DAL
$55.99
Delta Air Lines
($.53)
(.94%)
Earnings Details
1st Quarter March 2019
Wednesday, April 10, 2019 7:00:00 AM
Tweet Share Watch
Summary

Delta Air Lines Beats

Delta Air Lines (DAL) reported 1st Quarter March 2019 earnings of $0.96 per share on revenue of $10.5 billion. The consensus earnings estimate was $0.90 per share on revenue of $10.4 billion. The Earnings Whisper number was $0.94 per share. Revenue grew 5.1% on a year-over-year basis.

The company said it expects second quarter earnings of $2.05 to $2.35 per share. The current consensus earnings estimate is $2.14 per share for the quarter ending June 30, 2019.

Delta Air Lines Inc provides scheduled air transportation for passengers and cargo throughout the United States and around the world. The Company' business segments are airline and refinery.

Results
Reported Earnings
$0.96
Earnings Whisper
$0.94
Consensus Estimate
$0.90
Reported Revenue
$10.47 Bil
Revenue Estimate
$10.37 Bil
Growth
Earnings Growth
Revenue Growth
Power Rating
Grade
Earnings Release

Delta Air Lines Announces 2019 March Quarter Profit

ATLANTA, April 10, 2019 /PRNewswire/ -- Delta Air Lines (NYSE: DAL) today reported financial results for the March quarter 2019 and provided its outlook for the June quarter 2019. Highlights of the March quarter 2019 results, including both GAAP and adjusted metrics, are below and incorporated here.

Delta Air Lines and the Delta Connection carriers offer service to nearly 370 destinations on six continents. For more information visit news.delta.com. (PRNewsFoto/Delta Air Lines)

March Quarter Financial Highlights

  • Adjusted earnings per share were $0.96, reflecting a 28 percent increase year over year on solid core performance and benefit from the early renewal of the American Express agreement.
  • Total adjusted revenue, which excludes refinery sales, grew 7.5 percent to $10.4 billion with 55 percent from premium products and non-ticket sources.
  • Total unit revenue, adjusted, increased 2.4 percent driven by double-digit growth in domestic corporate revenue and an approximate one point benefit from the American Express agreement.
  • Non-fuel unit cost (CASM-Ex) decreased 0.2 percent compared to the prior year period, marking the third consecutive quarter of strong cost performance.
  • Generated $2.0 billion of operating cash flow and $760 million of free cash flow after investing $1.3 billion into the business, primarily for aircraft purchases and modifications.
  • Returned $1.6 billion to shareholders, comprised of $1.3 billion of share repurchases and $233 million in dividends.

"Delta is off to a solid start in 2019.  Our March quarter performance demonstrates the power of our growing brand preference, our unmatched competitive advantages, and most importantly the Delta people who are committed to providing the best travel experiences for our customers every day.  I'm pleased to recognize their efforts with $220 million toward next year's profit sharing," said Ed Bastian, Delta's chief executive officer. "With the momentum in our business and our American Express contract renewal, we have increased confidence in achieving our full-year plan of top-line growth, margin expansion and double-digit earnings growth."

June Quarter 2019 Outlook

For the June quarter, Delta expects to deliver six to eight percent top-line growth and margin expansion.


2Q19 Forecast

Earnings per share

$2.05 - $2.35

Pre-tax margin

14% - 16%

Fuel price, including taxes and refinery impact

$2.10 - $2.20

Total revenue, adjusted (year-over-year)

Up 6% - 8%

TRASM, adjusted (year-over-year)

Up 1.5% - 3.5%

CASM - Ex (year-over-year)

Up 1% - 2%

System Capacity (year-over-year)

Up 4% - 4.5%

See Note A for information about reconciliation of projected non-GAAP financial measures

Total adjusted revenue and TRASM, adjusted above exclude refinery sales and DAL Global 
     Services (due to the sale of DGS in December 2018)

 

Revenue Environment

Delta's adjusted operating revenue of $10.4 billion for the March quarter improved 7.5 percent, or $728 million versus the prior year. This revenue result marks a March quarter record for the company, driven by improvements across Delta's business, including an eight percent increase in premium product ticket revenue and double-digit percentage increases in loyalty and Maintenance, Repair and Overhaul revenue.  Cargo revenue declined five percent driven by lower volumes.

"Demand for Delta's product has never been stronger, as evidenced by our 7.5 percent top line growth in the March quarter.  This underpins our expectation that June quarter unit revenue should grow 1.5 to 3.5 percent, with sequential improvement in passenger unit revenue across all entities," said Glen Hauenstein, Delta's president. "With our customer-focused commercial initiatives delivering strong customer loyalty and top-line momentum, we now expect full-year revenue growth of five to seven percent, an increase from our prior guidance."

Cost Performance

Total adjusted operating expense for the March quarter increased $510 million versus the prior year quarter.  CASM-Ex was down 0.2 percent for the March quarter 2019 compared to the prior year period driven by record operations, a shift in expense timing and strong cost controls.

Adjusted fuel expense increased $87 million, or five percent, relative to March quarter 2018.  Delta's adjusted fuel price per gallon for the March quarter was $2.05, which includes a $34 million loss at the refinery due to low gasoline crack spreads.

Adjusted non-operating expense for the quarter was $69 million higher versus the prior year, driven primarily by lower pension income and earnings pressure from international equity partners.

"Delta's March quarter operating cash flow improved, driven by top-line growth, strong cost controls and margin expansion.  Our cash flow performance allows us to reinvest for Delta's long-term earnings growth, while maintaining our investment grade balance sheet and consistently returning cash to shareholders," said Paul Jacobson, Delta's chief financial officer.  "With non-fuel unit cost momentum from our fleet transformation and One Delta efforts, we have clear line of sight to achieve our full year targets of one percent non-fuel unit cost growth and $3 to 4 billion in free cash flow."

Cash Flow and Shareholder Returns

Delta generated $2 billion of operating cash flow, as improved profitability and the seasonal build of cash were partially offset by the $1.3 billion profit sharing payment to employees for 2018 performance.  Delta generated $760 million of free cash flow during the quarter after the investment of $1.3 billion into the business primarily for aircraft purchases and improvements.

Delta accelerated the repurchase of shares in the quarter, funded by a $1 billion short-term loan.  During the quarter, the company repaid $300 million of this loan and expects that the remainder will be repaid by year end.  Delta returned $1.6 billion to shareholders during the March quarter, comprised of $1.3 billion of share repurchases and $233 million in dividends.

Strategic Highlights

In the March quarter, Delta achieved a number of milestones across its five key strategic pillars.

Culture and People

  • Celebrated the commitment of the Delta people through $1.3 billion in profit sharing for 2018 performance, the second largest profit sharing payout in the airline's history.
  • Achieved Delta's highest overall ranking in Fortune's Most Admired Companies for 2019 and ranked first for the eighth time in the past nine years as Fortune's Most Admired Airline.
  • Introduced a paid day of service for all employees, building on Delta's commitment of donating 1% of profits to charitable organizations, through approximately 640,000 hours of community service.
  • Continued Delta's commitment to the communities of our employees, partners and customers through participation in the 16th Delta Global Build with Habitat for Humanity and celebrating the life of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. through a grant to re-open the Martin Luther King, Jr. National Historical Park in Atlanta during the MLK Holiday Weekend after it had remained closed due to lack of federal appropriations. 

Operational Reliability

  • Achieved the highest network system completion factor for the first quarter since 2012, continuing to raise the bar on operational excellence and delivering consistency and reliability to our customers.
  • Delivered 69 days of zero mainline cancellations, 28 days of zero system cancellations and achieved mainline on-time performance (A0) of 72.0% for the March quarter.

Network and Partnerships

  • Celebrated five years of the Delta and Virgin Atlantic partnership, focused on delivering the best customer experience in the trans-Atlantic market, with more than 70 daily nonstop flights between the U.K. and U.S., leading on-time performance, and enhanced terminal and in-cabin technology and service.
  • Filed with the U.S. Department of Transportation for additional service to Tokyo-Haneda airport, proposing to expand Delta's operational reliability and exceptional customer service to more customers flying across the Pacific.

Customer Experience and Loyalty

  • Signed an 11-year renewal with American Express, ensuring that the two companies continue to work together to deliver best-in-class value to customers, while doubling the expected benefits to Delta to nearly $7 billion annually by 2023 from $3.4 billion in 2018.
  • Debuted Delta's state-of-the-art A220, flying from Delta's New York-LaGuardia hub to Dallas/Ft. Worth and Boston and from Delta's Detroit hub to Dallas/Ft. Worth.
  • Launched the ability for SkyMiles members to upgrade their experience post-purchase using miles through the Fly Delta App, increasing customer choice and the opportunities for customers to use miles as a form of payment with Delta.

Investment Grade Balance Sheet

  • Completed $1.3 billion in share repurchases, opportunistically repurchasing 26 million shares and reaffirming Delta's commitment to consistent shareholder returns.
  • Lowered Delta's borrowing costs while keeping debt balanced by securing a blended 3.2% fixed rate on a $500 million Enhanced Equipment Trust Certificate (EETC) secured by 14 aircraft.

Annual Shareholder Meeting

The Board of Directors has set the airline's annual meeting of shareholders for 7:30 a.m. EDT, June 20, 2019. The meeting will be held at the offices of Davis Polk & Wardwell LLP, 450 Lexington Avenue, New York, New York.

March Quarter Results

Adjusted results primarily exclude the impact of unrealized gains/losses on investments.


GAAP

 

$
Change

%
Change

($ in millions except per share and unit costs)

1Q19

1Q18

Pre-tax income

946


732


214


29.2

%

Net income

730


557


173


31.1

%

Diluted earnings per share

1.09


0.79


0.3


38.0

%

Operating revenue

10,472


9,968


504


5.1

%

Total revenue per available seat mile (TRASM)

16.78


16.77


0.01


0.1

%

Consolidated unit cost (CASM)

15.14


15.35


(0.21)


(1.4)

%

Operating expense

9,452


9,124


328


3.6

%

Fuel expense

1,978


1,856


122


6.6

%

Average fuel price per gallon

2.06


1.98


0.08


4.0

%

Non-operating expense

74


112


(38)


(33.9)

%

 


Adjusted

 

$
Change

%
Change

($ in millions except per share and unit costs)

1Q19

1Q18

Pre-tax income

832


683


149


21.8

%

Net income

639


529


110


20.8

%

Diluted earnings per share

0.96


0.75


0.21


28.0

%

Operating revenue

10,424


9,696


728


7.5

%

Total revenue per available seat mile (TRASM, adjusted)

16.70


16.31


0.39


2.4

%

Consolidated unit cost (CASM-Ex)

11.06


11.08


(0.02)


(0.2)

%

Operating expense

9,396


8,886


510


5.7

%

Fuel expense

1,970


1,883


87


4.6

%

Average fuel price per gallon

2.05


2.01


0.04


1.8

%

Non-operating expense

195


126


69


54.8

%

 

About Delta

Delta Air Lines (NYSE: DAL) is the U.S. global airline leader in products, services, innovation, reliability and customer experience. Powered by its 80,000 people around the world, Delta continues to invest billions in its people, improving the air travel experience and generating industry-leading shareholder returns.

  • Delta serves nearly 200 million people every year, taking customers across its industry-leading global network to more than 300 destinations in over 50 countries.
  • Headquartered in Atlanta, Delta offers more than 5,000 daily departures and as many as 15,000 affiliated departures including the premier SkyTeam alliance, of which Delta is a founding member.
  • Through its innovative alliances with Aeromexico, Air France-KLM, Alitalia, China Eastern, GOL, Korean Air, Virgin Atlantic, Virgin Australia and WestJet, Delta is bringing more choice and competition to customers worldwide.
  • Delta operates significant hubs and key markets at airports in Amsterdam, Atlanta, Boston, Detroit, London-Heathrow, Los Angeles, Mexico City, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New York-JFK and LaGuardia, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Salt Lake City, São Paulo, Seattle, Seoul-Incheon and Tokyo-Narita.
  • Delta has been recognized as a Fortune's top 50 Most Admired Companies in addition to being named the most admired airline for the eighth time in nine years. Additionally, Delta has ranked No.1 in the Business Travel News Annual Airline survey for an unprecedented eight consecutive years and named one of Fast Company's Most Innovative Companies Worldwide for two consecutive years.
  • As an employer, Delta has been regularly awarded top honors from organizations like Glassdoor and recognized as a top workplace for women and members of the military. Delta CEO Ed Bastian was named among the "World's Greatest Leaders" by Fortune magazine in 2018.
  • More about Delta can be found on the Delta News Hub as well as delta.com, via @DeltaNewsHub on Twitter and Facebook.com/delta.

Forward Looking Statements

Statements in this press release that are not historical facts, including statements regarding our estimates, expectations, beliefs, intentions, projections or strategies for the future, may be "forward-looking statements" as defined in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. All forward-looking statements involve a number of risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from the estimates, expectations, beliefs, intentions, projections and strategies reflected in or suggested by the forward-looking statements.  These risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to, the cost of aircraft fuel; the availability of aircraft fuel; the impact of fuel hedging activity including rebalancing our hedge portfolio, recording mark-to-market adjustments or posting collateral in connection with our fuel hedge contracts; the performance of our significant investments in airlines in other parts of the world; the possible effects of accidents involving our aircraft; breaches or security lapses in our information technology systems; disruptions in our information technology infrastructure; our dependence on technology in our operations; the restrictions that financial covenants in our financing agreements could have on our financial and business operations; labor issues; the effects of weather, natural disasters and seasonality on our business; the effects of an extended disruption in services provided by third parties; failure or inability of insurance to cover a significant liability at Monroe's Trainer refinery; the impact of environmental regulation on the Trainer refinery, including costs related to renewable fuel standard regulations; our ability to retain senior management and key employees; damage to our reputation and brand if we are exposed to significant adverse publicity through social media; the effects of terrorist attacks or geopolitical conflict; competitive conditions in the airline industry; interruptions or disruptions in service at major airports at which we operate; the effects of extensive government regulation on our business; the sensitivity of the airline industry to prolonged periods of stagnant or weak economic conditions; uncertainty in economic conditions and regulatory environment in the United Kingdom related to the exit of the United Kingdom from the European Union; and the effects of the rapid spread of contagious illnesses.

Additional information concerning risks and uncertainties that could cause differences between actual results and forward-looking statements is contained in our Securities and Exchange Commission filings, including our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018.  Caution should be taken not to place undue reliance on our forward-looking statements, which represent our views only as of April 10, 2019, and which we have no current intention to update.


DELTA AIR LINES, INC.

Consolidated Statements of Operations

(Unaudited)







Three Months Ended




March 31,



(in millions, except per share data)

2019

2018

$ Change

% Change

Operating Revenue:





Passenger

$

9,254


$

8,765


$

489


6

%

Cargo

192


202


(10)


(5)

%

Other

1,026


1,001


25


2

%

  Total operating revenue

10,472


9,968


504


5

%






Operating Expense:





Salaries and related costs

2,639


2,584


55


2

%

Aircraft fuel and related taxes

1,978


1,856


122


7

%

Regional carriers expense, excluding fuel

893


838


55


7

%

Contracted services

632


544


88


16

%

Depreciation and amortization

615


603


12


2

%

Aircraft maintenance materials and outside repairs

476


435


41


9

%

Passenger commissions and other selling expenses

427


427



%

Landing fees and other rents

419


389


30


8

%

Ancillary businesses and refinery

351


493


(142)


(29)

%

Passenger service

271


263


8


3

%

Profit sharing

220


188


32


17

%

Aircraft rent

102


94


8


9

%

Other

429


410


19


5

%

Total operating expense

9,452


9,124


328


4

%






Operating Income

1,020


844


176


21

%






Non-Operating Expense:





Interest expense, net

(83)


(92)


9


(10)

%

Unrealized gain on investments, net

100


18


82


  NM

Miscellaneous, net

(91)


(38)


(53)


  NM

Total non-operating expense, net

(74)


(112)


38


(34)

%






Income Before Income Taxes

946


732


214


29

%






Income Tax Provision

(216)


(175)


(41)


23

%






Net Income

$

730


$

557


$

173


31

%






Basic Earnings Per Share

$

1.10


$

0.79




Diluted Earnings Per Share

$

1.09


$

0.79









Basic Weighted Average Shares Outstanding

665


704




Diluted Weighted Average Shares Outstanding

667


706









Note: The prior periods presented here have been recast to reflect adoption of certain new accounting standards.


 

DELTA AIR LINES, INC.

Passenger Revenue

(Unaudited)






Three Months Ended




March 31,



(in millions)

2019

2018

$ Change

% Change

Ticket- Main cabin

$

4,721


$

4,622


$

99


2

%

Ticket- Business cabin and premium products

3,267


3,031


236


8

%

Loyalty travel awards

692


618


74


12

%

Travel-related services

574


494


80


16

%

Total passenger revenue

$

9,254


$

8,765


$

489


6

%
















DELTA AIR LINES, INC.

Other Revenue

(Unaudited)






Three Months Ended




March 31,



(in millions)

2019

2018

$ Change

% Change

Loyalty program

$

474


$

347


$

127


37

%

Ancillary businesses and refinery

369


521


(152)


(29)

%

Miscellaneous

183


133


50


38

%

Total other revenue

$

1,026


$

1,001


$

25


2

%






 

DELTA AIR LINES, INC.

Total Revenue

(Unaudited)













Increase (Decrease)





1Q19 versus 1Q18

Revenue


1Q19 ($M)


Change

YoY

Unit
Revenue

Yield

Capacity

       Domestic

$

6,713


6.9%

0.9%

0.9%

5.9%

Atlantic


1,103


3.0%

(2.6)%

(2.3)%

5.8%

Latin America


855


3.0%

2.4%

2.9%

0.5%

Pacific


583


—%

(2.8)%

(1.5)%

2.9%

Total Passenger

$

9,254


5.6%

0.6%

0.8%

5.0%

Cargo Revenue


192


(4.9)%




Other Revenue


1,026


2.5%




Total Revenue

$

10,472


5.1%

0.1%



       Third Party Refinery Sales


(48)






Total Revenue, adjusted

$

10,424


7.5%

2.4%











 

DELTA AIR LINES, INC.

Statistical Summary

(Unaudited)



Three Months Ended



March 31,



2019

2018

Change

Revenue passenger miles (millions)

51,617


49,276


4.8

%

Available seat miles (millions)

62,416


59,453


5.0

%

Passenger mile yield (cents)

17.93


17.79


0.8

%

Passenger revenue per available seat mile (cents)

14.83


14.74


0.6

%

Total revenue per available seat mile (cents)

16.78


16.77


0.1

%

TRASM, adjusted - see Note A (cents)

16.70


16.31


2.4

%

Operating cost per available seat mile (cents)

15.14


15.35


(1.4)

%

CASM-Ex - see Note A (cents)

11.06


11.08


(0.2)

%

Passenger load factor

82.7

%

82.9

%

(0.2)

pts

Fuel gallons consumed (millions)

962


936


2.8

%

Average price per fuel gallon

$

2.06


$

1.98


4.0

%

Average price per fuel gallon, adjusted - see Note A

$

2.05


$

2.01


1.8

%

Number of aircraft in fleet, end of period

1,039


1,017


22



Note: The prior periods presented here have been recast to reflect adoption of certain new accounting standards. Except for number of aircraft in fleet, consolidated data presented includes operations under Delta's contract carrier arrangements.

 


DELTA AIR LINES, INC.


Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows


(Unaudited)







Three Months Ended



March 31,


(in millions)

2019

2018


Cash Flows From Operating Activities:




Net income

$

730


$

557



Depreciation and amortization

615


603



Deferred income taxes

219


168



Pension, postretirement and postemployment payments greater than expense

3


(551)



Changes in air traffic liability

1,938


1,869



Changes in profit sharing

(1,069)


(876)



Other working capital changes, net

(485)


(398)



     Net cash provided by operating activities

1,951


1,372







Cash Flows From Investing Activities:




Property and equipment additions:




     Flight equipment, including advance payments

(1,059)


(991)



     Ground property and equipment, including technology

(301)


(274)



Net redemptions of short-term investments

206


300



Other, net

49


38



     Net cash used in investing activities

(1,105)


(927)







Cash Flows From Financing Activities:




Payments on long-term debt and capital lease obligations

(1,285)


(244)



Repurchases of common stock

(1,325)


(325)



Cash dividends

(233)


(217)



Proceeds from short-term obligations

1,750




Proceeds from long-term obligations

500




Other, net

(16)


(30)



     Net cash used in financing activities

(609)


(816)







Net Increase (Decrease) in Cash, Cash Equivalents and Restricted Cash

237


(371)



Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period

2,748


1,853



Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period

$

2,985


$

1,482







The following table provides a reconciliation of cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash reported within the Consolidated Balance Sheets to the total of the same such amounts shown above:







Current assets:




     Cash and cash equivalents

$

1,910


$

1,447



     Restricted cash included in prepaid expenses and other

57


35



Other assets:




     Cash restricted for airport construction

1,018




Total cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

$

2,985


$

1,482







Note: The prior periods presented here have been recast to reflect adoption of certain new accounting standards.


 

DELTA AIR LINES, INC.

Consolidated Balance Sheets

(Unaudited)








March 31,


December 31,

(in millions)

2019


2018

ASSETS

Current Assets:





Cash and cash equivalents

$

1,910



$

1,565



Accounts receivable, net

3,154



2,314



Fuel inventory

601



592



Expendable parts and supplies inventories, net

470



463



Prepaid expenses and other

1,061



1,406



     Total current assets

7,196



6,340







Property and Equipment, Net:





Property and equipment, net

29,139



28,335







Other Assets:





Operating lease right-of-use assets

6,036



5,994



Goodwill

9,781



9,781



Identifiable intangibles, net

4,827



4,830



Cash restricted for airport construction

1,018



1,136



Other noncurrent assets

3,844



3,850



     Total other assets

25,506



25,591


Total assets

$

61,841



$

60,266







LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY

Current Liabilities:





Current maturities of long-term debt and finance leases

$

3,055



$

1,518



Current maturities of operating leases

941



955



Air traffic liability

6,600



4,661



Accounts payable

3,214



2,976



Accrued salaries and related benefits

2,037



3,287



Loyalty program deferred revenue

3,013



2,989



Fuel card obligation

1,066



1,075



Other accrued liabilities

1,397



1,117



     Total current liabilities

21,323



18,578







Noncurrent Liabilities:





Long-term debt and finance leases

7,710



8,253



Pension, postretirement and related benefits

9,086



9,163



Loyalty program deferred revenue

3,611



3,652



Noncurrent operating leases

5,805



5,801



Other noncurrent liabilities

1,395



1,132



     Total noncurrent liabilities

27,607



28,001







Commitments and Contingencies









Stockholders' Equity:

12,911



13,687


Total liabilities and stockholders' equity

$

61,841



$

60,266









 

Note A: The following tables show reconciliations of non-GAAP financial measures. The reasons Delta uses these measures are described below. Reconciliations may not calculate due to rounding.

Delta sometimes uses information ("non-GAAP financial measures") that is derived from the Consolidated Financial Statements, but that is not presented in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the U.S. ("GAAP"). Under the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission rules, non-GAAP financial measures may be considered in addition to results prepared in accordance with GAAP, but should not be considered a substitute for or superior to GAAP results. The tables below show reconciliations of non-GAAP financial measures used in this release to the most directly comparable GAAP financial measures.

Forward Looking Projections. The Company is not able to reconcile forward looking non-GAAP financial measures because the adjusting items such as those used in the reconciliations below will not be known until the end of the period and could be significant.  

Pre-tax Income and Net Income, adjusted. We adjust pre-tax income and net income for mark-to-market ("MTM") adjustments and settlements on fuel hedge contracts, the MTM adjustments recorded by our equity method investees, Virgin Atlantic and Aeroméxico, unrealized gains/losses on our equity investments accounted for at fair value, and the DGS sale to determine pre-tax income and net income, adjusted. We include the income tax effect of adjustments when presenting net income, adjusted.

MTM adjustments and settlements. MTM adjustments are defined as fair value changes recorded in periods other than the settlement period. Such fair value changes are not necessarily indicative of the actual settlement value of the underlying hedge in the contract settlement period. Settlements represent cash received or paid on hedge contracts settled during the period (defined below).

Equity investment MTM adjustments. We record our proportionate share of earnings/loss from our equity investments in Virgin Atlantic and Aeroméxico in non-operating expense. We adjust for our equity method investees' MTM adjustments to allow investors to better understand and analyze our core operational performance in the periods shown.

Unrealized gain/loss on investments. We record the unrealized gains/losses on our equity investments accounted for at fair value in non-operating expense. Adjusting for these gains/losses allows investors to better understand and analyze our core operational performance in the periods shown.

DGS sale adjustment. Because we sold DAL Global Services, LLC ("DGS") in December 2018, we have excluded the impact of DGS from historical results for comparability.

 


Three Months Ended


Three Months Ended


March 31, 2019


March 31, 2019


Pre-Tax


Income


Net


Net Income

(in millions, except per share data)

Income


Tax


Income


 Per Diluted Share

GAAP

$

946



$

(216)



$

730



$

1.09


Adjusted for:








     MTM adjustments and settlements

8



(2)



6




     Equity investment MTM adjustments

(21)



5



(16)




     Unrealized gain/loss on investments

(100)



20



(80)




Total adjustments

(114)



23



(91)



(0.13)


Non-GAAP

$

832



$

(193)



$

639



$

0.96


Year-over-year change







28

%









Three Months Ended


Three Months Ended


March 31, 2018


March 31, 2018


Pre-Tax


Income


Net


Net Income

(in millions, except per share data)

Income


Tax


Income


 Per Diluted Share

GAAP

$

732



$

(175)



$

557



$

0.79


Adjusted for:








     MTM adjustments and settlements

(27)



12



(15)




     Equity investment MTM adjustments

3



(1)



2




     Unrealized gain/loss on investments

(18)



7



(11)




     DGS sale adjustment

(7)



2



(5)




Total adjustments

(49)



20



(29)



(0.04)


Non-GAAP

$

683



$

(154)



$

529



$

0.75










 

Operating Revenue, adjusted and Total Revenue Per Available Seat Mile ("TRASM"), adjusted. We adjust operating revenue and TRASM for refinery sales to third parties to determine operating revenue, adjusted and TRASM, adjusted because refinery sales to third parties are not related to our airline segment. Operating revenue, adjusted and TRASM, adjusted therefore provide a more meaningful comparison of revenue from our airline operations to the rest of the airline industry. We adjust for the DGS sale for the same reason described above under the heading pre-tax income and net income, adjusted.












Three Months Ended



(in millions)


March 31, 2019


March 31, 2018


Change

Operating revenue

$

10,472



$

9,968




Adjusted for:






     Third-party refinery sales

(48)



(213)




     DGS sale adjustment



(59)




Operating revenue, adjusted

$

10,424



$

9,696



7.5

%

Year-over-year change

$

728

















Three Months Ended





March 31, 2019


March 31, 2018


Change

TRASM (cents)

16.78



16.77




Adjusted for:






     Third-party refinery sales

(0.08)



(0.36)




     DGS sale adjustment



(0.10)




TRASM, adjusted

16.70



16.31



2.4

%









 

Non-Fuel Unit Cost or Cost per Available Seat Mile, ("CASM-Ex"). We adjust CASM for the following items to determine CASM-Ex for the reasons described below:

Aircraft fuel and related taxes. The volatility in fuel prices impacts the comparability of year-over-year financial performance. The adjustment for aircraft fuel and related taxes allows investors to understand and analyze our non-fuel costs and year-over-year financial performance.

Ancillary businesses and refinery. These expenses include aircraft maintenance we provide to third parties, our vacation wholesale operations and refinery cost of sales to third parties. 2018 results also include staffing services performed by DAL Global Services. Because these businesses are not related to the generation of a seat mile, we adjust for the costs related to these areas to provide a more meaningful comparison of the costs of our airline operations to the rest of the airline industry.

Profit sharing. We adjust for profit sharing because this adjustment allows investors to better understand and analyze our recurring cost performance and provides a more meaningful comparison of our core operating costs to the airline industry.

 





Three Months Ended







March 31, 2019


March 31, 2018


Change

CASM (cents)

15.14



15.35




Adjusted for:






     Aircraft fuel and related taxes

(3.17)



(3.12)




     Ancillary businesses and refinery

(0.56)



(0.83)




     Profit sharing

(0.35)



(0.32)




CASM-Ex

11.06



11.08



(0.2)

%









 

Free Cash Flow. We present free cash flow because management believes this metric is helpful to investors to evaluate the company's ability to generate cash that is available for use for debt service or general corporate initiatives. Adjustments include:

Net purchases (redemptions) of short-term investments. Net purchases (redemptions) of short-term investments represent the net purchase and sale activity of investments and marketable securities in the period, including gains and losses. We adjust free cash flow for this activity, net, to provide investors a better understanding of the company's free cash flow core to operations.

Net cash flows related to certain airport construction projects. Management believes investors should be informed that cash flows related to certain airport construction projects are included in our GAAP operating activities and capital expenditures. We have adjusted for these items, which were primarily funded by cash restricted for airport construction, to provide investors a better understanding of the company's free cash flow and capital expenditures that are core to our operational performance in the periods shown.

 





Three Months Ended

(in millions)



March 31, 2019

Net cash provided by operating activities


$

1,951


Net cash used in investing activities


(1,105)


Adjustments:



     Net redemptions of short-term investments


(206)


     Net cash flows related to certain airport construction projects and other

120


Total free cash flow


$

760












Capital Expenditures, net. We present net capital expenditures because management believes investors should be informed that a portion of these capital expenditures are reimbursed by a third party.




Three Months Ended

(in millions)


March 31, 2019

Flight equipment, including advance payments


$

1,059


Ground property and equipment, including technology


301


Net cash flows related to certain airport construction projects


(100)


Capital expenditures, net


$

1,259






Operating Expense, adjusted. We adjust operating expense for MTM adjustments and settlements, third-party refinery sales and DGS sale adjustment for the same reasons described above under the headings pre-tax income and net income, adjusted and operating revenue and TRASM, adjusted to determine operating expense, adjusted.



Three Months Ended



March 31,

(in millions)

2019

2018

Operating expense

$

9,452


$

9,124


Adjusted for:



     MTM adjustments and settlements

(8)


27


     Third-party refinery sales

(48)


(213)


     DGS sale adjustment


(52)


Operating expense, adjusted

$

9,396


$

8,886


Year-over-year change

$

510







Fuel expense, adjusted and Average fuel price per gallon, adjusted. The tables below show the components of fuel expense, including the impact of the refinery segment and airline segment hedging on fuel expense and average price per gallon. We then adjust for MTM adjustments and settlements for the same reason described under the heading pre-tax income and net income, adjusted.







Average Price Per Gallon



Three Months Ended



Three Months Ended



March 31,



March 31,

(in millions, except per gallon data)

2019

2018



2019

2018

Fuel purchase cost

$

1,936


$

1,927




$

2.01


$

2.06


Fuel hedge impact

8


(27)




0.01


(0.03)


Refinery segment impact

34


(44)




0.04


(0.05)


Total fuel expense

$

1,978


$

1,856




$

2.06


$

1.98


MTM adjustments and settlements

(8)


27




(0.01)


0.03


Total fuel expense, adjusted

$

1,970


$

1,883




$

2.05


$

2.01


Change year-over-year

$

87







Percent change year-over-year

5

%






Non-operating Expense, adjusted. We adjust for equity investment MTM adjustments and unrealized gain/loss on investments to determine non-operating expense, adjusted for the same reasons described above in the heading pre-tax income and net income, adjusted.



Three Months Ended

(in millions)

March 31, 2019

March 31, 2018

Non-operating expense

$

74


$

112


Adjusted for:



     Equity investment MTM adjustments

21


(3)


     Unrealized gain/loss on investments

100


18


Non-operating expense, adjusted

$

195


$

126


Change year-over-year

$

69







 

Cision View original content to download multimedia:http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/delta-air-lines-announces-2019-march-quarter-profit-300829776.html

SOURCE Delta Air Lines