UAL
$82.01
United Continental
$.11
.13%
Earnings Details
2nd Quarter June 2018
Tuesday, July 17, 2018 4:15:00 PM
Tweet Share Watch
Summary

United Continental Beats

United Continental (UAL) reported 2nd Quarter June 2018 earnings of $3.23 per share on revenue of $10.8 billion. The consensus earnings estimate was $3.07 per share on revenue of $10.7 billion. The Earnings Whisper number was $3.10 per share. Revenue grew 7.8% on a year-over-year basis.

The company said it expects 2018 earnings of $7.25 to $8.75 per share. The company's previous guidance was earnings of $7.00 to $8.50 per share and the current consensus earnings estimate is $7.70 per share for the year ending December 31, 2018.

United Continental Holdings Inc transports people and cargo through its mainline operations, which use jet aircraft with at least 118 seats, and its regional operations.

Results
Reported Earnings
$3.23
Earnings Whisper
$3.10
Consensus Estimate
$3.07
Reported Revenue
$10.78 Bil
Revenue Estimate
$10.70 Bil
Growth
Earnings Growth
Revenue Growth
Power Rating
Grade
Earnings Release

United Airlines Reports Second-Quarter 2018 Performance

CHICAGO, July 17, 2018 /PRNewswire/ -- United Airlines (UAL) today announced its second-quarter 2018 financial results. 

  • UAL reported second-quarter net income of $684 million, diluted earnings per share of $2.48, pre-tax earnings of $857 million and pre-tax margin of 8.0 percent.
  • Excluding special charges and mark-to-market adjustments, UAL reported second-quarter net income of $889 million, diluted earnings per share of $3.23, pre-tax earnings of $1.1 billion and pre-tax margin of 10.4 percent.
  • Ranked first among largest competitors in on-time departures in the quarter.
  • UAL repurchased $407 million of its common shares in the second quarter.
  • Consolidated passenger revenue per available seat mile (PRASM) increased 3.0 percent year-over-year.
  • Consolidated total revenue per available seat mile (TRASM) increased 2.8 percent year-over-year.
  • Consolidated unit cost per available seat mile (CASM) increased 7.1 percent year-over-year.
  • Consolidated CASM, excluding special charges, third-party business expenses, fuel and profit sharing, decreased 0.4 percent year-over-year.
  • UAL now expects full-year 2018 diluted earnings per share, excluding special charges and mark-to-market adjustments, to be $7.25 to $8.751.

"We delivered great financial results and strong operational performance in the second quarter despite the significant headwind of higher fuel prices," said Oscar Munoz, chief executive officer of United Airlines. "These results are the strongest evidence yet that our strategic growth plan is working, and we are well positioned to carry our momentum into the second half of the year."

For more information on UAL's third-quarter 2018 guidance, please visit ir.united.com for the company's investor update.

Second-Quarter Highlights

Operations and Employees

  • Completed the best second-quarter on-time departure performance in United's history.
  • Received "Best-of-the-Best" Award from the National LGBT Chamber of Commerce and National Business Inclusion Consortium for commitment to diversity and inclusion across all communities.
  • Announced a total of $8 million in grants to benefit organizations in each of its domestic hub communities.
  • Became the first carrier to achieve certification through the new Audubon International Green Hospitality Program for the airline's United Club location in Terminal 7 of Los Angeles International Airport.

Customer Experience

  • Expanded personal device entertainment option to all aircraft with DIRECTV live streaming for purchase, providing at least one free entertainment option on all Wi-Fi equipped aircraft (which is any aircraft with more than 70 seats).
  • Opened three new United Polaris lounges located in San Francisco International Airport, Newark Liberty International Airport and Houston's George Bush Intercontinental Airport.
  • Announced a new relationship with The Private Suite, offering the airline's customers access to a newly built, private terminal at Los Angeles International Airport.
  • Introduced the new United Explorer Card which offers additional benefits, travel credits and discounts.

Network and Fleet

  • Launched service from Newark/New York to two new international destinations: Reykjavik, Iceland, and Porto, Portugal.
  • Announced the return of seasonal service to 25 destinations, including, among others: Athens, Greece; Glasgow, Scotland; Madrid and Barcelona, Spain; Rome and Venice, Italy; and Hamburg, Germany.
  • Announced schedule expansion at East Coast hubs in Newark/New York and Washington-Dulles to offer more nonstop flights to destinations popular with New York-area customers while reallocating largely connecting passenger flights to Washington-Dulles.
  • Took delivery of one Boeing 777-300ER aircraft and six Boeing 737 MAX 9 aircraft.
  • Became North American launch customer of the Boeing 737 MAX 9 aircraft, which took its first flight on June 7 from Houston's George Bush Intercontinental Airport to Orlando International Airport in Florida.

Earnings Call

UAL will hold a conference call to discuss second-quarter 2018 financial results and its financial and operational outlook for the third quarter and full year of 2018 on Wednesday, July 18, at 9:30 a.m. Central Time /10:30 a.m. Eastern Time. A live, listen-only webcast of the conference call will be available at ir.united.com. The webcast will be available for replay within 24 hours of the conference call and then archived on the website for three months.

About United

United Airlines and United Express operate approximately 4,600 flights a day to 357 airports across five continents. In 2017, United and United Express operated more than 1.6 million flights carrying more than 148 million customers. United is proud to have the world's most comprehensive route network, including U.S. mainland hubs in Chicago, Denver, Houston, Los Angeles, Newark/New York, San Francisco and Washington, D.C. United operates 757 mainline aircraft and the airline's United Express carriers operate 551 regional aircraft. The airline is a founding member of Star Alliance, which provides service to 193 countries via 28 member airlines. For more information, visit united.com, follow @United on Twitter or connect on Facebook. The common stock of United's parent, United Continental Holdings, Inc., is traded on the NYSE under the symbol "UAL".

1 Excludes special charges, the nature of which are not determinable at this time, and mark-to-market impact of equity investments. Accordingly, UAL is not providing earnings guidance on a GAAP basis.

Safe Harbor Statement under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995:
Certain statements included in this release are forward-looking and thus reflect our current expectations and beliefs with respect to certain current and future events and anticipated financial and operating performance. Such forward-looking statements are and will be subject to many risks and uncertainties relating to our operations and business environment that may cause actual results to differ materially from any future results expressed or implied in such forward-looking statements. Words such as "expects," "will," "plans," "anticipates," "indicates," "believes," "estimates," "forecast," "guidance," "outlook," "goals" and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. Additionally, forward-looking statements include statements that do not relate solely to historical facts, such as statements which identify uncertainties or trends, discuss the possible future effects of current known trends or uncertainties, or which indicate that the future effects of known trends or uncertainties cannot be predicted, guaranteed or assured. All forward-looking statements in this release are based upon information available to us on the date of this release. We undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future events, changed circumstances or otherwise, except as required by applicable law. Our actual results could differ materially from these forward-looking statements due to numerous factors including, without limitation, the following: general economic conditions (including interest rates, foreign currency exchange rates, investment or credit market conditions, crude oil prices, costs of aircraft fuel and energy refining capacity in relevant markets); economic and political instability and other risks of doing business globally, including political developments that may impact our operations in certain countries; demand for travel and the impact that global economic and political conditions have on customer travel patterns; competitive pressures on pricing and on demand; demand for transportation in the markets in which we operate; our capacity decisions and the capacity decisions of our competitors; the effects of any hostilities, act of war or terrorist attack; the effects of any technology failures or cybersecurity breaches; the impact of regulatory, investigative and legal proceedings and legal compliance risks; disruptions to our regional network; the ability of other air carriers with whom we have alliances or partnerships to provide the services contemplated by the respective arrangements with such carriers; costs associated with any modification or termination of our aircraft orders; potential reputational or other impact from adverse events in our operations, the operations of our regional carriers or the operations of our code share partners; our ability to attract and retain customers; our ability to execute our operational plans and revenue-generating initiatives, including optimizing our revenue; our ability to control our costs, including realizing benefits from our resource optimization efforts, cost reduction initiatives and fleet replacement programs; the impact of any management changes; our ability to cost-effectively hedge against increases in the price of aircraft fuel if we decide to do so; any potential realized or unrealized gains or losses related to any fuel or currency hedging programs; labor costs; our ability to maintain satisfactory labor relations and the results of any collective bargaining agreement process with our union groups; any disruptions to operations due to any potential actions by our labor groups; an outbreak of a disease that affects travel demand or travel behavior; U.S. or foreign governmental legislation, regulation and other actions (including Open Skies agreements and environmental regulations); industry consolidation or changes in airline alliances; our ability to comply with the terms of our various financing arrangements; the costs and availability of financing; our ability to maintain adequate liquidity; the costs and availability of aviation and other insurance; weather conditions; our ability to utilize our net operating losses to offset future taxable income; the impact of changes in tax laws; the success of our investments in airlines in other parts of the world; and other risks and uncertainties set forth under Part I, Item 1A., "Risk Factors," of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017, as well as other risks and uncertainties set forth from time to time in the reports we file with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.

-tables attached-

On January 1, 2018, United Continental Holdings, Inc. ("UAL") adopted Accounting Standards Update No. 2014-09 (Topic 606), Revenue from Contracts with Customers, and Accounting Standards Update No. 2017-07, Improving the Presentation of Net Periodic Pension Cost and Net Periodic Postretirement Benefit Cost. As such, certain previously reported 2017 figures are adjusted in this report on a basis consistent with the new standards. See the Current Report on Form 8-K filed by UAL with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 1, 2018 for additional information.

UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.

STATEMENTS OF CONSOLIDATED OPERATIONS (UNAUDITED) (A)




Three Months Ended
June 30,


%
Increase/



Six Months Ended
June 30,


%
Increase/


(In millions, except per share data)


2018


2017


(Decrease)



2018


2017


(Decrease)


Operating revenue:















Passenger


$

9,880



$

9,151



8.0




$

18,030



$

16,804



7.3



Cargo


314



273



15.0




607



511



18.8



Other operating revenue


583



584



(0.2)




1,172



1,119



4.7



Total operating revenue


10,777



10,008



7.7




19,809



18,434



7.5


















Operating expense:















Salaries and related costs


2,878



2,842



1.3




5,604



5,478



2.3



Aircraft fuel


2,390



1,669



43.2




4,355



3,229



34.9



Regional capacity purchase


681



549



24.0




1,300



1,085



19.8



Landing fees and other rent


603



541



11.5




1,161



1,085



7.0



Depreciation and amortization


557



536



3.9




1,098



1,054



4.2



Aircraft maintenance materials and outside repairs


438



472



(7.2)




878



926



(5.2)



Distribution expenses


393



385



2.1




735



704



4.4



Aircraft rent


119



152



(21.7)




246



331



(25.7)



Special charges (C)


129



44



NM




169



95



NM



Other operating expenses


1,428



1,381



3.4




2,826



2,690



5.1



Total operating expense


9,616



8,571



12.2




18,372



16,677



10.2


















Operating income


1,161



1,437



(19.2)




1,437



1,757



(18.2)


















Operating margin


10.8

%


14.4

%


(3.6)


pts.


7.3

%


9.5

%


(2.2)


pts.

Operating margin, excluding special charges (Non-GAAP)


12.0

%


14.8

%


(2.8)


pts.


8.1

%


10.0

%


(1.9)


pts.
















Nonoperating income (expense):















Interest expense


(177)



(167)



6.0




(353)



(329)



7.3



Interest capitalized


14



21



(33.3)




33



44



(25.0)



Interest income


25



13



92.3




42



24



75.0



Miscellaneous, net (C)


(166)



(27)



NM




(118)



(69)



71.0



Total nonoperating expense


(304)



(160)



90.0




(396)



(330)



20.0


















Income before income taxes


857



1,277



(32.9)




1,041



1,427



(27.0)


















Pre-tax margin


8.0

%


12.8

%


(4.8)


pts.


5.3

%


7.7

%


(2.4)


pts.

Pre-tax margin, excluding special charges and mark-to-market ("MTM") losses on equity investments (Non-GAAP)


10.4

%


13.2

%


(2.8)


pts.


6.6

%


8.3

%


(1.7)


pts.
















Income tax expense (D)


173



456



(62.1)




210



507



(58.6)



Net income


$

684



$

821



(16.7)




$

831



$

920



(9.7)


















Earnings per share, diluted


$

2.48



$

2.67



(7.1)




$

2.96



$

2.96





Weighted average shares, diluted


275.6



307.7



(10.4)




280.2



311.1



(9.9)


















NM Not meaningful











 

UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.

STATISTICS




Three Months Ended
June 30,


%
Increase/



Six Months Ended
June 30,


%
Increase/




2018


2017


(Decrease)



2018


2017


(Decrease)


Mainline:















Passengers (thousands)


29,589



28,084



5.4




54,191



51,909



4.4



Revenue passenger miles (millions)


53,485



50,554



5.8




97,595



92,737



5.2



Available seat miles (millions)


63,061



60,473



4.3




117,859



113,527



3.8



Cargo ton miles (millions)


855



828



3.3




1,672



1,576



6.1



Passenger revenue per available seat mile (cents)


12.76



12.39



3.0




12.44



12.08



3.0



Average yield per revenue passenger mile (cents)


15.04



14.82



1.5




15.02



14.79



1.6



Aircraft in fleet at end of period


757



748



1.2




757



748



1.2



Average stage length (miles)


1,823



1,821



0.1




1,818



1,812



0.3



Average daily utilization of each aircraft (hours: minutes)


11:07



10:46



3.3




10:32



10:16



2.6



Average aircraft fuel price per gallon


$

2.24



$

1.62



38.3




$

2.17



$

1.66



30.7



Fuel gallons consumed (millions)


885



867



2.1




1,656



1,628



1.7


















Regional:















Passengers (thousands)


11,469



10,163



12.9




21,362



19,443



9.9



Revenue passenger miles (millions)


6,460



5,802



11.3




12,199



11,230



8.6



Available seat miles (millions)


7,641



6,994



9.3




14,820



13,748



7.8



Passenger revenue per available seat mile (cents)


24.02



23.72



1.3




22.73



22.44



1.3



Average yield per revenue passenger mile (cents)


28.41



28.59



(0.6)




27.62



27.47



0.5



Aircraft in fleet at end of period


551



475



16.0




551



475



16.0



Average stage length (miles)


552



558



(1.1)




558



565



(1.2)



Average aircraft fuel price per gallon


$

2.38



$

1.71



39.2




$

2.29



$

1.75



30.9



Fuel gallons consumed (millions)


173



156



10.9




334



305



9.5


















Consolidated (Mainline and Regional):















Passengers (thousands)


41,058



38,247



7.3




75,553



71,352



5.9



Revenue passenger miles (millions)


59,945



56,356



6.4




109,794



103,967



5.6



Available seat miles (millions)


70,702



67,467



4.8




132,679



127,275



4.2



Passenger load factor:















Consolidated


84.8

%


83.5

%


1.3


pts.


82.8

%


81.7

%


1.1


pts.

Domestic


87.1

%


86.8

%


0.3


pts.


85.1

%


85.2

%


(0.1)


pts.

International


81.7

%


79.5

%


2.2


pts.


79.7

%


77.5

%


2.2


pts.

Passenger revenue per available seat mile (cents)


13.97



13.56



3.0




13.59



13.20



3.0



Total revenue per available seat mile (cents)


15.24



14.83



2.8




14.93



14.48



3.1



Average yield per revenue passenger mile (cents)


16.48



16.24



1.5




16.42



16.16



1.6



Aircraft in fleet at end of period


1,308



1,223



7.0




1,308



1,223



7.0



Average stage length (miles)


1,460



1,475



(1.0)




1,452



1,464



(0.8)



Average full-time equivalent employees (thousands)


86.7



86.0



0.8




86.2



85.6



0.7



Average aircraft fuel price per gallon


$

2.26



$

1.63



38.7




$

2.19



$

1.67



31.1



Fuel gallons consumed (millions)


1,058



1,023



3.4




1,990



1,933



2.9




Note: See Part II, Item 6, Selected Financial Data, of UAL's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017, for definitions of these statistics.       

 

UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.

SUMMARY FINANCIAL METRICS (A)




Three Months Ended
June 30,


%
Increase/



Six Months Ended
June 30,


%
Increase/




2018


2017


(Decrease)



2018


2017


(Decrease)


(In millions, except per share data)















Operating income


$

1,161



$

1,437



(19.2)




$

1,437



$

1,757



(18.2)



Operating margin


10.8

%


14.4

%


(3.6)


pts.


7.3

%


9.5

%


(2.2)


pts.

Operating income, excluding special charges (Non-GAAP)


1,290



1,481



(12.9)




1,606



1,852



(13.3)



Operating margin, excluding special charges (Non-GAAP)


12.0

%


14.8

%


(2.8)


pts.


8.1

%


10.0

%


(1.9)


pts.
















EBITDA, excluding special charges and MTM losses on equity investments (Non-GAAP)


$

1,816



$

1,990



(8.7)




$

2,676



$

2,837



(5.7)



EBITDA margin, excluding special charges and MTM losses on equity investments (Non-GAAP)


16.9

%


19.9

%


(3.0)


pts.


13.5

%


15.4

%


(1.9)


pts.
















Pre-tax income


$

857



$

1,277



(32.9)




$

1,041



$

1,427



(27.0)



Pre-tax margin


8.0

%


12.8

%


(4.8)


pts.


5.3

%


7.7

%


(2.4)


pts.

Pre-tax income, excluding special charges and MTM losses on equity investments (Non-GAAP)


1,121



1,321



(15.1)




1,300



1,522



(14.6)



Pre-tax margin, excluding special charges and MTM losses on equity investments (Non-GAAP)


10.4

%


13.2

%


(2.8)


pts.


6.6

%


8.3

%


(1.7)


pts.
















Net income


$

684



$

821



(16.7)




$

831



$

920



(9.7)



Net income, excluding special charges and MTM losses on equity investments  (Non-GAAP)


889



849



4.7




1,032



981



5.2


















Diluted earnings per share


$

2.48



$

2.67



(7.1)




$

2.96



$

2.96





Diluted earnings per share, excluding special charges and MTM losses on equity investments (Non-GAAP)


3.23



2.76



17.0




3.68



3.15



16.8


















Net cash provided by operating activities


$

2,442



$

1,561



56.4




$

4,175



$

2,108



98.1


















Capital expenditures


$

755



$

1,089



(30.7)




$

1,734



$

1,780



(2.6)



Adjusted capital expenditures (Non-GAAP)


783



1,247



(37.2)




1,796



2,601



(30.9)


















Free cash flow, net of financings (Non-GAAP)


$

1,687



$

472



257.4



$

2,441



$

328



NM



Free cash flow (Non-GAAP)


1,659



314



428.3



2,379



(493)



NM


















NM Not meaningful











 

UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.

RETURN ON INVESTED CAPITAL (ROIC) - Non-GAAP


ROIC is a non-GAAP financial measure that we believe provides useful supplemental information for management and investors by measuring the effectiveness of our operations' use of invested capital to generate profits.



(in millions)

Twelve Months Ended
June 30, 2018

Net Operating Profit After Tax ("NOPAT")


Pre-tax income

$

2,654


Special charges and MTM losses on equity investments (C):


  Impairment of assets

159


  MTM losses on equity investments

90


  Severance and benefit costs

63


  (Gains) losses on sale of assets and other special charges

28


Pre-tax income excluding special charges and MTM losses on equity investments (Non-GAAP)

2,994


add: Interest expense (net of income tax benefit) (a)

689


add: Interest component of capitalized aircraft rent (net of income tax benefit) (a)

260


add: Net interest on pension (net of income tax benefit) (a)

10


less: Income taxes paid

(24)


NOPAT (Non-GAAP)

$

3,929






Average Invested Capital (five-quarter average)


Total assets

$

43,205


add: Capitalized aircraft operating leases (b)

4,227


less: Non-interest bearing liabilities (c)

(16,957)


Average invested capital (Non-GAAP)

$

30,475




Return on invested capital (Non-GAAP)

12.9

%





(a)

Income tax benefit measured based on the effective cash tax rate. The effective cash tax rate is calculated by dividing cash taxes paid by pre-tax income excluding special charges. For the twelve months ended June 30, 2018, the effective cash tax rate was 0.8%.

(b)

The purpose of this adjustment is to capitalize the impact of aircraft operating leases. The company uses a multiple of seven times its annual aircraft rent expense to estimate the potential capitalized value and related liability of its aircraft. This is a simplified method used by many rating agencies and financial analysts to assist with the impact of operating leases on financial measures like return on invested capital.

(c)

Non-interest bearing liabilities include advance ticket sales, frequent flyer deferred revenue, deferred income taxes and other non-interest bearing liabilities.

 

UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.

NON-GAAP FINANCIAL RECONCILIATION


(A)  UAL evaluates its financial performance utilizing various accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (GAAP) and Non-GAAP financial measures, including operating income (loss), excluding special charges, operating margin excluding special charges, pre-tax income (loss), excluding special charges and MTM gains and losses on equity investments, pre-tax margin, excluding special charges and MTM gains and losses on equity investments, net income (loss), excluding special charges and MTM gains and losses on equity investments, diluted earnings (loss) per share, excluding special charges and MTM gains and losses on equity investments, and CASM, excluding special charges, third-party business expenses, fuel, and profit sharing, among others. UAL believes that adjusting for special charges is useful to investors because special charges are not indicative of UAL's ongoing performance. UAL believes that adjusting for MTM gains and losses on equity investments is useful to investors because those unrealized gains or losses may not ultimately be realized on a cash basis.


CASM is a common metric used in the airline industry to measure an airline's cost structure and efficiency. UAL reports CASM excluding special charges, third-party business expenses, fuel and profit sharing. UAL believes that adjusting for special charges is useful to investors because special charges are not indicative of UAL's ongoing performance. UAL also believes that excluding third-party business expenses, such as maintenance, ground handling and catering services for third parties and fuel sales, provides more meaningful disclosure because these expenses are not directly related to UAL's core business. UAL also believes that excluding fuel costs from certain measures is useful to investors because it provides an additional measure of management's performance excluding the effects of a significant cost item over which management has limited influence. UAL excludes profit sharing because this exclusion allows investors to better understand and analyze our recurring cost performance and provides a more meaningful comparison of our core operating costs to the airline industry.

Reconciliations of reported non-GAAP financial measures to the most directly comparable GAAP financial measures are included below.    




Three Months Ended
June 30,


%
Increase/


Six Months Ended
June 30,


%
Increase/



2018


2017


(Decrease)


2018


2017


(Decrease)

CASM Mainline Operations (cents)













Cost per available seat mile (CASM)


13.08



12.27



6.6



13.31



12.68



5.0


Special charges (C)


0.20



0.07



NM



0.14



0.09



NM


Third-party business expenses


0.05



0.07



(28.6)



0.05



0.06



(16.7)


Fuel expense


3.14



2.32



35.3



3.05



2.38



28.2


CASM, excluding special charges, third-party business expenses and fuel


9.69



9.81



(1.2)



10.07



10.15



(0.8)


Profit sharing per available seat mile


0.17



0.25



(32.0)



0.10



0.15



(33.3)


CASM, excluding special charges, third-party business expenses, fuel, and profit sharing


9.52



9.56



(0.4)



9.97



10.00



(0.3)















CASM Consolidated Operations (cents)













Cost per available seat mile (CASM)


13.60



12.70



7.1



13.85



13.10



5.7


Special charges (C)


0.18



0.07



NM



0.13



0.07



NM


Third-party business expenses


0.04



0.05



(20.0)



0.05



0.06



(16.7)


Fuel expense


3.38



2.47



36.8



3.28



2.54



29.1


CASM, excluding special charges, third-party business expenses and fuel


10.00



10.11



(1.1)



10.39



10.43



(0.4)


Profit sharing per available seat mile


0.16



0.23



(30.4)



0.09



0.14



(35.7)


CASM, excluding special charges, third-party business expenses, fuel, and profit sharing


9.84



9.88



(0.4)



10.30



10.29



0.1


 

UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.

NON-GAAP FINANCIAL RECONCILIATION (Continued)




Three Months Ended
June 30,


$
Increase/


%
Increase/


Six Months Ended
June 30,


$
Increase/


%
Increase/

(in millions)


2018


2017


(Decrease)


(Decrease)


2018


2017


(Decrease)


(Decrease)

Operating expenses


$

9,616



$

8,571



$

1,045



12.2



$

18,372



$

16,677



$

1,695



10.2


Special charges (C)


129



44



85



NM



169



95



74



NM


Operating expenses, excluding special charges


9,487



8,527



960



11.3



18,203



16,582



1,621



9.8


Third-party business expenses


29



41



(12)



(29.3)



60



81



(21)



(25.9)


Fuel expense


2,390



1,669



721



43.2



4,355



3,229



1,126



34.9


Profit sharing, including taxes


108



154



(46)



(29.9)



125



174



(49)



(28.2)


Operating expenses, excluding fuel, profit sharing, special charges and third-party business expenses


$

6,960



$

6,663



$

297



4.5



$

13,663



$

13,098



$

565



4.3



















Operating income


$

1,161



$

1,437



$

(276)



(19.2)



$

1,437



$

1,757



$

(320)



(18.2)


Special charges (C)


129



44



85



NM



169



95



74



NM


Operating income, excluding special charges


$

1,290



$

1,481



$

(191)



(12.9)



$

1,606



$

1,852



$

(246)



(13.3)



















Pre-tax income


$

857



$

1,277



$

(420)



(32.9)



$

1,041



$

1,427



$

(386)



(27.0)


Special charges and MTM losses on equity investments before income taxes (C)


264



44



220



NM



259



95



164



NM


Pre-tax income excluding special charges and MTM losses on equity investments


$

1,121



$

1,321



$

(200)



(15.1)



$

1,300



$

1,522



$

(222)



(14.6)



















 Net income


$

684



$

821



$

(137)



(16.7)



$

831



$

920



$

(89)



(9.7)


Special charges and MTM losses on equity investments, net of tax (C)


205



28



177



NM



201



61



140



NM


Net income, excluding special charges and MTM losses on equity investments


$

889



$

849



$

40



4.7



$

1,032



$

981



$

51



5.2



















 Diluted earnings per share


$

2.48



$

2.67



$

(0.19)



(7.1)



$

2.96



$

2.96



$




Special charges and MTM losses on equity investments


0.96



0.14



0.82



NM



0.92



0.31



0.61



NM


Tax effect related to special charges and MTM losses on equity investments


(0.21)



(0.05)



(0.16)



NM



(0.20)



(0.12)



(0.08)



NM


Diluted earnings per share, excluding special charges and MTM losses on equity investments


$

3.23



$

2.76



$

0.47



17.0



$

3.68



$

3.15



$

0.53



16.8


 

UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.

NON-GAAP FINANCIAL RECONCILIATION (Continued)


UAL provides financial metrics, including earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA), excluding special charges and MTM gains and losses on equity investments that we believe provide useful supplemental information for management and investors by measuring profit and profit as a percentage of total operating revenues. UAL believes that adjusting for special charges is useful to investors because special charges are not indicative of UAL's ongoing performance. UAL believes that adjusting for MTM gains and losses on equity investments is useful to investors because those unrealized gains or losses may not ultimately be realized on a cash basis.




Three Months Ended
June 30,




Six Months Ended
June 30,


EBITDA, excluding special charges and MTM losses on equity investments (in millions)


2018


2017




2018


2017














Net income


$

684



$

821





$

831



$

920



Adjusted for:












Depreciation and amortization


557



536





1,098



1,054



Interest expense


177



167





353



329



Interest capitalized


(14)



(21)





(33)



(44)



Interest income


(25)



(13)





(42)



(24)



Income tax expense (D)


173



456





210



507



Special charges before income taxes (C)


129



44





169



95



MTM losses on equity investments (C)


135







90





EBITDA, excluding special charges and MTM losses on equity investments (Non-GAAP)


$

1,816



$

1,990





$

2,676



$

2,837





UAL believes that adjusting capital expenditures for assets acquired through the issuance of debt and capital leases, airport construction financing and excluding fully reimbursable projects is useful to investors in order to appropriately reflect the non-reimbursable funds spent on capital expenditures. UAL also believes that adjusting net cash provided by operating activities for capital expenditures and adjusted capital expenditures is useful to allow investors to evaluate the company's ability to generate cash that is available for debt service or general corporate initiatives.




Three Months Ended
June 30,


Six Months Ended
June 30,

Capital Expenditures (in millions)


2018


2017


2018


2017

Capital expenditures


$

755



$

1,089



$

1,734



$

1,780


Property and equipment acquired through the issuance of debt and capital leases


65



196



139



907


Airport construction financing




11



12



32


Fully reimbursable projects


(37)



(49)



(89)



(118)


Adjusted capital expenditures (Non-GAAP)


$

783



$

1,247



$

1,796



$

2,601











Free Cash Flow (in millions)









Net cash provided by operating activities


$

2,442



$

1,561



$

4,175



$

2,108


Less capital expenditures


755



1,089



1,734



1,780


Free cash flow, net of financings (Non-GAAP)


$

1,687



$

472



$

2,441



$

328











Net cash provided by operating activities


$

2,442



$

1,561



$

4,175



$

2,108


Less adjusted capital expenditures (Non-GAAP)


783



1,247



1,796



2,601


Free cash flow (Non-GAAP)


$

1,659



$

314



$

2,379



$

(493)


 

UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.

NOTES (UNAUDITED)


(B)     Select passenger revenue information is as follows (in millions):




2Q 2018
Passenger
Revenue
(millions)


Passenger
Revenue
vs.
2Q 2017


PRASM
vs.
2Q 2017


Yield
vs.
2Q 2017


Available
Seat Miles
vs.
2Q 2017












Mainline


$

4,395


8.7%


1.7%


1.6%


6.9%

Regional


1,786


10.6%


0.9%


(1.0%)


9.6%

Domestic


6,181


9.2%


1.7%


1.3%


7.4%












Atlantic


1,824


12.9%


7.9%


0.9%


4.7%

Pacific


1,103


3.7%


3.4%


4.3%


0.2%

Latin America


772


(5.2%)


(2.9%)


(4.2%)


(2.3%)

International


3,699


5.9%


4.3%


1.4%


1.6%












Consolidated


$

9,880


8.0%


3.0%


1.5%


4.8%























Mainline


$

8,045


7.4%


3.0%


1.5%


4.3%

Regional


1,835


10.6%


1.3%


(0.6%)


9.3%

Consolidated


$

9,880









 

UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.

NOTES (UNAUDITED)


(C)     Special charges and MTM losses on equity investments include the following:




Three Months Ended
June 30,


Six Months Ended
June 30,

(In millions)


2018


2017


2018


2017

Operating:









Impairment of assets


$

111



$



$

134



$


Severance and benefit costs


11



41



25



78


(Gains) losses on sale of assets and other special charges


7



3



10



17


Total special charges


129



44



169



95


Nonoperating MTM losses on equity investments


135





90




Total special charges and MTM losses on equity investments


264



44



259



95


Income tax benefit related to special charges


(29)



(16)



(38)



(34)


Income tax benefit related to MTM losses on equity investments


(30)





(20)




Total special charges and MTM losses on equity investments, net of income taxes


$

205



$

28



$

201



$

61



Impairment of assets:  In May 2018, the Brazil–United States open skies agreement was ratified, which provides air carriers with unrestricted access between the United States and Brazil. The company determined that the approval of the open skies agreement impaired the entire value of its Brazil route authorities because the agreement removes all limitations or reciprocity requirements for flights between the United States and Brazil. Accordingly, the company recorded a $105 million special charge ($82 million net of taxes) to write off the entire value of the intangible asset associated with its Brazil routes. This asset is not part of any collateral pledged against any of the company's borrowings. The company continues to maintain its slot assets related to Brazil since airport access is still restricted by slot allocations that are limited by airport facility constraints. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, the company also recorded $6 million ($5 million net of taxes) and $29 million ($22 million net of taxes), respectively, of fair value adjustments related to aircraft purchased off lease and other impairments related to certain fleet types and international slots no longer in use.


Severance and benefit costs:  During the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, the company recorded severance and benefit costs related to a voluntary early-out program for its technicians and related employees represented by the International Brotherhood of Teamsters of $6 million ($4 million net of taxes) and $14 million ($11 million net of taxes), respectively. In the first quarter of 2017, approximately 1,000 technicians and related employees elected to voluntarily separate from the company and will receive a severance payment, with a maximum value of $100,000 per participant, based on years of service, with retirement dates through 2018. Also during the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, the company recorded other management severance of $5 million ($4 million net of taxes) and $11 million ($8 million net of taxes), respectively.


During the three and six months ended June 30, 2017, the company recorded $36 million ($23 million net of taxes) and $57 million ($37 million net of taxes), respectively, of severance and benefit costs related to the voluntary early-out program for its technicians and related employees, and $5 million ($3 million net of taxes) and $21 million ($13 million net of taxes), respectively, of management severance.


(Gains) losses on sale of assets and other special charges: During the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, the Company recorded $7 million ($5 million net of taxes) and $10 million ($8 million net of taxes), respectively, of other special charges related primarily to contract termination of regional aircraft operations in Guam.


MTM losses on equity investments:  During the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, the company recorded losses of $135 million ($105 million net of taxes) and $90 million ($70 million net of taxes), respectively, for the change in market value of its investment in Azul, S.A. For equity investments subject to MTM accounting, the company records gains and losses to Nonoperating income (expense): Miscellaneous, net in its statements of consolidated operations.


(D)    Effective tax rate


The company's effective tax rate for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 was 20.2%, and the effective tax rate for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 was 35.7% and 35.5%, respectively. The effective tax rate represents a blend of federal, state and foreign taxes and included the impact of certain nondeductible items. The effective tax rate for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 also reflects the reduced federal corporate income tax rate as a result of the enactment of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the "Tax Act") in December 2017 and the impact of a change in the company's mix of domestic and foreign earnings. We continue to analyze the different aspects of the Tax Act which could potentially affect the provisional estimates that were recorded at December 31, 2017.

 

United Airlines logo. (PRNewsFoto/United Airlines)

 

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SOURCE United Airlines