization of purchased intangibles, and previously the amortization of debt discount. The projected rate also assumes no new acquisitions in the three-year period, and considers other factors including the company's expected tax structure, its tax positions in various jurisdictions and key legislation in major jurisdictions where the company operates. For fiscal 2019, the company uses a projected non-GAAP tax rate of 21.5 percent, which reflects currently available information, including the anticipated impact of the Tax Act and interpretations thereof, as well as other factors and assumptions. The non-GAAP tax rate could be subject to change for a variety of reasons, including the company's ongoing analysis of the Tax Act over the measurement period, the rapidly evolving global tax environment, significant changes in the company's geographic earnings mix including due to acquisition activity, or other changes to the company's strategy or business operations. The company will re-evaluate its long-term rate as appropriate.

The company defines the non-GAAP measure free cash flow as GAAP net cash provided by operating activities, less capital expenditures.  For this purpose, capital expenditures does not include our strategic investments.

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SOURCE Salesforce