KR
$30.31
Kroger
$.53
1.78%
Earnings Details
3rd Quarter October 2019
Thursday, December 05, 2019 8:30:00 AM
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Summary

Kroger Misses

Kroger (KR) reported 3rd Quarter October 2019 earnings of $0.47 per share on revenue of $28.0 billion. The consensus earnings estimate was $0.48 per share on revenue of $28.1 billion. The Earnings Whisper number was $0.50 per share. Revenue grew 1.1% on a year-over-year basis.

The company said it continues to expect fiscal year earnings of $2.15 to $2.25 per share and fiscal 2020 earnings of $2.30 to $2.40 per share. The current consensus earnings estimate is $2.20 per share for the year ending January 31, 2020 and $2.31 per share for the year ending January 31, 2021.

Kroger Co operates retail food and drug stores, multi-department stores, jewelry stores, and convenience stores throughout the United States. It also manufactures and processes some of the food for sale in its supermarkets.

Results
Reported Earnings
$0.47
Earnings Whisper
$0.50
Consensus Estimate
$0.48
Reported Revenue
$27.97 Bil
Revenue Estimate
$28.07 Bil
Growth
Earnings Growth
Revenue Growth
Power Rating
Grade
Earnings Release

Kroger Reports Third Quarter 2019 Results

CINCINNATI, Dec. 5, 2019 /PRNewswire/ -- The Kroger Co. (NYSE: KR) today reported its third quarter 2019 results and provided a Restock Kroger progress update on the company's three-year transformation plan.

The Kroger Co. Logo (PRNewsFoto/The Kroger Co.) (PRNewsFoto/The Kroger Co.)

Comments from Chairman and CEO Rodney McMullen

"Kroger's customer obsession and focus on operational excellence continued to generate positive results in the third quarter. Identical sales were the strongest since we started Restock Kroger and gross margin rate, excluding fuel and pharmacy, improved slightly in the quarter. At the same time, we continued to reduce costs as a percentage of sales.

We are using the power of Kroger's stable and growing supermarket business to create meaningful incremental operating profit through the alternative profit stream businesses, which adds up to a business built for long-term growth that generates consistently attractive total shareholder returns. Kroger continues to generate strong and durable free cash flow as reflected by the fact that the company has reduced debt by $1.5 billion over the prior four quarters and continues to increase its dividend to create shareholder value.

Restock Kroger is the right framework to reposition our business to create value for all of our stakeholders, both today and in the future."

Financial Results


3Q19 ($ in millions; except EPS)

3Q18 (in millions; except EPS)

ID Sales (Table 4)

2.5%

1.7%

EPS

$0.32

$0.39

Adjusted EPS (Table 6)

$0.47

$0.48

Operating Profit

$254

$647

Adjusted FIFO Operating Profit (Table 7)

$653

$664

FIFO Gross Margin Rate*

Decreased 24 basis points

OG&A Rate*

Decreased 15 basis points

*without fuel and adjustment items, if applicable

 

Total company sales were $28.0 billion in the third quarter, compared to $27.8 billion for the same period last year. Excluding fuel and dispositions, sales grew 2.7%.

Gross margin was 22.1% of sales for the third quarter. The FIFO gross margin rate excluding fuel decreased 24 basis points, primarily driven by industry-wide lower gross margin rates in pharmacy and continued growth in the specialty pharmacy business. Gross margin rate excluding fuel and pharmacy improved slightly.

LIFO charge for the quarter was $23 million, compared to $12 million for the same period last year, driven by higher inflation in dry grocery, pharmacy and dairy.

The Operating, General & Administrative rate decrease of 15 basis points is due to broad based improvement of Restock Kroger cost savings initiatives.

Third quarter results include an out-of-period charge of $29 million related to an adjustment for a provision of a pharmacy contract. This amount reduced third quarter adjusted net earnings per diluted share by $0.03. There is no effect on earnings guidance as a result of this contract going forward.

As a result of a portfolio review, Kroger has decided to divest its interest in Lucky's Market and recognized a non-cash impairment charge of $238 million in the third quarter, and the portion of this charge attributable to Kroger is $131 million.

The income tax rate for the third quarter was 35.6%. The income tax rate is higher than the adjusted income tax rate because a portion of the non-cash impairment charge related to Lucky's Market is not attributable to Kroger (Table 9).

Capital Allocation Strategy

Kroger's financial strategy is to use its free cash flow to drive growth while also maintaining its current investment grade debt rating and returning capital to shareholders. The company actively balances the use of its cash flow to achieve these goals.

Consistent with its financial strategy, Kroger reduced net total debt by $1.5 billion over the last four quarters. Kroger's net total debt to adjusted EBITDA ratio is 2.50, compared to 2.72 a year ago (see Table 5). The company's net total debt to adjusted EBITDA ratio target range is 2.30 to 2.50.

As a result of being within its targeted debt range, Kroger plans to initiate share repurchases in the fourth quarter under its $1 billion board authorization.

Earlier this year, Kroger increased the dividend by 14 percent, marking the 13th consecutive year of dividend increases.

2019 Guidance


IDS (%)

EPS ($)

Operating Profit
($B)

Tax Rate

Range**

Cap Ex

($B)

GAAP

N/A

$2.17 - $2.27

$2.4 - $2.5

24.0% - 24.5%

$3.0 - $3.2

Adjusted*

2.0% - 2.25%

$2.15 - $2.25

$2.9 - $3.0

22.5% - 23.0%

N/A

* Without adjusted items, if applicable; Operating profit represents FIFO Operating Profit. Kroger is unable to provide a full reconciliation of the GAAP and non-GAAP measures used in 2019 guidance without unreasonable effort because it is not possible to predict certain of our adjustment items with a reasonable degree of certainty. This information is dependent upon future events and may be outside of our control and its unavailability could have a significant impact on 2019 GAAP financial results.

** These rates reflect typical tax adjustments and do not reflect changes to the rate from the completion of income tax audit examinations, which cannot be predicted.

 

2020 Guidance


IDS (%)

EPS ($)

Operating Profit ($B)

Tax Rate**

Cap Ex

($B)

Incremental Alternative Profit ($M)

FCF

($B)

Share Repurchase

($M)

Adjusted*

>2.25%

$2.30 - $2.40

$3.0 - $3.1

23.0%

$3.2-$3.4

$125-$150

$1.6-$1.8

$500-$1,000

* Without adjusted items, if applicable; Operating profit represents FIFO Operating Profit. Kroger is unable to provide a full reconciliation of the GAAP and non-GAAP measures used in 2020 guidance without unreasonable effort because it is not possible to predict certain of our adjustment items with a reasonable degree of certainty. This information is dependent upon future events and may be outside of our control and its unavailability could have a significant impact on 2020 GAAP financial results.

** This rate reflects typical tax adjustments and does not reflect changes to the rate from the completion of income tax audit examinations, which cannot be predicted.

 

Third Quarter 2019 Restock Kroger Highlights

Redefine the Grocery Customer Experience

  • Launched new contemporary logo and Fresh for EveryoneTM brand transformation campaign
  • Our Brands sales were up 3.4% vs. prior year
  • Launched 231 new Our Brands items, including the Simple Truth Plant Based collection, featuring fresh meatless burger patties and other products that appeal to a growing number of customers exploring meat and dairy alternatives
  • Expanded to 1,915 Pickup locations and 2,326 Delivery locations, covering over 96% of Kroger households and launched fully-seamless Ship offering
  • Announced Free Pickup promotion in most divisions through January 1, 2020
  • Expanded the availability of longer-lasting avocados, featuring plant-based coating developed by Apeel Sciences to reduce food waste, and introduced two new produce categories, Apeel asparagus and Apeel limes

Partner for Customer Value

  • Named the location of an additional Kroger-Ocado customer fulfillment center in Wisconsin
  • Kroger Precision Marketing increased engagement to over 1,000 brands this year
  • Partnered with Europe's Infarm to introduce the first in-store living produce farms in America in Seattle-area QFC stores

Develop Talent

  • Continued investment in Kroger associates with average hourly rate now over $20 with comprehensive benefits factored in
  • Achieved record employee retention in one of the tightest labor markets in years
  • Recognized among the top 20 companies in the Wall Street Journal diversity and inclusion ranking for S&P 500 companies
  • Six emerging Kroger leaders named 2019 Progressive Grocer's GenNext Award winners

Live Kroger's Purpose

  • Awarded Best Community Improvement Program by the U.S. Chamber of Commerce Foundation, recognizing the meaningful impact of Kroger's bold Zero Hunger | Zero Waste social impact plan
  • Named to Dow Jones Sustainability Index for seventh consecutive year, driven by the company's progress toward its Zero Hunger | Zero Waste and 2020 sustainability goals
  • Continued to adopt standardized date labels for Our Brands food products, providing simpler, easier-to-understand product quality and safety information for customers
  • Announced decision to stop selling e-cigarette products
  • Partnered with the Cardinal Health Foundation to host drug take back events across 25 states to combat the country's opioid epidemic, resulting in the collection of 24,804 pounds of medications

About Kroger
At The Kroger Co. (NYSE: KR), we are Fresh for Everyone™ and dedicated to our Purpose: To Feed the Human Spirit®. We are, across our family of companies, nearly half a million associates who serve over 11 million customers daily through a seamless shopping experience under a variety of banner names. We are committed to creating #ZeroHungerZeroWaste communities by 2025. To learn more about us, visit our newsroom and investor relations site.

Kroger's third quarter 2019 ended on November 9, 2019.

Note: Fuel sales have historically had a low gross margin rate and operating expense rate as compared to corresponding rates on non-fuel sales. As a result, Kroger discusses the changes in these rates excluding the effect of fuel.
Please refer to the supplemental information presented in the tables for reconciliations of the non-GAAP financial measures used in this press release to the most comparable GAAP financial measure and related disclosure.

This press release contains certain statements that constitute "forward-looking statements" about the future performance of the company. These statements are based on management's assumptions and beliefs in light of the information currently available to it. The remarks contain certain forward-looking statements about the future performance of the Company. These statements are based on management's assumptions and beliefs in light of the information currently available to it. Such statements are indicated by words or phrases such as "build," "continue," "create," "deliver," "drive," "execute," "expect," "future," "guidance," "improve," "on track," "strategy," "transformation," "trend," "vision," and "will." Various uncertainties and other factors could cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in the forward-looking statements. These include the specific risk factors identified in "Risk Factors" and "Outlook" in our annual report on Form 10-K for our last fiscal year and any subsequent filings, as well as the following:

  • Kroger's ability to achieve sales, earnings, incremental FIFO operating profit, and free cash flow goals may be affected by: labor negotiations or disputes; changes in the types and numbers of businesses that compete with Kroger; pricing and promotional activities of existing and new competitors, including non-traditional competitors, and the aggressiveness of that competition; Kroger's response to these actions; the state of the economy, including interest rates, the inflationary and deflationary trends in certain commodities, changes in tariffs, and the unemployment rate; the effect that fuel costs have on consumer spending; volatility of fuel margins; changes in government-funded benefit programs; manufacturing commodity costs; diesel fuel costs related to Kroger's logistics operations; trends in consumer spending; the extent to which Kroger's customers exercise caution in their purchasing in response to economic conditions; the uncertain pace of economic growth; changes in inflation or deflation in product and operating costs; stock repurchases; Kroger's ability to retain pharmacy sales from third party payors; consolidation in the healthcare industry, including pharmacy benefit managers; Kroger's ability to negotiate modifications to multi-employer pension plans; natural disasters or adverse weather conditions; the potential costs and risks associated with potential cyber-attacks or data security breaches; the success of Kroger's future growth plans; the ability to execute on Restock Kroger; and the successful integration of merged companies and new partnerships. Our ability to achieve these goals may also be affected by our ability to manage the factors identified above. Our ability to execute our financial strategy may be affected by our ability to generate cash flow.
  • Kroger's ability to achieve these goals may also be affected by Kroger's ability to manage the factors identified above. Kroger's ability to execute its financial strategy may be affected by its ability to generate cash flow.
  • Kroger's effective tax rate may differ from the expected rate due to changes in laws, the status of pending items with various taxing authorities, and the deductibility of certain expenses.

Kroger assumes no obligation to update the information contained herein. Please refer to Kroger's reports and filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission for a further discussion of these risks and uncertainties.

Note: Kroger's quarterly conference call with investors will broadcast live at 10 a.m. (ET) on December 5, 2019 at ir.kroger.com. An on-demand replay of the webcast will be available at approximately 1 p.m. (ET) on Thursday, December 5, 2019.

3rd Quarter 2019 Tables Include:

  1. Consolidated Statements of Operations
  2. Consolidated Balance Sheets
  3. Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
  4. Supplemental Sales Information
  5. Reconciliation of Net Total Debt and Net Earnings Attributable to The Kroger Co. to Adjusted EBITDA
  6. Net Earnings Per Diluted Share Excluding the Adjustment Items
  7. Operating Profit Excluding the Adjustment Items
  8. 2018 Sales Reclassification
  9. Income Tax Rate Excluding the Impairment Charge Attributable to the Minority Interest of Lucky's Market

 

Table 1.

THE KROGER CO.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(in millions, except per share amounts)

(unaudited)
































THIRD QUARTER


YEAR-TO-DATE









2019


2018


2019


2018

























SALES





$     27,974


100.0%


$     27,831


100.0%


$   93,393


100.0%


$     93,566


100.0%

























OPERATING EXPENSES




















MERCHANDISE COSTS, INCLUDING ADVERTISING,




















WAREHOUSING AND TRANSPORTATION (a),




















AND LIFO CHARGE (b)



21,798


77.9


21,753


78.2


72,787


77.9


73,147


78.2



OPERATING, GENERAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE (a)


5,097


18.2


4,661


16.8


16,223


17.4


15,630


16.7



RENT





201


0.7


200


0.7


675


0.7


680


0.7



DEPRECIATION AND AMORTIZATION


624


2.2


570


2.1


1,994


2.1


1,884


2.0



























OPERATING PROFIT 



254


0.9


647


2.3


1,714


1.8


2,225


2.4

























OTHER INCOME (EXPENSE)




















INTEREST EXPENSE



(137)


(0.5)


(142)


(0.5)


(463)


(0.5)


(479)


(0.5)



NON-SERVICE COMPONENT OF COMPANY-SPONSORED




















PENSION PLAN COSTS



(1)


-


(6)


-


(2)


-


(19)


-



MARK TO MARKET (LOSS) GAIN ON OCADO SECURITIES


106


0.4


(100)


(0.4)


166


0.2


152


0.2



GAIN ON SALE OF BUSINESSES


-


-


-


-


176


0.2


1,782


1.9



























NET EARNINGS BEFORE INCOME TAX EXPENSE


222


0.8


399


1.4


1,591


1.7


3,661


3.9


























INCOME TAX EXPENSE 



79


0.3


91


0.3


398


0.4


834


0.9



























NET EARNINGS INCLUDING NONCONTROLLING INTERESTS


143


0.5


308


1.1


1,193


1.3


2,827


3.0



























NET LOSS ATTRIBUTABLE TO





















NONCONTROLLING INTERESTS


(120)


(0.4)


(9)


-


(139)


(0.2)


(24)


-



























NET EARNINGS ATTRIBUTABLE TO THE KROGER CO. 


$           263


0.9%


$           317


1.1%


$     1,332


1.4%


$       2,851


3.1%



























NET EARNINGS ATTRIBUTABLE TO THE KROGER CO.





















PER BASIC COMMON SHARE


$          0.32




$          0.39




$       1.65




$         3.46





























AVERAGE NUMBER  OF COMMON SHARES USED IN





















BASIC CALCULATION



802




797




800




814





























NET EARNINGS ATTRIBUTABLE TO THE KROGER CO.





















PER DILUTED COMMON SHARE


$          0.32




$          0.39




$       1.64




$         3.43





























AVERAGE NUMBER OF COMMON SHARES USED IN





















DILUTED CALCULATION


807




807




805




822




























DIVIDENDS DECLARED PER COMMON SHARE


$        0.160




$       0.140




$     0.460




$       0.405

















































Note:

Certain percentages may not sum due to rounding.
































Note:

The Company defines First-In First-Out (FIFO) gross profit as sales minus merchandise costs, including advertising, warehousing and transportation, but excluding the Last-In First-Out (LIFO) charge.










The Company defines FIFO gross margin, as described in the earnings release, as FIFO gross profit divided by sales.










The Company defines FIFO operating profit as operating profit excluding the LIFO charge.










The Company defines FIFO operating margin, as described in the earnings release, as FIFO operating profit divided by sales.










The above FIFO financial metrics are important measures used by management to evaluate operational effectiveness.  Management believes these FIFO financial metrics are useful to investors and analysts because they measure our day-to-day operational effectiveness.
































(a)

Merchandise costs ("COGS") and operating, general and administrative expenses ("OG&A") exclude depreciation and amortization expense and rent expense which are included in separate expense lines.
































(b)

LIFO charges of $23 and $12 were recorded in the third quarter of 2019 and 2018, respectively.  For the year to date period, LIFO charges of $69 and $39 were recorded for 2019 and 2018, respectively.
































Note:

Products and services related primarily to Kroger Personal Finance and Media, which were historically accounted for as an offset to OG&A, are now classified as a component of sales, except for certain amounts in Media, which are netted against COGS. These prior-year amounts have been reclassified to conform to current-year presentation, which is consistent with our Restock Kroger initiative and view of the products and services as part of our core business strategy.  This is also more consistent with industry practice.









 

 

Table 2.

THE KROGER CO.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(in millions)

(unaudited)



















November 9


November 10,









2019


2018













ASSETS









Current Assets










Cash





$                417


$                393



Temporary cash investments



128


36



Store deposits in-transit




1,034


1,098



Receivables





1,600


1,510



Inventories





7,412


7,083



Assets held for sale




-


172



Prepaid and other current assets



434


461















Total current assets




11,025


10,753













Property, plant and equipment, net



21,801


21,515


Operating lease assets




6,847


-


Intangibles, net





1,086


1,201


Goodwill





3,076


3,087


Other assets





1,558


1,585















Total Assets





$          45,393


$          38,141
























LIABILITIES AND SHAREOWNERS' EQUITY






Current Liabilities










Current portion of long-term debt including obligations







under finance leases




$            1,417


$            3,371



Current portion of operating lease liabilities


673


-



Trade accounts payable




6,867


6,505



Accrued salaries and wages



1,087


1,070



Liabilities held for sale




-


57



Other current liabilities




4,074


3,793















Total current liabilities




14,118


14,796













Long-term debt including obligations under finance leases

12,227


11,647


Noncurrent operating lease liabilities



6,449


-


Deferred income taxes




1,517


1,738


Pension and postretirement benefit obligations


471


601


Other long-term liabilities




1,883


1,749















Total Liabilities




36,665


30,531













Shareowners' equity





8,728


7,610















Total Liabilities and Shareowners' Equity


$          45,393


$          38,141













Total common shares outstanding at end of period


802


798


Total diluted shares year-to-date



805


822













Note:

The Company adopted ASU 2016-02, "Leases," and related amendments as of February 3, 2019 under the modified retrospective approach and has not revised comparative periods. 








 

 

Table 3.

THE KROGER CO.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(in millions)

(unaudited)























YEAR-TO-DATE











2019


2018















CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:







Net earnings including noncontrolling interests


$            1,193


$            2,827



Adjustments to reconcile net earnings including noncontrolling








interests to net cash provided by operating activities:









Depreciation and amortization



1,994


1,884





Operating lease asset amortization


494


-





LIFO charge




69


39





Stock-based employee compensation


117


115





Expense for company-sponsored pension plans


32


54





Deferred income taxes



(46)


148





Gain on sale of businesses



(176)


(1,782)





Gain on the sale of assets



(150)


-





Mark to market gain on Ocado securities


(166)


(152)





Impairment of Lucky's Market



238


-





Other




(1)


29





Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net










of effects from mergers and disposals of businesses:











Store deposits in-transit



148


63







Receivables



93


(95)







Inventories



(636)


(601)







Prepaid and other current assets


66


380







Trade accounts payable



808


666







Accrued expenses



299


270







Income taxes receivable and payable


(145)


259







Contribution to company-sponsored pension plan


-


(185)







Operating lease liabilities



(477)


-







Proceeds from contract associated with the sale of business


295


-







Other




(1)


(186)
















Net cash provided by operating activities


4,048


3,733




























CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:







Payments for property and equipment, including payments for lease buyouts


(2,363)


(2,257)



Proceeds from sale of assets



257


76



Payments for acquisitions, net of cash acquired


-


(197)



Purchases of stores




-


(44)



Net proceeds from sale of businesses



327


2,169



Purchases of Ocado securities



-


(392)



Other






(45)


15
















Net cash used by investing activities



(1,824)


(630)




























CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:







Proceeds from issuance of long-term debt


61


1,033



Payments on long-term debt including obligations under finance leases


(1,540)


(258)



Net payments on commercial paper



(235)


(1,486)



Dividends paid




(356)


(324)



Proceeds from issuance of capital stock


32


55



Treasury stock purchases



(34)


(1,996)



Other






(36)


(45)
















Net cash used by financing activities



(2,108)


(3,021)









































NET INCREASE IN CASH AND TEMPORARY







CASH INVESTMENTS



116


82















CASH AND TEMPORARY CASH INVESTMENTS:







BEGINNING OF YEAR



429


347



END OF PERIOD




$                545


$                429




























Reconciliation of capital investments:








Payments for property and equipment, including payments for lease buyouts


$           (2,363)


$           (2,257)



Payments for lease buyouts



24


-



Changes in construction-in-progress payables


96


(49)




Total capital investments, excluding lease buyouts


$           (2,243)


$           (2,306)















Disclosure of cash flow information:









Cash paid during the year for interest


$                407


$                424




Cash paid during the year for income taxes


$                633


$                376















Note:


The Company defines free cash flow as cash provided by operating activities, minus payments for property and equipment, including payments for lease buyouts, adding back company-sponsored pension plan contributions (if any) and excluding the effect of any cash taxes related to the sale of strategic assets.  Management believes free cash flow is a useful metric to investors and analysts because it demonstrates our ability to make share repurchases and other strategic investments, pay dividends and manage debt levels.


















 

 

Table 4. Supplemental Sales Information

(in millions, except percentages)

(unaudited)


Items identified below should not be considered as alternatives to sales or any other GAAP measure of performance.  Identical sales is an industry-specific measure and it is important to review it in conjunction with Kroger's financial results reported in accordance with GAAP.  Other companies in our industry may calculate identical sales differently than Kroger does, limiting the comparability of the measure.


























IDENTICAL SALES (a)






THIRD QUARTER


YEAR-TO-DATE





2019


2018


2019


2018














EXCLUDING FUEL


$         24,319


$         23,717


$         80,751


$         79,156














EXCLUDING FUEL


2.5%


1.7%


2.0%


1.8%


































(a)

Kroger defines identical sales, excluding fuel, as sales to retail customers, including sales from all departments at identical supermarket locations, Kroger Specialty Pharmacy businesses, jewelry and ship-to-home solutions.  Kroger defines a supermarket as identical when it has been in operation without expansion or relocation for five full quarters.  Additionally, sales from all acquired businesses are treated as identical as if they were part of the Company in the prior year.  Products and services related primarily to Kroger Personal Finance, which were historically accounted for as an offset to OG&A, are now classified as a component of sales. These prior-year amounts have been reclassified to conform to current-year presentation and included in identical sales in 2019 and 2018, which is consistent with our Restock Kroger initiative and view of the products and services as part of our core business strategy.  This is also more consistent with industry practice.  This change increased identical sales for the third quarter and year-to-date periods of 2018.


 

 

Table 5.  Reconciliation of Net Total Debt and

Net Earnings Attributable to The Kroger Co. to Adjusted EBITDA

(in millions, except for ratio)

(unaudited)








The items identified below should not be considered an alternative to any GAAP measure of performance or access to liquidity.  Net total debt to adjusted EBITDA is an important measure used by management to evaluate the Company's access to liquidity.  The items below should be reviewed in conjunction with Kroger's financial results reported in accordance with GAAP.












The following table provides a reconciliation of net total debt.











November 9


November 10,





2019


2018


Change








Current portion of long-term debt including obligations







   under finance leases


$           1,417


$        3,371


$    (1,954)

Long-term debt including obligations under finance leases


12,227


11,647


580








     Total debt


13,644


15,018


(1,374)








Less: Temporary cash investments


128


36


92








     Net total debt


$         13,516


$       14,982


$    (1,466)















The following table provides a reconciliation from net earnings attributable to The Kroger Co. to adjusted EBITDA, as defined in the Company's credit agreement, on a rolling four quarter 52 week basis.










Rolling Four Quarters Ended





November 9


November 10,





2019


2018










Net earnings attributable to The Kroger Co.


$           1,591


$        3,705



LIFO charge (credit)


59


(15)



Depreciation and amortization


2,575


2,449



Interest expense


605


627



Income tax expense (benefit)


464


(123)



Adjustments for pension plan withdrawal liabilities


299


338



Adjustment for Kroger Specialty Pharmacy goodwill impairment


-


110



Adjustment for Company-sponsored pension plan termination


-


502



Adjustment for mark to market gain on Ocado securities


(241)


(152)



Adjustment for gain on sale of convenience store business


-


(1,782)



Adjustment for gain on sale of Turkey Hill Dairy


(106)


-



Adjustment for gain on sale of You Technology


(70)


-



Adjustment for Home Chef contingent consideration


15


-



Adjustment for loss on settlement of financial instrument


42


-



Adjustment for severance charge and related benefits


80


-



Adjustment for impairment of Lucky's Market attributable to The Kroger Co. (a)


131


-



53rd week EBITDA adjustment


-


(131)



Other


(28)


(19)










Adjusted EBITDA


$           5,416


$        5,509










Net total debt to adjusted EBITDA ratio on a 52 week basis


2.50


2.72

















(a) The adjustment for impairment of Lucky's Market attributable to The Kroger Co. excludes a $107 net loss attributable to the minority interest of Lucky's Market.



 

 

Table 6. Net Earnings Per Diluted Share Excluding the Adjustment Items

(in millions, except per share amounts)

(unaudited)















The purpose of this table is to better illustrate comparable operating results from our ongoing business, after removing the effects on net earnings per diluted common share for certain items described below.  Adjusted net earnings and adjusted net earnings per diluted share are useful metrics to investors and analysts because they present more accurately year-over-year comparisons for net earnings and net earnings per diluted share because adjusted items are not the result of normal operations.  Items identified in this table should not be considered alternatives to net earnings attributable to The Kroger Co. or any other GAAP measure of performance.  These items should not be reviewed in isolation or considered substitutes for the Company's financial results as reported in accordance with GAAP.  Due to the nature of these items, as further described below, it is important to identify these items and to review them in conjunction with the Company's financial results reported in accordance with GAAP.


















The following table summarizes items that affected the Company's financial results during the periods presented. 









THIRD QUARTER


YEAR-TO-DATE








2019


2018


2019


2018
















NET EARNINGS ATTRIBUTABLE TO THE KROGER CO.


$                            263


$                            317


$                          1,332


$                         2,851
















ADJUSTMENTS FOR PENSION PLAN WITHDRAWAL LIABILITIES(a)(b)


35


-


101


(10)


ADJUSTMENT FOR GAIN ON SALE OF CONVENIENCE STORE BUSINESS (a)(c)


-


-


-


(1,360)


ADJUSTMENT FOR GAIN ON SALE OF TURKEY HILL DAIRY (a)(d)


-


-


(80)


-


ADJUSTMENT FOR GAIN ON SALE OF YOU TECHNOLOGY (a)(e)


-


-


(52)


-


ADJUSTMENT FOR MARK TO MARKET LOSS (GAIN) ON OCADO SECURITIES (a)(f)


(81)


77


(125)


(115)


ADJUSTMENT FOR DEPRECIATION RELATED TO HELD FOR SALE ASSETS (a)(g)


-


-


-


(11)


ADJUSTMENT FOR SEVERANCE CHARGE AND RELATED BENEFITS (a)(h)


61


-


61


-


ADJUSTMENT FOR IMPAIRMENT OF LUCKY'S MARKET ATTRIBUTABLE TO THE KROGER CO. (a)(i)


100


-


100


-


ADJUSTMENT FOR HOME CHEF CONTINGENT CONSIDERATION (a)(j)


3


-


(13)


-
















2019 AND 2018 ADJUSTMENT ITEMS



118


77


(8)


(1,496)
















NET EARNINGS ATTRIBUTABLE TO THE KROGER CO.











EXCLUDING THE ADJUSTMENT ITEMS ABOVE


$                            381


$                            394


$                          1,324


$                         1,355
















NET EARNINGS ATTRIBUTABLE TO THE KROGER CO. 











PER DILUTED COMMON SHARE



0.32


$                           0.39


$                           1.64


$                           3.43
















ADJUSTMENTS FOR PENSION PLAN WITHDRAWAL LIABILITIES (k)


0.04


-


0.12


(0.01)


ADJUSTMENT FOR GAIN ON SALE OF CONVENIENCE STORE BUSINESS (k)


-


-


-


(1.64)


ADJUSTMENT FOR GAIN ON SALE OF TURKEY HILL DAIRY (k)


-


-


(0.10)


-


ADJUSTMENT FOR GAIN ON SALE OF YOU TECHNOLOGY (k)


-


-


(0.06)


-


ADJUSTMENT FOR MARK TO MARKET LOSS (GAIN) ON OCADO SECURITIES (k)


(0.10)


0.09


(0.16)


(0.14)


ADJUSTMENT FOR DEPRECIATION RELATED TO HELD FOR SALE ASSETS (k)


-


-


-


(0.01)


ADJUSTMENT FOR SEVERANCE CHARGE AND RELATED BENEFITS (k)


0.08


-


0.08


-


ADJUSTMENT FOR IMPAIRMENT OF LUCKY'S MARKET ATTRIBUTABLE TO THE KROGER CO. (k)


0.12


-


0.12


-


ADJUSTMENT FOR HOME CHEF CONTINGENT CONSIDERATION (k)


0.01


-


(0.02)


-
















2019 AND 2018 ADJUSTMENT ITEMS



0.15


0.09


(0.02)


(1.80)
















NET EARNINGS ATTRIBUTABLE TO THE KROGER CO. PER 











DILUTED COMMON SHARE EXCLUDING THE ADJUSTMENT ITEMS ABOVE


$                           0.47


$                           0.48


$                           1.62


$                           1.63
















AVERAGE NUMBER OF COMMON SHARES USED IN











DILUTED CALCULATION



807


807


805


822

 

 

Table 6. Net Earnings Per Diluted Share Excluding the Adjustment Items (continued)

(in millions, except per share amounts)

(unaudited)





























(a)

The amounts presented represent the after-tax effect of each adjustment.















(b)

The pre-tax adjustment for pension plan withdrawal liabilities was $45 in the third quarter of 2019.  The year-to-date pre-tax adjustments were $131 and ($13) in the first three quarters of 2019 and 2018, respectively.















(c) 

The pre-tax adjustment for gain on sale of convenience store business was ($1,782).















(d) 

The pre-tax adjustment for gain on sale of Turkey Hill Dairy was ($106).















(e) 

The pre-tax adjustment for gain on sale of You Technology was ($70).















(f) 

The pre-tax adjustment for mark to market loss (gain) on Ocado securities were ($106) and $100 in the third quarters of 2019 and 2018, respectively.  The year-to-date pre-tax adjustments were ($166) and ($152) in the first three quarters of 2019 and 2018, respectively.















(g) 

The pre-tax adjustment for depreciation related to held for sale assets was ($14).















(h)

The pre-tax adjustment for severance charge and related benefits was $80.



(i)

The pre-tax adjustment for impairment of Lucky's Market was $238 including a $107 net loss attributable to the minority interest of Lucky's Market.



(j)

The pre-tax adjustments for Home Chef contingent consideration was $4 in the third quarter of 2019 and ($18) for the first three quarters of 2019.



(k)

The amounts presented represent the net earnings per diluted common share effect of each adjustment.















Note:

2019 Third Quarter Adjustment items include adjustments for pension plan withdrawal liabilities, the mark to market gain on Ocado securities, severance charge, impairment of Lucky's Market and Home Chef contingent consideration adjustment.

































2019 Adjustment Items include the Third Quarter Adjustment Items plus the adjustments that occurred in the first two quarter of 2019 for pension plan withdrawal liabilities, the gain on sale of Turkey Hill Dairy, the gain on sale of You Technology, the mark to market gain on Ocado securities and Home Chef contingent consideration adjustment.

































2018 Third Quarter Adjustment item included the mark to market loss on Ocado securities.
























2018 Adjustment Items include the 2018 Third Quarter Adjustment Item plus the adjustments that occurred in the first two quarter of 2018 for pension plan withdrawal liabilities, the gain on sale of convenience store business, the mark to market gain on Ocado securities and depreciation related to held for sale assets.



























 

 

Table 7. Operating Profit Excluding the Adjustment Items

(in millions)

(unaudited)















The purpose of this table is to better illustrate comparable operating results from our ongoing business, after removing the effects on operating profit for certain items described below.  Adjusted FIFO operating profit is a useful metric to investors and analysts because they present more accurately year-over year comparisons for operating profit because adjusted items are not the result of normal operations.  Items identified in this table should not be considered alternatives to operating profit or any other GAAP measure of performance.  These items should not be reviewed in isolation or considered substitutes for the Company's financial results as reported in accordance with GAAP.  Due to the nature of these items, as further described below, it is important to identify these items and to review them in conjunction with the Company's financial results reported in accordance with GAAP.























The following table summarizes items that affected the Company's financial results during the periods presented. 










THIRD QUARTER


YEAR-TO-DATE








2019


2018


2019


2018
















Operating profit




$                          254


$                          647


$                       1,714


$                      2,225


LIFO charge




23


12


69


39
















FIFO Operating profit



277


659


1,783


2,264
















Adjustments for pension plan withdrawal liabilities


45


-


131


(13)


Adjustment for depreciation related to held for sale assets


-


-


-


(14)


Adjustment for Home Chef contingent consideration


4


-


(18)


-


Adjustment for severance charge and related benefits


80


-


80


-


Adjustment for impairment of Lucky's Market (a)


238


-


238


-


Other





9


5


23


15
















2019 and 2018 Adjustment items


376


5


454


(12)
















Adjusted FIFO operating profit












excluding the adjustment items above


$                          653


$                          664


$                       2,237


$                      2,252





























(a)

The adjustment for impairment of Lucky's Market includes a $107 net loss attributable to the minority interest of Lucky's Market.

 

 

Table 8. 2018 Sales Reclassification

(in millions)

(unaudited)













Products and services related primarily to Kroger Personal Finance and Media, which were historically accounted for as an offset to OG&A, are now classified as a component of sales, except for certain amounts in Media, which are netted against COGS. These prior-year amounts have been reclassified to conform to current-year presentation, which is consistent with our Restock Kroger initiative and view of the products and services as part of our core business strategy.  This is also more consistent with industry practice.















The following tables summarize the Company's third quarter and first three quarters of 2018 sales reclassification:






















THIRD QUARTER AS
PREVIOUSLY
STATED


RECLASSIFICATION


RECLASSIFIED THIRD
QUARTER








2018


2018


2018













SALES






$                    27,672


$                          159


$                        27,831













OPERATING EXPENSES









MERCHANDISE COSTS, INCLUDING ADVERTISING,









WAREHOUSING AND TRANSPORTATION,









AND LIFO CHARGE



21,699


54


21,753


OPERATING, GENERAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE


4,556


105


4,661


RENT





200


-


200


DEPRECIATION AND AMORTIZATION


570


-


570













OPERATING PROFIT 




$                          647


$                             -


$                              647
































YEAR-TO-DATE AS
PREVIOUSLY
STATED


RECLASSIFICATION


RECLASSIFIED
YEAR-TO-DATE








2018


2018


2018













SALES






$                    93,071


$                          495


$                        93,566













OPERATING EXPENSES









MERCHANDISE COSTS, INCLUDING ADVERTISING,









WAREHOUSING AND TRANSPORTATION,









AND LIFO CHARGE



72,991


156


73,147


OPERATING, GENERAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE


15,291


339


15,630


RENT





680


-


680


DEPRECIATION AND AMORTIZATION


1,884


-


1,884













OPERATING PROFIT 




$                       2,225


$                             -


$                           2,225

 

 

Table 9.  Income Tax Rate Excluding the Impairment Charge Attributable to the Minority Interest of Lucky's Market

(in millions)

(unaudited)








This metric is useful to investors and analysts because it illustrates the Company's income tax rate excluding the impairment charge attributable to the minority interest of Lucky's Market.  This item should not be reviewed in isolation or considered a substitute for the Company's financial results as reported in accordance with GAAP.  Due to the nature of these items, as further described below, it is important to identify these items and to review them in conjunction with the Company's financial results reported in accordance with GAAP.




















Third Quarter



2019





Income Tax
Expense


Income Tax
Rate




















Net earnings before income tax expense


$                    222


$             79


35.6%








Adjustment for impairment charge attributable to the minority interest of Lucky's Market


107


-










Adjusted net earnings before income tax expense excluding the adjustment above


$                    329


$             79


24.0%

 

 

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SOURCE The Kroger Co.