MRK
$63.18
Merck &
($.10)
(.16%)
Earnings Details
4th Quarter December 2016
Thursday, February 02, 2017 6:45:02 AM
Tweet Share Watch
Summary

Merck & Misses

Merck & (MRK) reported 4th Quarter December 2016 earnings of $0.89 per share on revenue of $10.1 billion. The consensus earnings estimate was $0.88 per share on revenue of $10.2 billion. The Earnings Whisper number was $0.91 per share. Revenue fell 1.0% compared to the same quarter a year ago.

The company said it expects 2017 earnings of $3.72 to $3.87 per share on revenue of $38.60 billion to $40.10 billion. The current consensus earnings estimate is $3.82 per share on revenue of $39.96 billion for the year ending December 31, 2017.

Merck & Co Inc is a health care company that delivers health solutions through its prescription medicines, vaccines, biologic therapies, animal health, and consumer care products.

Results
Reported Earnings
$0.89
Earnings Whisper
$0.91
Consensus Estimate
$0.88
Reported Revenue
$10.12 Bil
Revenue Estimate
$10.24 Bil
Growth
Earnings Growth
Revenue Growth
Power Rating
Grade
Earnings Release

Merck Announces Fourth-Quarter and Full-Year 2016 Financial Results

Fourth-Quarter 2016 GAAP EPS Was $0.42; Fourth-Quarter Non-GAAP EPS Was $0.89; Full-Year 2016 GAAP EPS Was $2.04; Full-Year Non-GAAP EPS Was $3.78

2017 Financial Outlook Expects Full-Year 2017 GAAP EPS to be Between $2.47 and $2.62; Expects Non-GAAP EPS to be Between $3.72 and $3.87, Including an Approximately 2 Percent Negative Impact from Foreign Exchange

Anticipates Full-Year 2017 Worldwide Sales to be Between $38.6 Billion and $40.1 Billion, Including an Approximately 2 Percent Negative Impact from Foreign Exchange

Advanced KEYTRUDA Development Program U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Approved KEYTRUDA for Previously Untreated Patients with Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) Whose Tumors Have High PD-L1 Expression (Tumor Proportion Score of 50 Percent or More) Without EGFR or ALK Genomic Tumor Aberrations

FDA Granted Priority Review for Three Supplemental Biologics License Applications for KEYTRUDA

Merck (MRK), known as MSD outside the United States and Canada, today announced financial results for the fourth quarter and full year of 2016.

This Smart News Release features multimedia. View the full release here: http://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20170202005556/en/

"The performance of Merck’s broad and balanced portfolio allows us to remain committed to biomedical innovation that saves and improves lives and delivers long-term value to shareholders," said Kenneth C. Frazier, chairman and chief executive officer, Merck. "The momentum behind our pipeline and key product launches, including the continued growth and expansion of KEYTRUDA into new indications and markets around the world, further reinforces our company’s strategic direction."

Financial Summary
$ in millions, except EPS amounts
Fourth Quarter
Year Ended
Dec. 31,
Dec. 31,
2016
2015
2016
2015
Sales
$10,115
$10,215
$39,807
$39,498
GAAP EPS
0.42
0.35
2.04
1.56
Non-GAAP EPS that excludes certain items(1)*
0.89
0.93
3.78
3.59
GAAP net income(2)
1,177
976
5,691
4,442
Non-GAAP net income that excludes certain items(1,2)*
2,470
2,608
10,538
10,195
*Refer to table on page 8.

Worldwide sales were $10.1 billion for the fourth quarter of 2016, a decrease of 1 percent compared with the fourth quarter of 2015, including a 1 percent negative impact from foreign exchange. Sales in the fourth quarter of 2016 reflect the unfavorable impact of approximately $150 million of sales in Japan, which occurred in the third quarter of 2016 rather than in the fourth quarter due to the implementation of a resource planning system. Full-year 2016 worldwide sales were $39.8 billion, an increase of 1 percent compared with the full year of 2015, including a 2 percent negative impact from foreign exchange.

GAAP (generally accepted accounting principles) earnings per share assuming dilution (EPS) were $0.42 for the fourth quarter and $2.04 for the full year of 2016. Non-GAAP EPS of $0.89 for the fourth quarter and $3.78 for the full year of 2016 excludes acquisition- and divestiture-related costs, restructuring costs and certain other items, which include a charge to settle the worldwide KEYTRUDA patent litigation.

Pipeline Highlights

Merck significantly advanced the clinical development program for KEYTRUDA (pembrolizumab), an anti-PD-1 therapy.

The FDA approved a supplemental Biologics License Application (sBLA) for KEYTRUDA for the first-line treatment of patients with metastatic NSCLC whose tumors have high PD-L1 expression (Tumor Proportion Score [TPS] of 50 Percent or More) as determined by an FDA-approved test, with no EGFR or ALK genomic tumor aberrations.

The FDA granted Priority Review for three additional sBLAs for KEYTRUDA, including: -- Use in combination with chemotherapy as a first-line treatment for patients with metastatic or advanced NSCLC regardless of PD-L1 expression and with no EGFR or ALK genomic tumor aberrations. The PDUFA action date is May 10, 2017.

The treatment of previously treated patients with advanced microsatellite instability-high cancer. The PDUFA action date is March 8, 2017.

The treatment of patients with refractory classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) or for patients with cHL who have relapsed after three or more prior lines of therapy. The PDUFA action date is March 15, 2017.

KEYTRUDA received Breakthrough Therapy Designations from the FDA for the second-line treatment of patients with urothelial carcinoma with disease progression on or after platinum-containing chemotherapy and for the treatment of patients with primary mediastinal B-cell lymphoma that is refractory to or has relapsed after two prior lines of therapy.

The European Commission approved KEYTRUDA for the first-line treatment of metastatic NSCLC in adults whose tumors have high PD-L1 expression (TPS of 50 percent or more) with no EGFR or ALK positive tumor mutations.

KEYTRUDA was approved in Japan as a first- and second-line treatment of certain patients with PD-L1-positive unresectable advanced/recurrent NSCLC.

Merck and Incyte Corporation recently announced the expansion of the clinical development program investigating KEYTRUDA in combination with epacadostat, Incyte’s investigational oral selective IDO1 inhibitor, to include pivotal studies for NSCLC, renal cell carcinoma, bladder cancer and squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck.

The company recently completed enrollment in its Phase 3 APECS study (NCT01953601) evaluating the safety and efficacy of verubecestat (MK-8931) in people with prodromal, or mild, Alzheimer’s disease. Estimated primary completion date for the trial is February 2019.

Fourth-Quarter and Full-Year Revenue Performance

The following table reflects sales of the company’s top pharmaceutical products, as well as total sales of Animal Health products.

$ in millions
Fourth Quarter
Year Ended
Change Ex-
Dec. 31,
Dec. 31,
Change Ex-
2016
2015
Change
Exchange
2016
2015
Change
Exchange
Total Sales
$10,115
$10,215
-1%
0%
$39,807
$39,498
1%
3%
Pharmaceutical
8,904
9,027
-1%
-1%
35,151
34,782
1%
2%
JANUVIA/JANUMET
1,509
1,447
4%
4%
6,109
6,014
2%
2%
ZETIA/VYTORIN
873
999
-13%
-13%
3,701
3,777
-2%
-1%
GARDASIL/GARDASIL 9
542
497
9%
9%
2,173
1,908
14%
14%
PROQUAD, M-M-R II and VARIVAX
405
409
-1%
-1%
1,640
1,505
9%
10%
KEYTRUDA
483
214
125%
128%
1,402
566
148%
151%
ISENTRESS
337
374
-10%
-9%
1,387
1,511
-8%
-6%
REMICADE
269
396
-32%
-31%
1,268
1,794
-29%
-28%
CUBICIN
119
322
-63%
-63%
1,087
1,127
-4%
-4%
SINGULAIR
210
273
-23%
-26%
915
931
-2%
-4%
238
188
27%
25%
641
542
18%
17%
PNEUMOVAX 23
Animal Health
884
832
6%
7%
3,478
3,331
4%
8%
Other Revenues
327
356
-8%
30%
1,178
1,385
-15%
15%

Pharmaceutical Revenue

Fourth-quarter pharmaceutical sales decreased 1 percent to $8.9 billion. The decline was driven primarily by the loss of U.S. market exclusivity in 2016 for CUBICIN (daptomycin for injection), an I.V. antibiotic; NASONEX (mometasone furoate monohydrate), an inhaled nasal corticosteroid for the treatment of nasal allergy symptoms; and ZETIA (ezetimibe), a medicine for lowering LDL cholesterol; as well as by the ongoing impact of biosimilar competition in the company’s marketing territories in Europe for REMICADE (infliximab), a treatment for inflammatory diseases. In the aggregate, sales of these products declined $564 million during the fourth quarter of 2016 compared to the fourth quarter of 2015.

These declines were largely offset by growth in oncology, hepatitis C, diabetes and vaccines, which include the ongoing launches of KEYTRUDA and ZEPATIER (elbasvir and grazoprevir), a medicine for the treatment of chronic hepatitis C virus genotypes 1 or 4 infection. Additionally, the ongoing launch of BRIDION (sugammadex) Injection 100 mg/mL, a medicine for the reversal of neuromuscular blockade induced by rocuronium bromide or vecuronium bromide in adults undergoing surgery, generated sales of $139 million during the fourth quarter of 2016.

Growth of KEYTRUDA reflects the company’s continued efforts to launch the product with new indications, particularly as a first-line treatment for NSCLC and for previously treated recurrent or metastatic head and neck cancer in the United States, and as a second-line treatment for NSCLC globally.

ZEPATIER sales growth was primarily driven by the ongoing launch in the United States, as well as ongoing launches in emerging markets and the launches in Europe and Japan. In the fourth quarter of 2016, sales of ZEPATIER were $229 million.

Pharmaceutical sales also reflect an increase in the diabetes franchise of JANUVIA (sitagliptin) and JANUMET (sitagliptin and metformin HCl), medicines that help lower blood sugar in adults with type 2 diabetes, driven by sales growth in the United States, partially offset by lower sales in Japan due to the timing of shipments.

Growth in vaccines resulted from higher sales of PNEUMOVAX 23 (pneumococcal vaccine polyvalent) in the United States due to the adoption of recently issued vaccination guidelines from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; and GARDASIL 9 (Human Papillomavirus 9-valent Vaccine, Recombinant) and GARDASIL [Human Papillomavirus Quadrivalent (Types 6, 11, 16, and 18) Vaccine, Recombinant], vaccines to prevent certain cancers and other diseases caused by HPV, due to increased pricing and demand in the United States. On Dec. 31, 2016, Merck and Sanofi Pasteur ended the Sanofi Pasteur MSD vaccines joint venture. As a result, beginning in 2017, Merck will operate its vaccines business in Europe and will record vaccine sales in the 19 European countries previously part of the joint venture.

In April 2017 the company will lose market exclusivity in the United States for VYTORIN (ezetimibe/simvastatin), a medicine for lowering LDL cholesterol, and anticipates a significant decline in U.S. VYTORIN sales thereafter. Full-year 2016 U.S. sales of VYTORIN were $473 million.

Full-year 2016 pharmaceutical sales increased 1 percent to $35.2 billion, including a 1 percent negative impact from foreign exchange. Growth was driven by sales in oncology, vaccines and hepatitis C products, partially offset by sales declines of $887 million due to the loss of U.S. market exclusivity for NASONEX and CUBICIN, and the impact of biosimilar competition for REMICADE in the company’s marketing territories in Europe.

Animal Health Revenue

Animal Health sales totaled $884 million for the fourth quarter of 2016, an increase of 6 percent compared with the fourth quarter of 2015, including a 1 percent negative impact from foreign exchange. Worldwide sales for the full year of 2016 were $3.5 billion, an increase of 4 percent, including a 4 percent negative impact from foreign exchange. Sales growth in both periods was primarily driven by an increase in sales of companion animal products, particularly the BRAVECTO (fluralaner) line of products that kill fleas and ticks in dogs and cats for up to 12 weeks.

Fourth-Quarter and Full-Year Expense, EPS and Related Information

The tables below present selected expense information.

$ in millions
Acquisition- and
Divestiture-
Restructuring
Certain Other
Fourth-Quarter 2016
GAAP
Related Costs(3)
Costs
Items
Non-GAAP(1)
Materials and production
$3,332
$756
$32
$-
$2,544
Marketing and administrative
2,593
22
4
-
2,567
Research and development
1,720
(33)
9
-
1,744
Restructuring costs
265
-
265
-
-
Other (income) expense, net
721
35
-
654
32
Fourth-Quarter 2015
Materials and production
$3,850
$1,194
$81
$-
$2,575
Marketing and administrative
2,615
47
8
-
2,560
Research and development
1,797
(24)
18
-
1,803
Restructuring costs
233
-
233
-
-
Other (income) expense, net
905
47
-
707
151
$ in millions
Acquisition- and
Divestiture-
Restructuring
Certain Other
Year Ended Dec. 31, 2016
GAAP
Related Costs(3)
Costs
Items
Non-GAAP(1)
Materials and production
$13,891
$4,035
$181
$-
$9,675
Marketing and administrative
9,762
78
95
-
9,589
Research and development
7,194
222
142
-
6,830
Restructuring costs
651
-
651
-
-
Other (income) expense, net
810
47
-
648
115
Year Ended Dec. 31, 2015
Materials and production
$14,934
$4,869
$361
$-
$9,704
Marketing and administrative
10,313
436
78
-
9,799
Research and development
6,704
39
52
-
6,613
Restructuring costs
619
-
619
-
-
Other (income) expense, net
1,527
54
-
1,125
348

GAAP Expense, EPS and Related Information

On a GAAP basis, the gross margin was 67.1 percent for the fourth quarter of 2016 compared to 62.3 percent for the fourth quarter of 2015. The increase in gross margin for the fourth quarter of 2016 was primarily driven by lower acquisition- and divestiture-related costs and restructuring costs noted above, which negatively affected gross margin by 7.7 percentage points in the fourth quarter of 2016 compared with 12.5 percentage points for the fourth quarter of 2015. The gross margin was 65.1 percent for the full year of 2016 compared to 62.2 percent for the full year of 2015. The increase in gross margin for the full year of 2016 was primarily driven by lower acquisition- and divestiture-related costs and restructuring costs, which negatively affected gross margin by 10.6 percentage points in the full year of 2016 compared with 13.2 percentage points for the full year of 2015.

Marketing and administrative expenses were $2.6 billion in the fourth quarter of 2016, a 1 percent decrease compared to the fourth quarter of 2015. The decline primarily reflects lower acquisition- and divestiture-related costs. Full-year 2016 marketing and administrative expenses were $9.8 billion, a 5 percent decrease compared to the full year of 2015. The decline reflects lower acquisition- and divestiture-related costs, the favorable impact of foreign exchange and lower direct selling costs.

Research and development (R&D) expenses were $1.7 billion in the fourth quarter of 2016, a 4 percent decrease compared to the fourth quarter of 2015. The decline reflects a reduction in expenses resulting from a decrease in the estimated fair value of liabilities for contingent consideration, partially offset by higher in-process research and development (IPR&D) impairment charges. R&D expenses were $7.2 billion for the full year of 2016, a 7 percent increase compared to the full year of 2015. The increase primarily reflects higher IPR&D impairment charges, clinical development spending and restructuring costs, partially offset by a reduction in expenses resulting from a decrease in the estimated fair value of liabilities for contingent consideration.

Other (income) expense, net, was $721 million of expense in the fourth quarter of 2016 compared to $905 million of expense in the fourth quarter of 2015 and was $810 million of expense for the full year of 2016 compared to $1.5 billion of expense for the full year of 2015. Other (income) expense, net for the fourth quarter and full year of 2016 includes a $625 million charge to settle the worldwide KEYTRUDA patent litigation. Other (income) expense, net for the fourth quarter and full year of 2015 includes $161 million and $876 million, respectively, of foreign exchange losses related to the devaluation of the company’s net monetary assets in Venezuela and a $680 million net charge to settle the Vioxx shareholder class action litigation.

GAAP EPS was $0.42 for the fourth quarter of 2016 compared with $0.35 for the fourth quarter of 2015. GAAP EPS was $2.04 for the full year of 2016 compared with $1.56 for the full year of 2015.

Non-GAAP Expense, EPS and Related Information

The non-GAAP gross margin was 74.8 percent for the fourth quarter of 2016, the same as the fourth quarter of 2015. The non-GAAP gross margin was 75.7 percent for the full year of 2016 compared to 75.4 percent for the full year of 2015. The increase in GAAP gross margin for the full year of 2016 reflects lower inventory write-offs.

Non-GAAP marketing and administrative expenses were $2.6 billion in the fourth quarter of 2016, comparable to the fourth quarter of 2015. Non-GAAP marketing and administrative expenses were $9.6 billion for the full year of 2016, a 2 percent decrease compared to the full year of 2015. The decline reflects the favorable impact of foreign exchange and lower direct selling costs.

Non-GAAP R&D expenses were $1.7 billion in the fourth quarter of 2016, a 3 percent decline compared to the fourth quarter of 2015. The decline reflects lower licensing costs. Non-GAAP R&D expenses were $6.8 billion for the full year of 2016, a 3 percent increase compared to the full year of 2015 reflecting increased clinical development spending.

Non-GAAP EPS was $0.89 for the fourth quarter of 2016 compared with $0.93 for the fourth quarter of 2015. Non-GAAP EPS was $3.78 for the full year of 2016 compared with $3.59 for the full year of 2015.

Non-GAAP other (income) expense, net, was $32 million of expense in the fourth quarter of 2016 compared to $151 million of expense in the fourth quarter of 2015, primarily reflecting the receipt of a milestone payment. Non-GAAP other (income) expense, net, for the full year of 2016 was $115 million of expense compared to $348 million of expense for the full year of 2015, reflecting lower foreign exchange losses.

A reconciliation of GAAP to non-GAAP net income and EPS is provided in the table that follows.

$ in millions, except EPS amounts
Fourth Quarter
Year Ended
Dec. 31,
Dec. 31,
2016
2015
2016
2015
EPS
GAAP EPS
$0.42
$0.35
$2.04
$1.56
Difference(4)
0.47
0.58
1.74
2.03
Non-GAAP EPS that excludes items listed below(1)
$0.89
$0.93
$3.78
$3.59
Net Income
GAAP net income(2)
$1,177
$976
$5,691
$4,442
Difference
1,293
1,632
4,847
5,753
Non-GAAP net income that excludes items listed below(1,2)
$2,470
$2,608
$10,538
$10,195
Decrease (Increase) in Net Income Due to Excluded Items:
Acquisition- and divestiture-related costs(3)
$780
$1,264
$4,382
$5,398
Restructuring costs
310
340
1,069
1,110
Charge to settle worldwide KEYTRUDA patent litigation
625
-
625
-
Net charge to settle Vioxx shareholder class action litigation
-
680
-
680
Foreign exchange losses related to Venezuela
-
161
-
876
Gain on divestiture of certain ophthalmic products
-
(147)
-
(147)
Gain on divestiture of certain migraine clinical development programs
-
-
-
(250)
Other
29
13
23
(34)
Net decrease (increase) in income before taxes
1,744
2,311
6,099
7,633
Income tax (benefit) expense(5)
(451)
(679)
(1,252)
(1,880)
Decrease (increase) in net income
$1,293
$1,632
$4,847
$5,753

Financial Outlook

Merck expects its full-year 2017 GAAP EPS to be between $2.47 and $2.62. Merck expects its full-year 2017 non-GAAP EPS to be between $3.72 and $3.87, including an approximately 2 percent negative impact from foreign exchange. The non-GAAP range excludes acquisition- and divestiture-related costs and costs related to restructuring programs.

At mid-January 2017 exchange rates, Merck anticipates full-year 2017 revenues to be between $38.6 billion and $40.1 billion, including an approximately 2 percent negative impact from foreign exchange.

The following table summarizes the company’s 2017 financial guidance.

GAAP
Non-GAAP(1)
Revenue
$38.6 to $40.1 billion
$38.6 to $40.1 billion**
Operating expenses
Higher than 2016 by a low-single digit rate
Higher than 2016 by a low-single digit rate
Effective tax rate
22.0% to 23.0%
21.0 % to 22.0%
EPS
$2.47 to $2.62
$3.72 to $3.87
**The company does not have any non-GAAP adjustments to revenue.

A reconciliation of anticipated 2017 GAAP EPS to non-GAAP EPS and the items excluded from non-GAAP EPS are provided in the table below.

$ in millions, except EPS amounts
Full-Year 2017
GAAP EPS
$2.47 to $2.62
Difference(4)
1.25
Non-GAAP EPS that excludes items listed below(1)
$3.72 to $3.87
Acquisition- and divestiture-related costs
$3,600
Restructuring costs
600
Net decrease (increase) in income before taxes
4,200
Estimated income tax (benefit) expense
(750)
Decrease (increase) in net income
$3,450

The expected full-year 2017 GAAP effective tax rate of 22.0 to 23.0 percent reflects an unfavorable impact of approximately 1 percentage point from the above items.

Total Employees

As of Dec. 31, 2016, Merck had approximately 68,000 employees worldwide.

Earnings Conference Call

Investors, journalists and the general public may access a live audio webcast of the call today at 8:00 a.m. EST on Merck’s website at http://investors.merck.com/events-and-presentations/default.aspx. Institutional investors and analysts can participate in the call by dialing (706) 758-9927 or (877) 381-5782 and using ID code number 32136167. Members of the media are invited to monitor the call by dialing (706) 758-9928 or (800) 399-7917 and using ID code number 32136167. Journalists who wish to ask questions are requested to contact a member of Merck’s Media Relations team at the conclusion of the call.

About Merck

For over a century, Merck has been a global health care leader working to help the world be well. Merck is known as MSD outside the United States and Canada. Through our prescription medicines, vaccines, biologic therapies and animal health products, we work with customers and operate in more than 140 countries to deliver innovative health solutions. We also demonstrate our commitment to increasing access to health care through far-reaching policies, programs and partnerships. For more information, visit www.merck.com and connect with us on Twitter, Facebook, YouTube and LinkedIn. You can also follow our Twitter conversation at $MRK.

Forward-Looking Statement of Merck & Co., Inc., Kenilworth, N.J., USA

This news release of Merck & Co., Inc., Kenilworth, N.J., USA (the "company") includes "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of the safe harbor provisions of the U.S. Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These statements are based upon the current beliefs and expectations of the company’s management and are subject to significant risks and uncertainties. There can be no guarantees with respect to pipeline products that the products will receive the necessary regulatory approvals or that they will prove to be commercially successful. If underlying assumptions prove inaccurate or risks or uncertainties materialize, actual results may differ materially from those set forth in the forward-looking statements.

Risks and uncertainties include but are not limited to, general industry conditions and competition; general economic factors, including interest rate and currency exchange rate fluctuations; the impact of pharmaceutical industry regulation and health care legislation in the United States and internationally; global trends toward health care cost containment; technological advances, new products and patents attained by competitors; challenges inherent in new product development, including obtaining regulatory approval; the company’s ability to accurately predict future market conditions; manufacturing difficulties or delays; financial instability of international economies and sovereign risk; dependence on the effectiveness of the company’s patents and other protections for innovative products; and the exposure to litigation, including patent litigation, and/or regulatory actions.

The company undertakes no obligation to publicly update any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. Additional factors that could cause results to differ materially from those described in the forward-looking statements can be found in the company’s 2015 Annual Report on Form 10-K and the company’s other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) available at the SEC’s Internet site (www.sec.gov).

###

(1) Merck is providing certain 2016 and 2015 non-GAAP information that excludes certain items because of the nature of these items and the impact they have on the analysis of underlying business performance and trends. Management believes that providing this information enhances investors’ understanding of the company’s results and permits investors to understand how management assesses performance. Management uses these measures internally for planning and forecasting purposes and to measure the performance of the company along with other metrics. Senior management’s annual compensation is derived in part using non-GAAP income and non-GAAP EPS. This information should be considered in addition to, but not as a substitute for or superior to, information prepared in accordance with GAAP. For a description of the items, see Tables 2a and 2b attached to this release.

(2) Net income attributable to Merck & Co., Inc.

(3) Includes expenses for the amortization of intangible assets and purchase accounting adjustments to inventories recognized as a result of acquisitions, intangible asset impairment charges and expense or income related to changes in the estimated fair value measurement of contingent consideration. Also includes integration, transaction and certain other costs related to business acquisitions and divestitures.

(4) Represents the difference between calculated GAAP EPS and calculated non-GAAP EPS, which may be different than the amount calculated by dividing the impact of the excluded items by the weighted-average shares for the period.

(5) Includes the estimated tax impact on the reconciling items. In addition, amounts for fourth-quarter and full-year 2015 include net benefits of $40 million and $410 million, respectively, related to the settlement of certain federal income tax issues.

MERCK & CO., INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF INCOME - GAAP
(AMOUNTS IN MILLIONS, EXCEPT PER SHARE FIGURES)
(UNAUDITED)
Table 1
GAAP
GAAP
4Q16
4Q15
% Change
Full Year
Full Year
% Change
2016
2015
Sales
$ 10,115
$ 10,215
-1 %
$ 39,807
$ 39,498
1 %
Costs, Expenses and Other
Materials and production (1)
3,332
3,850
-13 %
13,891
14,934
-7 %
Marketing and administrative (1)
2,593
2,615
-1 %
9,762
10,313
-5 %
Research and development (1)
1,720
1,797
-4 %
7,194
6,704
7 %
Restructuring costs (2)
265
233
14 %
651
619
5 %
Other (income) expense, net (1) (3)
721
905
-20 %
810
1,527
-47 %
Income Before Taxes
1,484
815
82 %
7,499
5,401
39 %
Income Tax Provision (Benefit)
300
(166 )
1,787
942
Net Income
1,184
981
21 %
5,712
4,459
28 %
Less: Net Income Attributable to Noncontrolling Interests
7
5
21
17
Net Income Attributable to Merck & Co., Inc.
$
1,177
$
976
21 %
$
5,691
$
4,442
28 %
Earnings per Common Share Assuming Dilution
$
0.42
$
0.35
20 %
$
2.04
$
1.56
31 %
Average Shares Outstanding Assuming Dilution
2,776
2,813
2,787
2,841
Tax Rate (4)
20.2 %
-20.4 %
23.8 %
17.4 %
* 100% or greater

(1) Amounts include the impact of acquisition and divestiture-related costs, restructuring costs and certain other items. See accompanying tables for details.

(2) Represents separation and other related costs associated with restructuring activities under the company’s formal restructuring programs.

(3) Other (income) expense, net in the fourth quarter and full year of 2016 includes a $625 million charge to settle worldwide patent litigation related to KEYTRUDA. Other (income) expense, net in the fourth quarter and full year of 2015 includes a $680 million net charge related to the settlement of VIOXX shareholder class action litigation, as well as a $147 million gain on the divestiture of the company’s remaining ophthalmics business in international markets. In addition, other (income) expense, net in the fourth quarter and full year of 2015 includes foreign exchange losses of $161 million and $876 million, respectively, to devalue the company’s net monetary assets in Venezuela. Other (income) expense, net for the full year of 2015 also includes a $250 million gain on the sale of certain migraine clinical development programs.

(4) The effective income tax rates for the fourth quarter and full year of 2015 reflect the impact of the net charge related to the settlement of VIOXX shareholder class action litigation being fully deductible at combined U.S. federal and state tax rates, the favorable impact of tax legislation enacted in the fourth quarter of 2015, as well as the unfavorable effect of non-tax deductible foreign exchange losses related to Venezuela. The effective income tax rates for the fourth quarter and full year of 2015 also reflect net benefits of $40 million and $410 million, respectively, related to the settlement of certain federal income tax issues.

MERCK & CO., INC.
GAAP TO NON-GAAP RECONCILIATION
FOURTH QUARTER 2016
(AMOUNTS IN MILLIONS, EXCEPT PER SHARE FIGURES)
(UNAUDITED)
Table 2a
Acquisition and
Restructuring
Certain Other
Adjustment
GAAP
Divestiture-
Costs (2)
Items (3)
Subtotal
Non-GAAP
Related Costs (1)
Materials and production
$ 3,332
756
32
788
$ 2,544
Marketing and administrative
2,593
22
4
26
2,567
Research and development
1,720
(33)
9
(24)
1,744
Restructuring costs
265
265
265
-
Other (income) expense, net
721
35
654
689
32
Income Before Taxes
1,484
(780)
(310)
(654)
(1,744)
3,228
Income Tax Provision (Benefit)
300
(253) (4)
(60) (4)
(138) (4)
(451)
751
Net Income
1,184
(527)
(250)
(516)
(1,293)
2,477
Net Income Attributable to Merck & Co., Inc.
1,177
(527)
(250)
(516)
(1,293)
2,470
Earnings per Common Share Assuming Dilution
$ 0.42
(0.19)
(0.09)
(0.19)
(0.47)
$ 0.89
Tax Rate
20.2%
23.3%

Only the line items that are affected by non-GAAP adjustments are shown.

Merck is providing certain non-GAAP information that excludes certain items because of the nature of these items and the impact they have on the analysis of underlying business performance and trends. Management believes that providing this information enhances investors’ understanding of the company’s results and permits investors to understand how management assesses performance. Management uses these measures internally for planning and forecasting purposes and to measure the performance of the company along with other metrics. Senior management’s annual compensation is derived in part using non-GAAP income and non-GAAP EPS. This information should be considered in addition to, but not as a substitute for or superior to, information prepared in accordance with GAAP.

(1) Amounts included in materials and production costs reflect expenses for the amortization of intangible assets recognized as a result of acquisitions. Amounts included in marketing and administrative expenses reflect integration, transaction and certain other costs related to business acquisitions, including severance costs which are not part of the company’s formal restructuring programs, as well as transaction and certain other costs related to business divestitures. Amounts included in research and development expenses reflect a reduction of expenses of $432 million related to decreases in the estimated fair value measurement of liabilities for contingent consideration, largely offset by $399 million of in-process research and development (IPR&D) impairment charges. Amount included in other (income) expense, net represents a goodwill impairment charge related to a business within the Healthcare Services segment.

(2) Amounts primarily include employee separation costs and accelerated depreciation associated with facilities to be closed or divested related to activities under the company’s formal restructuring programs.

(3) Primarily reflects a $625 million charge to settle worldwide patent litigation related to KEYTRUDA.

(4) Represents the estimated tax impact on the reconciling items based on applying the statutory rate of the originating territory of the non-GAAP adjustments.

MERCK & CO., INC.
GAAP TO NON-GAAP RECONCILIATION
FULL YEAR 2016
(AMOUNTS IN MILLIONS, EXCEPT PER SHARE FIGURES)
(UNAUDITED)
Table 2b
Acquisition and
Restructuring
Certain Other
Adjustment
GAAP
Divestiture-
Costs (2)
Items (3)
Subtotal
Non-GAAP
Related Costs (1)
Materials and production
$ 13,891
4,035
181
4,216
$ 9,675
Marketing and administrative
9,762
78
95
173
9,589
Research and development
7,194
222
142
364
6,830
Restructuring costs
651
651
651
-
Other (income) expense, net
810
47
648
695
115
Income Before Taxes
7,499
(4,382)
(1,069)
(648)
(6,099)
13,598
Income Tax Provision (Benefit)
1,787
(886) (4)
(229) (4)
(137) (4)
(1,252)
3,039
Net Income
5,712
(3,496)
(840)
(511)
(4,847)
10,559
Net Income Attributable to Merck & Co., Inc.
5,691
(3,496)
(840)
(511)
(4,847)
10,538
Earnings per Common Share Assuming Dilution
$ 2.04
(1.26)
(0.30)
(0.18)
(1.74)
$ 3.78
Tax Rate
23.8%
22.3%

Only the line items that are affected by non-GAAP adjustments are shown.

Merck is providing certain non-GAAP information that excludes certain items because of the nature of these items and the impact they have on the analysis of underlying business performance and trends. Management believes that providing this information enhances investors’ understanding of the company’s results and permits investors to understand how management assesses performance. Management uses these measures internally for planning and forecasting purposes and to measure the performance of the company along with other metrics. Senior management’s annual compensation is derived in part using non-GAAP income and non-GAAP EPS. This information should be considered in addition to, but not as a substitute for or superior to, information prepared in accordance with GAAP.

(1) Amounts included in materials and production costs primarily reflect $3.7 billion of expenses for the amortization of intangible assets recognized as a result of acquisitions, as well as $347 million of intangible asset impairment charges. Amounts included in marketing and administrative expenses reflect integration, transaction and certain other costs related to business acquisitions, including severance costs which are not part of the company’s formal restructuring programs, as well as transaction and certain other costs related to business divestitures. Amounts included in research and development expenses reflect $624 million of in-process research and development (IPR&D) impairment charges, partially offset by a reduction of expenses of $402 million related to a decrease in the estimated fair value measurement of liabilities for contingent consideration. Amounts included in other (income) expense, net represent goodwill impairment charges related to businesses within the Healthcare Services segment.

(2) Amounts primarily include employee separation costs and accelerated depreciation associated with facilities to be closed or divested related to activities under the company’s formal restructuring programs.

(3) Primarily reflects a $625 million charge to settle worldwide patent litigation related to KEYTRUDA.

(4) Represents the estimated tax impact on the reconciling items based on applying the statutory rate of the originating territory of the non-GAAP adjustments.

MERCK & CO., INC.
FRANCHISE / KEY PRODUCT SALES
(AMOUNTS IN MILLIONS)
Table 3
2016
2015
% Change
1Q
2Q
3Q
4Q
Full Year
1Q
2Q
3Q
4Q
Full Year
4Q
Full Year
TOTAL SALES (1)
$ 9,312
$ 9,844
$ 10,536
$ 10,115
$ 39,807
$ 9,425
$ 9,785
$ 10,073
$ 10,215
$ 39,498
-1
1
PHARMACEUTICAL
8,104
8,700
9,443
8,904
35,151
8,266
8,564
8,925
9,027
34,782
-1
1
Primary Care and Women’s Health
Cardiovascular
Zetia
612
702
671
575
2,560
568
635
633
691
2,526
-17
1
Vytorin
277
293
273
299
1,141
320
320
302
308
1,251
-3
-9
Diabetes
Januvia
906
1,064
1,006
932
3,908
884
1,044
1,014
921
3,863
1
1
Janumet
506
569
548
577
2,201
509
554
562
526
2,151
10
2
General Medicine & Women’s Health
NuvaRing
175
200
195
207
777
166
182
190
193
732
7
6
Implanon / Nexplanon
134
164
148
160
606
137
124
176
151
588
6
3
Dulera
113
121
97
105
436
130
120
133
153
536
-31
-19
Follistim AQ
94
73
101
87
355
82
111
95
95
383
-9
-7
Hospital and Specialty
Hepatitis
Zepatier
50
112
164
229
555
HIV
Isentress
340
338
372
337
1,387
385
375
377
374
1,511
-10
-8
Hospital Acute Care
Cubicin (2)
292
357
320
119
1,087
187
293
325
322
1,127
-63
-4
Noxafil
145
143
147
161
595
111
117
132
128
487
26
22
Invanz
114
143
152
152
561
132
139
153
144
569
6
-1
Cancidas
133
131
142
152
558
163
134
139
137
573
11
-3
Bridion
90
113
139
139
482
85
87
89
92
353
52
37
Primaxin
73
81
77
66
297
65
88
75
86
313
-23
-5
Immunology
Remicade
349
339
311
269
1,268
501
455
442
396
1,794
-32
-29
Simponi
188
199
193
186
766
158
169
178
185
690
0
11
Oncology
Keytruda
249
314
356
483
1,402
83
110
159
214
566
125
148
Emend
126
143
137
144
549
122
134
141
139
535
4
3
Temodar
66
73
78
67
283
74
80
83
75
312
-11
-9
Diversified Brands
Respiratory
Singulair
237
229
239
210
915
245
212
201
273
931
-23
-2
Nasonex
229
101
94
112
537
289
215
121
231
858
-52
-37
Other
Cozaar / Hyzaar
126
132
131
121
511
185
189
150
143
667
-15
-23
Arcoxia
111
117
114
108
450
123
115
123
110
471
-2
-4
Fosamax
75
73
68
68
284
94
96
86
82
359
-18
-21
Zocor
46
50
54
37
186
49
63
56
49
217
-26
-14
Vaccines
Gardasil / Gardasil 9
378
393
860
542
2,173
359
427
625
497
1,908
9
14
ProQuad / M-M-R II / Varivax
357
383
496
405
1,640
348
358
390
409
1,505
-1
9
Zostavax
125
149
190
221
685
175
149
179
246
749
-10
-9
RotaTeq
188
130
171
162
652
192
89
160
169
610
-4
7
Pneumovax 23
107
120
175
238
641
110
106
138
188
542
27
18
Other Pharmaceutical (3)
1,093
1,151
1,224
1,234
4,703
1,235
1,274
1,298
1,300
5,105
-5
-8
ANIMAL HEALTH (4)
829
900
865
884
3,478
831
842
827
832
3,331
6
4
Other Revenues (4)(5)
379
244
228
327
1,178
328
379
321
356
1,385
-8
-15

Sum of quarterly amounts may not equal year-to-date amounts due to rounding.

(1) Only select products are shown.

(2) First quarter of 2015 reflects approximately two months of sales following the acquisition of Cubist Pharmaceuticals, Inc. by Merck on January 21, 2015.

(3) Includes Pharmaceutical products not individually shown above. Other Vaccines sales included in Other Pharmaceutical were $103 million, $91 million, $135 million and $126 million for the first, second, third and fourth quarters of 2016, respectively. Other Vaccines sales included in Other Pharmaceutical were $78 million, $76 million, $99 million and $148 million for the first, second, third and fourth quarters of 2015, respectively.

(4) Amounts reflect a reclassification of certain revenues between Animal Health and Other Revenues.

(5) Other revenues are comprised primarily of alliance revenue, third-party manufacturing sales and miscellaneous corporate revenues, including revenue hedging activities.

http://cts.businesswire.com/ct/CT?id=bwnews&sty=20170202005556r1&sid=cmtx6&distro=nx&lang=en

View source version on businesswire.com: http://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20170202005556/en/

SOURCE: Merck"> <Property FormalName="PrimaryTwitterHandle" Value="@Merck

Merck
Media:
Lainie Keller, 908-236-5036
or
Investors:
Teri Loxam, 908-740-1986
Amy Klug, 908-740-1898